Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 1
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Tenses course in sindhi language (EDUCATE SINDH)

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يئن ته پڙهڻ ۽ نوڪريون ڪرڻ ۾ انگريزي زبان جي ڄاڻ بلڪل لازم آهي ۽ ان کان سواءِ اڳتي وڌي نٿو سگهجي ! اسان پنهنجي (ايجيوڪيٽ سنڌ پروجيڪٽ) تحت پهريون قدم وڌايون ٿا ۽ هر سنڌيءَ کي اپيل ڪريون ٿا ته اهڙا قدم پاڻ به جتي هُجن کڻن ! متان پوءِ دير ٿي وڃي ۽ پڇتائو رهجي وڃي ! جنهن جو ڪارڻ اسان پاڻ هونداسون! سنڌ جو حق ڏيڻ اسانجي هٿ ۾ آهي

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Tenses course in sindhi language (EDUCATE SINDH)

  1. 1. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 1 ‫تحت‬ ‫پروجيڪٽ‬ ‫سنڌ‬ ‫ايجيوڪيٽ‬‫الِء‬ ‫ٻارڙن‬ ‫جي‬ ‫اسڪولن‬ ‫ٻهراڙي‬ ‫پ‬ ‫وڊ‬ُ‫ساليو‬‫روڊ‬‫ڪش‬‫پ‬ ،‫ن‬‫بل‬‫يڪيش‬‫ن‬‫۽‬‫ر‬‫يس‬‫سينٽر‬ ‫رچ‬(‫نيوسعيدآباد‬)‫ڪاوش‬ ‫جي‬ ‫سنڌ‬‫سان‬ ‫وڪ‬ُ‫ب‬ ‫پاڪيٽ‬‫۾‬ ‫سنڌيَء‬ ‫سکو‬‫۽ڳالهائڻ‬‫لکڻ‬ ‫انگريزي‬ ‫ڪاوش‬:‫انجنيئر‬‫ميمڻ‬ ‫عبدالرزاق‬ MCS; BE (ELS); PE (PEC); BA (Certified Quality Manager CILT Pakistan) ‫هاڳ‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ڪامورن‬ ‫۽‬ ‫وڏيرن‬ ‫سنڌي‬‫ناه‬ ‫لڪيل‬ ‫به‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ڪنهن‬ ‫شمني‬ ُ ‫د‬ ‫سنڌ‬ ‫جي‬‫ي‬ ‫طبقا‬ ‫ٻئي‬ ‫هي‬ ‫۽‬ ‫عوام‬ ‫جو‬ ‫سنڌ‬‫۾‬ ‫سوچن‬‫بتڙ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ٻئي‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫هميشه‬ ‫ره‬‫آهن‬ ‫آيا‬ ‫ندا‬‫۽‬‫تحت‬ ‫سازشن‬ ‫جي‬ ‫انهن‬‫ئي‬‫انهن‬ ‫صرف‬ ‫نه‬ ‫عوام‬ ‫جو‬ ‫سنڌ‬ ‫به‬ ‫جو‬ ‫قومن‬ ‫ڌارين‬ ‫پر‬ ‫جو‬‫بڻجن‬ ‫غالم‬ ‫کان‬ ‫صدين‬‫د‬‫اچن‬ ‫ا‬! ‫سان‬ ‫مدد‬ ‫جي‬، ‫پر‬‫طرح‬ ‫جهڙيَء‬‫گ‬‫ڏهاڙي‬ ‫ذشته‬‫دوران‬‫۾‬ ‫سنڌ‬ ‫صوص‬ ُ ‫بلخ‬‫وڌندڙ‬ ‫سان‬ ‫تيزيَء‬ ،‫ڪلچر‬ ‫موالي‬‫ڪلچر‬ ‫سفارشي‬ ‫۽‬ ‫ڪاپي‬،‫الِء‬ ‫نوڪرين‬ ‫۽‬ ‫داخالئن‬‫ٻهراڙين‬ ‫ڊوميسائلن‬ ‫ڪوڙن‬ ‫جي‬‫۽‬‫ڊگرين‬ ‫ڪوڙين‬‫سان‬ ‫حاصليت‬ ‫جي‬‫اڄ‬‫سنڌ‬ ‫جي‬‫ميرٽ‬‫جو‬ ‫نوجوانن‬‫استحصال‬‫آهي‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ٿي‬‫ملي‬ ‫نٿو‬ ‫مثال‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ان‬! ‫قصان‬ ُ ‫ن‬ ‫اهو‬ ‫پنهنجو‬ ‫سنڌ‬ ‫شايد‬‫جلدي‬‫پورو‬‫نه‬‫سگهي‬ ‫ڪري‬‫۽‬‫واحد‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ان‬
  2. 2. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 2 ‫ڪارڻ‬‫آهي‬‫ميرٽ‬‫ڪري‬ ‫انداز‬ ‫نظر‬ ‫کي‬ ‫سنڌيَء‬‫صرف‬‫صرف‬ ‫۽‬‫سياسي‬ ‫بنيادن‬‫شوتن‬ُ‫ر‬ ‫۽‬‫تي‬‫توڙي‬ ‫صوبائي‬ ،‫داخالئون‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ادارن‬ ‫تعليمي‬‫ادارن‬ ‫وفاقي‬ ‫نوڪريون‬ ‫۾‬!‫۽‬‫ڪندڙ‬ ‫حاصل‬‫ج‬ ‫سنڌ‬‫ا‬‫ڀاڱي‬ ‫گهڻي‬‫هي‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫نوجوان‬ ‫جيڪي‬‫انگر‬ ‫نيادي‬ُ‫ب‬‫کان‬ ‫ڳالهائڻ‬ ‫۽‬ ‫لکڻ‬ ‫يزي‬‫بلڪل‬‫ڪري‬ ‫ئڻ‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫نابلد‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ادارن‬‫جي‬ ‫سنڌ‬‫۽‬ ‫آهن‬ ‫رهيا‬ ‫بڻجي‬ ‫سبب‬ ‫جو‬ ‫بدناميَء‬‫تي‬ ‫نياد‬ُ‫ب‬ ‫ڪوڙ‬ ‫طرف‬ ‫بهتريَء‬ ‫نه‬ ‫۽‬ ‫ٿا‬ ‫سکن‬ ‫نه‬ ‫به‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫حاصل‬ ‫نوڪريون‬ ‫۽‬ ‫داخالئون‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ادارن‬ ‫۽‬ ‫ٿا‬ ‫وڌائين‬ ‫قدم‬‫بجاِء‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫ڪم‬‫آهن‬ ‫ويٺا‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫اوطاقون‬‫۽‬ ‫ٿا‬ ‫ڪن‬ ‫حاصل‬ ‫شوت‬ُ‫ر‬ ‫به‬ ‫الِء‬ ‫ڪمن‬ ‫جائز‬!‫جنهنڪري‬‫هٿان‬ ‫قومن‬ ‫ٻين‬ ‫سبب‬ ‫جو‬ ‫کالئيَء‬ ‫جڳ‬ ‫۽‬ ‫مذاق‬‫به‬‫جن‬ ‫آهن‬ ‫رهيا‬ ‫بڻجي‬‫جي‬ ‫سنڌ‬ ‫هڻي‬ ‫هن‬ ‫کي‬ ‫ادارن‬ ‫تعليمي‬‫مڪمل‬‫آهي‬ ‫ڇڏيو‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫برباد‬ ‫و‬ ‫تباهه‬!‫طرح‬ ‫اهڙيَء‬ ‫پوِء‬ ‫الڙو‬ ‫جو‬ ‫نوجوانن‬ ‫ڪندڙ‬ ‫حاصل‬ ‫نوڪريون‬ ‫جي‬ ‫محنت‬ ‫بغير‬ ‫۽‬ ،‫عياشي‬‫ڏانهن‬ ‫بڻجڻ‬ ‫رشوتي‬ ‫۽‬ ،‫چوري‬ ،‫ايماني‬ ‫بي‬‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيو‬ ‫گهڻو‬‫سنڌ‬‫ي‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫ٿي‬ ‫بدنام‬!‫سان‬ ‫جنهن‬‫مع‬ ‫سنڌي‬‫ا‬‫سماج‬ ‫۽‬ ‫شرو‬‫ويو‬ ‫بگڙي‬ ‫به‬ ‫بيماريون‬ ‫وچجندڙ‬ ‫اهي‬ ‫۽‬ ‫آهي‬‫جو‬ ‫آهن‬ ‫ڪيون‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫وڌي‬ ‫ته‬ ‫ايتريون‬‫ان‬ ‫هاڻ‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ايستائن‬ ‫لڳن‬ ‫نٿيون‬ ‫عيب‬ ‫کي‬ ‫سماج‬‫هاڻ‬ ‫به‬ ‫سماج‬(‫جي‬ ‫مٿي‬ ‫ڪيتري‬‫ڪمائيَء‬)‫ٿو‬ ‫ڇجي‬ُ‫پ‬ ‫جو‬‫ماڻهون‬ ‫وڏا‬ ‫جا‬ ‫سماج‬ ‫ئي‬ ‫ماڻهون‬ ‫اهڙا‬ ‫۽‬ ‫پيا‬ ‫سمجهجن‬‫عزتون‬‫پيا‬ ‫وٺن‬!‫۽‬‫شورخور‬ُ‫ر‬ ‫۽‬ ‫ور‬ُ‫ناس‬ ‫جا‬ ‫سنڌ‬ ‫اهي‬ ‫پوِء‬!‫سنڌي‬ ‫ٿا‬ ‫ڪن‬ ‫چٿرون‬ ‫مٿان‬ ‫واري‬ ‫ناليج‬ ‫۽‬ ‫سچ‬ ‫حق‬ ،‫ڄاڻو‬!‫هو‬ ‫جيسين‬ ‫ڪه‬ ‫حته‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫نٿو‬ ‫اڊاپٽ‬ ‫سوسائٽي‬ ‫جي‬ ‫انهن‬ ‫مجبورن‬!‫۾‬ ‫گناهه‬ ‫ان‬‫اڪثر‬ ‫ڏاها‬ ‫ڪي‬ ،‫ٺيڪيدار‬ ‫سماجي‬!‫شاعر‬ ،‫ليکڪ‬ ،‫اديب‬‫نون‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ‫هر‬ ‫غرض‬ ‫به‬ ‫ماڻهون‬ ‫جا‬ ‫وغيرهه‬‫بيحيائيَء‬ ‫ان‬‫يلغار‬ ‫جي‬‫آهن‬ ‫ڪا‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ٿي‬ ‫ڀاڱيوار‬ ‫۾‬‫جن‬ ‫اچي‬‫هاڻ‬‫۽‬ ‫بقاَء‬ ‫جي‬ ‫سنڌ‬‫آهي‬ ‫ڪيو‬ ‫حملو‬ ‫تي‬ ‫سنڌيت‬‫ڪا‬ ‫شايد‬ ‫۽‬
  3. 3. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 3 ‫جنهنجي‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهي‬ ‫پارٽي‬ ‫سماجي‬ ‫يا‬ ‫قومي‬ ‫ادبي‬ ، ‫سياسي‬‫ڪلچر‬ ‫موالي‬ ‫۾‬ ‫۽‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫نه‬‫واڳ‬‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫نه‬ ‫وٽ‬ ‫موالين‬‫ڪندو‬ ‫ترقي‬ ‫ڪيئن‬ ‫معاشرو‬ ‫هو‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫پوِء‬ !‫ته‬‫هاڻ‬‫آهي‬ ‫فرض‬ ‫جو‬ ‫سنڌيَء‬ ‫هر‬ ‫تحفظ‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ان‬‫واکو‬ ‫کي‬ ‫ناسورن‬ ‫اهڙن‬ ‫ته‬ ‫ڪري‬‫۽‬ ‫ڪڍن‬ ‫مان‬ ‫پاڻ‬‫ک‬ ‫سنڌيَء‬ ‫ميرٽ‬‫ي‬‫آڻ‬ ‫اڳيان‬‫سنڌ‬ ‫ته‬ ‫ين‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫ايجيوڪيٽ‬‫سگهجي‬ ‫بچائي‬.‫تنهنڪري‬‫ته‬ ‫جيئن‬‫۽‬ ‫پڙهڻ‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫نوڪريون‬‫۾‬‫انگريزي‬‫زبان‬‫آهي‬ ‫الزم‬ ‫بلڪل‬ ‫ڄاڻ‬ ‫جي‬‫کان‬ ‫ان‬ ‫۽‬ ‫سگهجي‬ ‫نٿو‬ ‫وڌي‬ ‫اڳتي‬ ‫سواِء‬!‫پنهنجي‬ ‫اسان‬(‫سنڌ‬ ‫ايجيوڪيٽ‬ ‫پروجيڪٽ‬)‫قد‬ ‫پهريون‬ ‫تحت‬‫ڪريون‬ ‫اپيل‬ ‫کي‬ ‫سنڌيَء‬ ‫هر‬ ‫۽‬ ‫ٿا‬ ‫وڌايون‬ ‫م‬ ‫قدم‬ ‫اهڙا‬ ‫ته‬ ‫ٿا‬‫جن‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫جتي‬ ‫به‬ ‫پاڻ‬‫کڻن‬!‫پڇتائو‬ ‫۽‬ ‫وڃي‬ ‫ٿي‬ ‫دير‬ ‫پوِء‬ ‫متان‬ ‫وڃي‬ ‫رهجي‬!‫هونداسون‬ ‫پاڻ‬ ‫اسان‬ ‫ڪارڻ‬ ‫جو‬ ‫جنهن‬!‫ڏيڻ‬ ‫حق‬ ‫جو‬ ‫سنڌ‬ ‫نعرا‬ ‫اهي‬ ‫پوِء‬ ‫ته‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫۾‬ ‫هٿ‬ ‫اسانجي‬!