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Critiquing research


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Critiquing research

  1. 1. Critiquing a Photo By Simone Ekstroem
  2. 2. Critique SessionsAlso known as “crit”A group of people carefully analyzing one’s photo andjudging it togetherThe basic questions to be asked What is good about it? What is not good? How could it be better?Critiquing other’s work makes you a betterphotographer
  3. 3. Evaluating a PrintFirst: move beyond your personal likes and dislikes and youwill have an open mindThe essential distinction is between style and standardOvertime, everyone acquires their own style which isconsistent through each photoFour basic factors determine a photo’s standards: Value Clarity Composition Presentasion
  4. 4. ValueConcerns the range of light in a photographThe larger range of contrast (scale of whiteto black)It is necessary to also have grays to defineshapes and provide shading
  5. 5. Improving ValueThe most common area loss of incorrectexposure Too little light will result in dark “muddy” areas Too much light will cause “washed-out” or “burned out”The developing of negatives and paper it isprinted on also affects a photo’s values
  6. 6. ClarityThe primary key is whether or not the photois focusedA focused photo is either soft or sharp Sharp: all edges are clearly defined Soft: the edges blur a bitClarity also depends on the shutter speedand degree of contrast
  7. 7. Improving ClarityThere are two ways to create better clarity The shutter speed can be increased The aperture can be increased so the depth of field decreasesWhen focused on a certain object, the goal is notto move forward or backwardCamera shake is a huge problem for manyphotographers. This can be prevented bykeeping the camera completely still or balanced
  8. 8. PresentationHow clean the photograph is when presented makesa huge difference for critiquesThis includes Fingerprints Scratches Dark circles caused by poor agitationCleanly trimmed edges and proper adhesion to thedisplay makes a large difference regarding the waypeople view the photo
  9. 9. CompositionThe four objectives of composition are Point of Interest Cropping Lines Aesthetics
  10. 10. Composition (Point ofInterest)Is there a point of interest? Does this pointstand out or is it lost in its surroundings?Every photograph should have on clear anddominant element which attracts your eyesfirstThis element should be towards the centerof the frame
  11. 11. Composition(Cropping)When looking at the photo, determine if the artist left emptyand unnecessary space or if the photo was left to “tight”Negative space with little action taking place can enhancethe pictures impact but can also take away from itWhat is the overall balance of the composition? Make surethe photo is not lopsided. It can be balanced in two ways Static: weight the balance so the area with a lot of attention is equal to a side of none Dynamic: weight the composition away from the center, towards sides or corners
  12. 12. Composition (Lines)The amount of straight lines and curvedshould be balancedA single misplaced line can distract theviewer away from the focus point and leadtheir eye somewhere elseLines can be used to open up an image towhere its attention is bound to be
  13. 13. Composition(Aesthetics)Aesthetics or style can make the differencebetween a skillful photograph and anordinary photoAll photographers strive to make their photodifferent and style is what makes it happenA critique’s eye must be trained overtime tobe able to pinpoint when there is style andwhen there is not
  14. 14. Sample CritThis photo’s contrast is wellbalanced and there is aclear divide between whites,blacks and graysThe photographer didn’tacknowledge the scratchacross the boys pants. Theartist should have used thestamp tool to remove itThe picture is well focusedso the viewers eyes go tothe boy’s body and ballinstead of the back wall andplants
  15. 15. Sample Crit This photo has a nice pallet of colors that are well contrasted Although the bride and groom stand out, they could be more in focus The picture has no obvious dust and scratches and has been very well edited
  16. 16. Sample CritPersonally, had I editedand or taken this photo Iwould have put the entirediamond ring in focus tomake the picture moreappealingI also would have left outthe yellow in the cornerbecause the color isdistracting from the focuspoint which is the ringsLastly, there is a mark onthe picture that was notwell edited
  17. 17. Cedits• OBrien, Michael, and Norman Sibley. The Photographic Eye: Learning to See with a Camera. Worcester, MA: Davis Publications, 1995. Print.• "PPSNYS President." PPSNYS. PPA Affiliate, n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2013.• "Weddings." South Street Studios Professional Photography and Video Freehold New Jersey. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.