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Thu llgnvvmmg Puss

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Lessons un Sugnwnhng
Yenbook

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Valana Scmon

ISBN‘ n1r. —?»9)n35-Es». 
Faurxr Eumnn

hm mnur ...
This textbook coordinates with the
Lessons In Sinwritingo

Video Series & Booklets

View on VouTubc or on DVD‘ Learn Signw...
Dedication
This book is dedirzted to all of the hard-working,  intelligent
and generous people who have dedicated their li...
In
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can «life .0

Signwrilingu

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A Deaf Perspective. ..

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their native language. 

I feel that we can uni: 
Eiignl'riltng,  in order
to turn E...
what Is
Signlllriting? 
 , 

   
   

 

TRRNSCRIBE
With Signwriting.  5'9"
you can. ... 

 

(Q-' WRITE Ks. ) PRESERVE

 ...
E

Viewpoints

Learn Signwriting on the web! 

Download books & view videos '-. ~.~. r.w S1gn’*. "‘. "!| t‘nf;  orwessc-"-...
Receptive Viewpoint
Vi/ h<‘fi somconn ‘ii lacing you.  signing to you,  you v-cwibc signs as an observer
The signers right ...
Which Wewpoint?  The
’ ' E.  _ Expressive
A Viewpoint

Do we write signs from . .or
the Expressive Viewpoint?  the Recepti...
The
Expressive

 

Viewpoint )~~
I ‘ ' .  , _

Read and wnle Slgns as ll you -

are lookung at your awn hands‘

from your ...
Left Side of Head

The head is written with a circle viewed from the
back When the letl hand is near the lelt side ol the
...
Left Side of Face Right Side of Face

Pretend you can see through the back of the head.  Pretend you can see through the b...
know
(mouth pushed up on the right side)

>| <>| <

   

Hands
3 Basic I-landshapes

D@

Closed
Fist
When the rngemps touch

thepalmcittteriand iris
calledaclosodflst

Atlomed Fiitiswrtt...
3 Basic Handshapes Add Lines for Fingers
Closed Fist:  Adding Fingers

 

The fingertips touch the palm oi the hand In
the Ciosed Fist Hone linger stocks up,  then...
Flat Hand:  Adding Fingers

 

The fingers are straight together in the
Flat Hand.  It the thumb sticks out,  then
one line...
Palm Facing
Front Vlew
The hand is parallel with the front wall

%
ll
ll

I_§_|3_

. , r. 

~ pan‘ .1 I

Palm Facing
Top V...
Palm Facing
Front View
The hand lS parallel with the from war

E ED

h
l%
l7

Palm Facing
Top View
  The hand is parallel ...
Palm Facing

Front View
The hand is parallel with the front wall

dfil
dél
Ell

Palm Facing
Top View
The hand is parallel w...
Palm Facing Palm Facing

Front View Top View
The hand IS parallel with the front wall The hand IS parallel with the floor
...
Palm Facing
Front View
The hand is parallel with the front wall

Til ll? 
ll ll
txlll

: s[, lJLL‘ at
Liiucklc iuin! 
nwan...
Palm Facing Palm Facing

Front View Top View
The hand is parallel v. -vith the front wall The hand is parallel with the flo...
Expressive Front View

 

Evil an

rum tram m iqwrs urn-ssm vllnpalnl in IR

uuimiq BEHIND the tlflnel taming ‘null he nutt...
Hands Relate to Center

n no Inmnutvmu Siunwv-nag Npmou an Mud wmbou in nrumcn lo now In
In:  cmm am am,  wmqm .  cam:  mo...
Hands Pointing to the Side
Hlfld symbols mm the llrvqurs pomllr-g lo lhu side can be Will-
ten lmm the Flam VIEW parallel t...
10 Groups of Hands

jllnnd Symbol S)‘mbolGroIIp V . 'aI1I: 

d 5» ngxg Kl‘ «J [min

(34

S3n: hI'lGmLI; ‘- Z [ndcx Middle
...
Front View

Nlnds Parallel Wm:  lb:  Vhdl

III M
Q2, Hz

Deal where

Top View

Hands Pwullol Yo The Floor

u''. 

*I *II*
...
C‘/ .

Q: 

9:

Der D5 9*‘ W W Eh Ba.  9: E:  9* BL U’ B-

Group 2

Index Middle
1 Mnkx Mnhlu
.  n UNI Mnurnrli-r|1

m. :;...
dis?  i:2f¢i¢ atvgiit-<aVia=  iii:  :2 via an? 

Group 3 Group 3

Index Middle Thumb Index Middle Thumb

L€, u_§_»i, ,'_v~...
:? “jd— :5 did : 'i? — : i—T: r— ii ci-

Group 3

Index Middle Thumb

[i. AL', 'jlT. ."u 5' , iiu. :i: numncum. im= x L'p
...
Group

4

Four Fingers

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Four Fingers

Four Fingers Bent

F...
Group 5

Five Fingers

 

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Group 5

Five Fingers

iii .  ‘iI]v‘IrIH1'y1H&1K(. ||7“~'K

 

-, ~i_i:  : jiiixii
...
Front View

W‘
<9

A"? "v~
M ii*

America cool [very fine)

Top View

Hand:  Flrulled In The Fioor

hello

00

Cl
C! 

2
C‘...
‘aelnééeéeaeoene

Group 6 Group 6

B357 “"997 Baby Finger

u. ... -.s; ~». . in IrAr: M:daS)cRr= ; 1:1 ~. -v- < n. w~u~mmn...
$25

Front View

- Vi . r. i iw'i. - . '.ii

 

nil

 

xix
3}

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six thousand

 

sixteen six hours
Top View
i‘ .  i 1 ...
Group 7

Ring Finger

_[i_. iscSvn]hu|  7X

B», -Symhn ‘fig

B_. !L'5}‘[]]h([ xg

Ring Baby on Circli: 

‘Ring Baby on Own!...
Group 8

Middle

i. .r)r*ni in: 

. ~.§>i ~_L1“*

l
i-msirwi i-w
l
l

igi A; _,mi W. 

 

Finger

iimu Ring Im-4

imiu Kin...
$5

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F ront View

mu l‘ll ‘V

{II lei, 

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eight hours eight thousand

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Group 9

Index Thumb

 

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Q: 

 

‘. “|1|l-K Rrllu air,  uiiii l?...
ifl

ll

Fridays

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is

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Front View
Hands Flrall-I With Th:  Well

«N ltd

éo<V’ own

interpret lonn
To...
* - inii. iiii~

l
miiimix Mix! 

niiiiiiia soc DHEVVIBII

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inii.  rrilv Srdr ...
ii? 
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other

F ro nt View
Hands Parallel Willi The WIN

mi
5 e. 

india drunk
Top View
Hands Parallel To The Floor
...
Heel of Hand or Top View? 
=13! hands mm 17% rmgms pourvtvr-9 slravghz Vorwyrd with [ha anv-
panama!  to the Floov Pane ca...
Heel of Hand or Top View? 
Fists with Iran:  knuckles dneclea slrarghi forward warn the am paral-
lel lo the Flow Plane,  ...
Action Fingers Directed Towards The Face

Finger UIlECUO'1 relates to the Center or the Body Action Fin
gets that bend at ...
Action Fingers Directed Up

Angb Hand Symbols
Point the tip of the angled fngen in meaningful directions

mun wmmgmqu mm: ...
Action Fingers Directed Out
Away From The Body

‘ms is very 'an: - ll : r.: - malnrlty -31 Action l'IV‘| gE7§ a'e nvectec
...
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6 Contact Symbols

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Touch
Grasp
Between
Szn ke
Brush

Rub

!...
+®3

earring congratmalions

 

disappear

Grasp

Grasp Contact is written
with two crossed lines

Grasplsdetried esthe ha...
Brush Contact

 

 

 

 

excuse me

@ El
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coffee chocolate

@

Circular
Rub

Circular Rub Contact is
written with...
Rub Contact

coffee

100

 

nice

 

101

Finger
Movements
6 Finger Symbols

0 1. Squeeze.  Middle Joint Closes

O 2. Flick.  Middle Joint Opens

V 3. Hinge.  Knuckle Joint Closes

...
V <a :  ’
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twenty boy

/ 

Knuckle Joint

Closes

The middle ioint oi the
finger locks while the
knuckle iOll"il...
Sequential Finger Movement
W. ..‘. iVpECif| t‘f finger-DA}: -fingerropening and olostng. ..

 

a name sign

Just follow the...
Wall Plane Floor Plane
The Wall Plane is parallel with the trout wall.  The Floor Plane is parallel with the floor. 

 

H...
Signing Space

Signing space is the area in which you move while you sign
It is the distance you can reach in front.  belo...
The Planes The Planes

   
    

 

-"-4'

Wall Plane wan mane

Doub| e~Stemmecl Arrows

«T»
f— —V
‘K ‘ EA
Floor Plane Flo...
Up-Down Movement

Up-Down Movement is parallel with the Front Wall or your chest
It is written with double-stemmed arrows:...
Movement Vifith The Right Hand
A dark arrowhead. 

Front View Top View

Movement Virlth The Left Hand
A light arrowhead

Fr...
Do not confuse these arrows: 

single

stemmed arrows
mean

movement

is FORWARD

2

monthly disappear

<53" 4;r@¢¢

Jr’ M...
Up-Down Straight Movement

Up«Dovm movement is parallel with the Front Vkhll
It is written wlh dciubte-stemmed arrows

Wal...
Forward-Back Straight Movement

Forward-Back movement is parallel with the floor. 
It is written with siruleaerrned arrovt...
Writing Movement On Diagonal Planes

Let's review what we have already learned‘

Writing movement is based on imaginary pl...
The Diagonal Plane
Space is also divided by diagonal planes. 
The Up-Diagonal Plane starts low at
your feet and extends up...
I;  V: 
,_ _ ,  rrj/ N, _ _, 

Do Not Confuse These Arrows

 

.1’.  . ‘ _ . 
£1’ 1- .2 {'—,  “Ln 3’ I ‘ta
Up Up—Forward-D...
Up-Down Curved Movement

Up-Down movement is parallel wflh (he wont wall. 
It is vwmen with double-sharrned arrows: 

Q 1. ...
Forward-Over or Back-Over

Curved Movement

Forward»Back movement is parallel with the lloor
It is written with single-ste...
Forward-Under or Back-Under

Curved Movement

For. vard»Back movement is parallel with the floor
It is vl| fl5:fl with singl...
Forwardside or Back-Side

Curved Movement

The movement :3 parallel mm the floor
It IS wnnen wuh single-stemmed arrows

Th...
Side-Forward-Side or Side-Back-Side
Curved Movement

Forward-Back movement is parallel with the floor
It IS written with s...
Forward-Back Curved Arrows
The curves aria parallel with the lloor

*1 —/ o

across P Q * K* We

grandmother * * us

‘Q1 :...
Axial Movement
Axial Movement
There are two types ofAxial Movement
l Rotation Movement of the Forearm
2. Flaxing Movement ...
Rotation describes the curve of the baby linger

‘ Right forearm is forward parallel with the floor
side,  down and side a...
S lde—Ove r G. 
Side-Down-Side Rotations

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1. Side-Over
Single Rotation

2. Side-Over
Double Rotation
...
Forward-Side &
Back -Side Rotation 5

4+ 1. Forward-Side
Single Rotation

2. Forwardside
Double Rotation

3. Forward—5rde
...
Wrist-Flextng Movement
The wnu remains stable while the hand moves m dlflerent di-
rections This flexing motion Is written ...
Circular Movement

Arm Circles
Arm circles parallel to the Vliali Plane are double-stemmed circles
Arrows mark exactly whe...
Wrlstclrcles

Wrist circles are written with solid lines Arrows are placed
outside the circle when reading Wrist Circle Sy...
lestival

beauulul

establish

use

who

Arm 8. Wrist Circles

‘W67
56

I

'8

imagine

hot

same
continuously

warned

  ...
Facial Expressions
There are ten groups of facial expressions,  including the forehead, 
eyebrows,  eyes & eyegazc,  ears ...
Eyes

®®®®®O®®©®

Eyes Open

Right Eye Open

Left Eye Open

Eyes squint

Right Eye Squints

Left Eye Squints

Eyes Closed
...
Cheeks

QOQQGQQOQO

Cheeks
Filled With Air

Right cheek
Filled With Air

Left Cheek
Filled With Air

Cheeks
Without All

R...
Mouth

continued

Q®®©©@O©©©©

Oval Open Mouth
Horizontal

Rectangular Open Mouth

Horizontal

Oval Open Mouth
Vertical (Y...
Tongue Teeth Chin
continued

Tongue ‘fip Tongue inside 6 Teeth Neutral chin up
Touches Inside Up Rests Root Mouth Mouth Ope...
CM" Other

Chin Forward Question
Face '

Chin
Forwani—Diagonal Neck

Chin Side  Back oi Head , 

Chin ‘
Back-Diagonal g
Ex...
0005000

The Head

The Head can be seen lrom diflerent viewpoints: 

From View

Back View

Side View

Side View

Top View
F...
Rim of Head 8. Face

Top View
Rim oi Top oi Head

O©©CM3©©O

Rim Top oi Head
Back

Rim Top oi Head
Diagonal Bacli

Rim Top...
Head Movement

Face-Direction Movement Symbols
The 0058 moves In the dlrechon D’ the BVTOWS
The neck bends and stretches a...
Head Positions

Face Direction Llnes
This i5 not movement It is a srabie posmon marking the difEC"0n
otthe nose and face r...
Shoulder Positions & Movements

Z

1'
'é

? 
IT
-1-"
jfr
jfl
To
jll
ii‘
jz
3): 
jl

jm). 

jfiwi

S hou lde rs

Right Should...
Upper Body Tilts

Rocking Motion lmm the Nb John
The upper body lmsor rocks and tonh The neck and torso do
not bend‘ They ...
Dynamics Symbols

1. Movement Dynamicsare small symbolsplaced near movement
arrows They indicate movement that lS last slo...
Handshape Dynamics 9
Writing Classifiers

Classifiers are 'il'l'i¥0fl with the
handshaoe,  plus a Classifier %
Marker.  The...
Unit-Connecting Line /  “"5 "(St

Unit Dynamics
Unit-Connecting Lines 3" ‘"9

signs be-
lnfluence is written with a Unit- ...
Punctuation

PAUSE
(similar to a Comma in English)

END OF SENTENCE
(similar to a Penod in Engflsn)

PAUSE BEFORE END OF PH...
Period.  hm

Pause.  End of
Comma Sentence

Enflhsh Trar1xint9on'Wrmn3 ASL lrom the Deal pg-rsperflve. 

