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Biomimicry and the TSPD: 
A Hybrid Template
B 
C 
Market 
Desires/Needs 
Concepts Extended 
Enterprise 
IDENTIFY 
DEFINE 
BIOLOGIZE 
DISCOVER 
ABSTRACT 
EMULATE 
EVAL...
Life Principles and 4 SPs. 
SP1 
SP2 
SP3 
SP4 
Evolve to 
Survive 
Be Resource 
Efficient 
Adapt to 
Changing 
Conditions...
Process through the TSPD 
BIOLOGIZE 
REDISCOVER 
BII 
REEVALUATE 
IDENTIFY 
BI 
DEFINE 
CI 
BII BIII 
CII CIII 
BI BIII 
B...
Identify the need - Water 
“Humanity is facing ‘water 
bankruptcy’ as a result of a crisis 
even greater than the financia...
Freshwater only accounts for 
2.15 per cent of all the Earth's water 
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII 
6
99.5 % of all surface freshwater 
is locked away in continental ice. 
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII 
7
Water scarcity 
currently affects 
1.2 billion people on 
all continents 
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII 
8
A Human Need - Subsistence 
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
Access to water is a human right CIII 
9
Define the context - Slums 
“Almost 1 billion people, or 32 per cent of the world’s urban 
population, live in slums, the ...
Bhalswa Slum, India 
• 22000 people in an area smaller 
than 1km2 
• Zero infrastructure and polluted 
groundwater 
BI 
BI...
Bhalswa Slum and Water 
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII 
12
MERGE  
-Identifying current needs/market desires 
-Defining the concrete context 
NOT MERGE  
-Identifying sustainabili...
Biologizing the Challenge 
“How do people in slums attain and 
store clean drinking water?” 
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII ...
Ask Nature! 
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII 
15
Discovering Natural Models 
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII 
16
Duck 
Honttentot 
Bread 
Leek 
Pebble Plant 
Geoduck 
Thorny Devil 
Bromeliad 
Namib Beetle 
Orchid 
Lichen 
Hottentot 
Br...
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII 
18
Leek’s Strategies 
• Impermeability 
• Harvesting of Rainwater and Fog 
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII 
19
Abstracting Design Principles 
Impermeable 
structure of 
longitudinal 
canalizations that 
conduct water. 
BI 
BII 
BIII ...
Pollinators 
People 
Leek’s Stakeholders 
Insects and funghis 
Water + Air + Sun 
Soil 
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII 
21
MERGE  
-Analysing an existing entity 
-Defining stakeholders to understand external factors 
NOT MERGE  
-Goal of analy...
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
Evolution of the need 
By 2030, half of the 
world population will face water scarcity CIII 
23
“Scientists and government officials predict that in the 
coming decades water, not oil, will become the most 
important r...
Current Market Trends 
• Conserving Resources 
More sustainable production processes. 
Less water-intensive consumption pa...
MERGE  
-Awareness of future trends are inherent to 
biomimicry 
-Clarify the evolution of the context of the 
addressed ...
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII 
Design Development 
27
Three Natural Models Collect Water Portable 
Local Materials UVA Radiation Adaptable 
BromBot 
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CII...
Usage 
1,8L / per day of rain Fog and Dew UVA radiation 2,7 L / per person per day 
Materials 
Longitudinal Nerves Transve...
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
Applications 
Water based 
CIII 
30
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
Ground based 
CIII 
31
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
Roof based 
CIII 
32
BromBot’s Stakeholders 
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII 
Slum dweller Local Government 
Trash pickers 
NGOs 
Local community ...
BromBot Product Service System 
Landfill 
Collect 
Bottle re-Use 
Slum 
Dweller 
Plastic Bottles and ropes 
Manufacturing ...
Qualitative SLCA + Life's Principles BI 
SLCA BromBot 
SPs 
RAW 
MATERIALS & 
TRANSPORT 
MATERIAL 
PRODUCTION & 
TRANSPORT...
Quantitative LCA: Eco-Indicator 99 
4SPs 
HUMAN 
HEALTH 
ECOSYSTEMS 
QUALITY 
RESOURCES 
Carcinogenic 
substances 
Respira...
Quantitative LCA: Eco-Indicator 99 BI 
Sections: 
- Production (Materials, processing, transport and extra energy) 
- Use ...