‫شامون‬!‫الِء‬ ‫ڪنهن‬ ‫لوس‬ُ‫ج‬!‫ته‬ ‫انگريزي‬‫سکڻ‬‫تمام‬‫آهي‬ ‫آسان‬ ‫گهڻي‬‫۽‬‫الِء‬ ‫ان‬‫۽‬ ‫سمجهڻ‬ ‫گرامر‬‫سلسل‬ُ‫م‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫ضرورت‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫مشق‬.‫گريجوئيٽ‬ ‫اسانجو‬‫ڪيل‬ ‫ماسٽرس‬ ‫۽‬ ‫ٿو‬ ‫مارکائي‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫ان‬ ‫دواران‬ ‫نوڪريَء‬ ‫اڪثر‬ ‫به‬ ‫سنڌي‬!‫چوارائجي‬ ‫ڄٽ‬ ‫۽‬ ‫ٿو‬!‫ناواقف‬ ‫کان‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫جي‬ ‫گرامر‬ ‫وقت‬ ‫ڳالهائڻ‬ ‫يا‬ ‫لکڻ‬ ‫انگريزي‬ ‫هو‬ ‫جو‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫هوندو‬!‫۽‬‫صرف‬ ‫نه‬ ‫وٽ‬ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫انگريزي‬‫لفظن‬(‫فعل‬)‫گهٽ‬ ‫جي‬‫تا‬‫ئي‬‫هوندي‬ ‫لفظن‬ ‫هوند‬ ‫پر‬ ‫آهي‬(‫فعل‬)‫ڄاڻي‬ ‫نٿو‬ ‫نر‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫صحيح‬ ‫به‬ ‫کي‬ !‫ن‬ ُ ‫سند‬‫ڪندي‬ ‫احساس‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫تڪليف‬ ‫انهيَء‬!‫جو‬ ‫اسان‬‫وڊ‬ُ‫ساليو‬ ‫هي‬ ‫يونٽ‬ ‫پبليڪيشن‬(‫ايجي‬‫و‬‫پروجيڪٽ‬ ‫سنڌي‬ ‫ڪيٽ‬)‫تحت‬‫آسان‬ ‫انتهائي‬ ‫سان‬ ‫طريقي‬‫۾‬ ‫ورجن‬ ‫سنڌي‬‫انگريزي‬‫گرامر‬‫ڪ‬ ‫پيش‬‫ري‬‫ٿو‬!‫توڙي‬ ‫پرائمري‬ ‫سمجهي‬ ‫کي‬ ‫هن‬ ‫ڪيل‬ ‫ماسٽرس‬!‫ته‬‫کاتو‬ ‫تعليمي‬ ‫ته‬ ‫سان‬ ‫ميد‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬!‫سياسي‬ ‫تنظيمون‬ ‫سماجي‬ ‫۽‬ ‫پرست‬ ‫قوم‬ ‫۽‬‫به‬‫ٿي‬ ‫ڄاڳ‬ُ‫س‬ ‫هاڻ‬‫ايجنڊا‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫۾‬ ‫سنڌ‬
  4. 4. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 4 ‫کڻي‬‫تعليمي‬‫آڻي‬ ‫تبديلي‬‫۽‬ ‫ن‬‫۾‬ ‫اسڪولن‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ٻهراڙيَء‬‫پر‬‫ا‬‫ئمريَء‬‫ئي‬ ‫کان‬ ‫سنڌ‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫بندوبست‬ ‫جو‬ ‫سيکارڻ‬ ‫زبان‬ ‫انگريزي‬‫تعليمي‬ ‫جي‬‫۾‬ ‫نساب‬ ‫ڪر‬ ‫تبديلي‬‫ائ‬‫ي‬‫ن‬،‫پر‬‫پيرئ‬ ‫انگريزي‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫ئي‬ ‫۾‬ ‫اسڪولن‬ ‫ائمري‬‫واڌ‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ڊ‬ ‫وانگر‬ ‫اسڪولن‬ ‫ميڊيم‬ ‫انگلش‬ ‫آڻي‬‫رکند‬ ‫سبجيڪٽ‬‫ئ‬‫و‬‫جڳ‬ ‫سنڌ‬ ‫ته‬ ‫ته‬ ‫هلندي‬ ‫ٿي‬ ‫جهڙي‬‫ڦهاليو‬ ‫علم‬!‫هي‬ ‫اسانجو‬(‫بوڪ‬ ‫پاڪيٽ‬‫آسان‬ ‫۾‬ ‫سنڌيَء‬)‫وٺجي‬ ‫مدد‬ ‫ته‬ ‫ٿئي‬ ‫مشڪل‬ ‫جتي‬ ‫ته‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫۾‬ ‫کيسي‬ ‫وقت‬ ‫هر‬! ‫جي‬ ‫سنڌ‬ ‫هي‬‫ستاد‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫۽‬ ‫شاگرد‬ ‫جي‬ ‫سطح‬ ‫هر‬(‫توڙي‬ ‫ٻهراڙ‬‫شهر‬)‫فيد‬ُ‫م‬ ‫الِء‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫ٿو‬ ‫محسوس‬ ‫تڪليف‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ڳالهائڻ‬ ‫۽‬ ‫لکڻ‬ ‫انگريزي‬ ‫جيڪو‬ ‫هوندو‬. ‫پهريون‬ ‫سبق‬ ‫ته‬ ‫اچو‬‫پهرئين‬‫ٽينسز‬ ‫ته‬ ‫سمجهون‬(‫زمانون‬‫وقت‬ ‫يا‬)‫آهن‬ ‫ڇا‬ TENSES ‫يا‬ ‫ٿا‬ ‫لکو‬ ‫به‬ ‫ڳالهه‬ ‫جيڪا‬ ‫توهان‬ ‫ته‬ ‫رجي‬ ُ ‫گه‬ ‫سمجهڻ‬ ‫ڳالهه‬ ‫اها‬ ‫پهرئين‬ ‫زماني‬ ‫ڪنهن‬ ‫نه‬ ‫ڪنهن‬ ‫تعلق‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫ٿا‬ ‫ڪريو‬(‫وقت‬)‫ه‬ ‫سان‬‫آهي‬ ‫وندو‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫۾‬ ‫انگريزيَء‬ ‫کي‬ ‫زماني‬ ‫انهيَء‬‫آهي‬ ‫چئبو‬.‫کي‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫يا‬ ‫زمانن‬ ‫انهن‬ ‫پهرئين‬ ‫الِء‬ ‫سمجهڻ‬‫ئي‬ ‫۾‬ ‫سنڌيَء‬ ‫زبان‬ ‫پنهنجي‬‫ه‬‫يٺين‬‫ملن‬ُ‫ج‬‫لکي‬ ‫کي‬‫۽‬ ‫زمانن‬ ‫جي‬ ‫انهن‬(‫ٽينس‬)‫ڪريو‬ ‫غور‬ ‫تي‬‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫پنهنجا‬ ‫۽‬‫ٺاهي‬‫مشقون‬ ‫ڪريو‬! PAST TENSE ‫رهن‬ ‫۾‬ ‫سعيدآباد‬ ‫آئون‬‫هوس‬ ‫دو‬. . * PRESENT TENSE ‫آهي‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫ڏئي‬ ‫امتحان‬ ‫جو‬ ‫مئٽرڪ‬ ‫علي‬. . *
  5. 5. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 5 FUTURE TENSE *.‫وينداسون‬ ‫ڪوئٽيا‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ڪراچيَء‬ ‫ڀاڻ‬ُ‫س‬ ‫اسين‬. Present‫حال‬ – Past‫ماضي‬ - Future‫ستقبل‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ته‬ ‫ڏٺو‬ ‫توهان‬‫پهريون‬‫ڳالهايل‬ ‫۾‬ ‫سنڌيَء‬‫ملو‬ُ‫ج‬(‫ڪري‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫ڪو‬ ‫يعني‬ ‫آ‬ ‫چڪا‬‫ه‬‫يو‬)‫ذريل‬ ُ ‫گ‬‫زماني‬(‫ماضيَء‬)‫ڪري‬ ‫پيو‬ ‫ظاهر‬ ‫کي‬!‫هن‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫پاسٽ‬ ‫کي‬(‫يعني‬‫زماني‬ ‫ذريل‬ ُ ‫گ‬(‫ي‬‫ماض‬)‫ج‬‫ڳالهه‬ ‫ي‬)‫چونداسون‬. ‫زماني‬ ‫هاڻوڪي‬ ‫ملو‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫ٻيو‬ ‫ته‬ ‫جڏنهن‬(‫حال‬)‫ان‬ ‫پيوڪري‬ ‫ذڪر‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫پريزنٽ‬ ‫کي‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ڪري‬(‫ڳالهه‬ ‫جي‬ ‫وقت‬ ‫هن‬)‫سون‬ ‫چوندا‬!‫ته‬ ‫جڏنهن‬ ‫ملو‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫ٽين‬(‫ڪنداسون‬)‫زماني‬ ‫ايندڙ‬(‫ستقبل‬ُ‫م‬)‫ان‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫ٿو‬ ‫ذڪر‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫فيوچر‬ ‫کي‬ ‫هن‬ ‫ڪري‬(‫اين‬‫ڳالهه‬ ‫جي‬ ‫وقت‬ ‫دڙ‬)‫آهن‬ ‫چوندا‬‫ورجايو‬ ‫هاڻ‬. ‫توهانکي‬‫اها‬ ‫هاڻ‬‫ڳالهه‬‫سان‬ ‫طرح‬ ‫چڱيَء‬‫سمجهڻ‬‫هوندي‬ ‫وئي‬ ‫اچي‬ ‫۾‬‫ته‬! ‫قت‬‫و‬!‫زمانان‬ ‫يعني‬!‫بس‬‫آهن‬ ‫هوندا‬ ‫ئي‬ ‫ٽي‬ ‫اهي‬!‫هاڻ‬ ‫يعني‬(‫پريزنٽ‬)، ‫ڪلهه‬(‫پاسٽ‬)‫ڀاڻ‬ُ‫س‬ ‫۽‬(‫فيوچر‬)‫و‬ ‫به‬ ‫ڪو‬ ‫عالوهه‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ان‬ ُ ‫قت‬‫يا‬ ‫زمانون‬ ‫يا‬ ‫ٽينس‬‫آهي‬ ‫هوندو‬ ‫ڪونه‬.‫ته‬ ‫معني‬‫توهان‬ ‫جيڪا‬ ‫ڳالهه‬ ‫اهڙي‬ ‫به‬ ‫ڪا‬ ‫ٿا‬ ‫سوچيو‬!‫ٿا‬ ‫چئو‬ ‫يا‬!‫ٿا‬ ‫ڌو‬ُ‫ٻ‬ ‫وري‬ ‫يا‬!‫ج‬ ‫انهن‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫قت‬‫ئي‬ ‫ٽي‬ ‫اهي‬ ‫صرف‬ ‫بس‬ ‫آهن‬ ‫هوندا‬!‫مضمون‬ ‫هي‬ ‫توهان‬‫هاڻ‬‫سمجه‬ ‫پڙهي‬ ‫بار‬ ‫بار‬‫وڌون‬ ‫اڳتي‬ ‫ته‬ ‫و‬! ‫سبق‬‫ٻ‬‫يو‬ VERB ‫فعل‬ ‫هميشهه‬‫اهو‬‫ته‬ ‫رجي‬ ُ ‫گه‬ ‫رکڻ‬ ‫ياد‬‫۾‬ ‫زبان‬ ‫انگريزي‬‫به‬‫وقت‬ ‫لفظ‬ ‫جيڪو‬ (،‫حال‬‫مستقبل‬ ‫۽‬ ‫ماضي‬)‫صرف‬ ‫۽‬ ‫صرف‬ ‫هو‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫ٿو‬ ‫ٺاهي‬‫فعل‬(‫عمل‬‫ڪرڻ‬) ‫آهي‬!‫کي‬ ‫عمل‬ ‫واري‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫هن‬‫فعل‬(‫۾‬ ‫سنڌيَء‬)‫۽‬‫و‬‫رب‬(‫۾‬ ‫انگريزيَء‬) ‫چئبو‬‫آهي‬!‫نقطو‬ ‫ٻيو‬‫به‬‫رکو‬ ‫ياد‬‫ته‬!‫جي‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫ڪو‬ ‫بغير‬(‫فعل‬)