190

Eyebrows S

Do...
Fast
Movement

42:! 

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Tension
j I- 5Ymb°' T

U-
+
3’: 
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English Iunshrion:  Baby Bear...
Writing Signs

Signspelling Guideline 1
First.  write the Position of Contact

when starting to write a sign ask yourself ...
Writing Signs

Signspelling Guideline 2
Every Sign Has A Center

Every sign has a Center.  like a little universe lithe Su...
Step-by-Step Wrmng Process contmu-: r1

3 Choose the arrow trom the Movement Wheel

It the movement as straight UP‘ choose...
Step-by-Step Writing Process r: orrt| r. rr: d

It the movement rs FORWARD-DIAGONAL‘ choose the FORWARD-
DOAGONAL arrow Ke...
Step-by—Step Writing Process continued

if the rnovemem is a ROTATlON ARROW choose the ROTATION ARRON
needed Keep lhe ROTA...
Charles-Michel do | ‘Epée

 

 

       

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Lessons in SignWriting Textbook by Valerie Sutton

The Lessons in SignWriting Textbook by SignWriting inventor Valerie Sutton is a 220-page 15-chapter tutorial published first in 1990, expanded to a full reference book in 2002, and updated in 2014. Colorful photos and illustrations are accompanied with short English explanations of symbols with sign language examples in American Sign Language (ASL). The 15 chapters teach how to write the body movements of any sign language in the world, step by step. Chapters are: 1. Introduction to SignWriting, 2. Viewpoints (choosing to write from the Expressive perspective), 3. Handshapes, 4. Contact Symbols, 5. Finger Movement, 6. Straight Arm Movement, 7. Curved Movement, 8. Axial Movement (Arm Rotation and Wrist Movement), 9. Circular Movement, 10. Facial Expressions, 11. Head Movement, 12. Movement of the Body and Torso, 13. Movement Dynamics and Timing, 14. Punctuation for Sign Sentences, 15. Writing Signs & Sign Literature. Available on Amazon.com as a printed book: ISBN: 978-0-914336-55-6

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Lessons in SignWriting Textbook by Valerie Sutton

