Xeriscaping at Home - San Juan College, New Mexico
Xeriscaping at Home ™A Class Prepared for San Juan College Encore Program – May 1, 2008 Daniel Smeal M S Smeal, M.S. College Professor New Mexico State University Agricultural Science Center email@example.com @
What is Xeriscaping? Xeriscaping? ‘xeros’ – from the Greek word for ‘dry’ xeros’ ‘dry’ dry scape – vista XeriscapeTM = Trademark of Denver Water Water- Water-efficient landscaping that’s appropriate to the that s natural environment.
Xeriscaping is not ‘zero’scaping. ‘zero’scaping. zero scaping scaping.
Xeriscape : ™ Utilizes native plants or plants that are native to a similar environment. Requires minimal supplemental water or other inputs (i.e. fertilizer, pesticides, maintenance, etc.) p ,p , , etc.) ) Is aesthetically pleasing and functional: functional: Provides color, pleasant odors, artistic interest, etc. Provides screen, windbreak, shade Provides food (human and/or wildlife) wildlife) • Attracts hummingbirds, butterflies, birds, etc. hummingbirds, butterflies,
Municipalities Aztec, Bloomfield, Farmington, Flora Vista, Farmington, Kirtland, Shiprock, etc. Shiprock, Albuquerque (via the San Juan Chama Diversion) Diversion) Gallup and Navajo Nation (via N i Navajo/Gallup pipeline) j /G ll i li )
Farmington Water Costs Monthly Water Rate Sc edu e (Cos pe 1000 o y a e a e Schedule (Cost per 000 gallons) Single Family Residence g yMonthly Usage 2008 2009 2010 2011(g(gallons) )0 to 7000 1.54 1.71 1.89 2.097000 to 20,000 1.93 2.14 2.36 2.6120,000 to 40,000 2.41 2.67 2.95 3.26> 40 000 40,000 3.62 3 62 4.01 4 01 4.43 4 43 4.90 4 90
Water-Water-Use and Cost Comparison ™Xeriscape vs. Cool Season Turf* pper 1000 sq ft area (20 x 50) in 2010 Cool Season Turfgrass (i.e. K. bluegrass, fescue) 35 to 40 inches per year = 22 to 25 gals. per sq. foot** foot** = 22 000 to 25,000 gallons @ $2 9 /1000 = $6 - $ / . 22,000 2 000 ll $2 $2.95/1000 $65 $75/mo 2.95/1000 Xeriscape (50, 3-ft diameter plants per 1000 sq ft) 3- 70 gallons per plant = 3 500 gallons @ $1 89/1000 3,500 $1 $1.89/1000 1.89/1000 = less than $7/mo. $7/mo. *Based on research conducted at the NMSU ASC Farmington, NM **It **It takes 0.62 gallons of water to cover a 1 sq. ft. area to a depth of 1 inch inch.
Other Xeriscape™ Benefits(compared to turf or exotic plants) Lower maintenance costs. costs. Enhanced real estate value. E h d l t t value. l Useful products (edible, decorative, medicinal, etc.). Increased survivability (less disease, drought stress). Reduced use of petroleum products, fertilizers, and R d d f t l d t f tili d toxic chemicals. chemicals. Enhanced urban wildlife h bi (bi d b E h d b ildlif habitat (birds, butterflies, etc.). fli ) Year- Year-round visual interest (flowers and wildlife). Improved environment (i.e. no mower exhaust).
7 Principles of Xeriscape ™ Plan and design Improve soil with amendments I il ith d t Reduce lawn areas Use plants appropriate for the conditions and group according to water and environmental needs Irrigate efficiently Use appropriate mulch Maintain your landscape
My Opinion The most important human quality or virtue involved in establishing a Xeriscape™ :