Course No: URP 4156Course Title: Thesis/Project I Riverbank Erosion Induced Displacement at Kazipur Union in Sirajganj: A Study of Impacts and Coping Mechanisms. Presented By: Md. Saliur Rahman Student ID: 080420
Objectives To understand the impact of riverbank erosion on peoples’ livelihood. To explore the coping mechanisms and survival strategies of displacedpeople. To assess the institutional responses of the governments, NGOs and civilsociety organizations.
Operational DefinitionDisplacement:Displacement refers the forced migration of people by natural disasters.The International Organization for Migration defines forced migration as anyperson who migrates to escape persecution, conflict, repression, natural andhuman-made disasters, ecological degradation, or other situations thatendanger their lives, freedom or livelihood.Coping mechanism:Coping is a capacity, a capacity to respond and to recover from somethingstressful, e.g. a disaster.Coping mechanisms are remedial actions undertaken by people whose survivaland livelihood are compromised and threatened.
Conceptual Framework Riverbank Erosion Losses Displacement Gains•Physical assets Improved access to• Sources of income some basic facilities• Avenues of expenditure due to government• Education Adaptation and NGO initiatives• Health facility Short Term Coping Mechanisms Long Term Survival StrategiesImmediate movement Credit and loan Immediate needs Occupational mobility Sale of property Migration Place of resettlement Demote the Sufferings Affiliation to institutions Sources of help Relief materials Comparatively Better Livelihood
Literature ReviewC. E. Haque and M. Q. Zaman (1989) ‘Coping with Riverbank ErosionHazard and Displacement in Bangladesh: Survival Strategies andAdjustments’Analyze the nature of human adjustment systems, by examining aspects ofsocial and cultural life of displaced people.Displaced people are dependent upon their kin and local groups for assistanceand support in the absence of institutional public assistance.Ancestral emotions lead people to move short distances even afterexperiencing multiple displacements and the threat of sudden attack. David Hutton and C. Emdad Haque (2004) ‘Human Vulnerability,Dislocation and Resettlement: Adaptation Process of River-bank Erosion-induced Displacees in Bangladesh’•Role of socio-economic variables in determining the coping ability andrecovery of the riverbank erosion induced displacees is most significant.
Literature ReviewDr. M. Zulfiquar Ali Islam, ‘Social Resilience of the Riverbank ErosionDisplacees in Bangladesh: A Case of Environmental Disaster’Explore the prodigious needs of the riparian community induced by thecatastrophic ferocity of riverbank erosion displacement.Mirror the pattern of responses the people received from different sources totheir needs.Spotlight the unflinching resilience the displcees show in confronting with thecritical and uncertain situations.Explore the indigenous mechanisms to cope and demote the socioeconomiclosses.B. K. Paul (1997), ‘Survival Mechanisms to Cope with the 1996 Tornadoin Tangail, Bangladesh’ Explore and analyze how victims adjusted to the destruction.
ReferencesHaque, C., E. and Zaman, M., Q. (1989) ‘Coping with Riverbank ErosionHazard and Displacement in Bangladesh: Survival Strategies and Adjustments’,Disasters, 13(4), pp.300-314.Hutton, D. and Haque, C., E. (2004) ‘Human Vulnerability, Dislocation andResettlement: Adaptation Process of River-bank Erosion-induced Displacees inBangladesh’, Disasters, 28(1), pp.41-62.Islam, D., M., Z., A. ‘Social Resilience of the Riverbank Erosion Displacees inBangladesh: A Case of Environmental Disaster’, [Online] Availableat:<http://www.ecoinsee.org/T.S.%201A%5Cislam_social.pdf > [Accessed 22July 2011]. Paul, B., K. (1997), ‘Survival Mechanisms to Cope with the 1996 Tornado inTangail, Bangladesh’, [Online] Availableat:<http://www.colorado.edu/hazard/research/qr/qr92/qr92.html> [Accessed 22July 2011].