  1. 1. Thu llgnvvmmg Puss mar Au-on Commllln rm S| anWv| lIna um DAC) C291! fi' Suflm Ilmarem flkllmfl W: -2 CEIhI I fall} ncr man : a.: :no'vaI man must‘ » cecmuymunnmqaa U51 5:. ‘ » L: no: -1» u2V. ‘1-5-H5!‘ - usa- ~s uwwvmrg :3-mp am n. NM . °. .u. .n--nmg nlv k'a'uDv-an . .. °, .r, nrm. a.: ~. rm r. .. . . .‘. m ‘. .. :., ~. W. ., m-. . . m ‘. _, «um; ISBN W5 Dfil-1335 55 5 | mun. u, now. .. F)l><> . Vale ne Sutton
  2. 2. § espox <90’ : > W Lessons un Sugnwnhng Yenbook 0)! Valana Scmon ISBN‘ n1r. —?»9)n35-Es». Faurxr Eumnn hm mnur zmt-mzhea A-.1. L hm: Fflnnnn uunlunq-1r 2207 Fm. m- zmnmv ouhlnvms m 7'11-l cavmtm »: n 1990 1:3: Czvvlev Vol S-. mor~ Movement V". Ing‘ lrt All -«gm. ammo we Smnwllrng Svxlzwl ma um mvervld by valere Eamon m 15:: l'7'I{'1"~l"“i?1'Ix‘ H-rvvnnnm '14 not 2 443 Hum: ,un»A-. n w -'>oIa: v_1‘ "rum .5 nor): L‘A£vrm L’: Mar rm- nvcnu :1 Java inn 4 Auclifli D fivldv us nu-um no-um: lcsioln In smwnuu vmo sane: am vmmou wu mums wn gvv1‘. nu4< Unlma s. ¢nm.1nn Sollwnm W, Vxonhu : ' §| Iv-MM u ‘my "| arvb»)| :5 posted m was wet) Sngmwlnq Lessons Chin: mm muw swzmvrtro crdlesmr-s nu auwunun m: M: Slgnvmvlng 5-tun! nu me to Ann war ma mum ramnam Amu-my-. 1!! A-mun mu: //zvunmmmmonx on/ mun: /hvla cu‘ Published tn The Sugnwlitmg vm-. Mlv'I. 'www s«gvuw«nngov¢. 's: uu V’-v ‘xgnwlmng L 'u. --. -. m, .‘- r-«p: .-'/ www ! ~4mwvmn; o1/hleulun: car Ac! »-av (on-mtflll tn sgmxmmg mp: /4'-ww Sonwrmu cu-gloel‘ came vn: sunm I-Icwewlem vmrq mL . ~ . o.mm. .n ma non mm apmuun an no. 517 4.: ma - ca - azvseom - us. 5|mvmv‘l~/ I ~ iunlru yl - Suvvlnnalc or: m. .: nannlugw-wan] uq - VIII‘)! -(M40?! M1h oontnbuhons and photos lvom rnarmors oi the Deal Acton Corm1vt1ae! or SignNnhng (KM DMZ} hcludung Luanda O Grad ! ‘ Kevm Lark Lessons in Signwriting Textbook Ivy Valerie Sutton
  3. 3. This textbook coordinates with the Lessons In Sinwritingo Video Series & Booklets View on VouTubc or on DVD‘ Learn Signwiting at home or in the dos room with these two educational videos The Lessons In Signwvlti Video Series has been shown on USAcable television as education pcograms. Two Deal nzitive signers, Lucinda O‘Grady and Kevin Cla teach the basics of Signwnting in Amencan Sign Language (ASL). Vt Engiish moon and CIHDBOVI5 on the screen The srziicx indudos Vldco1:InIroducIlonto Signwvitlng (21 minuu and Video 2: Signwrlting Basics (31 rnimiios) Each DVD Include: paperback booklet wrth a transcliption of the English voice plus a row: of the instnxmon Signwrmng Youmba Channel Youfuomconifslgnwrttmg signvmiing Wuh siu Slgnvwitingotglinwm DVD in Signvllriting shop signVkltlng. otgIsnop ii-. in Sgr1‘"«iv W’; 'u‘iC4,C Sui : Table of Contents o '4 L’. Introduction viewpoints Hands COINQC1 finger MOUEMEHI Straight Movement Curved Movement fluial Movement Eirnvlar Movement Face Mead song Dynamics Punctuation Writing Signs & Sign Literature 21 93 101 107 129 141 151 157 189 177 181 187 193
  4. 4. Dedication This book is dedirzted to all of the hard-working, intelligent and generous people who have dedicated their lime and knowiedge to helping signwriting improve and grow Vikin- out them, writing signs wouid still be a dream not yet realized! Introduction
  5. 5. In ¢[l . :3‘: arm can «life .0 Signwrilingu 9 ii. » «co | .¢ «: :: ‘2. | :3’: .9 "03 A Deaf Perspective. .. I'V llivivitla U'(. ra. h' lhtifl . _ 5 ‘ - k "". ’°~ 00 I c 0°‘/ '19 J30 (W, 36 I am wnting in tell you how strongly I {eel about 2-ignwiiliiig and how much it can l‘Qfk“fll Deaf people. I was born Ih. -at In in Deal i'-aimly and I am A nalivr -m: ‘rliaii Sign lianguage 4 R81.) u-er. l h. wt- been working with Sign 'rilmg sine 1082. I wasthe first Deaf pur- sunto write uiliclesin ASL. in Signwriling. for Ihr <ignS'ntrr . ‘v‘:4p. !per. Later. '. |z~ne sultan . md l esl. sblxzih= -i. l.. .. lbe D: -at : L[| Ul (om- nultos Fnr signivniing ilhe I)‘-(') in N38. I think it very irnpor. [ant to spivad the word about fiignwriiing. .-si iulungmgeinil: own right. yet until Itw den-lnpmi-ni iii fiignlvnung, it was a language without an written torn-i, l'ht-n I iound out nmul Sign Wntim; l was thnlled I. |) think that at Lat we would have .1 '.1_v in w fill‘ our l: |ngu. ge. Deaf . —‘iri'iencAns an» one in the very law hngut» tic minorities that am unable to gel honkfi loathing linglnali in IIS’0 <23 5;: II! 2 0 51°‘ 4% 5 + _ 33’'§3’' *0 9‘ ‘co 1%
  6. 6. & (ft ‘*3’ -.0 I“ ll {Q : >G= ii their native language. I feel that we can uni: Eiignl'riltng, in order to turn English. I’): -til people will l“t‘| 't‘fl1 greatly {mm books e- plaining English grammar and idioms in wntten ASL. We can also use it to write down and pir- serve our stones. pt» etryand plays. As you know. them are many Dent pla_vvi'ri5_; htn and poets, and up until noviu they have not had .1 way in wnlr the . -GI. In ”I('I| ’ lit: -rntun-. No matter what the pi'o| ecl, Signwnting encourages us to read and write and I feel that is important. All of us hope that you will emoy learning Signwriting. Your in~ ti. -mil and support is .1 great help to our Deaf mnuniinity. Q 3 in Luanda Batdi
  7. 7. what Is Signlllriting? , TRRNSCRIBE With Signwriting. 5'9" you can. ... (Q-' WRITE Ks. ) PRESERVE . MEET signers - Sign Sign Poetry 7; H‘. [E IS‘: ‘i/ wu‘. w.« ‘i Language and Theater 6:’ Language '1 Kg 1 5;-yii ar g . -.: ;— ‘ml Write Signwriting on the web! Join the Signwriting Email List! Write signs and Sign Language documents ww. -.l Si; ;nPuocle org Go to this web page to loin: wmv SlQ'l'v'Vl. [|’1fZ] 0'g/ ‘3l'Li711$/ S‘-‘-‘l| SI ii
  8. 8. E Viewpoints Learn Signwriting on the web! Download books & view videos '-. ~.~. r.w S1gn’*. "‘. "!| t‘nf; orwessc-"-5 H 9
  9. 9. Receptive Viewpoint Vi/ h<‘fi somconn ‘ii lacing you. signing to you, you v-cwibc signs as an observer The signers right side is your left Side‘ This is calied the Receptive Viewpoint. Expressive Viewpoint when you are signing lo sormone else, you see signs from youi own point 0! view This is called me Expressive Viewpoint
  10. 10. Which Wewpoint? The ’ ' E. _ Expressive A Viewpoint Do we write signs from . .or the Expressive Viewpoint? the Receptive Viewpoint’? ', Vtk road and win W; ‘ signs axprossivoly ,5 Signwmng can ' be written from either the ‘ Receptive - or the Expressive viewpoints. This book teaches reading and inviting signs irom the Expressive ‘ Viewpoint. — V - ‘V The Expressive ‘ / , viawpoini is now I] ~ ‘ the standard in ‘ , Srgnwrting pumcations The Receptive _ Viewpoint is used <_ 4 4‘ ocnasioneiiy when ' tr transcribing signs irorn videotape, or / , when recording ‘ _ foreign signs in g . shorthand i ’ ‘ For more inlormaticn on using the Receptive Viewpoint. refer In Chapter 15. J
  11. 11. The Expressive Viewpoint )~~ I ‘ ' . , _ Read and wnle Slgns as ll you - are lookung at your awn hands‘ from your own perspeczwe _ " ii Palm of Hand when you see me palm of your hand whzle you are sxgnlng‘ the symbol lor the hand wull be whlte. or hollow The palm oflhe hand :5 always written with a whlte, hollow symbol 15 Side of Hand when you see the sme ol your hand while you are slgnlngy the symbol lorthe hand will be half black and hall whale The white part of the symbol shows where the palm o! the hand faces The dark part rep- resents the back of the hand. Back of Hand When you see the back olyour hand whvle you are signing, the symbol will be mack‘ D""ed“n The back of the hand us always wnllen wllh 2: black lulled-In symbol
  12. 12. Left Side of Head The head is written with a circle viewed from the back When the letl hand is near the lelt side ol the head. the symbol for the hand is placed to the left know (hand on the left side) Note An asterisk means touch Two asterisks mean touching two times Right Side of Head The head XS written with a circle, viewed lrom the back When the right hand is near the right side at the head, the symbol for the hand is placed to the right >l<>t< know (hand on the right side) Note An asterisk means touch Two aserisks rnean touching two times
  13. 13. Left Side of Face Right Side of Face Pretend you can see through the back of the head. Pretend you can see through the back of the head, You are reading and writing how your face "leels" when you sogn You are reading and wrmng how your face "leels" when you sign >| <>| < >| <>| < Your lace Your fate feels feel: lllxe lhls: like lh| ~. know know (mouth pushed up on left side) (mouth pushed up on right side) 15 ‘V?
  14. 14. know (mouth pushed up on the right side) >| <>| < Hands
  15. 15. 3 Basic I-landshapes D@ Closed Fist When the rngemps touch thepalmcittteriand iris calledaclosodflst Atlomed Fiitiswrtteri with a sipare Open Fist Vtlren the fingertips touch eaclt citrei, it is called an Open Fist An Open Flst is written with a cinfie . ._ Flat Hand Wren the fingers aretch straight up‘ andtoucheach other‘ it KB called 3 Fl‘ Hand A Flnl Maid is wntten with a rectangle, with a tip la‘ the fingertips 3 Basic Handshapes 52% Closed Fist Both the letter S and the number 1 in ASL are writ- ten with a square for the Closed Fist, since the fingertips touch the palm‘ od itifi 23 Open Fist Both the letter O and the letter D in ASL are writ- ten with a circle for the Open Fist. since the fin- gertips touch each other:
  16. 16. 3 Basic Handshapes Add Lines for Fingers
  17. 17. Closed Fist: Adding Fingers The fingertips touch the palm oi the hand In the Ciosed Fist Hone linger stocks up, then one tine extends Item the square If two in- gers stick up, than two tines extend: 1 finger up 2 fingers up Closed Fist Closed Fist Open Fist: Adding Fingers The fungertipstouch each other In the Open Fist If one finger stacks up, then one fine extends from the circte. lftwo fingers stick up, then two lines extend 1 finger up 2 fingers up Open Fist with Open Fist
  18. 18. Flat Hand: Adding Fingers The fingers are straight together in the Flat Hand. It the thumb sticks out, then one line extends from the rectangle It all live lingers spread. then live lines extend from the symbol "W705 0m 5 fingers spread Fiat Hand 5.3.. -.¢ Rootshapes Lira mots tn a tin Rocunapes prwide me tuiriaamn for air tun-1 syr-nbuls Ruawsaaas are dcternnisa or me shape at tho LCMES‘. liflgkt in in name mane For «mum . square tar . TIGHT rm mm have . i least me in. per lmithng the min iv true rum: A (lid: for an UPDi mi. has -1 least one tmgei close In the pain at me new, but not tnichng the pilrri at Ft! riaiid i: i:>AlJeoI: i Rodshepe: Tight Fist rm ‘rat :4 rest v rmgmuxrieo nuim Roeuhep: Cirde Nteua I trqatin ! bur! as| tII. lr'fl1t in I r: .urve ur N tum i aurw-: i try: is new In uelm d minis Rootehepl: Cu Nlellfl I Myer is Currie It the Mail! out A Yin .0!! ! iheteii NO nerid U curve ll 0': (ruck! Jar’: Roetehepn: HI N In! V fl‘-gr tqnoi h In! Knuolle Junl WM: the M61: Jun M: V: limit hcbt z€lV‘Ci¢! ¢f1 flridtl Rodshape: Angle TF4 Hone will tngcmpi Innlhumbtlo imcmie Rouutupnz Fiat Thumb Across rrum mum nllm rm mom a-nan up Itltt no bends Rootslufe Flat In that! 0:54 an ‘new no bones Action Fingers Cute lite Roeuhtpe 5 estnhliltved me inn For the fingers Ire attached The Inger tines as issued Action Fngers They extend Warn Dre tact ol the hand like brar-cries on a tree Axznn Fngers are more imponiflt than the Rootshane, be- cause may are '0GlG0él'VY$Y. iusr asobservevs Inuit ariiraeiirai-cries U atree rust Readers ferns on Acrwri Fingers tiisi. 9'IO0 they gwe rrrear-mg N7 the riaridsriape Action Fingers are like bunches on I tree Roolshape provides the louridauon to the symbol
