US/Afghanistan Relations


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US/Afghanistan Relations

  2. 2. BEGINNINGSНАЧАЛЬНАЯ СТАДИЯIn 1979 the USSR would invade Afghanistan, a move welcomed bythe Afghani government but despised by their people.To combat this spread of Communism, the US engaged in a ProxyWar, supplying Afghani rebels – Mujahedeen – with weapons,including FIM-92 Stinger missiles. A Proxy War is a war in which a country indirectly combats another country, through allies or organizations with common interests.By 1989 the soviets would end their invasion, leaving ruins,lawlessness, and devastation; the US would not help rebuild, butinstead spread their military power to sacred lands of Islam,angering those the US supplied…
  3. 3. STUDENTSThe Taliban, or students, would be the result of the Soviet War inAfghanistan. Mujahedeen and scholars would shift from simpleteachings and unorganized warfare to a non-secular political &military entity that would place strict Islamic & Sharia law on theAfghani people during their rule from 1996 to 2001.The US overthrew the Taliban government from power in 2001 afterthe 9/11 attacks, forcing them to flee to Pakistan.Today, the Taliban is an insurgency group trying to regain control ofAfghanistan.
  4. 4. “Its my sixth sense, but I feel it coming. This is going to be the big one.” THE BASE - CIA Director George J. Tenet After the Soviet invasion, bin Laden was expelled Osama bin Laden, a from Saudi Arabia by US leader of the Mujahedeen and Saudi officials; he movements against the would set up his base of Soviets, moved back to his operations in homeland of Saudi Arabia Afghanistan with open and worked with terrorist arms by the Taliban until organizations to create Al- their collapse in 2001. Qaida, a group whose purpose was to eradicate Al-Qaida was responsible for the 9/11 attacks. The all American influence Taliban captured bin Laden and was open to from Islamic countries. negotiations with the US, but US refused to “negotiate with terrorists.” Today, Al-Qaida is in dismay and their relation with the Taliban is strained.
  5. 5. OPERATIONENDURING FREEDOM2001-PRESENTIn response to 9/11, then President George Bush Jr. launched combatoperations in Afghanistan, the Philippines, and specific parts ofAfrica starting in October 2001. Led by the US, its goals were toeliminate or capture Osama bin Laden, defeat terrorism, andstabilize the Middle East.The shift in focus from Afghanistan to Iraq in 2003 greatly hurtstability and progress in Afghanistan.11 years and counting, the War in Afghanistan alone has cost the USover 1.4 trillion dollars, making it the most costly war in her shorthistory; The US Defense budget yearly is 950 billion dollars, makingit 4 times bigger than the Education budget.
  6. 6. MODERN WARFAREThe USA has the most technologically advanced weapons and vehicles inthe world.• Unmanned drones are a key part in the US’ strategy against terrorism in the Middle East. • They have precision unmatched by anything and everything, with the ability to directly hit a person’s chest in a moving vehicle. Drones have been highly controversial due to civilian casualties, but have also been extremely effective in killing top Al-Qaida operatives and leaders.• Smart weapons are the future, and they’re being deployed today. • The XM-25, a grenade launcher with a laser rangefinder, is capable of detecting the distance of an object, and then launching a smart grenade that explodes at a user-set distance from the object. This eliminates cover, completely. • “From the dawn of direct-fire weapons, Soldiers have always been taught if you’re getting shot at or something is being thrown at you, get behind cover, whether it is your shield or a wall. We are essentially taking cover away from the enemy forever.”• A gun with no moving parts, with the ability to destroy anything in its way, rail guns are currently being tested by the US Navy. • Rail guns use electromagnetic charges to push large objects capable of Mach speeds, creating deadly forces of kinetic energy.
  7. 7. CYBER WARFAREThe Obama Administration is the first to enable the use cyberattacks against terrorist forces in the Middle East. • Attacks include using propaganda against such forces, showing the reality of the “achievements” of these forces, denial of service, and viruses. • Stuxnet and Flame, two viruses used to sabotage Iran’s systems, have gotten loose and have been discovered to be created by the US and Israeli governments. Much controversy has stirred from this, showing the influence the US has in cyberspace.
  8. 8. OPINIONThis war is one of the most complicated in US history. Ourinvolvement in Afghanistan has lasted for over 30 years and still itcontinues today. We supplied terrorists with guns and RPGs and nowthey are using them against us. We go in with little knowledge ofwhat’s going on and are lied to about the Middle East havingweapons capable of mass destruction. We spend more money on thiswar than Education. We are set to leave by 2014, 13 years later, butwith growing concerns of the Afghani’s ability to maintain theircountry it is unclear - and dangerous - to leave them with theseresponsibilities.All they wanted from us was to go away, to not taint their sacredlands, but instead we welcomed ourselves for our own interests. Ifwe weren’t so scared of the Soviets, the consequences that is modernterrorism wouldn’t exist today.
  9. 9. CITATIONS"1. What Are drones?" Drone Wars UK. Web. 01 June 2012. <>."Afghanistan Tops $1 Trillion." Web. <>.Benard, Dr. Cheryl. "What the Secret Documents Reveal." The Daily Beast. Newsweek/Daily Beast, 04 Nov. 2010. Web. 29 May 2012. <>."Council on Foreign Relations." Council on Foreign Relations. Web. 05 June 2012. <>."A Country Study: Afghanistan." Afghanistan: Country Studies. Web. 29 May 2012. <>.Golden, Elzie R. "Operation Enduring FFreedom." Web. <>."An Introduction of the Taliban." Kawun Kakar, Institute for Afghan Studies. Web. <>."Military." XM25 Individual Semi-Automatic Airburst System (ISAAS). Web. 05 June 2012. <>."No Hiding Place from New U.S. Army Rifles That Use Radio-controlled Smart Bullets." Mail Online. Web. 05 June 2012. <>.PBS. PBS. Web. 05 June 2012. <>."Report: Tab for War on Terrorism Tops $1 Trillion." CNN. 20 July 2010. Web. 05 June 2012. <>."US Federal Budget Analyst." US Federal Budget FY12 Estimated Spending Breakdown. Web. 05 June 2012.<>."US Military Equipment in Afghanistan." WikiLeaks. Web. 05 June 2012. <>.Web. 05 June 2012. <>.Web. <>.Web. <>.