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Development in science and technology

The Development in science and technology ppt tells about the progress science has made. It also tells about the progress made in India.

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Development in science and technology

  1. 1. Welcom e Made by Simran Class IX
  2. 2. We’ll be Studying these topics under Science & Technology. INDEX What is Science & Technology?  History of science and technology.  Science And Technology India.  in
  3. 3. WHAT IS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY?   Science, technology and society (STS), also referred to as science and technology studies, is the study of how social, political, and cultural values affect scientific research and technological innovation , and how these, in turn, affect society, politics and culture. STS scholars are interested in a variety of problems including the relationships between scientific and technological innovations and society, and the directions and risks of science and technology. More than two dozen universities worldwide offer bachelor's degrees in STS. Science and technology is a term of art used to encompass the relationship between science and technology. It frequently appears within titles of academic disciplines and government offices.
  4. 4. HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY  The history of Science and Technology (HST) is a field of history which examines how humanity's understanding of the natural world (science) and ability to manipulate it have changed over the centuries. This academic discipline also studies the cultural, economic, and political impacts of scientific innovation. Oooh! History, Quite interesting
  5. 5.  Histories of science were originally written by practicing and retired scientists, starting primarily with William Whewell, as a way to communicate the virtues of science to the public. In the early 1930s, after a famous paper given by the Soviet historian Boris Hessen, was focused into looking at the ways in which scientific practices were allied with the needs and motivations of their context.
  6. 6. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN INDIA  The Indian science and technology space has been instrumental to bring social and economic changes. The country has not only endeavored to upgrade traditional skills to make them relevant and competitive, but has also been on a spur to develop advanced technologies, which has eventually played a pivotal role in transforming the nation into a modern, industrialized society. Scientific knowledge and expertise, innovation, high technology, industrial infrastructure and skilled workforce are the key factors that have driven the progress of the country to a major extent.
  7. 7.  The Indian space technology has come a long way in terms of infrastructure as well as investments. India is the fifth largest consumer of energy globally and expected to become the world's third biggest energy consumer by 2030, leaving Japan and Russia behind. India has been ranked as the third best investment destination in renewable energy sector, next only to China and the US, as per a recent report by Ernst & Young (E&Y).
  8. 8.  India accounts for about 10% of all expenditure on research and development in Asia and the number of scientific publications grew by 45% over the past five years. However, according to India's science and technology minister, Kapil Sibal, India is lagging in science and technology compared to developed countries. India has only 140 researchers per 1,000,000 population, compared to 4,651 in the United States. India invested US$3.7 billion in science and technology in 2002–2003. For comparison, China invested about four times more than India, while the United States invested approximately 75 times more than India on science and technology. Despite this, five Indian Institutes of Technology were listed among the top 10 science and technology schools in Asia by Asia week. India is one of the top-ranking countries in the field of basic research. Indian Science has come to be regarded as one of the most powerful instruments.