  19. 19. Palm Facing Front Vlew The hand is parallel with the front wall % ll ll I_§_|3_ . , r. ~ pan‘ .1 I Palm Facing Top View The hand is parallel Wllh the floor knurklc '« -Int mums t| .un. t In fumllcl 1.. the Ilwuf I": m/ ®@@ 31
  20. 20. Palm Facing Front View The hand lS parallel with the from war E ED h l% l7 Palm Facing Top View The hand is parallel with the liver ‘xiriklt i<lllH lll». :"*. Ii. iiri l- Ill l. l . ‘ lr- l. *. ..i i—i | _| E 3% el
  21. 21. Palm Facing Front View The hand is parallel with the front wall dfil dél Ell Palm Facing Top View The hand is parallel with the floor a a Q -. |i. ni . ii kniicltli 1--mi YIN‘-In~ lmnil I [Irir.1ilcl inilic lluui 000/
  22. 22. Palm Facing Palm Facing Front View Top View The hand IS parallel with the front wall The hand IS parallel with the floor '. Ill . ii 'klllII'k| l‘ lilllll nu-. ui~ lmnil l [1.fiI”('l li-Hit‘ llmi Oh oh 6 fill ‘.5 Pi '
  23. 23. Palm Facing Front View The hand is parallel with the front wall Til ll? ll ll txlll : s[, lJLL‘ at Liiucklc iuin! nwane hand Palm Facing Top View The hand IS parallel with the lloor fififi
  24. 24. Palm Facing Palm Facing Front View Top View The hand is parallel v. -vith the front wall The hand is parallel with the floor 'l. ILl . il in. .. L1. . ... m NH‘-Il| li. iiiil I p.1r. il| ci lnlllt‘ ilmi 4 —> : > all a [ill a all e
  25. 25. Expressive Front View Evil an rum tram m iqwrs urn-ssm vllnpalnl in IR uuimiq BEHIND the tlflnel taming ‘null he nutter oou ma lists 0 4? Palm of Hand The palm ottne harm ll written with : wmaoi hollow -, n-our Hunt vii: -:4 Fill allul um. wn Pin». the hand rsparalletome Front wail The mm: s-, -mm shims the the can races tmams yum ton-y iuwuidatheieavei Side of Nam! Tries-declare riarid iswrmm Ml’! A§llV'lI)0|l? I5l 5 lull-Mitre and tI. Il«diIrl The lnllwtiite E-9&0!‘ shows the flifedlori 0? the wlm rm halldarkseciari rVt'lfl£€I'llSVhl l>«¥)| €lV| TIQltit‘d ‘mu! Vlvw Pu um vllll wui Flilrw the vivid -S parallel to his Front VV.1I The thumb :1 the navvaracestoverrsvouoodv Back at Hand The hurl: dbl! tun! I: written with I black (1 llllod-in S-rrtbd Front Vlllvt Um war wiii~ wu Plum- The run: I! pamiiei he the Fimt Vthll the black symbol shmin trim the tank at the nanaiauau-mam-yo. irboay Expressive Top View ms nu amen tram the timer; ntvaane vinuomi ii-inure many can an my puslim pr lhr -. -ya-er llun 3 mm, eye nu D A Ll Palm ot Hand You View Pivlllll -in now run. the nan-.1i9 units to Ill: «uni mi urn imamqaenu urn. win rmv-i canteen rm chill sylntd is nit: mi in: Imdtle | fltnl rewe-suiting the «am Lrie A hand syrntioi wivi mu Mmizm in among orw-i mg nniichau menus are hand 5 *v~IrI| nt Iflh "99 luuv' -us liwrithe Vac Vloo Side 0! thud Yap vim» FHAIIIII l-fl? ! Flrirr HI»! 7%: II! fl '1 flllllll Io It‘. ~10 You no loom; dorm It in you at yum vmiia mu: mmm mu werrxua rne riurn lyrllbai nu - sun: at the hudtle pint 'K"! ser~t". l llie ilorimi Law A llilid Iymbol with my Horizon Lev cosmic mu Ill: linuches means no run: is mrllla Min the rim -no turn me tau Mew Buck ol Hand top View va -ti-I aim n. .--i Pm. mr ram ll n-mini no im 9|: -or Yfl. 'Ifl | D0Ill| G$K'l1l'1E DIG at ya. " win rmm on-rt-end in and sworn rm 1 wane I IN Imlckh yoirrt Iotilloonlmg mo Norzon an A iunci symnol -on the Nuflxfl‘. Line mass in: mm m «nannies means "I! l‘D'IU ‘S ‘DN! <'O| Illtl W0 lloor" iuii rm-ii IN rap Mow
  26. 26. Hands Relate to Center n no Inmnutvmu Siunwv-nag Npmou an Mud wmbou in nrumcn lo now In In: cmm am am, wmqm . cam: mo oning nu-n um um: at ya. .. may no u. m, .. v Anlmn r. ... ,.. .. In or-um macro: no am: no mam me an, nm to ms -21 of me can on Mr: v-was in -mun loll-1 ngu at rm cum: Llnl Right Hind V] The Wall Plane Hana synvbuls plr= l|e1 Inthu rrmwau hm Iheunr Mutter hey am hvhunmo : h=sl clusebunvschnglbechesi av Ixhndlheboéy You can FEE. lfIepos¢ ticn oflhe n-he hang I Iernlns me sum xyrmel no Ivulu-v rowclone av fat -1 as C1 C1 C3 E Z E C! The Floor Plane Hana symnos parallu lo mo Floor book mo urn wrmhnr am an ugh abut the head, An me rmsale ntrom 01 youlamsv. ovlomat ho Iezel You canFEEL mews» nun onus valvnvxmq mama-nsmnsamasyrmol no rrunprhwmoqh uv lawn-s A I 5 I A I A I A I
  27. 27. Hands Pointing to the Side Hlfld symbols mm the llrvqurs pomllr-g lo lhu side can be Will- ten lmm the Flam VIEW parallel to me Front Wall Plano: -, or lrom the Tap VIEW, parallel to the Fioov Plane Both 9,-mnals are covmtzt sance you-{evade can be seen lrorn lha Frurl Vew at lhe Top View 0:00:53 30 wvne me sun-ale: symbols men horn ma Flor! Vmc mini lei in rre From wall‘ snnoe they are lea cumpmzared for qmcu veadnng choose in Fmmvluv was From vnow waves the flllm of the hand wun n wt-nu or hollow syrnool Mom Vlw It East! In Read When Ina lmgars pom! In use rode nan :1 vs best to Witt lhe symbol Dlfallel In use Front vl->4 because the symbol I: cum to read Top Vlewls Cornet but. .. Th. :09 vmmcllhu hand 3 Milan mm a hall-vmte nu aatk iymbd um um Hrnzan LIE? M1066 PIE llflnckiefi too View is mm: In Read vvn-n mu rngm pom: to on- may all. ll be owed to win lhusyrrbolpiallllulh-Float bu! t I! Mme! no teen and mevdovu not mcurrrrundad 1 0 Groups of Hands TN. -to are um groups ul ham symbols in the Irvlernalzorul Sigrflvrmrg N- pnabel Yr-2 hats are gruupea aecnvclng towmch flrgevs are used These Ian gvmqas are lre begtnnng of me Sign symbol sqnones, the ordev ol syrrbols ma! la look up says In Slgnwmng dlwonanes by Slgr-Syrmols Handshapes used xn all ssgned languages are mluaed All ten groups are Iliad on ma lollownnq pages An coy/ way lu rernevmev lneoe gmns Is to count lrum are In ten In Arnancan S191 Language (ASL) fiitflllnlhnuvn L ; -~2 ii‘
  28. 28. 10 Groups of Hands jllnnd Symbol S)‘mbolGroIIp V . 'aI1I: d 5» ngxg Kl‘ «J [min (34 S3n: hI'lGmLI; ‘- Z [ndcx Middle 5)l‘l‘Ib‘lU. ’I.7Ll? .l lndcx Mnddsc Thumb SI mm} Fourfingcrs 53_ml: »pl(f; rIIIp_5 l-‘Ive Fingers S» mholfirmgj Baby Fmgct S! [I]hIS§n1ll'_Z Rmg Fmgcr S1 nIb<lQ; I)ug_5 Middlc Finger 5)llJl'. ‘lQ{. ‘U'L‘. ‘ lm1u'nIumb '-'I3I: f=d'_I1I'. ‘l6I¥£-II‘éQ4 Sj_lT)l}t_‘lG. '[V_Ll; ‘7l 0 Thumb ,1. Group 1 Index Fmger I *‘§; "l‘ I J 1|n: |¢I I 5; "HI . ‘ {llI«‘<lMl(Il‘lr I I I_I 1lnklDflCu; I I . ~._. I. I . - illxklmlchhl I , - LL: l1naunnI4II: ;.- I v >- Lu ‘I». tIIII. IIa. -Ir l I '. ».: .-' MI‘ Ilnnubcxz , NIH ‘In. s.—xunmIL; .-Ix I xv M L‘ IlllX‘VBr'I-rr‘1T"Il"l'( I s, I III l‘I| lIskIR4I~‘llKVnLIL‘ , III I. iIIIAucI. II I », I». I I: III». suII. I,II. IIIrI. I l- -I II I-. IunII-. _IrI-ImI. Iu «Aw. - H L= .IuI-Iu: II: IwI(‘III. Ic
  29. 29. Front View Nlnds Parallel Wm: lb: Vhdl III M Q2, Hz Deal where Top View Hands Pwullol Yo The Floor u''. *I *II* [I II you also VIV VV OO do-do? Front View Hinds Panllol With The Wbll old Is» dating Top View Hana; Pnrfllol To The Floor o' 'oo' ** dessert Q- +‘P~b democracy
  30. 30. C‘/ . Q: 9: Der D5 9*‘ W W Eh Ba. 9: E: 9* BL U’ B- Group 2 Index Middle 1 Mnkx Mnhlu . n UNI Mnurnrli-r|1 m. :;i-i-. . man may am - Ink! m<i. ~ In-cc Krunn I Illlu )1n£db| Luu . Vnxl I 2. -. m», - KI an .4 ink; mu: Mmnl: imun. i.i. -zuii ' h| xAM. nLlu{in: .LhllHml . - mm mm. -. nil. 4im. ; hm «mu (. Llr i 1.-_rm n 1n: tNrMrV'Hv. |l‘H; i . ' iiuu Mm: cu. .. . - | nk| Mimi: nm rn rm» . n. m.- um um hun - Ink: Ii. -n um NHL: .- 598 Front View » i. “l.4"‘V'i vi two minutes stupid U44-‘P two 0! them H 1,» Top View Y‘ ii iii. » H
  31. 31. dis? i:2f¢i¢ atvgiit-<aVia= iii: :2 via an? Group 3 Group 3 Index Middle Thumb Index Middle Thumb L€, u_§_»i, ,'_v~‘_i_‘ ‘_ Link‘! Mmdk Tim-iib rm s; .i—. ~.-' 4-I ‘lnihu Middk Thimib Hing: [l. ;»i‘; .i' ‘V i: lndu Miaax Thllrnhnnmrcls‘ li. .~. .s; -r. .r« is ‘man: sawmi mu MINA! szmgrx | _1.: ij§gi‘_ji _Jf_- ‘Inuit: Midflk l'iIi', ]uIr-ti Sm: ’. 'L'L_l_‘ link: Middic §tn_5:! iL n*JlI’h He" Emiimfi‘. 4‘ ‘kinks Middic L'ni'. Thuinb Sink Em: l§4.»(§_}i iii", j»$ {mick Hi-Mic Brut. TY1'. l!l'. h Simxchl , lk . u 33 rflrvi‘ J‘ lmkx Midd1kl'vIi'.1"| IlI9| Sufi: lion: IV-: i:1x_i '~, i:_5t ‘lndcii Mnidlc Thimir Bcni ’ , _im. :iz Thumb mm. min up i. i.; ».-s; i:: ~.i_c lnilcx Mkddt llmgv: sun. -ins, Thumb Snlc l‘. :'l§X(' ', "_“. _lf i". !M]L‘l L'p. MIiLHi: llinpc, Thumb Sud: «I llmirl nliimr Huoi. Mn)-I1: Uiu l! .nc$)i: ..‘i. .4‘ . Index LL64): L'nu Huipz. Tbulnb Sid: ilnilu L'p. Mimic ll. mgc. T1xuxi'ib L'ni. l B. .uS‘rTiTMi 39 Ludcx lll: L~: . “. Id| L¢ Up, Thumb SA: l‘~*A’§Ll: i!' , 2.‘ India Middk (‘nun '|7||1“i? ' 51¢‘ E”. V(§li- *0 ‘ i Iiiilcn Middlc Up Sprtud. T!iumD Fm‘-uni | I.. -iAw. ni’ 5 ' ilndiu Midil): l'ni: ,1VsuiI‘i Fzirwani l! ..~r. _i. ri >1 Al lndcx Middk T? Iu. 'nV‘»(‘u: I )4 ilndn fihddk l'niF CIm. 'I'hu'iiV, IT-! 'I'I(I£ i. u.im_i 2;; a; 'L'iikx Mum nu-mi: 01"‘ lL. xc3)r: .."<. <5 ‘Mimic Thumb Cup. Ink: Up B—H'i‘. i’¢i=9‘? §'-F>: E=G= ‘Q= d‘H ii i flm~L‘}3_i; ,’_>~g3 [min Mxddk Thumb H000: l‘>Q¥(§2rV‘~" 5r {lnilrn nu; riiI«Cu, w.. iim: Ic Up
  32. 32. :? “jd— :5 did : 'i? — : i—T: r— ii ci- Group 3 Index Middle Thumb [i. AL', 'jlT. ."u 5' , iiu. :i: numncum. im= x L'p H~4~r, §) 'i j- “ , (im: |: Hum‘! ('ir‘lr. Illlkl NI! ‘ E: Ii. -.wS)'r: mix >‘v Index Thumb Any’: om. ,hdi: i-. - L'p bn)i: Si: i ; ‘mm ‘fimrnb Angk Kn. Mimi: Up c V1 I. Index ‘nmmh ('zrL'i: .Midi: h: l'p lndu Midi}: Thuznb, L'm: Hmgn illukx Mvdd’: Thu ml‘. Auk Om B¢_~‘, §Li-fa» F5 Imkl Middle 'I'llu: xIb. Amzk H.1»£. )‘r*i'v-3 n: .i»m: |: niuma Anglc 0I! .ll| xk1 up im: ..sx: n-»_». ,v. -«. .‘-(ii! -1|: mum Angie Oux. liukx cnwi: 4] i- xy v. _,_; -; Mid-: |: Hm-mh Angir. link! l p '4 ‘Xmlu hliiiiib H«1ok, Mn| i:| : Ililicr Front View EL fi'» 7i§iov é- Derirnark third Hi ( ¢= § at ai, three of them vehicle
  33. 33. Group 4 Four Fingers izé"-‘§? iI5:— iE<£§ymhQl. (22 Bsscsymbpl 70 §; w:Symbol 71 Four Fingers Four Fingers Bent Four Fingers Hinge BascSyinhnl 72 Bri<cSxmbnl 73 Four Fingers Unit Four Fmgcrs Unit Split ‘'3 Bascsymbol 74 FourFingcrs UnilClaw E] Bun-Symbol 75 Four Fingers Um'lBcnl flnsc§ ymbnl 76 Four Fingers Unit Hinge ‘ 4 : Your 0! them Front View I / i 0 M [- 4 -db ** I talk $4.00 S /4 ‘.3!’ ' " :9: £44; an 3,7’ talk-talk-talk forty-(our
  34. 34. Group 5 Five Fingers N i; ?-. L‘ ‘: Ev. .s_u: mi 9: pm Flnpcn Sptnd Fm: ruigm spmii llul rm Fmgcn spmii. rim Bur ‘Em: iimgm sum. inn rim Hui Fiw Fmrnn Sptrnd Hem Fur FIlI_L'k'f Sixunil imii Ike! Hvr I-iiiyrrs SW3-'| 1iT’IU"l. ' P-onuiii Hit l~’i. iu: cis spend up Fin: Fin; -m Spruui Cup Opni rm Finylln Spxuid iiiiigu om. Fur rmgm spud mu ‘J. i; §:i: .:~; i_§F M.1§, ‘ -. ,i Mi : i —i>_~i'i‘ i ‘Ii E9. whiz . -iiji rm Fuigrn Sprtnd Huwt Fin: Finpcn Sprwi H mgr. Tiiii. -uh Si-dc Hr hri[; c1' spam Hinge, x. » mimia Fiai ; Group 5 Five Fingers ‘H 43' mi 111.-ufixmbsi ‘4 i5_-"(Mi 1 ‘fl . inn. Bfllccll riiim Fhcmxx : =i ‘M 1»: {HM rim fl, {ii_~~; S)mi: <.-i 9: riziniumiz Sid: :2’ x_. iaii "7 {Ti-i. 'liii. >.n side lee. -' inni.1‘. iumi« ncni iHnI. ‘Piui‘»! i Firaarii HI! 5;‘: il irJ('l_ Thiimh Sn: fin S; v;ii Ccnicr ' ; Hl13$"ilCrtrIl. ‘14T’IAimh. Mf I iHA1 SN" (‘i'ni: !. ‘lYiur'i* Sid: Ruiz . ‘I"iii1Sp£i| BIby inn- (‘hi/ . Thiirrib 511‘ (‘Min No lhulrii Chw. Thnm| : Fitvuni
