Xeriscaping at Home  ™A Class Prepared for San Juan College    Encore Program – May 1, 2008         Daniel Smeal M S      ...
IntroductionModule 1
What is Xeriscaping?        Xeriscaping? ‘xeros’ – from the Greek word for ‘dry’  xeros’                           ‘dry’  ...
Xeriscaping is not ‘zero’scaping.                   ‘zero’scaping.                    zero scaping                        ...
Nor is it a Cactus Garden
Not a New Mexico Xeriscape   ™
Example of a northern New MexicoXeric Garden!
Here’s one at the ASC Farmington                            g
Xeriscape :        ™ Utilizes native plants or plants that are native to a similar environment. Requires minimal supplemen...
Water Conservation? Why the Wh th concern?  ?
Decreasing (or unreliable)    Water Supplies
Severe drought can change water availability quickly!                Lake Mead - March 7, 2000, elevation 370 m           ...
Elephant Butte Reservoir(3/4/05)
Navajo Lake – a few years ago
Increasing Water Demand  c eas g a e e a d
NM Population FiguresCity or State       Population        % Increase                  1980      2003Alamogordo        24,...
Competing Water User’s  in the Four Corners
Agriculture
Energy
Endangered Species
Recreation
Municipalities Aztec, Bloomfield, Farmington, Flora Vista,                     Farmington, Kirtland, Shiprock, etc.       ...
Increasing Costs         g
Farmington Water Costs    Monthly Water Rate Sc edu e (Cos pe 1000     o    y a e a e Schedule (Cost per 000              ...
Water-Water-Use and Cost Comparison         ™Xeriscape vs. Cool Season Turf*       pper 1000 sq ft area (20 x 50) in 2010 ...
Other Xeriscape™ Benefits(compared to turf or exotic plants)  Lower maintenance costs.                    costs.  Enhanced...
Principles of Xeriscape   ™
7 Principles of Xeriscape            ™ Plan and design Improve soil with amendments I         il ith      d   t Reduce law...
My Opinion The most important human quality or virtue involved in establishing a Xeriscape™ :
End of Module 1INTRODUCTION
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Xeriscaping at Home - San Juan College, New Mexico

  1. 1. Xeriscaping at Home ™A Class Prepared for San Juan College Encore Program – May 1, 2008 Daniel Smeal M S Smeal, M.S. College Professor New Mexico State University Agricultural Science Center dsmeal@nmsu.edu @
  2. 2. IntroductionModule 1
  3. 3. What is Xeriscaping? Xeriscaping? ‘xeros’ – from the Greek word for ‘dry’ xeros’ ‘dry’ dry scape – vista XeriscapeTM = Trademark of Denver Water Water- Water-efficient landscaping that’s appropriate to the that s natural environment.
  4. 4. Xeriscaping is not ‘zero’scaping. ‘zero’scaping. zero scaping scaping.
  5. 5. Nor is it a Cactus Garden
  6. 6. Not a New Mexico Xeriscape ™
  7. 7. Example of a northern New MexicoXeric Garden!
  8. 8. Here’s one at the ASC Farmington g
  9. 9. Xeriscape : ™ Utilizes native plants or plants that are native to a similar environment. Requires minimal supplemental water or other inputs (i.e. fertilizer, pesticides, maintenance, etc.) p ,p , , etc.) ) Is aesthetically pleasing and functional: functional: Provides color, pleasant odors, artistic interest, etc. Provides screen, windbreak, shade Provides food (human and/or wildlife) wildlife) • Attracts hummingbirds, butterflies, birds, etc. hummingbirds, butterflies,
  10. 10. Water Conservation? Why the Wh th concern? ?
  11. 11. Decreasing (or unreliable) Water Supplies
  12. 12. Severe drought can change water availability quickly! Lake Mead - March 7, 2000, elevation 370 m 7 2000 Same view - April 11, 2002, elevation 356 mPhotos provided by Doug Bennett - SNWA
  13. 13. Elephant Butte Reservoir(3/4/05)
  14. 14. Navajo Lake – a few years ago
  15. 15. Increasing Water Demand c eas g a e e a d
  16. 16. NM Population FiguresCity or State Population % Increase 1980 2003Alamogordo 24,024 35,551 48.0Albuquerque q q 331,767 , 471,856 , 42.2Farmington 31,222 41,420 32.7Las Cruces 45,086 76,990 70.8Rio Rancho 9,985 58,981 490.7Roswell 39,676 44,228 11.5Santa Fe 48,953 66,476 35.8State 1,302,894 1,874,614 43.9
  17. 17. Competing Water User’s in the Four Corners
  18. 18. Agriculture
  19. 19. Energy
  20. 20. Endangered Species
  21. 21. Recreation
  22. 22. Municipalities Aztec, Bloomfield, Farmington, Flora Vista, Farmington, Kirtland, Shiprock, etc. Shiprock, Albuquerque (via the San Juan Chama Diversion) Diversion) Gallup and Navajo Nation (via N i Navajo/Gallup pipeline) j /G ll i li )
  23. 23. Increasing Costs g
  24. 24. Farmington Water Costs Monthly Water Rate Sc edu e (Cos pe 1000 o y a e a e Schedule (Cost per 000 gallons) Single Family Residence g yMonthly Usage 2008 2009 2010 2011(g(gallons) )0 to 7000 1.54 1.71 1.89 2.097000 to 20,000 1.93 2.14 2.36 2.6120,000 to 40,000 2.41 2.67 2.95 3.26> 40 000 40,000 3.62 3 62 4.01 4 01 4.43 4 43 4.90 4 90
  25. 25. Water-Water-Use and Cost Comparison ™Xeriscape vs. Cool Season Turf* pper 1000 sq ft area (20 x 50) in 2010 Cool Season Turfgrass (i.e. K. bluegrass, fescue) 35 to 40 inches per year = 22 to 25 gals. per sq. foot** foot** = 22 000 to 25,000 gallons @ $2 9 /1000 = $6 - $ / . 22,000 2 000 ll $2 $2.95/1000 $65 $75/mo 2.95/1000 Xeriscape (50, 3-ft diameter plants per 1000 sq ft) 3- 70 gallons per plant = 3 500 gallons @ $1 89/1000 3,500 $1 $1.89/1000 1.89/1000 = less than $7/mo. $7/mo. *Based on research conducted at the NMSU ASC Farmington, NM **It **It takes 0.62 gallons of water to cover a 1 sq. ft. area to a depth of 1 inch inch.
  26. 26. Other Xeriscape™ Benefits(compared to turf or exotic plants) Lower maintenance costs. costs. Enhanced real estate value. E h d l t t value. l Useful products (edible, decorative, medicinal, etc.). Increased survivability (less disease, drought stress). Reduced use of petroleum products, fertilizers, and R d d f t l d t f tili d toxic chemicals. chemicals. Enhanced urban wildlife h bi (bi d b E h d b ildlif habitat (birds, butterflies, etc.). fli ) Year- Year-round visual interest (flowers and wildlife). Improved environment (i.e. no mower exhaust).
  27. 27. Principles of Xeriscape ™
  28. 28. 7 Principles of Xeriscape ™ Plan and design Improve soil with amendments I il ith d t Reduce lawn areas Use plants appropriate for the conditions and group according to water and environmental needs Irrigate efficiently Use appropriate mulch Maintain your landscape
  29. 29. My Opinion The most important human quality or virtue involved in establishing a Xeriscape™ :
  30. 30. End of Module 1INTRODUCTION

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