  6. 6. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 6 ‫رب‬‫و‬ ‫يعني‬‫جي‬!‫جي‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫بغير‬ ‫ئي‬ ‫نه‬ ‫۽‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫ٺهندو‬ ‫ڪونه‬ ‫جملو‬ ‫به‬ ‫ڪو‬ ‫پنهنجي‬ ‫کي‬ ‫ڪنهن‬ ‫توهان‬‫ٿا‬ ‫سگهو‬ ‫سمجهائي‬ ‫ڳالهه‬!‫بابت‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫يا‬ ‫فعل‬ ‫پوِء‬ ‫کان‬ ‫سمجهڻ‬ ‫طرح‬ ‫چٽيَء‬ ‫ڳالهه‬ ‫اها‬‫هاڻ‬‫ته‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫الزم‬ ‫تي‬ ‫توهان‬ ‫پنهنجي‬‫ورب‬ ‫گهڻا‬ ‫۾‬ ‫گهڻي‬ ‫کي‬ ‫توهان‬ ‫الِء‬ ‫اضافي‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ڄاڻ‬(‫فعل‬)‫ئڻ‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ياد‬ ‫رجن‬ ُ ‫گه‬‫عملن‬ ‫انهن‬ ‫توهان‬ ‫جيئن‬(‫فعلن‬)‫استعمال‬ ‫سان‬ ‫وقتن‬ ‫مختلف‬ ‫کي‬ ‫سگهو‬ ‫ڪري‬!‫الِء‬ ‫توهانجي‬ ‫اسان‬ ‫فعل‬ ‫ڪي‬‫ٿا‬ ‫ڏيون‬ ‫هيٺ‬‫ياد‬ ‫کي‬ ‫تن‬ ‫ڪريو‬! ‫ف‬‫ع‬‫ل‬(‫و‬‫رب‬)‫يعني‬(‫ڪ‬‫م‬‫ڪرڻ‬)‫وارن‬‫لفظن‬‫ٽيبل‬ ‫جي‬ VERB ‫چارڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫فعل‬‫م‬‫طلب‬ VERB ‫چارڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫فعل‬‫م‬‫طلب‬ VERB ‫چارڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫فعل‬‫م‬‫طلب‬ Arise ‫ا‬‫رائ‬‫يز‬ ‫ٿڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ Go ‫گو‬ ‫وڃڻ‬ Sew ‫يئو‬‫س‬ ‫سبڻ‬ Awake ‫ا‬‫ويڪ‬ ‫جاڳڻ‬ Grind ‫ينڊ‬‫رائ‬‫گ‬ ‫پيسڻ‬ Shake ‫شيڪ‬ ‫هالئڻ‬‫ٿ‬ ،‫رٿرائڻ‬ Beat ‫يٽ‬‫ب‬ ‫مارڻ‬ Grow ‫رو‬‫گ‬ ‫ڀرڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ Shine ‫شائين‬ ‫چمڪائڻ‬ Become ‫م‬‫ڪ‬‫ب‬ ‫ئڻ‬ُ‫ه‬ Hang ‫ينگ‬‫ه‬ ‫لٽڪائڻ‬ Shoot ‫وٽ‬ ُ ‫ش‬ ‫هڻڻ‬ ‫گولي‬ Begin ‫ب‬‫گ‬‫ن‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫شروع‬ Hear ‫يئر‬‫ه‬ ‫ڌڻ‬ُ‫ٻ‬ Show ‫شو‬ ‫ڏيکارڻ‬ Blow ‫لو‬‫ب‬ ‫وڄائڻ‬ Hide ‫يڊ‬‫ائ‬‫ه‬ ‫لڪائڻ‬ Shrink ‫رنڪ‬‫ش‬ ‫ڪيڙڻ‬ُ‫س‬ Break ‫ريڪ‬‫ب‬ ‫ٽوڙڻ‬ Hold ‫هولڊ‬ ‫پڪڙڻ‬ Sing ‫نگ‬‫س‬ ‫ڳائڻ‬ Bring ‫رنگ‬‫ب‬ ‫آڻڻ‬ Insult ‫ا‬‫ل‬‫نس‬‫ٽ‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫توهين‬ Sit ‫ٽ‬‫س‬ ‫ويهڻ‬ Buy ‫ع‬‫ب‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫خريد‬ Jump ‫مپ‬‫ج‬ ‫ڏيڻ‬ ‫پو‬ ُ ‫ٽ‬ Sleep ‫ليپ‬‫س‬ ‫مهڻ‬ُ‫س‬ Catch ‫ئچ‬‫ڪ‬ ‫پڪڙڻ‬ Keep ‫يپ‬‫ڪ‬ ‫رکڻ‬ Speak ‫سپيڪ‬‫ا‬ ‫ڳالهائڻ‬ Choose ‫وز‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫چونڊڻ‬ know ‫نو‬ ‫ڄاڻڻ‬ Stand ‫سٽينڊ‬‫ا‬ ‫بيهڻ‬ Come ‫م‬‫ڪ‬ ‫اچڻ‬ Learn ‫رن‬‫ل‬ ‫س‬‫کڻ‬ Steel ‫سٽيل‬‫ا‬ ‫چورائڻ‬ Cut ‫ٽ‬‫ڪ‬ ‫ڪٽڻ‬ Leave ‫يو‬‫ل‬ ‫ڇڏڻ‬ Stick ‫سٽڪ‬‫ا‬ ‫ئڻ‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ڙيل‬ُ‫ج‬ Dig ‫گ‬‫ڊ‬ ‫کوٽڻ‬ Lose ‫وز‬ ُ ‫ل‬ ‫وڃائڻ‬ Swear ‫ويئر‬ُ‫س‬ ‫کائڻ‬ ‫قسم‬ Do ‫و‬ ُ ‫ڊ‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ Make ‫ميڪ‬ ‫ٺاهڻ‬ Sweep ‫ويپ‬ُ‫س‬ ‫ڏيڻ‬ ‫هارو‬ُ‫ٻ‬ Drink ‫رنڪ‬‫ڊ‬ ‫پيئڻ‬ Narrate ‫يريٽ‬‫ن‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫بيان‬ Swim ‫م‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ ‫ترڻ‬ Speak ‫سپيڪ‬‫ا‬ ‫ڳالهائڻ‬ Order ‫آرڊر‬ ‫ڏيڻ‬ ‫ڪم‬ ُ ‫ح‬ Take ‫ٽيڪ‬ ‫وٺڻ‬ Drive ‫يو‬‫رائ‬‫ڊ‬ ‫هالئڻ‬ Pardon ‫ن‬‫پارڊ‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫معاف‬ Tear ‫ٽيئر‬ ‫ڦاڙڻ‬ Eat ‫يٽ‬‫ا‬ ‫کائڻ‬ Pay ‫پي‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫ادا‬ Tell ‫ٽيل‬ ‫ڌائڻ‬ُ‫ٻ‬ Fall ‫ال‬‫ف‬ ‫رڻ‬‫ڪ‬ Praise ‫ريز‬‫پ‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫تعريف‬ Think ‫نڪ‬‫ٿ‬ ‫سوچڻ‬ Feel ‫يل‬‫ف‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫محسوس‬ Pull ‫ل‬ُ‫پ‬ ‫ڻ‬‫ڪ‬‫ڇ‬ Throw ‫رو‬‫ٿ‬ ‫ڇلڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ Fight ‫فائ‬‫يٽ‬ ‫وڙهڻ‬ Quarrel ‫ئارل‬ ُ ‫ڪ‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫جهڳڙو‬ Vanish ‫ش‬‫ين‬‫و‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫غائب‬ Find ‫فائينڊ‬ ‫ڳولڻ‬ ‫يا‬ ‫لڀڻ‬ Ride ‫رائيڊ‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫سواري‬ Wear ‫يئر‬‫و‬ ‫پائڻ‬ Flow ‫لو‬‫ف‬ ‫وهڻ‬ Ring ‫نگ‬‫ر‬ ‫وڄائڻ‬ Weep ‫يپ‬‫و‬ ‫روئڻ‬ Fly ‫الِء‬‫ف‬ ‫ڏڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ Rise ‫يز‬‫ائ‬‫ر‬ ‫ٿيڻ‬ ‫طلوع‬ ،‫ٿڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ Write ‫رائيٽ‬ ‫لکڻ‬ Forget ‫ارگيٽ‬‫ف‬ ‫لڻ‬ُ‫ڀ‬ Run ‫ن‬‫ر‬ ‫ڊو‬‫ڙڻ‬ ‫لکو‬ ‫پاڻ‬ ‫لکو‬ ‫پاڻ‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫ٻيا‬‫لکو‬ Forgive ‫و‬‫فارگ‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫معاف‬ Say ‫س‬‫ي‬ ‫چوڻ‬
  7. 7. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 7 VERB ‫چارڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫فعل‬ VERB ‫چارڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫فعل‬ VERB ‫چارڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫فعل‬ Freeze ‫ريز‬‫ف‬ ‫ڄمائڻ‬ See ‫ي‬‫س‬ ‫ڏسڻ‬ ‫لکو‬ ‫پاڻ‬ ‫لکو‬ ‫پاڻ‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫ٻيا‬‫لکو‬ Get ‫گيٽ‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫حاصل‬ Sell ‫سيل‬ ‫وڪڻڻ‬ Give ‫و‬‫گ‬ ‫ڏيڻ‬ Send ‫سينڊ‬ ‫موڪلڻ‬ ‫هاڻ‬‫اهي‬‫مٿيان‬‫لفظ‬(‫ورب‬)‫فعل‬ ‫يعني‬‫سان‬ ‫معني‬ ‫پنهنجي‬‫نشين‬ ‫ذهن‬ ‫ڪريو‬!‫جو‬ ‫ڇو‬‫انهن‬‫وربس‬(‫فعل‬)‫توهان‬ ‫کي‬‫کي‬‫پنهنجن‬ ‫هلي‬ ‫اڳتي‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫۾‬ ‫مشقن‬‫هر‬ ‫هر‬‫آهي‬ ‫ڪرڻي‬ ‫پريڪٽس‬‫سمجهجي‬ ‫ته‬! ‫سبق‬‫ٽيون‬ VERB FORMS ‫هن‬‫ن‬‫ورب‬(‫فعل‬)‫کي‬‫وري‬‫ٽن‬‫ختلف‬ُ‫م‬‫ڪرڻو‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫تحت‬ ‫وقتن‬‫هوندو‬ ‫آهي‬!‫اسان‬ ‫کي‬ ‫جنهن‬(‫فارمس‬)‫ٿا‬ ‫چئون‬!‫ورب‬ ‫انهن‬ ‫کي‬ ‫توهان‬ ‫اسان‬ ‫هاڻ‬ ‫سيکارينداسون‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫ٽي‬ ‫جا‬!‫جيڪي‬‫آهن‬ ‫هي‬(‫فارم‬ ‫فرسٽ‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬)، (‫فارم‬ ‫سيڪنڊ‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬)‫۽‬(‫فارم‬ ‫ٿرڊ‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬)‫ڃاتا‬ُ‫س‬ ‫سان‬ ‫نالن‬ ‫ئي‬ ‫انهن‬ ‫۽‬ ‫ٿا‬ ‫وڃن‬!‫کي‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫فرسٽ‬(‫فارم‬ ‫پريزنٽ‬! )‫کي‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫سيڪنڊ‬(‫فارم‬ ‫پاسٽ‬) ‫کي‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫ٽئي‬ ‫۽‬(‫پل‬‫پارٽيس‬ ‫پاسٽ‬)‫به‬‫آهي‬ ‫چئبو‬. THREE FORMS OF VERB 1st Form (Present Form) – 2nd Form (Past Form) – 3rd Form (Past Participle) ‫ورب‬ ‫وارن‬ ‫ٽيبل‬ ‫مٿين‬ ‫هاڻ‬(‫فعل‬)‫کي‬‫لکنداسون‬ ‫ريت‬ ‫هن‬ ‫۾‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫ٽنهين‬! Present Meaning Past Form Past Participle Present Meaning Past Form Past Participle Arise ‫ٿڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ Arose Arisen Lose ‫وڃائڻ‬ Lost Lost Awake ‫جاڳڻ‬ Awoke Awoken Make ‫ٺاهڻ‬ Made Made Beat ‫مارڻ‬ Beat Beaten Narrate ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫بيان‬ Narrated Narrated Become ‫ئڻ‬ُ‫ه‬ Became Become Order ُ ‫ح‬‫ڏيڻ‬ ‫ڪم‬ Ordered Ordered Begin ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫شروع‬ Began Begun Pardon ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫معاف‬ Pardoned Pardoned Blow ‫وڄائڻ‬ Blew Blown Pay ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫ادا‬ Paid Paid Break ‫ٽوڙڻ‬ Broke Broken Praise ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫تعريف‬ Praised Praised Bring ‫آڻڻ‬ Brought Brought Pull ‫ڻ‬‫ڪ‬‫ڇ‬ Pulled Pulled Buy ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫خريد‬ Bought Bought Quarrel ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫جهڳڙو‬ Quarrelled Quarrelled Catch ‫پڪڙڻ‬ Caught Caught Ride ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫سواري‬ Rode Ridden