Step 1: Goal and scope definition 
Goal: To identify the activities making the large contributions 
to the total environme...
Step 2: Inventory Analysis BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII 
Data Limitations and Assumptions: 
- Delivered in a cardboard box...
Step 2: Inventory Analysis BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII 
40
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
CIII 
41
Step 3: Impact Assessment 
Material/Process Amount Ecoindicator Result 
Recycling PP 0,445 -210 -93,45 
Injection molding ...
Step 4: Interpretation 
Recycle PP  LCA negative (-93,45)  Positive impact 
on the environment!!! 
Main impacts: 
- 0,6 ...
MERGE  
-A radically new product that complies with 4SPs 
-Analysing through 4SPs (SLCA), LCA and 
Life Principles 
Notes...
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI 
CII 
Re-Define the Context 
CIII 
45
Metal (stainless steel) 
with cold property 
gather water in air 
Uneven form creates more 
dewdrops by increasing 
surfac...
SLCA Dew Bank Bottle 
SPs 
RAW MATERIALS & 
TRANSPORTATION 
MATERIAL 
PRODUCTION & 
TRANSPORTATION PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION...
SLCA BromBot 
SP1 
SP2 
SP3 
SP4 
SLCA Dew Bank Bottle 
SP1 
SP2 
SP3 
SP4 
BromBot vs Dew Bank Bottle 
BI 
BII 
BIII 
CI ...
MERGE  
-Compare our product to an already existing one 
-Compare and contrast the SLCA and Life’s Principles 
NOT MERGE ...
Conclusions and Key Learnings 
Discover that nature is the best sustainable 
designer 
Gain insights into how decisions du...
51
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BROMBOT, BIOMIMICRY DESING CHALLENGE

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Backcasting from a vision of a sustainable future where water scarcity in the slums of Delhi is no longer an issue,
the BromBot is a portable personal water storage device that draws inspiration from the water harvesting and
storage mechanisms of the leek, lichen and bromeliad. The BromBot is designed to stand as a platform for future
development of healthiness, wellbeing and interpersonal relationships as well as the infrastructure of Bhalswa
itself.

Published in: Design
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BROMBOT, BIOMIMICRY DESING CHALLENGE

  1. 1. Biomimicry and the TSPD: A Hybrid Template
  2. 2. B C Market Desires/Needs Concepts Extended Enterprise IDENTIFY DEFINE BIOLOGIZE DISCOVER ABSTRACT EMULATE EVALUATE IDENTIFY DEFINE DEFINE DEFINE What is Biomimicry? 2
  3. 3. Life Principles and 4 SPs. SP1 SP2 SP3 SP4 Evolve to Survive Be Resource Efficient Adapt to Changing Conditions Integrate Development with Growth Be Locally Attuned and Responsive Use Life- Friendly Chemistry 3
  4. 4. Process through the TSPD BIOLOGIZE REDISCOVER BII REEVALUATE IDENTIFY BI DEFINE CI BII BIII CII CIII BI BIII B C Market Desires/Needs Concepts Extended Enterprise DISCOVER ABSTRACT EMULATE EVALUATE IDENTIFY DEFINE DEFINE DEFINE REvisit REDEFINE REDEFINE B 4
  5. 5. Identify the need - Water “Humanity is facing ‘water bankruptcy’ as a result of a crisis even greater than the financial meltdown now destabilizing the global economy” (Lean 2009) BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 5
  6. 6. Freshwater only accounts for 2.15 per cent of all the Earth's water BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 6
  7. 7. 99.5 % of all surface freshwater is locked away in continental ice. BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 7
  8. 8. Water scarcity currently affects 1.2 billion people on all continents BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 8
  9. 9. A Human Need - Subsistence BI BII BIII CI CII Access to water is a human right CIII 9
  10. 10. Define the context - Slums “Almost 1 billion people, or 32 per cent of the world’s urban population, live in slums, the majority of them in the developing world … And if no serious action is taken, the number of slum dwellers worldwide is projected to rise over the next 30 years to about 2 billion.” BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 10
  11. 11. Bhalswa Slum, India • 22000 people in an area smaller than 1km2 • Zero infrastructure and polluted groundwater BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 11
  12. 12. Bhalswa Slum and Water BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 12
  13. 13. MERGE  -Identifying current needs/market desires -Defining the concrete context NOT MERGE  -Identifying sustainability challenges Notes on Integration 13