  35. 35. Ii ‘N 3 ' 0 i . Q o ' ai ’ '1' 2")“ Group 5 Five Fingers iii . ‘iI]v‘IrIH1'y1H&1K(. ||7“~'K -, ~i_i: : jiiixii . «.. .—sin: ~-i J "1VCnp(»: 'n .51l2". 'Lli i fcup ‘_H*"l iii i(‘| l|‘(7,| |‘. ’L1h| iITiY| .Iik u §. _ ii ii; ‘Fun Dnmi~ sad: I ir'>- -4 H3 §r‘ui~0p: n. No Thumb - s. ~zi. u.vi. ,ii4 atiijfi xi. nimm ii ;5in>~. -i H5 §cupopm. mimi« rummi EL —. :'; ai. i,~_-L, ii; » icupi mini» Fxrvunl . ,: : vi. ii‘ §Curiiaz Opcn . §;iI“1l UH §CiIThL'L£ ' *. ~‘i“-'1 1! ‘ ‘Ciuie i: - :5:i! "ii i. '=i‘oui , §_. -.w, ~- . ' fu~-. ii. n=i. ii. iis. .ii- _‘ L‘: '. Ll2.' ! U‘i. Ii . No TIin: iih Group 5 Five B. i»-: S§: :'. bci! 113 Fingers Ova1,Thumb Forwaiid i: !.iscS3r: ~.tvnE 124 Hinge Open 1. Luz“ ‘i ’ 8;: -.cS). ':‘. boI_, llr: Hinge Opcn. '1'hiimb Forward Hinge fimcfiwimi 17 i. hL~. ;:§; ii-. i.x. Lil 5 R: i<c H’! I ‘9 Hinge Small Hinge Open. Thumb Side Hinge. Thumb Side Uizvc5;: :'. *.>iiL. l.‘-J Hingc Open. No Thumb Jvqlvauuwe figs» r'i‘w! ii Hingi: ..'o Thumb Aéd Liii-cb)i: ibuL1.‘2 E, '1g‘. S gym‘ 1. 1 Hinge. Thumb Sidi: Touches lndcx llingi‘. Thumb Bcruccn Middic Ring
  36. 36. Front View W‘ <9 A"? "v~ M ii* America cool [very fine) Top View Hand: Flrulled In The Fioor hello 00 Cl C! 2 C‘! appreciate tic) E) things Front View that hath! with flu W1! [ll IO + Q 0‘ +2 hello your: Top View Hunts Punlll To The Moor ‘P f it a i «w': '.. ..—. > street childmn 65
  37. 37. ‘aelnééeéeaeoene Group 6 Group 6 B357 “"997 Baby Finger u. ... -.s; ~». . in IrAr: M:daS)cRr= ; 1:1 ~. -v- < n. w~u~mmn. ..w. -u. .u. > n, « . l| amlr= rn('nk v. ..; . xgmim I L'~ Ink: Mum): Run; on (‘vrct ‘nan up m 0»- ' 1:-an Mme mu , on Hm. » ‘I . -«V « linlulpmflrgb [4.: '-. -.5)‘-.11-.2, an Index Mum: Rm; 012 Any): " "‘”‘ ""‘“' """“‘ "w 5- 39.“ M. . B-IX‘) Hxnxr — lndn . (. .m1: Rlr.5.iSml ‘ :2 u. ... n.. ..r I] Y) 13 . -. .. ... .:m. .u. ... .~ 11 "5 ‘ v"-v ~- lianplmnrm»-35' lain “AMI: R1115, ['x'. n _ _ N V 1* 'A~“ ‘>12 B-hninxxlkunr -Vi u. ... Lug-«[,19.‘ Inst: Mum: Kn; _ H I Hlngr . Vlalulnsalhmlvvwflxr. -: 33' W T— 1 5. . ),r-mg 14- Huh; Down ‘' '-. .~. < u flnlu In. :~xTh. |nhul. u.l~: mun nmuvm '5<~' am '4: H.117-lkwn Hluvvlrkum-v*u t H "V. " "'""": "x"""m""""" “V H ~ nc~~lnx 14.: --S)'wh‘ w nun, l')'vw: .Ih[x1XcCurml , , I: f§&#’- r fl ': «S, vr r. ‘. ‘um lmua1.Cx. lr h. .«. _u‘xfm H" Ruhr, Dr-v~u, (3m: -nhrzlr ‘ 4] : v . inn» Imnugflxu: 5 ~, H. .v~y L1. ‘ Q} I’-: 5;L . ~, :‘nu»u. u.. .=~. n: m
  38. 38. $25 Front View - Vi . r. i iw'i. - . '.ii nil xix 3} 2% six thousand sixteen six hours Top View i‘ . i 1 » ii i i -. | / | / 0 CI“ ‘ ¢. > ~'I *1’ . i, 0’ 9" ‘ 0 C) six of them six weeks sixty-six Group 7 Ring Finger J95 In-nu u. .i. :1c my E. L‘s5;v". -l‘vi wi jlno: xMii)dIrBmy anC| n:J: r<. u.s; —ir-. -i : ‘Ii-drx Mimi. -may rm Hing: LL: K3;-: :.L'«. -1,1714 ‘Rm: Hing: Lit" Iirocx . ‘-(nadir Baby n’-n Anglr F 4 $: :.‘. ‘<_il L7.‘ Ink: Middlr Cmu with Ehliy ii. --. i_x mm i‘i ‘lmcn Mnhfl: om. wim huh) mi Cuck n, .A. ;. ~vo. ii i', :1K. ng Down t4 -.23; : r.~-i L’: iKxnL' Xx; wn. l!1n mmm H: -M. Mm»: Hing: H w-‘V3Ih-i ; —- ‘kmiv Dawn. M»1.11<'I1iumb. vn| ;‘: .Indcx(‘mu 1u~. :.~: :u-Li: :~ %R-I-2 L‘? r: ... .s; :i; i-ii‘: ‘nmgiunea Km. -.u. : .'3«; L1 ‘R-. na lam
  39. 39. Group 7 Ring Finger _[i_. iscSvn]hu| 7X B», -Symhn ‘fig B_. !L'5}‘[]]h([ xg Ring Baby on Circli: ‘Ring Baby on Own! Ring Baby on Angle i: iai: i~—n¢A= e=d- l: is '§' ihnl Ring Middlc Ring Middle Unit Ring Middle Rniwd Knuckles Ba: cS)'mbol J54 ‘Ring Index la-'Q’D’_ BascSxmhoL185 B. °.sc5)'mb0Ll St» Ring 'niumb Ring Thumb Hook 8 $6 sevieiileeii I/ ., 3 *Q*$ seven thousand ! 0%» seven hours seven of them Q» : > 3,, seven weeks seventy-seven
  40. 40. Group 8 Middle i. .r)r*ni in: . ~.§>i ~_L1“* l i-msirwi i-w l l igi A; _,mi W. Finger iimu Ring Im-4 imiu King in», ur. (ink Indus Ring Bub) on Curlncu: Inilcl Ring ll-lb} on Hod Din ‘,1 lnilvt Ring BAD) an Hod lr‘ : : _w. ::i: ': .Ll‘3_‘ ‘ lnilu Run: am 'in non. L'n-X: lmlu Ring Hub; an Cup Group 8 Middle Finger i; l5.i<*§vgihol 199 Middle up i jBNS1:nb9I, _2Q0 Middle Up on Circle 4 Bascsvmbol 20! Middle Raised Knuckle j fln5c5xmb, oL2Q2 Middle L'p. Thumb Side l l i ‘:5 mm. 1;: '4 l ‘fl {] izmsu: :-: l l‘: .‘ l {I ‘: «,~r: .u. >i: in l liidu Ring Baby Ull Nirg: lnikn Rulg in»; on Aug): Oul lnilcu Ring Ham lm Aiiek i‘B.1<§h¥fl]l_)Q} om Middle Thumb Hook B. iscSxint2oL203 Middle Thumb Baby H : .~. =:a_u«~v. i~' 1’ l i all l-i. l_r1i‘ i«. » I l Miiidlt Down “Id-1|l' Hmgr i: ’_i1—iauQ—i: -o—i: i— p__1a 9v ‘(is Middle Baby
  41. 41. $5 eighteen F ront View mu l‘ll ‘V {II lei, E ! -,; l' “G *3: eight hours eight thousand ‘ll 0, d3 b‘ eight of them Top View >«. ii ui C) eightweeks eighty-elglit 74 Group 9 Index Thumb :5:r. :t-JLIJF ii r. ,St l’-il LU! Mvdllk Run: an» , xi. .i. ii¢ Ring ans; at: cm: ismiiie Ring nib} an C| '.'l| CI| c ' . .b. lnlk Ring Bub) ur: cu; ‘: i. i. ..i. u¢ Ring in», mi itm, -= ! I . - »§; ::. L‘: LLLl D L . S)i: :bal 2|) . li. ld1c mg am an Anal: om smizic Iling Harry on Angie In M)-lilk Rm; nan, an Aiiglx , I. vd-11¢ Rmg rim, am , l. Jilk King Bah uni mfliiw ae%= k%: =i= —*e= '§e'¢; Lk©c¢z. -:1: stnliie Rani; Huh} (‘mi . v Clnw sits: l sin»): Ring, Bnl~_ lfriit m Haul my
  42. 42. Group 9 Index Thumb :3: <. S): :'ii-ti SH hlidd'z Ruig flab) Unit on Hunt in Q: ‘. “|1|l-K Rrllu air, uiiii l? iiixix ’ui~. ;mit~. »'_; .“1 iaiiciiiiiiigc ‘in wimr-ii . ':i ‘iaacxniimii sic: ‘[li1'‘S): ]]l_-, l'L i. ~.i: ii Thllifh sin: (Ill “Inge , §_»_m]_xi ‘ ‘i [ran niurih 5ik, TliuiXi'V Dine-Jiiul i. ic. ii. spin »= ;: : imcii niiiirm . in: .Tiu: irin1‘ii: _ Iran Thur-in hi-5:. rhurii» Her: - Ink: T‘iiii‘ih Siik. lyidu llutil li’1«‘X ‘Piiirfib hi-k. Bum Brut ‘ Iridcx ‘lhui-its sink-. iiii1tx Hing: : !i . -.-s-, ~.ir- ‘l :29 ‘lulu niiiiein i'-mini-ii, lndcl slhllglll Group 9 Index Thumb - iimpi Iimu niiii—. m noiiii Bit" )1 "'l; > . ‘ ‘Z ‘Izdn Thiiidb Curlxvt <‘)j1h" 1}. ‘ lndu Thuim CiirVc. Thumt~ liuiik Iridn lliiimb CHFVE. 'l’YiIimb Inn}: on Clan ll‘<4l J‘) II‘-J1‘! Thurih ('iirVc. 'l7IIimh Liidrr 'lif“i : .~ ‘imu niiiinii riiiic ‘iii. .s-, n.ri. i 3: illdix niiimi Cup : lJ. :i_§; :1,I LL‘! ‘imu niiiiaii Clip oiiiiii iDJ‘~. S‘,2J. L'lL'_‘! ‘ism miizizi Hmgi: opui L )__'. ',l_‘. 'i; L lriikti Tliiirrm “llI| :l' [1112 ‘ii §z. ‘iil. "l xii imcii numb "ll’lfZL' 4-gin r_. _ii ; :; lrxicl lniimn Hing: Sn-iiii ft! -«:1 ~i‘_1:; - lain niiiiua Arclc 0.: ili. irh_? ’?= '?-= B—U_:3—iL‘? -<9 llj. iriii . ‘ii indcx‘niumt~f»nruni, lnduIi: ni , ii dddaduwaea iii, r$§"il*ai :4: ‘I515! niiim A. -iii: in _ ‘lV‘»J«"l niiiiivi Argli‘
  43. 43. ifl ll Fridays ~25 ii é is nine 0! them Front View Hands Flrall-I With Th: Well «N ltd éo<V’ own interpret lonn Top View Hinds Plrilol To the Floor 31” 1 0"’ K I II II ‘o o’ o’_, 11 U W decide ninety-nlne 76 Front View l-(Ind: Puolnl with The Wall Top View fluids Plnllul 1b The HIM I I I Ci-V tr‘ -I- ’'-r, . ‘In “I” I i 6 :3 3: <l----9 both cl us little language 79
  44. 44. * - inii. iiii~ l miiimix Mix! niiiiiiia soc DHEVVIBII ‘.1, , S;: :iL«_vl_; €;3 Tliumb Sislc Uni! inii. rrilv Srdr Bctit n ‘l . s_-iiii. ii; x| rl| l.flVhl‘| 'WWl! I1 ii .3). "hii , ~. _.i. iixii 893 ii. ’_1Tl‘-ll [1] ‘:1 5)ll: l‘, ll [3 ‘ll )'rJ’~il Q 11; H Z‘: Thumb Berww: lndrx Middle :5: tiiiiiiii Hctwn-a Mdilk xiii. - Ls’: niiiiiiii Bctwcim Rm[ iaiiby 3.57 ‘Thimih L'nili: r TWU Firigrn i .2~r ‘miimbmci ‘lI~.1Firrt: n | 'liiiiiib L'iii1A‘i ‘llircr Fiiiucru i l i ll: .: xh: '.l*. vL. '3! l'liiiiiit~ L'ui1ci I-i-.1l': iii: cu l : nlufllb om r‘lI. ||' Rind] KHLKUISI 1 Two Ways to Write Thumb Towards Reader both Illlfdll iiiumlx | )ll)}l: (.l'> l", ii': ll(l‘i iii» lr . irli i rind btllh are correct
  45. 45. ii? :1 §/ other F ro nt View Hands Parallel Willi The WIN mi 5 e. india drunk Top View Hands Parallel To The Floor A - Ll - ‘ O‘ : _Lb / E--E ahead remember yrfieqflflqeu run: The American Manual Alphabet Q) 3—x-—-—-: 'to—n<Do. oo' 33 lEJ‘. —"0elTI= Il I~= §goy N-<><é<c-i-m-= .o-co:
  46. 46. Heel of Hand or Top View? =13! hands mm 17% rmgms pourvtvr-9 slravghz Vorwyrd with [ha anv- panama! to the Floov Pane can be wnttan lmrn a specal vcewomrv. called me Heel ul Hana ‘Wrist View’ or ‘mm the zzaummal Yup ‘Jew Two Ways to Write The Same Handshape . ..use what symbol. .. >4ee. n1Haru V/ ha Vxev. ‘ OR Top Vew / A I Two Ways to Write The Same Handshape . ..use either symbod. .. Heel 0! Hand Wnst '. ‘|e'-v OF? '00 Vuew Q 21 I Heel of Hand or Top View? Use Either Symbol “Eel at yfiam ‘M15! Vuev. CIR Tap ‘mew 'I/ , = s. ’ I | ‘ Hose? of Hand Wnst ‘v/ new SR Top -. -new <"7/ <59. 4’ -23; n! Hand Whs-' Vxew OR Top View ex“ 7/ -I’
  47. 47. Heel of Hand or Top View? Fists with Iran: knuckles dneclea slrarghi forward warn the am paral- lel lo the Flow Plane, can be wnuen Irom a special vlcwpoinl mined in: Heel 01 Hand 'WnsI View’, 0: mm Ina Ilnamonal Yap Vvew Two Ways to write The Same Handshape . . use either symbol. .. E / I Two Ways to Write The Same Handshape . use either symboI. . Hes? ni Hand Wrist View OR Tap ViE’V }1EeiI:5Ha! iS ‘. 'Vvi: ' V raw OR iL; L VIEW Finger Direction ls Meaningful bl-S'U »-nv-. ,- mu Iowa‘ 'vv- rv ‘H-u i -n-- Hr‘ vvm wan Vb. " mun _. ,.-ruv-vrenirwrvs comr-n il1'? (4 W‘ . --(. h.xr: '-: ‘I"pa: mm 'P’J[Y1l| i "| "| I -W I I I T 911)’): OR both angies El‘! COITECI
  48. 48. Action Fingers Directed Towards The Face Finger UIlECUO'1 relates to the Center or the Body Action Fin gets that bend at His knuckle ioinl tn Angie Hinge cup oi Curve hand smeitloris direct me lingers into the Center nl the Body in: white palm shows the palm is lacing me body‘ mm a slight hint that tre palm is sllghlty turned toward the Center ton Fingers Are Directed Toward the Caner . . when the palm IS racing the body l Action Action Fingers / Fingers we Lelt Hand ©-0%) zEl<—E| Some ASL signs as examples: glass oral no-to-me wolf information Jew clown going out illness lucky prefer birthday eat blow a kiss @ is g)-9A
  49. 49. Action Fingers Directed Up Angb Hand Symbols Point the tip of the angled fngen in meaningful directions mun wmmgmqu mm: wvu mu amazon was nap: now: In mm -7-»: rant: 1: Irmvuunuuuma nun than in at you can wvuomunn I'alIMItunq7II1l| l nlm » numgino ulna mm man-ulnnonm new I «nu -mtn-nu a ruuulncnmuu yum 5 5' V1‘ $311.. I '. .’. '."" ‘Q’; ‘Q’ ‘: .:"'. ;. as W {N} mm L A/ ~$"°“ IZIIZ“ Ila; -._ Hnsognrwinulouvld m E‘. aIintMHatrnAS nus 1 vmmuuuwnnnn auysmvuaiul imam unpvinnumaumxwu viii? _ II M II 0~= === =* II W0 was was <9"v <'¥'w3 was ll 91
  50. 50. Action Fingers Directed Out Away From The Body ‘ms is very 'an: - ll : r.: - malnrlty -31 Action l'IV‘| gE7§ a'e nvectec In Ilia ljulslrjc away Hum lb: Cvnlm u’ Hm B<>I1y as in Mr sign lm FAIRY GOD’-| "_‘_>T>lEl7. ll‘ AS. llierl ll is Milan [in fl'll‘fl CHI Action F lngers G Directed I 10 The Outside *# In the Sign tor Fairy Godmother Q3 Contact
  51. 51. >i<>i< ’5& ** aioic [VV] more 6 Contact Symbols 3!! + | *l ru $ school Touch Grasp Between Szn ke Brush Rub ! / / ix Touch Touch Contact is written with an asterisk Touch is delined as the hand gently contacting another part of the body Touch Contact Q5 04% Deaf
  52. 52. +®3 earring congratmalions disappear Grasp Grasp Contact is written with two crossed lines Grasplsdetried esthe hand grasping or punching a part ofthe body or a prop‘ such as clothing Between Contact is writ- ten with a Contact Symbol between two lines Between is dellned as con- tacting between two fingers or other parts of the body #= l=l: ## EICUSQ I'll! Strike strike Contact is written with two lines crossing two lines Strike is defined as the hand contacting a surface with torce. Brush Brush Contact is writ- ten with a circle with a dark dot in the center Brush is detined as movement that first contacts and then moves OFF the surface