  8. 8. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 8 Present Meaning Past Form Past Participle Present Meaning Past Form Past Participle Choose ‫چونڊڻ‬ Chose Chosen Ring ‫وڄائڻ‬ Rang Rung Come ‫اچڻ‬ Came Come Rise ‫ٿيڻ‬ ‫طلوع‬ ،‫ٿڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ Rose Risen Cut ‫ڪٽڻ‬ Cut Cut Run ‫ڊوڙڻ‬ Ran Run Dig ‫کوٽڻ‬ Dug Dug Say ‫چوڻ‬ Said Said Do ‫ڪرڻ‬ Did Done See ‫ڏسڻ‬ Saw Seen Drink ‫پيئڻ‬ Drank Drunk Sell ‫وڪڻڻ‬ Sold Sold Speak ‫ڳالهائڻ‬ Spoke Spoken Send ‫موڪلڻ‬ Sent Sent Drive ‫هالئڻ‬ Drove Driven Sew ‫سبڻ‬ Sewed Sewn Eat ‫کائڻ‬ Ate Eaten Shake ‫ٿرٿرائڻ‬ ،‫هالئڻ‬ Shook Shaken Fall ‫رڻ‬‫ڪ‬ Fell Fallen Shine ‫چمڪائڻ‬ Shone Shone Feel ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫محسوس‬ Felt Felt Shoot ‫هڻڻ‬ ‫گولي‬ Shot Shot Fight ‫وڙهڻ‬ Fought Fought Show ‫ڏيکارڻ‬ Showed Shown Find ‫ڳولڻ‬ ‫يا‬ ‫لڀڻ‬ Found Found Shrink ‫ڪيڙڻ‬ُ‫س‬ Shrank Shrunk Flow ‫وهڻ‬ Flowed Flown Sing ‫ڳائڻ‬ Sang Sung Fly ‫ڏڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ Flew Flown Sit ‫ويهڻ‬ Sat Sat Forget ‫لڻ‬ُ‫ڀ‬ Forgot Forgoten Sleep ‫مهڻ‬ُ‫س‬ Slept Slept Forgive ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫معاف‬ Forgave Forgiven Speak ‫ڳالهائڻ‬ Spoke Spoken Freeze ‫ڄمائڻ‬ Froze Frozen Stand ‫ب‬‫يهڻ‬ Stood Stood Get ‫حاصل‬‫ڪرڻ‬ Got Got Steel ‫چورائڻ‬ Stole Stolen Give ‫ڏيڻ‬ Gave Given Stick ‫ئڻ‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ڙيل‬ُ‫ج‬ Stuck Stuck Go ‫وڃڻ‬ Went Gone Swear ‫کائڻ‬ ‫قسم‬ Swore Sworn Grind ‫پيسڻ‬ Ground Ground Sweep ‫ڏيڻ‬ ‫هارو‬ُ‫ٻ‬ Swept Swept Grow ‫ڀرڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ Grew Grown Swim ‫ترڻ‬ Swam Swum Hang ‫لٽڪائڻ‬ Hung Hung Take ‫وٺڻ‬ Took Taken Hear ‫ڌڻ‬ُ‫ٻ‬ Heard Heard Tear ‫ڦاڙڻ‬ Tore Torn Hide ‫لڪائڻ‬ Hid Hidden Tell ‫ڌائڻ‬ُ‫ٻ‬ Told Told Hold ‫پڪڙڻ‬ Held Held Think ‫سوچڻ‬ Thought Thought Insult ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫توهين‬ Insulted Insulted Throw ‫ڇلڻ‬ ُ ‫ا‬ Threw Thrown Jump ‫ڏيڻ‬ ‫پو‬ ُ ‫ٽ‬ Jumped Jumped Vanish ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫غائب‬ Vanished Vanished Keep ‫رکڻ‬ Kept Kept Wear ‫پائڻ‬ Wore worn know ‫ڄاڻڻ‬ Knew Known Weep ‫روئڻ‬ Wept Wept Learn ‫کڻ‬‫س‬ Learnt Learnt Write ‫لکڻ‬ Rote Written Leave ‫ڇڏڻ‬ Left Left 4th Form of Verb with (+ing) ‫ورب‬ ‫توهانکي‬ ‫اسان‬ ‫مٿي‬(‫ف‬‫عل‬)‫آهن‬ ‫ڌايا‬ُ‫ٻ‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫ٽي‬ ‫جا‬!‫به‬ ‫اهو‬ ‫توهانکي‬ ‫پر‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫به‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫چوٿون‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫ته‬ ‫ڌايان‬ُ‫ٻ‬!‫فارم‬ ‫چوٿون‬ ‫اهو‬ ‫بس‬ ‫۾‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫هوندو‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫پهريون‬ ‫جيڪو‬ ‫وٽ‬ ‫اسان‬ ‫الِء‬ ‫ٺاهڻ‬ (‫نگ‬‫ا‬)‫آهي‬ ‫لڳائبو‬!‫ورب‬ ‫جيڪڏنهن‬ ‫مثال‬(‫گو‬)‫ته‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬‫چوٿون‬ ‫جو‬ ‫هن‬
  9. 9. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 9 ‫گوئ‬ ‫ٺهندو‬ ‫فارم‬‫نگ‬!‫ورب‬ ‫۽‬(‫م‬‫ڪ‬)‫ته‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬(‫منگ‬‫ڪ‬)،(‫ٽ‬‫س‬)‫ته‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬ (‫سٽنگ‬! )(‫واچ‬)‫ته‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬(‫واچنگ‬)‫وغيره‬‫اهو‬ ‫ته‬‫ٿيندو‬ ‫ريت‬ ‫هن‬ ‫۾‬ ‫انگريزيَء‬! 4th Form Design Verb + ing Examples : Go + ing = Going , Come + ing = Coming Sit + ing = Sitting, Eat + ing = Eating. ‫ٿا‬ ‫ڏجن‬ ‫هيٺ‬ ‫مثال‬ ‫ٻيا‬ I (Form) of Verb II (Form) of Verb III (Form) of verb IV (Form) of Verb Bring Brought Brought Bringing Go Went Gion Going Sleep Slept Slept Sleeping Take Took Taken Taking Speak Spoke Spoken Speaking Write Wrote Written Writing Swim Swam Swum Swiming Shoot Shot Shot Shooting Sing Sang Sung Singing ‫چوٿون‬ ‫سبق‬ Helping Verb ‫مددگار‬ ‫جا‬ ‫فعل‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫جيڪي‬ ‫توهان‬ ‫مان‬ ‫جدول‬ ‫مٿئين‬(‫فعل‬)‫آهن‬ ‫ڪيا‬ ‫ياد‬!‫توهانجي‬ ‫کي‬ ‫ان‬ ‫اسان‬ ‫الِء‬ ‫آسانيَء‬(‫ورب‬ ‫اصلي‬)‫ٿا‬ ‫چئون‬!‫پوِء‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫اصلي‬ ‫انهن‬ ‫به‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫هي‬ ‫توهان‬‫رکو‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫ياد‬!‫ورب‬ ‫مددگار‬ ‫اسان‬ ‫کي‬ ‫جنهن‬(‫فعل‬)‫يا‬ ‫ٿا‬ ‫چئون‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫هيلپنگ‬!‫هيلپبنگ‬(‫مددگار‬)‫آهن‬ ‫هيٺيان‬ ‫ورب‬‫وٺو‬ ‫سمجهي‬! Helping Verb Helping Verb ‫ا‬ ‫معني‬ ‫۾‬ ‫سنڌيَء‬ Helping Verb ‫ا‬ ‫معني‬ ‫۾‬ ‫سنڌيَء‬ is ‫آهي‬ Has ‫و‬‫ٽ‬‫آهي‬‫آهي‬ ‫کيو‬‫ر‬ ‫يا‬ Am ‫آهيان‬ Have ‫رکڻ‬ ‫يا‬ ‫وٽ‬ Are ‫آهن‬ Had ‫وٽ‬‫ئائين‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رکيو‬ ‫يا‬ ‫هو‬ Was ‫ئي‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫يا‬ ‫ئو‬ُ‫ه‬ Will ‫ڪندي‬ ‫يا‬ ‫ڪندو‬ Were ‫ئا‬ُ‫ه‬ Shall ‫ڪندا‬
  10. 10. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 10 ‫ورب‬ ‫هيلپنگ‬ ‫انهن‬‫يعني‬(‫فعل‬ ‫مددگار‬)‫و‬ ‫کي‬‫قت‬‫يعني‬(‫ٽينس‬)‫زماني‬ ‫يا‬ ‫طرح‬ ‫هن‬ ‫وري‬ ‫کان‬ ‫لحاظ‬ ‫جي‬‫۾‬ ‫زمان‬ ‫ٽنهين‬ ‫سان‬‫آهي‬ ‫ڪبو‬ ‫استعمال‬! Present Tense ‫ٿيندڙ‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫۾‬ ‫حال‬ ‫زمان‬ is , am, are, has, have Past Tense ‫زمان‬‫ماضيَء‬‫ٿيندڙ‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫۾‬ Was , were, had Future Tense ‫زمان‬‫ستقبل‬ُ‫م‬‫ٿيندڙ‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫۾‬ Will , Shall ‫پنجون‬ ‫سبق‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫جي‬ ‫لفظن‬ ‫ريت‬ ‫هن‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫جي‬ ‫لفظن‬ ‫۾‬ ‫گرامر‬ ‫انگريزي‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ڀيٽ‬ ‫جي‬ ‫گرامي‬ ‫سنڌي‬ ‫ٿيندي‬‫آهي‬‫آهن‬ ‫ڪندا‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫ڪردار‬ ‫هي‬ ‫۾‬ ‫جنهن‬! Subject ‫فائل‬ *‫آه‬ ‫هڪ‬‫ي‬(‫فائل‬)!‫وارو‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫يعني‬! Verb ‫فعل‬ *‫ٻيو‬(‫فعل‬)‫يعني‬(ُ‫م‬‫ڪ‬)‫آهن‬ ‫ڏنل‬ ‫۾‬ ‫جدول‬ ‫مٿي‬ ‫جيئن‬! Object ‫ول‬ُ‫مفع‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫ٽيون‬(‫ول‬ُ‫مفع‬)‫ٿئي‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫تي‬ ‫جنهن‬ ‫يعني‬! * ‫سنڌيَء‬ ‫الِء‬ ‫سمجهڻ‬ ‫کي‬ ‫ڪردارن‬ ‫ٽنهين‬ ‫انهن‬ ‫ته‬ ‫اچو‬‫کڻون‬ ‫مثال‬ ‫جا‬! ‫ٿو‬ ‫لکي‬ ‫خط‬ ‫علي‬! ‫هن‬‫۾‬ ‫ملي‬ُ‫ج‬‫علي‬(‫فائل‬)‫آه‬‫ي‬!
