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1 postimpressionism slide_share

  1. 1. POSTIMPRESSIONISM AN INTRODUCTION CLIL - Liceo «Agnesi» Milano Silvia Caldarini
  2. 2. Post-Impressionism: Between Impressionism & Modernism • Artistic reaction to the Impressionist movement (1870s and 1880s). • Seurat, Van Gogh, Gauguin, Cézanne; NOT a group! • Particular issues, individual sensibility. The link: focus on subjectivity. • Seurat = a new technique – scientific approach. • Cézanne = sketchy multiperspectival views. • Gauguin = fascination with the primitive and exotic. • Van Gogh = convey human experiences. CLIL - Liceo «Agnesi» Milano Silvia Caldarini
  3. 3. Post-Impressionism: a Reaction to Impressionism • Impressionism = France – late 1870s and 1880s. • Focus on capturing the effects of light and fleeting moments in time. • Vibrant colors and short, quick brushstrokes. Claude Monet, Impression, Sunrise (French: Impression, soleil levant) 1872, Oil on canvas, 48 cm × 63 cm (8.9 in × 24.8 in). Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris CLIL - Liceo «Agnesi» Milano Silvia Caldarini
  4. 4. Pierre Auguste Renoir, Portrait of Claude Monet, Musée d’Orsay, Paris Monet in his garden at Giverny © Musée d'Orsay, CLIL - Liceo «Agnesi» Milano Silvia Caldarini
  5. 5. Impressionism: an Experience Claude Monet, Rouen Cathedral, The Portal. Oil on Canvas. Four canvases Musée d’Orsay, Paris (1894) CLIL - Liceo «Agnesi» Milano Silvia Caldarini
  6. 6. Impressionism: an Experience. Claude Monet, Rouen Cathedral Museum label + Description • over 30 canvases - Rouen Cathedral • 1892 and 1893 rent a studio across the street • several canvases for a different moment of the day and a different effect of light • as the Sun moves he would need to change canvases and then he would come back to it day after day and also different weather effects Aim • Monet was always interested in capturing the fleeting effects of something that he saw but here it’s become the exact subject of the painting • he takes longer and longer to paint it and to finish it, not outside, but in the studio • their subject is really about light and the way light constructs form CLIL - Liceo «Agnesi» Milano Silvia Caldarini
  7. 7. Claude Monet, Rouen Cathedral, The Portal. Oil on Canvas. Four canvases Musée d’Orsay, Paris (1894) Style (rendering) • not solid forms; they lack a sense of heavy three- dimensionality • His interest in the Gothic Cathedral had to do with the enormous complexity of the surface: it's the complexity of light and shadow on the facade • he’s choosing something very identified with France: the Gothic style feels to me like there's something nationalistic here • effects of different times of day: the morning mist - the Sun coming out - the heat of the afternoon • different parts of the cathedral protrude and recedes in different ways in different light Results • mutable experience in that: - the building is shaped and reshaped by the way that light hits it - and that the very architecture is transformed - and in a sense it is the triumph of the optical over the physical • what Monet seems to be telling us here in the end of the 19th century is what we see is what there is that there is truth to our experiential CLIL - Liceo «Agnesi» Milano Silvia Caldarini
  8. 8. Post-Impressionism: a Reaction to Impressionism • 1886! = new methods and styles: Independent artists including: • Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat, and Vincent van Gogh followed their own artistic directions. • 'Post-Impressionism' 1910 - Roger Fry - an exhibition at London's Grafton Galleries: 'Manet and the Post-Impressionists' CLIL - Liceo «Agnesi» Milano Silvia Caldarini
  9. 9. Trends Impressionists • light and color within nature. • vibrant colors and short, quick brushstrokes. Post-Impressionists • emotional expression, symbolism, synthetism geometric structure, and artistic subjectivity; • following their own artistic paths. CLIL - Liceo «Agnesi» Milano Silvia Caldarini
  10. 10. Post-Impressionism: Trends •Pointillism = placing tiny dots of color side by side on a canvas. •From a distance = optical blend of color George Seurat, The Circus, 1891, Musée d’Orsay, Paris CLIL - Liceo «Agnesi» Milano Silvia Caldarini
  11. 11. Post-Impressionism: Trends •Symbolism = they looked for deep meanings in their subjects and tried to express them. •Synthetism = the outward appearance + the artist's emotional reaction + peculiar choices of color, form, and line. Gauguin, The Yellow Christ, 1889, Albright-Knox Art Gallery di Buffalo CLIL - Liceo «Agnesi» Milano Silvia Caldarini
  12. 12. Post-Impressionism: Trends • Emotion = -the artist's feelings were conveyed by intense colors and brushstrokes; - the subject's form was even distorted and its natural colors altered. Van Gogh, Yellow House-The Street, 1888, Amsterdam CLIL - Liceo «Agnesi» Milano Silvia Caldarini
  13. 13. Post-Impressionism: Trends •Focus on capturing the geometric form and structure of the subjects = cones, spheres, and cylinders. •Geometric planes of color to give their work depth, harmony, and unity. Cezanne, Still Life with Apples, 1895-’98. MOMA CLIL - Liceo «Agnesi» Milano Silvia Caldarini
  14. 14. Resuming + Test •Post-Impressionism ushered in an era during which painting transcended its traditional role as a window onto the world; •instead it became a window into the artist's mind and soul. •Kahoot!: Assessment CLIL - Liceo «Agnesi» Milano Silvia Caldarini

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