  53. 53. Brush Contact excuse me @ El i: i 9% coffee chocolate @ Circular Rub Circular Rub Contact is written with a spiral Rub iS defined as Contact that moves‘ but stays ON the surface / ve” ++l: @;++ 9 uu neat eager 93 Straight Rub Straight Rub Contact IS written with the same spi- rai symbol, but the spiral symbol is connected with a straight arrow. When the Rub Contact symbol is connected with an arrow. it rubs in a straightlmetnotinacircle) Itstays ONthe surfacebut moves in the direction of the arrow
  54. 54. Rub Contact coffee 100 nice 101 Finger Movements
  55. 55. 6 Finger Symbols 0 1. Squeeze. Middle Joint Closes O 2. Flick. Middle Joint Opens V 3. Hinge. Knuckle Joint Closes A 4. Hinge. Knuckle Joint Opens AAA 5. Hinge. Knuckles Open & Close Together / VV""" 6. Trill. Knuckles 0pen—C| ose Alternating O O V A Middle Joint Knuckle Joint Squeeze & Flick Hinge & Trill 6:3“ I; » ‘§1- I‘< i. . Middle Joint Finger Move- ments, also called squeeze and Flick Movements. ere written with email dots. 102 KnuclileJointFingerMove- rnent. also called Hinge and Trill Movements. are written with small errowe. D 0 Middle Joint ex . Closes Ly X ' O x - Ii —5{ Vlmen the middle point olthe K‘ fngersquoazestigiit (bends ‘ V. down or I11). this closing linger movement Is written . . win a dark dot. 'i " 3 LI The dot ts placed near the finger joint that does the mm? mm squeezing Two dots repre» sent two squeezes. ‘ T‘ K Middle Joint , r , -rs; ,~ 3 Opens I (ll, “Vt! aw‘ . i . Vlhen the middle jolt! of the X ~‘ K ‘Y 1ingerfilcksopen(goesl'rom ‘ l bent to straight). on open- oo ing flicking movement is 00 written wtth a hollow dot. The dot is placed near the linger that flicks. Two dots eleven understand represent two lllcks. 103
  56. 56. V <a : ’ vgm O-‘Q1’ twenty boy / Knuckle Joint Closes The middle ioint oi the finger locks while the knuckle iOll"il hands down. like the Hinge on a door This closing knuckle movement is written with a small arrow that points down The arrow pushes the fingers down Two arrows mean 2 hinges / AA AA AAA E} H} send send-send tllal / Knuckle Joint Opens The middle ioint oi the linger locks while the knuckle ioirit bends up like the Hinge on a door This opening knuck- le movement is written with a small arrow that points up The arrow pulls the fingers up Two ar- rows mean 2 hinges up vv VV W Knuckle Joints Open-Close The lingers move together in the same direction. as a unit The knuckle-Joints oi the fingers open and close {bend up and down) I. vv together This open-close knuckle movement is written with one row 0! small connected arrows goodbye why pointing up and down AA / V M AMA Knuckle Joints Alternate The fingers do not move together in a uni‘. instead they hinge in opposite di- rections‘ One moves up as the other moves down % 'l R’—} m m This Alternating Finger éI fiI’ Movement. also called VI Finger Trllls is written with two rows of small 37» fingerspell typing rowspointingupandoown lll"
  57. 57. Sequential Finger Movement W. ..‘. iVpECif| t‘f finger-DA}: -fingerropening and olostng. .. a name sign Just follow the arrows. The movement starts at the stem of the arrow. and moves toward the arrowheads. So tn this sign. the baby finger bends first finishing tn the A nandshapes at the side of the head. Sequential Flnger Movement That closes From The Middle Joint . ..very specific finger-by—finger closing of the fingers. .. Exact details ofwhrch finger closes first. second and thtrd. 'r «9—>‘Q FEW tn Amencan Sngn Language (one ofseveral ways to write thus stgn) Sequential Finger Movement That Opens From The Middle Joint . ..very spectflc finger«by—finger opentng of the fingers. .. Exact details of which finger opens first, second and tmrd. In the example to the Iefl the sign for FEW opens the Index finger first then the minute finger. ring finger and baby finger. 106 Straight Movement
  58. 58. Wall Plane Floor Plane The Wall Plane is parallel with the trout wall. The Floor Plane is parallel with the floor. HIE ‘U9
  59. 59. Signing Space Signing space is the area in which you move while you sign It is the distance you can reach in front. below and above you Signing space travels with you wherever you go. ... «Mi 4: =9 iéiiei Wall Plane The Wall Plane cuts the body like a door, from side to side. Movement parallel with the Wall Plane is up and down. it is writ» tan with double-stemmed arrows. Think ol your signing spaoelikearoom Ithas a front and back wall and a lloor and ceiling livsdwidedinto planes A plane is an imaginary llal surface that diseds your signing space There are two planes used in Signwnting the Wall Plane and the Floor Plane The Wall Plane is paral- lel with the front and back walls. The Floor Plane is parallel wrth the lloor and ceiling Ail movement symbols in Signwritlng relate to these two planes KT)‘ 4- —§ . ./4,» Floor Plane The Floor Plane izutsthe lzinclvlike a table- topfromfrontto back. Movementparallel with the Floor Planeisfom/ arnl and bank. it iswritten with single stemmed-arrows.
  60. 60. The Planes The Planes -"-4' Wall Plane wan mane Doub| e~Stemmecl Arrows «T» f— —V ‘K ‘ EA Floor Plane Floor Plane Single-Stemnried Arrows
  61. 61. Up-Down Movement Up-Down Movement is parallel with the Front Wall or your chest It is written with double-stemmed arrows: Up Diagonal Diagonal Down Down Diagonal Diagonal Down HA Fonivard-Back Movement Forward-Back Movement lS parallel with the Floor or a table top It is written with single-stemmed arrows Forward Forward . Forward Diagonal Diagonal Back Back Diagonal Diagonal
  62. 62. Movement Vifith The Right Hand A dark arrowhead. Front View Top View Movement Virlth The Left Hand A light arrowhead Front View Top View , .‘. Movement To The Side Front View I help you. plan rreni to P9 side can be view»: -:1 “CIT ' i' i_tri L‘? .‘r‘w'E"‘ wilt‘ iii’-" 110.5‘? a : ir me ': .p TfT'l_’d arrows Too Vnew General Arrowhead Writes Overtapping Paths when 4 right movement arrow writes ON YOP OF a left move» ment arrow, the two movement paths overlap each other The two arrows biend together The dark arrowhead and the light an rowhead become one arrowho ad cailoa the General Arrowhead Ottan my hand: are contacting whrtnmovxngrnovn-iiznopvng gains but it is NOY ONLY for contacting hands ForexampIe, two handscan be parnilci, side by side. without contact, andthen both mavetothe same side, so that the right arrow writes on top oi the lcit arrow This creates a General Arrowhead
  63. 63. Do not confuse these arrows: single stemmed arrows mean movement is FORWARD 2 monthly disappear <53" 4;r@¢¢ Jr’ MGM‘ 59° 36 excuse me can: 119 Straight Movement 1’rU Up or Down A double-stemmed arrow means that the rnovemem is straight up or down. para no! with the trout wall The movement is flat with the front ot your body, Straight Movement ‘N Forward or Back A single-stemmed arrow means that the move- imnt is forward or back. parallel with the lloor. You are looking down. on top at the movement
  64. 64. Up-Down Straight Movement Up«Dovm movement is parallel with the Front Vkhll It is written wlh dciubte-stemmed arrows Wall-Plane-Corn-: -r Wall-Plane-Strmght Stralgnt»Cornr_w Move rm ril From Elbow Wall-Plane-Flex fl’ Move rrionl From Wrist Wall-Plane-Check Diagonal-Comer-Stra ighl W. 'Ill»Plane-Double M Small. Quick Movement Wall-Plane-Box Straight-Corner-Straight Wall-Plane-Nod Qfi Sma ll Oulclr Movement WallvP| :me-Zsglag Slr: ilgl'it«Comor-Di agonal wall-Plane-Cross I‘ Wall-Plane-Peaks % Cross 1 Vlay. Then Other Mountain Tops Wall-Plane-Triple M Small. Quick Movement Wall-Plum. --Twist Suaxght with Rolauon Wall-Plane Nod-8-A-Halt fwh Small. Quick Movement Wall-Plane-Twist-‘l'wst Straight with Rotation Wall-Plane-Twistshzke Straight with Rotation %2‘»%=5%>%>~‘»’r‘r“E? E"? ’|F’ Wall-PIanc«Root1op Q Dzagonakstraight YI‘i"l Up-Down Straight Arrows MO‘v‘C| 'l'| I:~'1t Parallel Nth The Front Vxtill 6% 6-0 H‘? was exam. test J% (*1 house system 9?. square
  65. 65. Forward-Back Straight Movement Forward-Back movement is parallel with the floor. It is written with siruleaerrned arrovta Floor-Plane-Slraigmt Movement From Elbow Floa-Plunoflur + Movem em From was F| ou'P| ane-Doulzle ff Sm all, Quick Movement F loor-P lane-N ad fif Sm all, Quick Movement Floor-Planecrua xx Cross 1 Way, Then Other Floa-P| un&Tri| :Ie m Sm all, Quidr Movemem Fina-Plane Nod-&-A-Half Sm all, Quid: Movemem t Floor-Plane-Road-Bend Diagonal Straigm 122 ‘L 17 Li iv Floor-Plane-Comer Straightat orner Floor-Plane-Check Diagonal-C orner-Strai ghl Floor-Plan&B ox Straight-Corner-Straight Floor-Planoziglag Straight-Corner-Diagonal Floor-Plane-Peaks Mountain Tops Floor-Plane-Ivist Straight with Rctaticin Fl our-Plane-'lvist-Twist Straight with Rotation Floor-Plane-Twist-Shalne Straight with Rotation Forward-Back Straight Arrows Straight movement parallel with the lloor hello "'—} K: L» right (direction) nothing "i Ti ask a question
  66. 66. Writing Movement On Diagonal Planes Let's review what we have already learned‘ Writing movement is based on imaginary planes that cut space The Plane that is paralel ': lll'| the lront wall, is called the Wall Plane Up-Down Movement IS paralel with the Wall Plane It is written with double-stemmed arrows lmagine a rocketship that travels straight up. Up Movement is written with doublestemmeu arrows V74 The Plane that IS parallel with the floor, l5 called the Floor Plane Forward-Back Movement is parallel with the Floor Plane lt IS written with single-stemmed arrows lmagine driving a car Think of the line in the center of the road. Forward Movement iswritten with single-stemmed arrows at 125
  67. 67. The Diagonal Plane Space is also divided by diagonal planes. The Up-Diagonal Plane starts low at your feet and extends up towards the front wall It is both forward and up. 22--J22; Forward or Back Diagonal Ahorizontalbarmeansawav from vourchest. A dot means towards your chest. 128 Up-Forward Diagonal Movement Imagine an airplane takmg otl. traveling toward the horizon Up- Forward-Diagonal-Movarnent is wvctton with a double stoii-med ai- row A horizontal line, representing the horizon‘ crosses the sterriline Down-Back Diagonal Movement Imagine an airplane coming in lot a landing. traveling towards you Down~Bac| t»Diagona| Movement is written with double» stemmed arrows. A dark dot is wntzen on the stem of the arrow, The out represents the nose ol the plane as it is coming towards you
  68. 68. I; V: ,_ _ , rrj/ N, _ _, Do Not Confuse These Arrows .1’. . ‘ _ . £1’ 1- .2 {'—, “Ln 3’ I ‘ta Up Up—Forward-Diagonal Forward Do Not Confuse These Arrows I ‘. -_< . -V Down Down-Back-Diagonal Back I731 Curved Movement
  69. 69. Up-Down Curved Movement Up-Down movement is parallel wflh (he wont wall. It is vwmen with double-sharrned arrows: Q 1. Curve Up-Side RQ 2. Curve Up-Up M 3. Curve Up-Down-Up @ 4. Curve Up-Loop-Up Up 8: Side U r: Di aun nal D own Diagonal 1 side Side 3‘ up & Down 9 Down Un Diagonal Diagonal 130 Up-Down Curved Arrows The curves are parallel with the wall @O % / ”/“Q <> (56%? $592) W W“? 55 shape. figure SPUQMW I§§5§Er . U@§I 131