  11. 11. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 11 Subject ‫يعني‬‫۾‬ ‫ملي‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫هن‬‫ڪم‬‫ڪندڙ‬(‫فائل‬)‫ٿ‬‫ي‬‫و‬‫علي‬‫سبجيڪٽ‬! ‫آبجيڪٽ‬:(‫خط‬‫ٿيو‬)‫يعني‬(‫مفعول‬)‫ٿيو‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫تي‬ ‫جنهن‬! Object ‫ورب‬(‫فعل‬):‫ٿيو‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫ڪم‬!‫يعني‬(‫ٿو‬ ‫لکي‬) Verb ‫ماني‬ ‫حميده‬‫پچائي‬! ‫۾‬ ‫ملي‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫هن‬‫حميده‬(‫فائل‬)‫آهي‬! Subject ‫ڪندڙ‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ملي‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫هن‬ ‫يعني‬(‫فائل‬)‫ٿي‬‫ح‬‫ميده‬‫سبجيڪٽ‬ ‫آبجيڪٽ‬:(‫ماني‬‫ٿي‬)‫يعني‬(‫مفعول‬)‫ٿيو‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫تي‬ ‫جنهن‬! Object ‫ورب‬(‫فعل‬):‫ٿيو‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫ڪم‬!‫يعني‬(‫پچائي‬) Verb ‫ڏٺي‬ ‫مئچ‬ ‫اسان‬! ‫۾‬ ‫ملي‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫هن‬‫اسان‬(‫فائل‬)‫آهي‬! Subject ‫ڪندڙ‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ملي‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫هن‬ ‫يعني‬(‫فائل‬)‫ٿي‬‫ا‬‫اسان‬‫سبجيڪٽ‬ ‫آبجيڪٽ‬:(‫م‬‫ئچ‬‫ٿي‬)‫يعني‬(‫مفعول‬)‫ت‬ ‫جنهن‬‫ٿيو‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫ي‬! Object ‫ورب‬(‫فعل‬):‫ٿيو‬ ‫ڪرڻ‬ ‫ڪم‬!‫يعني‬(‫ڏٺي‬) Verb ‫ترتيب‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ٺاهڻ‬ ‫ملن‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫جملن‬ ‫جي‬ ‫سنڌيِء‬‫ٺاهڻ‬‫۾‬‫هميشه‬‫فائل‬(‫سبجيڪٽ‬! )‫ورب‬(‫فعل‬)‫۽‬ ‫مفعول‬(‫آبجيڪٽ‬)‫آهن‬ ‫هوندا‬ ‫سان‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫هن‬. Subject ‫,پهرئين‬ Object ‫پوِء‬ ,Verb ‫۽‬‫۾‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫ته‬ ‫جڏنهن‬‫برخالف‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫انگريزي‬‫ملن‬ُ‫ج‬‫ٺاهڻ‬‫۾‬‫آهي‬ ‫ايندي‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫هيَء‬! Subject ‫,پهرئين‬ Verb ‫پوِء‬ ,Object ‫۾‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫۽‬ Ali writes a letter Subject Verb Object
  12. 12. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 12 Hameeda cooked the meal Subject Verb Object ‫ون‬ ُ ‫ت‬‫س‬ ‫سبق‬ ‫زمانان‬ ‫يا‬ ‫وقت‬ ‫ته‬ ‫آهيون‬ ‫آيا‬ ‫سمجهي‬ ‫۽‬ ‫پڙهي‬ ‫مٿي‬ ‫ته‬ ‫جيئن‬(‫ٽينس‬)‫صرف‬ ‫آهن‬ ‫ٿيندا‬ ‫ٽي‬‫ٽينس‬ ‫انهن‬ ‫۽‬(‫وقتن‬)‫ڪندو‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫صرف‬ ‫نشاندهي‬ ‫جي‬ ‫آهي‬‫ڏسون‬ ‫ڏئي‬ ‫تشبيح‬ ‫فائنل‬ ‫کي‬ ‫هن‬ ‫هاڻ‬ ‫ته‬ ‫اچو‬! 1.Present Tense ‫زمانون‬ ‫موجودهه‬ ‫حال‬ 2.Past Tense ‫ماضي‬‫ذر‬ ُ ‫گ‬‫زمانون‬ ‫يل‬ 3.Future Tence ‫زمانون‬ ‫آئيندهه‬ ‫ستقبل‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ته‬ ‫سمجهون‬ ‫ته‬ ‫اچو‬‫چار‬ ‫جا‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هر‬‫چار‬‫آهن‬ ‫هوندا‬ ‫قسم‬!‫جهڙوڪ‬ PRESEN TENSES 4 shapes PAST TENSES 4 shapes FUTURE TENSES 4 shapes 1. Present Indefinite (Simple) Past Indefinite (Simple) Future Indefinite (Simple) 2. Present Continuous Past Continuous Future Continuous 3. Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect 4. Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous Future Perfect Continuous INDEFINITE Present Indefinte : (Formula) > Subject + Verb (1st Form) + Object ‫هن‬‫ملي‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫جي‬ ‫قسم‬‫فارم‬ ‫پهريون‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫۾‬‫ٿو‬ ‫ٿئي‬ ‫استعمال‬! * *‫جيڪڏنهن‬‫۾‬ ‫هن‬‫سبجيڪٽ‬(‫واحد‬! )‫نائون‬(‫سنگيولر‬)‫۾‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫پهرئين‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫ته‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬(‫ايس‬)‫يا‬(‫ايس‬ ‫اي‬)‫ڪبي‬ ‫واڌ‬ ‫جي‬! Go = goes , Write = Writes > (except I & You) *‫۾‬ ‫اضافي‬ ‫هن‬(‫آِء‬)‫۽‬(‫و‬ُ‫ي‬)‫آهن‬ ‫ٽل‬ ُ ‫ڇ‬ ‫ل‬ ُ ‫بلڪ‬!‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫ئي‬ ‫پهريون‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫سان‬ ‫فائلن‬ ‫ٻنهين‬ ‫هنن‬ ‫يعني‬! *‫ه‬‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫ڪونه‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫ورڊ‬ ‫هيلپنگ‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ملي‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫واري‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫ن‬!‫جم‬ ‫۽‬‫وانگر‬ ‫فارموال‬ ‫مٿئين‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫جي‬ ‫لفظن‬ ‫۾‬ ‫لي‬ ‫هوندي‬‫آهي‬!‫ٿا‬ ‫ڏجن‬ ‫هيٺ‬ ‫مثال‬ ‫ٻيا‬! I eat an apple ‫ٿو‬ ‫کان‬ ‫وف‬ُ‫ص‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫مان‬! - He writes a letter ‫ٿو‬ ‫لکي‬ ‫خط‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ Past Indifinite : (Formula) > Subject + Verb (2nd Form) + Object ‫هن‬‫ملي‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫جي‬ ‫قسم‬‫۾‬‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬‫ٻيو‬‫ٿو‬ ‫ٿئي‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫فارم‬! * *‫۾سبجيڪٽ‬ ‫هن‬ ‫جيڪڏنهن‬(‫واحد‬! )‫نائون‬(‫سنگيولر‬)‫گهڻا‬ ‫يا‬(‫پليورل‬)‫ته‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬‫۾‬ ‫صورتن‬ ‫ٻنهين‬‫ورب‬‫جو‬‫فارم‬‫يا‬ ‫رهندي‬ ‫ساڳي‬ ‫ڪيفيت‬! *‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫ڪونه‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫ورڊ‬ ‫هيلپنگ‬ ‫به‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ملن‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫وارن‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬!‫و‬ ‫فارموال‬ ‫مٿئين‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫جي‬ ‫لفظن‬ ‫۾‬ ‫جملي‬ ‫۽‬‫انگر‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫هوندي‬!‫ٿا‬ ‫ڏجن‬ ‫هيٺ‬ ‫مثال‬ ‫ٻيا‬!
