Overview Field kit basic parts and operationAdvanced Camera AdjustmentsShot compositionTypes of mics and getting good audioVCR functions of the camera
The Tripod Extend the legs using the releases Extend each leg one “level” at a time 2nd Make sure to lock the releases after extending each level 1st Make sure the tripod is levelby adjusting the legs incrementally.
What’s in the box? Sony PD-150 or PD-170AC Adapter On board mic
Putting the Camera on the Tripod Line up the copper piece and the screw on the plate with the threaded opening bottom of the camera and tighten the screw. You can use a coin to tighten the screw if you would like.
Putting the Camera on the Tripod 1. Put the plate on the camera 2. Loosen the lock lever 3. Push and hold the safety latch in 4. Slide the camera on 5. Tighten the lock lever The camera should now be secure on the tripod.
IMPORTANT Make sure that the plate is left on the TRIPOD and not the camera when you are done with it!
Inserting a tapeHold down the blue button and push down. The tape deck willopen. Insert the tape with the wheels facing in toward thecamera and the flap facing down. Once the tape is in the camera,Hold the “PUSH” button on the door until you hear it click.
Opening the LCD Push the silver button on the side and the LCD screen will open out.
Different Modes Playback controls for VCR modePress in the green button and push up or down toChange modes Record start/stop (Camera mode) VCR – Allows you to play back your footage Camera – Puts the camera in record mode so you can film your subject Memory – If you were to put a Memory Stick in the camera, you could take photos in this mode
Ways to ZoomTurn the ring farthest from the lens To zoom manually Or use the zoom buttons on top of the camera
Note! The PD-170’s also have a record start/stop and a zoom control on the handle.
Focus You can either set the camera to auto focus (top), manual focus (middle) or infinity focus (bottom).In manual focus, rotate the ring closest to thelens to focus.
Iris/Aperture The depth of field is the in-focus range, measured from the distance behinda subject to the distance in front. Depth of field varies depending on the iris setting. A large iris (low F-stop value) will reduce your depth of field. A small iris (high F-stop value) will increase your depth of field. Small iris (low F-stop value) Large iris (high F-stop value)
Iris/Aperture To manually adjust the iris, make sure that the lock slider on the back of the camera is switched to the middle position. You can adjust the iris by pushing the “Iris” buttonAdjust the iris size using located just in front of the LCD. Once you do this, youThe wheel located in front Should see “F” and a number such as “2.8” appear on yourof the iris button. LCD screen.
Iris/Aperture The larger the iris (high F-stop value), the more light will be let into the camera. The smaller the iris (low F-stop value), the less light will be let in.A still camera would normally compensate for this by adjusting the shutter speed automatically. if you’re manually adjusting the iris, the camcorders do not automatically compensate for this. You can use a neutral density filter or adjust the shutter speed to let in less light if the image is too bright.After pressing the “Shutter Speed” button, usethe scrolling wheel on the back of the camerato adjust the shutter speed.
GainThe gain button acts like a volume controlfor the video signal.Gain increases the voltage level of the videosignal, causing the image to look brighter.More gain means more noise, so use gainwith caution.You can adjust the gain by pushing the gainbutton and using the scrolling wheel on theback of the camera. Gain will show up onYour LCD as a number followed by “dB.”
White BalanceWhite balancing your camera before everyshoot is very important. If you don’t whitebalance the camera, your footage may lookblue, green, or yellow, depending on the typeof lighting that you’re shooting in.To set the white balance, like adjusting the irismanually, make sure that the lock slider on theback of the camera is set to the middleposition. Zoom in on something white (a pieceof paper, a projector screen, etc.) and press onthe “WHT BAL” button for a couple of seconds.Voilaa! Your camera is white balanced! This iscalled one step white balancing.If you’re shooting in specific lighting, such as incandescent, florescent, or sun, you can also use whitebalance presets by pushing the white balance button and using the scroll wheel on the back of the camerato scroll through the three presets. For mixed light conditions (sun and incandescent, etc.) one step whitebalancing is best.NOTE – If you move to another location, always remember to re-white balance the camera!
Buttons in the LCD Area The most commonly used features in the LCD area are the menu button and the zebra switch. There are many settings that can be changed on the camera by going into the menu. To do this, press the menu button and scroll through the options using the same scrolling wheel on the Back of the camera that we used for Adjusting the gain and the white Balance presets. You can push down on the scrolling wheel to select an option from the menu.The zebra switch shows you where parts of the image are overexposed. If you’re seeing a lotof “zebra”, you may need to adjust your iris or use a neutral density filter to reduce the amountof light entering the camera. Some zebra is ok, but too much means you might lose some detailon your subject. Note – The zebra lines will not record on your footage!
Rule of Thirds Imagine a grid on your screen that looks like a tic-tac-toe board.Shots look best if the subject is placed at the intersection of any two of the lines on the grid. Note: Sometimes rules are meant to be broken.
Shot Composition Head room Lead roomBe sure to leave a bit of space on the edges of your shot. Some TV screens may cut off some of the edges. You wouldn’t want someone’s head to get cut off!
Shot Composition Extreme Close Up (ECU) Wide Shot (WS) Close Up (CU) Very Wide Shot (VWS) Medium Close Up (MCU) Extreme Wide Shot (EWS)Head and Shoulders Shot (HS) 2-Shot Mid Shot (MS) Over the Shoulder Shot (OSS) Medium Wide Shot (MWS)
7 Deadly Camcorder Sins -Headhunting - placing every subject in the center of your frame. -Motorzooming - overuse of on-screen zooms. -Rooting - staying in one spot instead of looking for interesting angles. -Firehosing - panning all over the scene. -Upstanding - shooting everything from standing eye-level. -Snapshooting - taping only two or three seconds per shot.-Backlighting - too much light falling on the background instead of on the subject.
MicrophonesAll of the Sony cameras come with an onboard shotgun mic.
MicrophonesWe also have stereo mics available. You can take out floor stands, table stands or boompoles for use with these mics. The one below is shown with a vibration reduction clip.
MicrophonesLavaliere (Lav) mics clip on to the subject’s shirt. We have two types. The one shown below is a hardwired lavaliere.
MicrophonesThe other type of lavaliere is the wireless lav. This comes with a transmitter, a receiver and 9V batteries.
MicrophonesLavalieres simply clip onto the shirt, like the one in the photo below.
Microphone Setup All of the microphones connect to the camera using a male-female XLR cable. The female end of the cable plugs into the mic and the male end plugs into one of the two inputs located on the side of the camera handle.
Microphone Setup When using only one mic, plug the mic into Input 1 and make sure that the channel select Switch is set to “CH1-CH2.”When using a 2 mic setup, make sure theChannel select switch is set to “CH1.”
HeadphonesTo plug in headphones, lift the small flap on the side of the camera that the tape deck Is located on. They plug into the green input on the top.
Adjusting Audio LevelsTo adjust the audio levels, press the “Audio Level”button on the back of the camera. A meter willappear on your LCD. To adjust the level, use thescrolling wheel that we used for gain, whitebalance, etc. You can change which channel isselected by pressing the scrolling wheel in.Generally, a level between -20 and -12 should bethe right volume.Always make sure to look at the levels meter andnot just go off of what you’re hearing in theheadphones!
Camera Manuals Are Available! We have camera manuals available, so if you’re interested in going more in depth with the camera, make sure to ask for a manual when you check out the equipment.
A Few Reminders• Make sure to check the camera to see if it is set for manual or automatic focus before you start filming.• White balance any time you start filming in a new location!• Keep an eye on your audio levels. Between - 20 and -12 should be good.
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