  70. 70. Forward-Over or Back-Over Curved Movement Forward»Back movement is parallel with the lloor It is written with single-stemmed arrows The thinner section rreans tar from the body Trrethick, dark secbon means close to the body Close 1. Far Perspective Like looking down a road. close -s wider and darker V11} or+n3+v’+2.r*. «-b, ;>>b Forward~0ver . Forward-Over-Over . Forward-Loop~Over . Forward—Over-Under . Back~Over . Back-Over-Over . Back-Loop-Over . Back-Under-Over Forward 8. Over Diagonal Diagonal Forward & Over Fonrvard & Over , Diagonal Diagonal Back & Over CA) 133
  71. 71. Forward-Under or Back-Under Curved Movement For. vard»Back movement is parallel with the floor It is vl| fl5:fl with single—str. -mmed arrows The thinner section means tar trorn the bony The MICK‘ dark section means close to the may Close 8. Far Perspective Like looking down a road‘ close is wider and darker ®’G‘*é‘cro*»sv>c"~" 15.1 . Forward-Under . Forwardvundcr-Under . Forward-Loop-Under . Forward-Underover . Back-Under. . Back-Under-Under 4 Back-Loop-Under .8acli-Over-Under Forward & Under Diagonal Diagonal Fonivard 8. Under Forward 8. Under T) Back & Under Diagonal Back 8. Under Diagonal Back & Under [9 <@> 136
  72. 72. Forwardside or Back-Side Curved Movement The movement :3 parallel mm the floor It IS wnnen wuh single-stemmed arrows The thinner section means tar from the body / .3| Thethick, dark sermon means close to the body Close 8 Far Perspective Luke IOOKIOQ down a road. close as wider and darker { Zééczé? VBE . Forward—sIde . Forward side-Side . Forward -Loop-Side . Forwa1d~SIde«Bac| (5Ide . Back-Side . Back$ide«$iI1e . Back-Loop-Sbde . Backside-Forward—Side / ‘>4 @573 Back 8: Side J| (E33) 13?
  73. 73. Side-Forward-Side or Side-Back-Side Curved Movement Forward-Back movement is parallel with the floor It IS written with single-stemmed arrows The thinner section means far (mm the body / I #1 1 . Thethick, dark section means close to the body Close It Far Perspective Like looking down a road. close is wider and darker D txutmbuuuvww V3!) . $ide-Forwardside . Side-Forward$ide Twice . Side-Forward-Side Loop . $iUt'7-F0|'W«‘Hd~5td~? Snake . $ide~B.1ck$ idvs . Sid~: --Back-Side Twice . SIde~Back$ide Loop . Side-BJCk»$VdI3 Snake Side-Forward-Side Side-Back-Side
  74. 74. Forward-Back Curved Arrows The curves aria parallel with the lloor *1 —/ o across P Q * K* We grandmother * * us ‘Q1 : tr la-ml allow E/ E. announce Q P area . I / i: >Ll>a AEI t Q b workshop 3 lam Axial Movement ldl
  75. 75. Axial Movement Axial Movement There are two types ofAxial Movement l Rotation Movement of the Forearm 2. Flaxing Movement ofthe Wrist Rotation Signwiting includes symbols which show rotation movements made with your forearm The forearm does not travel It stays in one ptace and rotates Rotatron Symbols place a curved arrow on an "mile" The “axis- Iine" represents the forearm The rotation revolves around this axis A double-lined axls-line represents an axis that is parallel with the wall The forearm is up and the rotation revolves around this up- down axis‘ Forearm points upward, rotates Right foreann is up. Rotation oescnbes the 4+‘ curve of the baby finger forward and side‘ The forearm does not travel, but stays in place (see note below) Right forearm is up. Rotation descnbes the curve of the thumb back towards the chest and +F then side The forearm stays in ptace (see note below) Note The two movements above are technically the same The difference is the feeling of the baby flnger or the feeling of the thumb leading the rotation Some signs push and some signs pull See Push-Pull Writing Rules MI‘ Right forearm is up‘ Rotation describes the $ curve of the baby linger side. forward. and then side again The forearm does not travel, but simply rotates in place Rlght forearm is up Rotation describes the ¢ curve of tire thumb side. back and then side again, The forearm does not travel, but simply rotates In place A single«llned 'axis—line” represents an axis parallel with the floor When the forearm is pointing forward‘ parallel with the floor‘ the "axis-line" is a single line pointing forward Foreann points to rwaro. rotates ¢ $ Rlght forearm is forward, parallel with the floor. Rotation describes the curve of the thumb up and side The torearrn does not travel but stays In place Right forearm is forward, parallel with the floor Rotation describes the curve of the baby finger down and side The forearm stays in place as It rotates Note The two movements above are technically the same The difference is the feeling of the baby finger or the feeling of the thumb leading the rotation Some signs push and some signs pull See Push-Pull Writing Rules, 1-'-I3
  76. 76. Rotation describes the curve of the baby linger ‘ Right forearm is forward parallel with the floor side, down and side again Rotation describes the curve at the thumb side : ' Right foreanri is forward, parallel with the floor up and side again Note The two movements above are technically the same The difference is the feeling of the baby finger or the teeling of the thumb leading the rotation Some signs push and some signs pull. See Push-Pull Writing Rules ROIBHOH, Forearm Up Forearm Parallel with Front Wall “ rm Mil» fig) Uiiwgirfl titl class close finish Rotation For: -arm Forward Forearm Paratlel with Floor M we 53%- U ill I I =2 U D :0: happen break dead 144 When the forearm is parallel with the floor, but pointing side, the "axis—Iine" is a single horizontal line pointing side. Right forearm is side, parallel with the q floor. Rotation describes the curve for- ward, up and over. The forearm does not travel, but says in place as it rotates. Forearm points sideways, rotates Right forearm is side, parallel with the % lloor. Rotation describes the curve back, up and over. The forearm does not trav- el, but stays in one place as it rotates. Right forearm is side, parallel with the floor Rotation describes the curve for- % ward, down and under. The forearm does not travel, but stays in place Right forearm is side, parallel with the I’ lloor. Rotation describes the curve back, down and under. The forearm does not travel, but stays in one place as it rotates. Rotation, Forearm Side Forearm Parallel with Floor third apple begin 145
  77. 77. S lde—Ove r G. Side-Down-Side Rotations 4% tI£@%1}E! }%#%% 1. Side-Over Single Rotation 2. Side-Over Double Rotation 3. Side-Over Altemating Rotation 4. Side-Down-Side Single Rotation 5. Side-Down-Side Double Rotation 8. Side-Down—Slde Altematlng Rotation Side-Under 8. Side-Upside Rotations 4%. aerobics 1. Side-Under Single Rotation 2. Side-Under Double Rotation ll. Side-Under Alternating Rotation 4. Side-Upside Single Rotation 5. Side-Up-Side Double Rotation 6. Side-Up-Side Alternating Rotation Forward-Over 8. Back-Over Rotations 1. Forward-Ovet Single Rotation . % 2. Forwaut-Over Double Rotation % Q1 3. Forward-Over _ ' Alternating Rotation %l’)~' 4. Back-Over Single Rotation "L-' _1'__ _ 6. Bacli-Over Double Rotation bk‘ 6. Back-Over ~37 - Alternating Rotation 1-'-I5 Forwa rd-Under & Back-Under Rotations 1. Forward-Under single Rotation 2. Forward-Under Double Rotation 3. Forward-Under Altemating Rotation 4. Back-Under Single Rotation 5. Back-Under Double Rotation 6. Back-Under Altemating Rotation
  78. 78. Forward-Side & Back -Side Rotation 5 4+ 1. Forward-Side Single Rotation 2. Forwardside Double Rotation 3. Forward—5rde Aitemating Rotation 4. Backside Single Rotation 5. Backside Double Rotation 6. Backside Altemating Rotation = €é= £=£=4.= $=')= ¥)= 6) fig M W Side—Forwardside & Side-Backs ide Rotations fl 1. $ide-Forwarii-$ide . single Rotation ‘ 2. Side-Forwardside ‘ Double Rotation 3. Side-Forward—Side i Alternating Rotation 4. Side-Back-Side Single Rotation iii 6. Side-Back-Side Double Rotation $ 6. Side-Back~5ide Alternating Rotation I]fl . / blue comparison books l-XE Traveling Rotation A few rrxovernefi symbols comnvne ". ra‘. 'eirrrg" movement win an ‘added iotaiiofi the Iorearrn rotates aslhe awn mow. -s lr‘i a spam: direction The rotation ayrrboi vs placed on the stem line oithe arrow .4?? ? I W. -II-Pi. rnr: »Twisi ‘$ 1.F|0Ot~Pldli| :-Tvltsl Straight Wrrh ROLHIOU SltdlqlltNilliH(iIrilIL)l1 5?: 2. WailvPIanr--Twist-Twist 2. Floor—PI. m>~-Twist-Twist in‘ Straight With Rotation Straight Willi Ruldlimt A . ‘:5 3. vliall-Plane-Tsvrxt-Sim-rite 5:? 3. FloorJ7l. irrr-~Twist-ialraliu F9 Straight With Rotation ‘ Straight With Rotation Shaking Rotation Sna'-rrrg Relation does no‘. nelrne how many roiaiicns you male Instead it is 3 last‘ snaking motrnn It can be wrrtien i/ .‘r‘r'1 or wzinaul an 3-'l'(7'/ TVEEU The dark and irgrit arrownaadsare needed at times to show wh-ch arm is doing the snaking 41"; Slnikiirq l‘i'()'. 'Llll| :tII, FtJI’L‘. lllll Up ur ‘ -’ )4 Dnwn, Parallel with the Wall Plans- $ $ :1/VI: $ Stnikiriq F. '.ur. 'uiri«. -iii. Fur-: .mrr Formird. .1 Parallel with the Floor Plans: 1.1%
  79. 79. Wrist-Flextng Movement The wnu remains stable while the hand moves m dlflerent di- rections This flexing motion Is written with a horizontal line cutting the wna The horizontal line represents the axis or mo~ lion Small arrows D04"! in the direction of the flexing motion The arrows represent the direction 01 the hand as it moves = ASL Sign For ‘Yes-Yes‘ w Wrist Flexing Down Twice + j ASL Sign For ‘Flag’ $1‘ * Whst Flexing Forward 0 and Sadr Towards the Chest §: _4_? _n 3% WW * ("'0 "9 +4’ «Ir #1» Chi! helore basketball Circular Movement 15C| 151
  80. 80. Circular Movement Arm Circles Arm circles parallel to the Vliali Plane are double-stemmed circles Arrows mark exactly where the circular movement sans when reading Circle Symbols. place your hand where the arrows are lo- cated on the circle, and then move in the direction at the arrows Single Arm Circles Side-To-Side Parallel Wall Plane / 1. One Circle Starts High 2. One Circle Starts High-Diagonal-Right 3. Oni: Circle Starts Right Side 4. One Cll'C| L' Starts Low-Diagonal-Right 5. One Circle Starts Low 6. One Clfltlt Starts Low-Diagonal-Left 7. One Circle Starts Left Side 8. One CIICIL‘ Starts Hiqli-Diagonal-Lefl Double Arm Circles Side-To-Side Parallel Wall Plane / 1. Two Circles Start High 2. Two Circles Start High-Diagonal-Right 3. Two Circles Start Right Side 4. Two Circles Stan Low-Diagonal-Right 5. Two Circles Start Low 6. Two Circles Start Low-Diagonal-Lelt 7. Two Circles Start Left Side 8. Two Circles Start Higli-Diagonal-Lelt Single Circles Forward-Bacli Sagittal 5 Floor Pianos -0 % ¢ y '0 wt V 1. Forwardfiack Circle Parallel with Side Wall 2. Forward-Back Circle Left High Diagonal 3. Fonvard-Back Circle Parallel with Floor 4. Forward-Back Circle Left Low Diagonal 5. Forward-Back Circle Parallel with Side Wall 6. Forward-Back Circle Right Low Diagonal 7. Forward-Baclr Circle Parallel with Floor 8. Forward-Back Circle Right High Diagonal Double Circles Forward-Baclr Saglttal 3 Floor Planv. -s =0 % cfla y =0 e. ¢'> V t. Forward-Back Circle Parallel with Side Wall 2. Forward-Bacli Circle Left High Diagonal 3. Forward-Bacli Circle Parallel with Floor 4. Forward-Bacli Circle Lelt Low Diagonal 5.For'w.1rd-Bnclr Circle Parallel with Side Wall 6. Fnrward~Bacli Circle Right Low Diagonal 7. Forward~Baclr Circle Parallel with Floor 8. Forward-Back Circle Riqhl High Diagonal §©% cf idea: international 13¢ inferior