  13. 13. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 13 We slept in the room ‫تاسون‬ُ‫س‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ڪمري‬ ‫اسان‬ – The peon rang the bell ‫وڄائي‬ ‫گهنٽي‬ ‫پٽيوالي‬ You played Cricket ‫تو‬‫کيڏي‬ ‫ڪرڪيٽ‬ – We Killed a Lion ‫ماريو‬ ‫شينهن‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫اسان‬ Future Indefinite Future Indefinite : (Formula) > Subject + will / shall + verb (1st Form) + Object *‫پهرئين‬ ‫کان‬ ‫سڀ‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ٺاهڻ‬ ‫جملي‬ ‫ته‬ ‫ڏٺو‬ ‫توهان‬ ‫مان‬ ‫فارمولي‬ ‫مٿئين‬(‫سبجيڪٽ‬)‫پوِء‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫ا‬(‫ل‬‫و‬ ‫ل‬‫ش‬ ‫يا‬)‫پوِء‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫۽‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫جو‬(‫ورب‬)‫جو‬‫۾‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫۽‬ ‫استعمال‬(‫آبجيڪٽ‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ايندو‬! ‫هن‬‫ا‬ ‫ل‬‫ش‬ ‫۽‬ ‫ل‬‫و‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫هيلپنگ‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬‫آهن‬ ‫ٿيندا‬ ‫ستعمال‬. * *‫آِء‬‫ل‬‫ش‬ ‫سان‬ ‫ي‬‫ئ‬ُ‫و‬ ‫۽‬‫واحد‬ ‫هي‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫ڀلي‬ ‫پوِء‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫ڪبو‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫ل‬‫و‬ ‫سان‬ ‫سبجيڪٽن‬ ‫سڀني‬ ‫باقي‬ (‫سنگي‬‫و‬‫لر‬)‫جمع‬ ‫يا‬ ‫جن‬ُ‫ه‬(‫پليورل‬! ) ‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫پهريون‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫به‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬! * ‫ٿا‬ ‫ڏجن‬ ‫هيٺ‬ ‫مثال‬ ‫ٻيا‬ ‫جا‬ ‫ٺاهڻ‬ ‫ملن‬ُ‫ج‬! I shall tell a story ‫آ‬‫ئو‬‫س‬ ُ ‫ڌائيند‬ُ‫ٻ‬ ‫ڪهاڻي‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫ن‬ He will go to school ‫ويندو‬ ‫واسڪول‬ُ‫ه‬ You will write a book ‫لکندين‬ ‫ڪتاب‬ ‫تون‬ You will take a book ‫وٺندين‬ ‫ڪتاب‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫تون‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ٽيبل‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ملن‬ُ‫ج‬(‫نچوڙ‬) Indifinite Indefinite Tences English Sentences ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫سنڌي‬ Formulas Present Indefinite I eat an apple He writes a letter ‫کانٿو‬ ‫وف‬ُ‫ص‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫آئون‬ ‫ٿو‬ ‫لکي‬ ‫خط‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ Subject + Verb (1 st Form) + Object Past Indefinite We slept in the room The peon rang the bell You played cricket We killed a lion ‫سون‬ ‫تا‬ُ‫س‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ڪمري‬ ‫اسان‬ ‫گهنٽي‬ ‫پٽيوالي‬‫وڄائي‬ ‫کيڏي‬ ‫ڪرڪيٽ‬ ‫تو‬ ‫ماريو‬ ‫شينهن‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫اسان‬ Subject + Verb (2 nd Form) + Object Future Indifinite I shall tell a boy He will go to school You will write a book You will take a book ‫س‬ ُ ‫ڌائيند‬ُ‫ٻ‬ ‫ڪهاڻي‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫آئون‬ ‫ويندو‬ ‫اسڪول‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫لکندين‬ ‫ڪتاب‬ ‫ون‬ ُ ‫ت‬ ‫تو‬‫وٺندين‬ ‫ڪتاب‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫ن‬ Subject + will / shall + Verb (1st Form) + Object CONTINUOUS Present Continuous :(Formula) >Subject + is/am/are +Verb(4th Form)+ Object helping verb *‫س‬ ‫به‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬‫پهرئين‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ڀ‬(‫سبجيڪٽ‬)‫پوِء‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ،(‫هيلپنگ‬ ‫ورب‬)‫پوِء‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ان‬ ،(‫ورب‬)‫۾‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫۽‬(‫آبجيڪٽ‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ڪبو‬ ‫استعمال‬. *‫هن‬‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬(‫ز‬‫ا‬)،(‫ئيم‬‫ا‬)،(‫آر‬)‫آهن‬ ‫ٿيندا‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫هيلپنگ‬.
  14. 14. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 14 *‫گڏ‬ ‫سان‬ ‫آِء‬(‫ائيم‬)‫واحد‬ ،(‫ون‬ ُ ‫نائ‬ ‫سنگيولر‬)‫گڏ‬ ‫سان‬(‫ز‬‫ا‬)‫۽‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ي‬ ،(‫جمع‬) ‫ون‬ ُ ‫نائ‬ ‫پليورل‬‫سان‬(‫آر‬)‫ٿو‬ ‫ٿئي‬ ‫استعمال‬. *‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫چوٿون‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬. ‫ٺهندا‬ ‫ريت‬ ‫هن‬ ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫جا‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬ He is waiting for you ‫آهي‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫انتظار‬ ‫نهنجو‬ ُ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ I am reading a book‫پيو‬ ‫پڙهان‬ ‫ڪتاب‬ ‫آئون‬ Past Continuous Past Continuous : Formula> Subject + was / were + verb (4th Form) + Object *‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬(‫واز‬)‫يا‬(‫ر‬‫و‬)‫آهن‬ ‫ٿيندا‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫هيلپنگ‬! *‫واحد‬(‫نائون‬ ‫سنگيولر‬)‫سان‬ ‫آِء‬ ‫۽‬(‫واز‬)‫ته‬ ‫جڏنهن‬ ،‫جمع‬ ‫۽‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ي‬(‫سان‬ ‫نائون‬ ‫پليورل‬) (‫ر‬‫و‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ڪبو‬ ‫استعمال‬. *‫ٿو‬ ‫ٿئي‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫چوٿون‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫به‬ ‫۾‬ ‫هن‬ ‫آهن‬ ‫ٺهندا‬ ‫جمال‬ ‫هيٺيان‬ I was cutting papers - We were sleeping in the room – I was watching TV – She was running ، ‫هوس‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫ڏسي‬ ‫وي‬ ‫ٽي‬ ‫آئون‬ ، ‫ئي‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهي‬ ‫ڊوڙي‬ ‫هوَء‬‫ڪٽي‬ ‫ڪاغذ‬ ‫مان‬ ،‫ئاسون‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫پيا‬ ‫تا‬ُ‫س‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ڪمري‬ ‫اسان‬ ‫هوس‬ ‫رهيو‬. Future Continuous Future Continuous :(Formula)> Subject + will/shall be + verb(4th Form) + Object *‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬‫به‬‫تح‬ ‫فارموال‬‫ت‬‫پهرئين‬ ‫کان‬ ‫سڀ‬(‫سبجيڪٽ‬)‫پوِء‬(‫بي‬ ‫ل‬‫و‬) ‫يا‬(‫بي‬ ‫شل‬)‫ورب‬ ‫پوِء‬ ‫۽‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫هيلپنگ‬(‫سان‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫چوٿين‬)‫۾‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫۽‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫ايندو‬ ‫آبجيڪٽ‬. *‫۾‬ ‫جملن‬ ‫وارن‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬(‫ل‬‫و‬)‫يا‬(‫ل‬‫ش‬)‫سان‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫هيلپنگ‬(‫ي‬‫ب‬)‫لڳي‬! *(‫آ‬‫ِء‬)‫۽‬(‫ي‬‫ئ‬ُ‫و‬)‫سان‬(‫ل‬‫ش‬‫ي‬‫ب‬)‫سڀني‬ ‫باقي‬ ‫۽‬(‫سبجيڪٽ‬)‫چاهي‬(‫سنگيولر‬ ‫ون‬ ُ ‫نائ‬)‫يا‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬(‫نائون‬ ‫پليورل‬)‫سان‬(‫ي‬‫ب‬ ‫ل‬‫و‬)‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬! *‫به‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬(‫ورب‬)‫جو‬(‫فارم‬ ‫چوٿون‬)‫ٿو‬ ‫ٿئي‬ ‫استعمال‬! ‫ٺهندا‬ ‫ريت‬ ‫هن‬ ‫جمال‬ ‫۾‬ ‫هن‬!
  15. 15. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 15 He will be writing a letter – I shall be listening radio ُ‫ٻ‬ ‫ريڊيو‬ ‫آئون‬‫س‬ ُ ‫وند‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫ڌي‬،‫وندو‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫لکي‬ ‫خط‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ They will be eating food - They will be singing a song ‫وندا‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهيا‬ ‫ڳائي‬ ‫ڳيچ‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬،‫وندا‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهيا‬ ‫کائي‬ ‫ماني‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ٽيبل‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ملن‬ُ‫ج‬(‫نچوڙ‬) Continuous Indefinite Tences English Sentences ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫سنڌي‬ Formulas Present Continuous He is waiting for you I am reading a book ‫ڪري‬ ‫انتظار‬ ‫نهنجو‬ ُ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫پڙهي‬ ‫ڪتاب‬ ‫آئون‬ ‫آهيان‬ Subject + is/am/are + Verb (4rt Form) + Object Helping Verb Past Continuous I was cutting papers We were sleeping in the room I was watching TV She was running ‫رهيو‬ ‫ڪٽي‬ ‫ذ‬‫ڪاغ‬ ‫آئون‬ ‫هوس‬ ‫پيا‬ ‫تا‬ُ‫س‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ڪمري‬ ‫اسان‬ ‫ئاسون‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫ڏسي‬ ‫وي‬ ‫ٽي‬ ‫آئون‬ ‫هوس‬ ‫ئي‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهي‬ ‫ڊوڙي‬ ‫وَء‬ُ‫ه‬ Subject + was/were + Verb (4 th Form) + Object Helping Verb Future Continuous He will be writing a letter I shall be listening radio They will be eating food They will be singing a song ‫هوندو‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫لکي‬ ‫خط‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫ڌي‬ُ‫ٻ‬ ‫ريڊيو‬ ‫آئون‬ ‫س‬ ُ ‫هوند‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫وندا‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهيا‬ ‫کائي‬ ‫ماني‬ ‫وندا‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهيا‬ ‫ڳائي‬ ‫ڳيچ‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ Subject + will/shall be +Verb (4th Form)+Object Helping Verb PERFECT Present Perfect: (Formula)> Subject + has/have + verb(3rd Form) + Object *ُ‫م‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬‫آهي‬ ‫ڪبو‬ ‫ذڪر‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ٿيڻ‬ ‫ڪمل‬. *‫واحد‬ ‫۾‬ ‫هن‬(‫نائون‬ ‫سنگيولر‬)‫الِء‬(‫ه‬‫يز‬)‫جمع‬ ‫۽‬(‫نائون‬ ‫پليورل‬)‫الِء‬(‫يو‬‫ه‬) ‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬. *(‫آِء‬)‫۽‬(‫و‬ُ‫ي‬)‫به‬ ‫الِء‬(‫يو‬‫ه‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ڪبي‬ ‫استعمال‬. *‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬(‫ورب‬)‫جو‬(‫فارم‬ ‫ٽيون‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬.