  14. 14. Biologizing the Challenge “How do people in slums attain and store clean drinking water?” BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 14
  15. 15. Ask Nature! BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 15
  16. 16. Discovering Natural Models BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 16
  17. 17. Duck Honttentot Bread Leek Pebble Plant Geoduck Thorny Devil Bromeliad Namib Beetle Orchid Lichen Hottentot Bread Discovering Natural Models Duck BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 17
  18. 18. BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 18
  19. 19. Leek’s Strategies • Impermeability • Harvesting of Rainwater and Fog BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 19
  20. 20. Abstracting Design Principles Impermeable structure of longitudinal canalizations that conduct water. BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 20
  21. 21. Pollinators People Leek’s Stakeholders Insects and funghis Water + Air + Sun Soil BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 21
  22. 22. MERGE  -Analysing an existing entity -Defining stakeholders to understand external factors NOT MERGE  -Goal of analysis: Discover what works well in nature -Natural organism is inherently sustainable -Stakeholders not connected to what helps/hinders the introduction of more sustainable products Notes on Integration 22
  23. 23. BI BII BIII CI CII Evolution of the need By 2030, half of the world population will face water scarcity CIII 23
  24. 24. “Scientists and government officials predict that in the coming decades water, not oil, will become the most important resource and the one that holds the greatest potential for conflict. Disputes between countries over water could escalate into war.” BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 24
  25. 25. Current Market Trends • Conserving Resources More sustainable production processes. Less water-intensive consumption patterns. Reallocation of food production. • Expanding Access Diverse systems of water collection. Converting seawater to fresh water. Expansion network of pipelines. Water quota use. BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 25
  26. 26. MERGE  -Awareness of future trends are inherent to biomimicry -Clarify the evolution of the context of the addressed need Notes on Integration 26
  27. 27. BI BII BIII CI CII CIII Design Development 27
  28. 28. Three Natural Models Collect Water Portable Local Materials UVA Radiation Adaptable BromBot BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 28
  29. 29. Usage 1,8L / per day of rain Fog and Dew UVA radiation 2,7 L / per person per day Materials Longitudinal Nerves Transversal Nerves Concave Surfaces Convex Surfaces Folding and Portability BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 29
  30. 30. BI BII BIII CI CII Applications Water based CIII 30
  31. 31. BI BII BIII CI CII Ground based CIII 31
  32. 32. BI BII BIII CI CII Roof based CIII 32
  33. 33. BromBot’s Stakeholders BI BII BIII CI CII CIII Slum dweller Local Government Trash pickers NGOs Local community Consumers Local businesses Dump’s Responsible Recycling plant Transportation Manufacturing factory Natural Suppliers Dew Fog Water Light Providers Public Authorities 33
  34. 34. BromBot Product Service System Landfill Collect Bottle re-Use Slum Dweller Plastic Bottles and ropes Manufacturing Sun Water Dew BromBot Slum Dweller BromBot USE Collecting water Recycling NGOs Local Businesses BI BII BIII CI CII Material Flows Use Flows Labour Flows CIII 34
  35. 35. Qualitative SLCA + Life's Principles BI SLCA BromBot SPs RAW MATERIALS & TRANSPORT MATERIAL PRODUCTION & TRANSPORT PRODUCTION PRODUCTION (Conservative Approach) DISTRIBUTION USE END OF LIFE Recycled END OF LIFE Dump SP1 SP2 SP3 SP4 Good OK Bad Very Bad Unknown Negligible Very large Small contribution Large contribution contribution to contribution of to violation of SP to violation of SP violation of SP violation of SP The informations required to fill this in is not accessible Raw Material Transportation Material Production Transportation Production Packaging & Distribution Use End of Life OUTPUTS Waste & Emissions INPUTS Materials & Energy BII BIII CI CII CIII 35