  16. 16. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 16 *‫۾‬ ‫هن‬(‫يز‬‫ه‬)‫يا‬(‫يو‬‫ه‬)‫کي‬(‫ورب‬)‫پهرئي‬ ‫کان‬‫آهي‬ ‫لکبو‬ ‫ن‬. ‫آهن‬ ‫ٺاهبا‬ ‫ريت‬ ‫هن‬ ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫جا‬ ‫هن‬: You have rung the bell – I have polished shoes ‫جوتا‬ ‫آئون‬‫پال‬‫آهين‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫وڄائي‬ ‫بيل‬ ‫تون‬ ، ‫آهيان‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫ش‬ Sohail has finished his work – She has taken her lunch ‫لن‬ ‫پنهنجو‬ ‫وَء‬ُ‫ه‬، ‫آهي‬ ‫ڪي‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫کائي‬ ‫چ‬‫آهي‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫پنهنجو‬ ‫هيل‬ُ‫س‬ Past Perfect: (Formula) > Subject + had + verb(3rd Form) + Object *‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬(‫سبجيڪٽ‬)‫واحد‬(‫نائون‬ ‫سنگيولر‬)‫جمع‬ ‫يا‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬(‫پليورل‬ ‫نائون‬( )‫يڊ‬‫ه‬)‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫تي‬ ‫جڳهين‬ ‫ٻنهين‬. *‫هن‬(‫ٽينس‬)‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫به‬ ‫۾‬(‫فارم‬ ‫ٽيون‬)‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬. *‫۾‬ ‫ملن‬ُ‫ج‬(‫يڊ‬‫ه‬)‫ٿيندو‬ ‫پهرئين‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫جو‬. ‫آهن‬ ‫ٺاهبا‬ ‫ريت‬ ‫هن‬ ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫جا‬ ‫هن‬: We had Called the doctor – She had written the letter – He had slept ‫هو‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫مهين‬ُ‫هوس‬،‫ڪي‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫لکي‬ ‫خط‬ ‫وَء‬ُ‫ه‬‫ئاسون‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ڪا‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫سڏي‬ ‫کي‬ ‫ڊاڪٽر‬ ‫اسان‬ ، ‫ئي‬ُ‫ه‬ I had seen him – You had gone office – She had eaten meal ‫ئي‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ڪي‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫کائي‬ ‫لنچ‬ ‫وَء‬ُ‫ه‬،‫ئين‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫وڃين‬ ‫آفيس‬ ‫تون‬،‫هوس‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ڏسي‬ ‫کي‬ ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫آئون‬ Future Perfect: (Formula) > Subject + will/shall have + verb(3rd Form) + Object *‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬‫۾‬(‫ل‬‫و‬)‫يا‬(‫ل‬‫ش‬)‫استعمال‬ ‫جو‬(‫يو‬‫ه‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫سان‬. *‫۾‬ ‫هن‬‫سبجيڪٽ‬‫واحد‬(‫نائون‬ ‫سنگيولر‬)‫الِء‬‫يا‬‫جمع‬(‫نائون‬ ‫پليورل‬)‫الِء‬ ‫تي‬ ‫جڳهين‬ ‫ٻنهين‬(‫يو‬‫ه‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬. *(‫آِء‬)‫۽‬(‫ي‬‫ئ‬ُ‫و‬)‫الِء‬(‫ل‬‫ش‬‫يو‬‫ه‬)‫الِء‬ ‫سبجيڪٽس‬ ‫سڀني‬ ‫باقي‬(‫يا‬ ‫حوجن‬ ‫واحد‬ ‫جمع‬)‫پليورل‬ ‫يا‬ ‫سنگيولر‬ ‫يعني‬(‫هيو‬ ‫ل‬‫و‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ڪبي‬ ‫استعمال‬. *‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬(‫ورب‬)‫جو‬(‫فارم‬ ‫ٽيون‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬. ‫آهن‬ ‫ٺاهبا‬ ‫ريت‬ ‫هن‬ ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫جا‬ ‫هن‬:
  17. 17. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 17 I shall have returned your book – She will have written the letter ،‫وندي‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ڪي‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫لکي‬ ‫خط‬ ‫وَء‬ُ‫ه‬‫س‬ ُ ‫ند‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫واپس‬ ‫ڪتاب‬ ‫نهنجو‬ ُ ‫ت‬ ‫مان‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ٽيبل‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ملن‬ُ‫ج‬(‫نچوڙ‬) Perfect Indefinite Tences English Sentences ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫سنڌي‬ Formulas Present Perfect You have rung the bell I have polished shoes Sohail has finished his work She has taken her lunch ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫وڄائي‬ ‫بيل‬ ‫تون‬ ‫آهين‬. ‫ڪري‬ ‫پالش‬ ‫جوتا‬ ‫آئون‬ ‫آهيان‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫پنهنجو‬ ‫هيل‬ُ‫س‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫کائي‬ ‫لنچ‬ ‫پنهنجو‬ ‫وَء‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫ڪي‬ ُ ‫چ‬ Subject + has/have + verb(3rd Form) + Object Past perfect We had called the doctor She had written the letter He had slept I had seen him You had gone office She had eaten meal ‫سڏائي‬ ‫کي‬ ‫ڊاڪٽر‬ ‫اسان‬ ‫ئاسون‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ڪا‬ ُ ‫چ‬. ‫ڪي‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫لکي‬ ‫خط‬ ‫وَء‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ئي‬ُ‫ه‬. ‫هو‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫مهين‬ُ‫س‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬. ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ڏسي‬ ‫کي‬ ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫مان‬ ‫هوس‬. ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫وڃي‬ ‫آفيس‬ ‫تون‬ ‫ئين‬ُ‫ه‬. ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫ڪي‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫کائي‬ ‫ماني‬ ‫َء‬ ‫ئي‬ُ‫ه‬. Subject + had + verb(3rd Form) + Object Future Perfect I shall have returned your book She will hace Written the letter ُ ‫آئون‬‫ڪتاب‬ ‫هنجو‬ ُ ‫ت‬‫واپس‬ ‫س‬ ُ ‫وند‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ڪري‬. ‫ڪي‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫لکي‬ ‫خط‬ ‫وَء‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫هوندي‬ Subject+will/shall have+verb(3 rd Form)+ Object PERFECT CONTINUOUS ‫هن‬‫۾‬ ‫ٽينسز‬ ‫جي‬ ‫قسم‬(‫پرفيڪٽ‬)‫۽‬(‫ڪنٽيني‬‫و‬‫ئس‬)‫صفتون‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ٻنهين‬ ‫آهن‬ ‫هونديون‬ ‫شامل‬! ‫هن‬‫۽‬ ‫۾‬(‫ڪنٽينيوئس‬)‫هن‬ ‫ته‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫فرق‬ ‫اهو‬ ‫۾‬‫۾‬ ‫ٽينسز‬ ‫جي‬ ‫قسم‬‫جو‬ ‫ٿيو‬ ‫شروع‬ ‫ڪم‬‫۽‬ ،‫انهيَء‬‫۾‬‫ئي‬‫دت‬ُ‫م‬‫عرصو‬ ‫يا‬‫هو‬ ‫موجود‬!
  18. 18. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 18 ‫پهريون‬‫قدم‬:‫۾‬ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫ا‬ ‫ته‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫اها‬ ‫ڃاڻپ‬ُ‫س‬ ‫جي‬ ‫پرفيڪٽ‬(‫ه‬‫يو‬!‫ه‬‫يز‬!‫ه‬ ‫يا‬‫يڊ‬) ‫هوندو‬ ‫ضرور‬! ‫ٻيو‬‫قدم‬:‫کانپوِء‬ ‫ان‬(‫ين‬‫ب‬)‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬! ‫جيڪڏنهن‬(‫ين‬‫ب‬)‫استعمال‬‫ٿيل‬‫نه‬‫ته‬ ‫ها‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬‫۾‬ ‫پرفيڪٽ‬ ‫۽‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬ ‫ها‬ ‫وڃي‬ ‫ٿي‬ ‫ختم‬ ‫فرق‬!‫مث‬‫ل‬‫ن‬‫آهي‬ ‫مثال‬ ‫جو‬ ‫پرفيڪٽ‬ I have done my work ‫جيڪڏنهن‬(‫ڪنٽينيوئس‬ ‫پرفيڪٽ‬)‫۾‬(‫ين‬‫ب‬)‫ته‬ ‫ها‬ ‫ٿئي‬ ‫نه‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫هي‬(‫ٽينس‬ ‫پرفيڪٽ‬)‫ها‬ ‫لڳي‬ ‫ٿيڻ‬ ‫محسوس‬!‫جي‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫انهيَء‬ ‫الِء‬ ‫تبديليَء‬(‫يو‬‫ه‬!‫يز‬‫ه‬!‫يڊ‬‫ه‬ ‫۽‬)‫پوِء‬ ‫کان‬(‫ين‬‫ب‬)‫آهي‬ ‫لڳائبو‬‫هي‬ ‫پوِء‬ ‫ته‬ ‫ٽينس‬(‫ڪنٽينيوئس‬ ‫پرفيڪٽ‬)‫آهي‬ ‫بڻجندو‬! ‫ٽيون‬‫قدم‬( :‫ين‬‫ب‬)‫پوِء‬ ‫کان‬‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬(‫فارم‬ ‫چوٿون‬)‫يعني‬(‫نگ‬‫ا‬)‫ورب‬ ‫لڳائي‬ ‫اس‬‫آهي‬ ‫ڪبو‬ ‫تعمال‬! ‫چوٿون‬‫قدم‬:‫ڪ‬ ‫ظاهر‬ ‫کي‬ ‫دت‬ُ‫م‬ ‫۽‬ ‫وقت‬‫آهي‬ ‫بو‬!‫ڪري‬ ‫ان‬(‫نس‬‫س‬)‫يا‬ (‫ار‬‫ف‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ڪبو‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫کي‬! Present Perfect Continuous (Formula) Subject + has/have been + verb(4th Form) + for (period of time) / since (point of time) You have been reading since morning - He has been playing for two hours ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬، ‫آهي‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫کيڏي‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ڪالڪن‬ ‫ٻن‬‫آهين‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫پڙهي‬ ‫کان‬ ‫بح‬ُ‫ص‬ ‫تون‬ *‫سبجيڪٽ‬(‫واحد‬)‫ته‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫نائون‬ ‫سنگيولر‬ ‫يعني‬(‫ين‬‫ب‬ ‫يز‬‫ه‬)‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬! *‫سبجيڪٽ‬(‫جمع‬)‫پ‬ ‫يعني‬ ُ ‫ل‬‫ورل‬‫ته‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬(‫ين‬‫ب‬ ‫يو‬‫ه‬)‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬! *‫سان‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ي‬ ‫۽‬ ‫آِء‬(‫ين‬‫ب‬ ‫يو‬‫ه‬)‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬! *‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬(‫فارم‬ ‫چوٿون‬)‫ٿو‬ ‫ٿئي‬ ‫استعمال‬! *(‫ين‬‫ب‬ ‫يز‬‫ه‬)‫ين‬‫ب‬ ‫يو‬‫ه‬ ‫۽‬)‫ٿيندا‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫پهرئين‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫هميشهه‬!
  19. 19. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 19 *‫۾‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫ٿيندڙ‬ ‫شروع‬ ‫کان‬ ‫وقت‬ ‫۾مقرر‬ ‫هن‬(‫نس‬‫س‬)‫۽‬‫دت‬ُ‫م‬ ‫قرر‬ُ‫م‬‫ش‬ ‫سان‬‫روع‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫واري‬ ‫ٿيڻ‬‫الِء‬(‫ار‬‫ف‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬! *(‫فار‬ ‫يا‬ ‫نس‬‫س‬)‫آهن‬ ‫ٿيندا‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫پوِء‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ورب‬! Past Perfect Continuous (Formula) Subject + had been + verb(4th Form) + for (period of time) / since (point of time) ‫مشق‬‫ڪريو‬!‫ٺاهيو‬ ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫پنهنجا‬ ‫ڏسي‬ ‫فارموال‬! *‫جم‬ ‫يا‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫واحد‬ ‫سبجيڪٽ‬‫ع‬!‫الِء‬ ‫ٻنهين‬(‫ين‬‫ب‬ ‫يڊ‬‫ه‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬! *‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫چوٿون‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬! *‫پهرئين‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ورب‬(‫ين‬‫ب‬ ‫يڊ‬‫ه‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬! *‫به‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬ ‫هن‬‫مقرر‬‫وقت‬‫الِء‬(‫نس‬‫س‬)‫۽‬‫الِء‬ ‫دت‬ُ‫م‬ ‫مقرر‬(‫ار‬‫ف‬)‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫آهي‬! *(‫فار‬)‫نس‬‫س‬ ‫۽‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ڪبو‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫پوِء‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ورب‬ ‫کي‬! Future Perfect Continuous (Formula) Subject + will/shall have been + verb(4th Form) + for (period of time)/since (point of time) I shall have been sleeping for two hours. ‫آئون‬‫ڪالڪن‬ ‫ٻن‬‫کان‬ُ‫س‬‫رهيو‬ ‫مهي‬‫هوندس‬ He will have been singing a song since morning. ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫وندو‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫ڳائي‬ ‫گانا‬ ‫کان‬ ‫صبح‬ *‫هن‬‫۾‬ ‫ٽينس‬(‫ل‬‫و‬)‫يا‬(‫ل‬‫ش‬)‫استعمال‬ ‫جو‬(‫ين‬‫ب‬ ‫يو‬‫ه‬)‫ٿو‬ ‫ٿئي‬ ‫گڏ‬ ‫سان‬! *‫گڏ‬ ‫سان‬ ‫ٻنهين‬ ‫جمع‬ ‫يا‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫واحد‬ ‫سبجيڪٽ‬(‫يو‬‫ه‬‫ين‬‫ب‬)‫استعمال‬ ‫جو‬‫ٿيندو‬! *‫ئ‬ُ‫و‬ ‫۽‬ ‫آِء‬‫ي‬‫الِء‬ ‫جي‬(‫ين‬‫ب‬ ‫يو‬‫ه‬ ‫ل‬‫ش‬)‫واحد‬ ‫کڻي‬ ‫ڀلي‬ ‫الِء‬ ‫سبجيڪٽس‬ ‫سڀني‬ ‫باقي‬ ‫۽‬ ‫جمع‬ ‫يا‬ ‫جي‬ُ‫ه‬(‫ين‬‫ب‬ ‫يو‬‫ه‬ ‫ل‬‫و‬)‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬! *‫آهي‬ ‫ٿيندو‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫فارم‬ ‫چوٿون‬ ‫جو‬ ‫ورب‬! *(‫بين‬ ‫هيو‬ ‫ول‬)‫يا‬(‫بين‬ ‫هيو‬ ‫شل‬)‫آهن‬ ‫ٿيندا‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫پهرين‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ورب‬! *‫نس‬‫س‬ ‫۽‬ ‫فار‬!‫آهن‬ ‫ٿيندا‬ ‫استعمال‬ ‫پوِء‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ورب‬!
  20. 20. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 20 ‫۾‬ ‫ٽيبل‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ملن‬ُ‫ج‬(‫نچوڙ‬) Perfect Continous Indefinite Tences English Sentences ُ‫ج‬ ‫سنڌي‬‫مال‬ Formulas Present Perfect Continuouis You have been reading since morning He has been playing for two hours ‫تون‬‫رهيو‬ ‫پڙهي‬ ‫کان‬ ‫بح‬ُ‫ص‬ ‫آهين‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫کان‬ ‫ڪالڪن‬ ‫ٻن‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫کيڏي‬ Subject+has/have been+Verb (4rt Form) + for (period of time) / since (point of time) Past perfect Continuous Exercise Do yourself Try ‫هي‬‫توهانجي‬ ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫آهن‬ ‫ڇڏيل‬ ‫الِء‬ ‫مشق‬! ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫ڏسي‬ ‫فارمولو‬ ‫ٺاهيو‬! Subject + had been + Verb (4rt Form) + for (period of time) / since (point of time) Future Perfect Continuous I shall have been sleeping for two hours He will have been Singing a song since morning ‫مان‬‫ڪال‬ ‫ٻن‬‫ڪن‬‫کان‬ ‫س‬ ُ ‫هوند‬ ‫پيو‬ ‫تو‬ُ‫س‬ ‫هو‬‫صب‬‫ڳائي‬ ‫گانا‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ح‬ Subject+will/shall have been+Verb (4rt Form) + for (period of time) / since (point of time) FINAL 12 TENSES PRESEN TENSES 4 shapes PAST TENSES 4 shapes FUTURE TENSES 4 shapes 1. Present Indefinite (Simple) Past Indefinite (Simple) Future Indefinite (Simple) 2. Present Continuous Past Continuous Future Continuous 3. Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect 4. Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous Future Perfect Continuous ‫۾‬ ‫ٽيبل‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ملن‬ُ‫ج‬(‫نچوڙ‬) Indifinite Indefinite Tences English Sentences ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫سنڌي‬ Formulas Present Indefinite I eat an apple He writes a letter ‫کانٿو‬ ‫وف‬ُ‫ص‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫آئون‬ ‫ٿو‬ ‫لکي‬ ‫خط‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ Subject + Verb (1st Form) + Object Past Indefinite We slept in the room The peon rang the bell You played cricket We killed a lion ‫سون‬ ‫تا‬ُ‫س‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ڪمري‬ ‫اسان‬ ‫وڄائي‬ ‫گهنٽي‬ ‫پٽيوالي‬ ‫کيڏي‬ ‫ڪرڪيٽ‬ ‫تو‬ ‫ماريو‬ ‫شينهن‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫اسان‬ Subject + Verb (2nd Form) + Object Future Indifinite I shall tell a boy He will go to school You will write a book You will take a book ‫س‬ ُ ‫ڌائيند‬ُ‫ٻ‬ ‫ڪهاڻي‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫آئون‬ ‫ويندو‬ ‫اسڪول‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫لکندين‬ ‫ڪتاب‬ ‫ون‬ ُ ‫ت‬ ‫وٺندين‬ ‫ڪتاب‬ ‫هڪ‬ ‫تون‬ Subject + will / shall + Verb (1 st Form) + Object
  21. 21. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 21 ‫۾‬ ‫ٽيبل‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ملن‬ُ‫ج‬(‫نچوڙ‬) Continuous Indefinite Tences English Sentences ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫سنڌي‬ Formulas Present Continuous He is waiting for you I am reading a book ‫ڪري‬ ‫انتظار‬ ‫نهنجو‬ ُ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫پڙهي‬ ‫ڪتاب‬ ‫آئون‬ ‫آهيان‬ Subject + is/am/are + Verb (4rt Form) + Object Helping Verb Past Continuous I was cutting papers We were sleeping in the room I was watching TV She was running ‫رهيو‬ ‫ڪٽي‬ ‫ذ‬‫ڪاغ‬ ‫آئون‬ ‫هوس‬ ‫پيا‬ ‫تا‬ُ‫س‬ ‫۾‬ ‫ڪمري‬ ‫اسان‬ ‫ئاسون‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫ڏسي‬ ‫وي‬ ‫ٽي‬ ‫آئون‬ ‫هوس‬ ‫ئي‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهي‬ ‫ڊوڙي‬ ‫وَء‬ُ‫ه‬ Subject + was/were + Verb (4th Form) + Object Helping Verb Future Continuous He will be writing a letter I shall be listening radio They will be eating food They will be singing a song ‫هوندو‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫لکي‬ ‫خط‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫ڌي‬ُ‫ٻ‬ ‫ريڊيو‬ ‫آئون‬ ‫س‬ ُ ‫هوند‬ ‫وندا‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهيا‬ ‫کائي‬ ‫ماني‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫وندا‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫رهيا‬ ‫ڳائي‬ ‫ڳيچ‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ Subject + will/shall be +Verb (4th Form)+Object Helping Verb ‫۾‬ ‫ٽيبل‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ملن‬ُ‫ج‬(‫نچوڙ‬) Perfect Indefinite Tences English Sentences ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫سنڌي‬ Formulas Present Perfect You have rung the bell I have polished shoes Sohail has finished his work She has taken her lunch ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫وڄائي‬ ‫بيل‬ ‫تون‬ ‫آهين‬. ‫ڪري‬ ‫پالش‬ ‫جوتا‬ ‫آئون‬ ‫آهيان‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ڪم‬ ‫پنهنجو‬ ‫هيل‬ُ‫س‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ڪري‬ ‫کائي‬ ‫لنچ‬ ‫پنهنجو‬ ‫وَء‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫ڪي‬ ُ ‫چ‬ Subject + has/have + verb(3rd Form) + Object Past perfect We had called the doctor She had written the letter He had slept I had seen him ‫سڏائي‬ ‫کي‬ ‫ڊاڪٽر‬ ‫اسان‬ ‫ئاسون‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ڪا‬ ُ ‫چ‬. ‫ڪي‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫لکي‬ ‫خط‬ ‫وَء‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ئي‬ُ‫ه‬. ‫هو‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫مهين‬ُ‫س‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬. ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ڏسي‬ ‫کي‬ ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫مان‬ ‫هوس‬. ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫وڃي‬ ‫آفيس‬ ‫تون‬ Subject + had + verb(3rd Form) + Object
  22. 22. Writer : Abdul Razzaque Memon (All Rights of Screen Play are Reserved Under Copy Write Act) Contact: 0300 2895691 Page 22 You had gone office She had eaten meal ‫ئين‬ُ‫ه‬. ‫کائي‬ ‫ماني‬ ‫وَء‬ُ‫ه‬‫ڪي‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ئي‬ُ‫ه‬. Future Perfect I shall have returned your book She will hace Written the letter ‫واپس‬ ‫ڪتاب‬ ‫هنجو‬ ُ ‫ت‬ ُ ‫آئون‬ ‫س‬ ُ ‫وند‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ڪو‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫ڪري‬. ‫ڪي‬ ُ ‫چ‬ ‫لکي‬ ‫خط‬ ‫وَء‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫هوندي‬ Subject+will/shall have+verb(3 rd Form)+ Object ‫۾‬ ‫ٽيبل‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫جي‬ ‫ملن‬ُ‫ج‬(‫نچوڙ‬) Perfect Continous Indefinite Tences English Sentences ُ‫ج‬ ‫سنڌي‬‫مال‬ Formulas Present Perfect Continuouis You have been reading since morning He has been playing for two hours ‫تون‬‫رهيو‬ ‫پڙهي‬ ‫کان‬ ‫بح‬ُ‫ص‬ ‫آهين‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫کان‬ ‫ڪالڪن‬ ‫ٻن‬ ‫آهي‬ ‫رهيو‬ ‫کيڏي‬ Subject+has/have been+Verb (4rt Form) + for (period of time) / since (point of time) Past perfect Continuous Exercise Do yourself Try ‫هي‬‫توهانجي‬ ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫آهن‬ ‫ڇڏيل‬ ‫الِء‬ ‫مشق‬! ‫مال‬ُ‫ج‬ ‫ڏسي‬ ‫فارمولو‬ ‫ٺاهيو‬! Subject + had been + Verb (4rt Form) + for (period of time) / since (point of time) Future Perfect Continuous I shall have been sleeping for two hours He will have been Singing a song since morning ‫مان‬‫ڪال‬ ‫ٻن‬‫ڪن‬‫کان‬ ‫س‬ ُ ‫هوند‬ ‫پيو‬ ‫تو‬ُ‫س‬ ‫هو‬‫صب‬‫ڳائي‬ ‫گانا‬ ‫کان‬ ‫ح‬ Subject+will/shall have been+Verb (4rt Form) + for (period of time) / since (point of time) ‫ڄاڻي‬ُ‫پ‬

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