  36. 36. Quantitative LCA: Eco-Indicator 99 4SPs HUMAN HEALTH ECOSYSTEMS QUALITY RESOURCES Carcinogenic substances Respiratory effects (organics) Respiratory effects (inorganics) Climate change Ionizing radiation Ozone depletion Acidification/ Eutrophization Ecotoxicity Land use Depliation of minerals Depletion of fossil fuels IMPACT CATEGORIES DAMAGE CATEGORIES BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 36
  37. 37. Quantitative LCA: Eco-Indicator 99 BI Sections: - Production (Materials, processing, transport and extra energy) - Use (Transport, Energy and any auxiliary materials) - End of life (Transport and Treatment/Disposal) LCA steps according to the ISO14040:2006: BII BIII CI CII CIII 37
  38. 38. Step 1: Goal and scope definition Goal: To identify the activities making the large contributions to the total environmental impact and the main priorities. Cradle to cradle scope Limits of the product-system BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 38
  39. 39. Step 2: Inventory Analysis BI BII BIII CI CII CIII Data Limitations and Assumptions: - Delivered in a cardboard box, closed with plastic straps, including User’s manual . - Production (Materials, Processing, Transport & Extra Energy) 39 - Main material and straps: Recycled PP - Production close to slum - Ropes: Collected from the landfill - Transport: By bike/foot - Cardboard made of virgin pulp and paper 65% recycled - Box, straps and user’s manual already in the factory - Use (Transport, Energy and any Auxiliary Materials) - No energy or auxiliary materials consumption during use - End of life (Transport and Treatment/Disposal) - Delivered to the same point where produced and purchased - Cardboard box and user’s manual to the landfilL
  40. 40. Step 2: Inventory Analysis BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 40
  41. 41. BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 41
  42. 42. Step 3: Impact Assessment Material/Process Amount Ecoindicator Result Recycling PP 0,445 -210 -93,45 Injection molding 0,425 21 8,92 Paper(surface) 0,039 96 3,75 Ink: chemical organic process (volume, liters) 0,005 99 0,49 Packaging Carton (square meters) 0,6 69 41,4 LIFE CYCLE PRODUCTION TOTAL materials and processes -38,89 mpt PHASE TOTAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT Production -38,89 Use 0 End of life 0,58 TOTAL -38.31mpt BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 42
  43. 43. Step 4: Interpretation Recycle PP  LCA negative (-93,45)  Positive impact on the environment!!! Main impacts: - 0,6 square meters Cardboard box (41,4 mPt) - Injection molding process (8,92 mPt) Recommendations: Eliminating packaging due to proximity of the slum BI BII BIII CI CII CIII 43
  44. 44. MERGE  -A radically new product that complies with 4SPs -Analysing through 4SPs (SLCA), LCA and Life Principles Notes on Integration 44
  45. 45. BI BII BIII CI CII Re-Define the Context CIII 45
  46. 46. Metal (stainless steel) with cold property gather water in air Uneven form creates more dewdrops by increasing surface area Narrow to prevent filter the water drops Dew Bank Bottle (Pak 2010) BI BII BIII CI CII Re-Discover CIII 46
  47. 47. SLCA Dew Bank Bottle SPs RAW MATERIALS & TRANSPORTATION MATERIAL PRODUCTION & TRANSPORTATION PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE END OF LIFE Metals & Mineral Stainless Steel Natural Rubber Stainless Steel Rubber Cap SP1 SP2 SP3 SP4 Good OK Bad Very Bad Unknown Negligible Very large Small contribution Large contribution contribution to contribution of to violation of SP to violation of SP violation of SP violation of SP The information required to fill this in is not accessible BI BII BIII CI CII Qualitative SLCA + Life's Principles CIII 47
  48. 48. SLCA BromBot SP1 SP2 SP3 SP4 SLCA Dew Bank Bottle SP1 SP2 SP3 SP4 BromBot vs Dew Bank Bottle BI BII BIII CI CII CIII Life’s Principles Checklist Principles Respected The BromBot 5 48 Dew Bank Bottle 0
  49. 49. MERGE  -Compare our product to an already existing one -Compare and contrast the SLCA and Life’s Principles NOT MERGE  -In TSPD this should be done at the beginning -Life’s Principles do not guarantee full sustainability Notes on Integration 49
  50. 50. Conclusions and Key Learnings Discover that nature is the best sustainable designer Gain insights into how decisions during life cycle influence the sustainability impact of a product Apply the FSSD in combination with another methodology to develop sustainable products and services “You'll never be completely satisfied when you pour your heart into academic or design work”
  51. 51. 51

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