  81. 81. Wrlstclrcles Wrist circles are written with solid lines Arrows are placed outside the circle when reading Wrist Circle Symbols, place your hand at the arrow and then move in that direction Sinqlc Wrist Circles Side-To-Side Parallel Wall Plant. - Double Wrist Circles Side-To-Side Parallel Wall Plnne 1.0ne Circle 1. TWOCIICIES f (6 Starts High 6 Start High 8 1. One Circle Starts 59 2. Two Circles Start High-Diagonal-Right High-Diagonal-Righl 3, One Circle — 3. Two Circles 63' Starts Right Side & Start Right Side A. Two Circles Start Q7 LOW-Dlélgflflal-Rlqhl ¢. One Circle Starts ql Low-Diaqanal-Right . ':. One Circle Q Slar1s Low 5. Two Circles Start Low to 6. Two Circles Start Low-Diagonal-Lelt 6. One Circle Starts px. Ll)W—Dlaq0Ddl<LL'" «lb 7. Two Circles Slart Lell Side 7. One Circle ‘Q Starts Lelt Side la 8. ‘Mo Circles Start b 8. One Circle Starts tk High—DiagonaI-Lclt High~Diago nal-Lott 6‘ l. ’iJ Single Wrist Circles Forward -Back sagiital & Floor Plane: 1. Forward-Back Circle Parallel with Side Wall 2. Forward-Back Circle Parallel with Sldi: Wall 3. Forward-Back circlu Parallel with Sldc Wall 4. Forward-Bacli Circle '6 E? ‘ -9 9,. Wllh Sm. .. :55 92 5. Forward-Back Circle Parallel with Floor 6. Forward-Back Circle Parallel with Floor Double Wrist Circles Fo rward-Back Sagittal & Floor Planes 1. Forward-Back Circle Parallel with Side Wall 2. Forward-Back Circle Parallel with Side Wall El. Forward~B. icli Circle Parallel with Side Wall 4.Forwarr.1-Bacli Circle SI‘ Parallel with Side W. iII 5. Forward-Back Circle Parallel with Floor 6. Forward-Back Circle ? Parallel with Floor CD at ra‘i: i Mic hearing person beautiful
  82. 82. lestival beauulul establish use who Arm 8. Wrist Circles ‘W67 56 I '8 imagine hot same continuously warned én‘ WP‘ El Facial Expressions 157
  83. 83. Facial Expressions There are ten groups of facial expressions, including the forehead, eyebrows, eyes & eyegazc, ears 8 cheeks. breathing 8. nose. mouth, tongue, teeth_ chm and other parts Facial Circle Eyebrows Neutral Eyebrows Up Facial Circle Right Eyebrow Up Fomhead Leit Eyebrow up Neutral Fofehfld Eyebrows Neutral wrinkled Forehead Right Eyebrow Neutral Left Eyebrow Neutral Eyebrows Down Right Eyebrow Down Lelt Eyebrow Down ®®®©©®®©© T5?) Eyebrows continued ®®®®@@®©®®®® Eyebrows Down Inside Right Eyebrow Down Inside Left Eyebrow Down Inside Eyebrows Up Inside Right Eyebrow Up inside Left Eyebrow Up Inside Eyebrows Down Outside Right Eyebrow Down Outside Len Eyebrow Down Outside Eyebrows Up Outside Right Eyebrow Up Outside Len Eyebrow Up outside 15%
  84. 84. Eyes ®®®®®O®®©® Eyes Open Right Eye Open Left Eye Open Eyes squint Right Eye Squints Left Eye Squints Eyes Closed Right Eye closed Left Eye closed Eyes squeezed Tightly Together Bug Eyes Eyes Halt Open Right Eye I-iaii Open Left Eye Halt Open Eyes Hall shut Right Eye Hair Shut Lelt Eye Halt shut Eyelashes Right Eyelash ®®®®©0®©0O Left Eyelash 1fi. "i Eyegaze Eyegaze Up Eyegaze Up-Diagonal Eyegaze Side Eyegaze Down-Diagonal Eyegaze Down Eyegaze Down-Diagonal Eyegaze Side Eyegaze Up-Diagonal ®009G®@ Ears ® Ears Eyegaze Forward Eyegaze Forward-Diagonal Eyegaze Side E z Bzzgfoieagornl Eyegaze Back Eyegaze Bar: Diagonal Eyegaze Side Eyegaze Forwardabiagonal ®®®®®0®® C>O Right Ear Left Ear
  85. 85. Cheeks QOQQGQQOQO Cheeks Filled With Air Right cheek Filled With Air Left Cheek Filled With Air Cheeks Without All Right Cheek Without Air Left Cheek Without Alt‘ Cheeks Sucked-ln Right Cheek Sucked-ln Lett Cheek Sucked-In Cheeks Tense High ©©©©®©©©©© 153‘ Right Cheek Tense High Left Cheek Tense High Cheeks Tense Middle Right Cheek Tense Middle Left cheek Tense Middle Cheeks Tense Low Right Cheek Tense Low Left Cheek Tense Low Whole Face Over To The Rlght Whole Face Over To The Lelt Nose ® ® ® ® Neutral Nose Contact Tip at Nose Wrinkle Nose Wiggle Nose Mouth @@©©®©©©©®© Mouth Neutral Straight. closed Closed Mouth Protrudes Forward Closed Smile Closed Smile with Pressure on Sides at Mouth Open Smile. Halt straight closed Frown Closed Frown with Pressure on Sides ot Mouth Halt Frown. Half Straight Open Mouth Open Mouth Protrudes Forward Open Mouth Wrinkles Around sides at the Mouth
  86. 86. Mouth continued Q®®©©@O©©©© Oval Open Mouth Horizontal Rectangular Open Mouth Horizontal Oval Open Mouth Vertical (Yawn) Rectangular Open Mouth Vertica Kiss Kiss Protmdes Forward Lips Sucked in Pressed Together Upper Lip Over Lower Lip Lower Lip Over Upper Up Double Wrinkles Around Mouth Double Wrinkles Right Side Mouth 154 ®©©©©®©OO©® Double Wrinkles Left Side Mouth Single Wrinkles Around Mouth Single Wrinkle Right Side Mouth Single Wrinkle Left Side Mouth Tense Lips Tense Lips Prolrude Forward Tense Li 5 sucked ack Lip corners Both Up Lip Corner Up Right Lip Comer Up Lett Upper Lip Up in the Middle Tongue OO@@@@@@@@ Tongue Sticks Outside & Up Tongue sticks Outside 8. Up Diagonal Tongue sticks Outside 8. Side Tongue Sticks Outside & Down Diagonal Tongue Sticks Outside 8. Down Tongue sticks Outside & Down Diagonal Tongue Sticks Outside 8. side Tongue sticks Outside 8. Up Diagonal Tongue Sticks Outside Straight Center Mouth Tongue sticks Outside curled Center Mouth 155' ©©©©©®©® Tongue Licks Lip Outside a. Up Tongue Licks Lip Outside & Up Diagonal Tongue Licks Lip Outside 8 Side Tongue Licks Lip Outside & Down Diagonal Tongue Licks Lip Outside & Down Tongue Licks Llp Outside It Down Diagonal Tongue Licks Lip Outside & Side Tongue Licks Lip Outside & Up Diagonal
  87. 87. Tongue Teeth Chin continued Tongue ‘fip Tongue inside 6 Teeth Neutral chin up Touches Inside Up Rests Root Mouth Mouth Open 9 G Tongue Tip 0 Touches Inside Tongue inside Q Upper Teeth cm" Up Diagonal Rests Up Diagonal Touch Tongue R upgiagonai Tongue Tip 6 Touches inside Tongue Inside 9 Lower Teeth Side Lett Rests Left Side Touch Tongue G C: cm" side Tongue ‘hp 6 Touches Inside Down Tongue Inside Upper Teeth cm" Diagonal Rests Down Touch Lower Lip K, '1, Dow, -,_Di;9°, ,a| Diagonal Tongue Tip 0 Touches inside Tongue inside Lower Teeth Down Rests Bottom Touch Upper Lip L 9 cm" gown Tongue Tip 0 Touches Inside Tongue inside cm" Down Diagonal Rests Down Teeth Bite Lip 9' D°wn, Dia9ona| Diagonal " Tongue Tlp Touches Inside Tongue inside Teeth Bile cm" side Side Right Rests Right side Right Side of Lip = > 0 Tongue Tip Touches inside Tongue inside Teeth Bile cm" Up Diagonal Rests Up Diagonal Left Side of Lip 5, 5, up_Dia9°n3| 155 755
  88. 88. CM" Other Chin Forward Question Face ' Chin Forwani—Diagonal Neck Chin Side Back oi Head , Chin ‘ Back-Diagonal g Excited ODDIOEO l J V Chin Back Hair l Chin . _, ‘J Back-Diagonal ' . - Q Chin Side —> -> Q cum 7! 2 Forward-Diagonal The Head if->1 tr‘;
  89. 89. 0005000 The Head The Head can be seen lrom diflerent viewpoints: From View Back View Side View Side View Top View Facing Front Top View Facing Diagonal Top View Facing Diagonal ® @ ® E® G G G Contact Center From oi Face Contact Center Back 0! Head Contact ceniet Side 01 Head Contact Cenler side at Hcad Contact Center Top oi Head Contact Center Top of Head Contact Center Top at Head Rim of Head 8. Face Front View Rim of Front of Face OOOOOQOO Rim 0! Face Chin Rim 0! Face Diagonal Low Rim 0! Face Cheek Rim Oi Face Diagonal High Rim OI‘ Face High. Between Fomead and Top ol Head Rim 0! Face Diagonal High Rim 0! Face Cheek Rim 0! Face Diagonal Low Back View Rim of Back of Head OQQQQQQC Rim Back at Head Low (Above Neck) Rlrn Back ol Head Diagonal Low Rin Back of Head Behind Ear Rim Back oi Head Diagonal High Rin Back of Head High Rim Back of Head Diagonal High R'I'n Back ol Head Behind Ear R'l'n Back of Head Diagonal Low
  90. 90. Rim of Head 8. Face Top View Rim oi Top oi Head O©©CM3©©O Rim Top oi Head Back Rim Top oi Head Diagonal Bacli Rim Top of Head side Rim Top oi Head Diagonal Forward Rim Top oi Head Forward Rim Top oi Head Diagonal Forward Rim Top oi Head Side Rim Top of Head Diagonal Back Side View Rim oi Side oi Head : Rim Side oi Head I Under Ear : Rim Side oi Head I Diagonal Low Rim Side of Head I Towards Nose I Rim Side oi Head | Diagonal High I I I Rim Side oi Head I Over Ear I G | Rim Side oi Head | Diagonal High : Rim Side oi Head I Towards Bacli I Rim side of Head I Diagonal Low I COOODQ OOO Rim of Head & Face Front View Relating To The Side of Head Relating to Under Chin Relalin to Side oi ead Down Diagonal Relating to Side oi Head v Reialin to Side oi ead Up Diagonal Relating to Top of Head Relatin to side oi ead Up Diagonal Relating to Side oi Head Relating to Side oi Head Down Diagonal Front View Touching The Side of Head O II! 000000 Touching Under Chin Touchin Side oi ead Down Diagonal Touchin alt Side oi ead Touchin Side oi ead Up Diagonal Touching Top oi Head Touchin Side oi cad Up Diagonal Touchin Side oi ead Touchin side oi ead Down Diagonal
  91. 91. Head Movement Face-Direction Movement Symbols The 0058 moves In the dlrechon D’ the BVTOWS The neck bends and stretches as the nose moves, 6666 6666666» 6666666 6666666 6666666 666§6666 174 Head Movement Head-Direction Movement Symbols The entire head travels In me dnrecuon of the arrows. The nose remains straight. and the neck does not bend. ’n'r 66 666 666 66666666 66666666 66666666 66666666
  92. 92. Head Positions Face Direction Llnes This i5 not movement It is a srabie posmon marking the difEC"0n otthe nose and face relating to the shoulders Face Direction, Center Face Direction. Center. 11“ Right Face Direction. Center. ‘rm Left Face Direction. Side Right. Center Face Direction. Side Left. Center Face Direction. Side Right. Tilt Right Face Direction. Side Right. Tilt Left ’ Face Direction. Center Up Face Direction. Centet Up. 1'Itt Right Face Direction. Side Right. Up Face Direction. Side Right. Up.1'Iit Right Face Direction. Side Right. Up. rm Left Face Direction, Center Down Face Direction. Center Down, Tm Right Face Direction, Side Righl, Down The Body J. hl1LllliJ'~lT. |.J(‘l-| - Face Direction. Side Right. Down. Tilt Right
  93. 93. Shoulder Positions & Movements Z 1' 'é ? IT -1-" jfr jfl To jll ii‘ jz 3): jl jm). jfiwi S hou lde rs Right Shoulder Up (Position) Both Shoulders Up (Position) Right Shoulder Down (Position) Both shoulders Down (Position) One Smolder Up. One Shoulder Down (Position) Shoulder Moves Up shoulder Moves Up-Diagonal shoulder Moves Down-Diagonal Shoulder Moves Down shoulder Moves Forward Shoulder Moves Forward-Diagonal Shoulder Moves Back-Diagonal Shoulder Moves Bacli Shoulder Moves Up & Down shoulder Moves Forward 8. Back Torso (Upper Body) Positions & Movements xxx i—i ‘N 1?} 8% '1 H3 Torso (Upper Body) Pulls Up Torso (Upper Body) Sinks Down Torso Moves in a Curve, Up 8. Side Torso Bends to the Len side (Arrow Pushes Torso Up & Side) Torso Twists to the Lelt Side (Arrow Pushes Torso in a LL-it Rotation) Torso Twists to the Right Side (Arrow Pushes Torso in a Right Rotation) Upper Torso (Ribcage) Tilts Forward Upper Torso (Ribcage) Tins Forward Diagonal Upper Torso (Rlbcage) Tills Side Upper Torso (Ribcage) Tilts Back-Diagonal Upper Torso (Ribcage) Tilts Bacli Rocking Motion From the Ribcage Upper Torso Tilts (Rocks) Back 6. Forward Rocking Motion From the Ribcage Upper Torso 1'ilts (Rocks) Back-Forward-Back
  94. 94. Upper Body Tilts Rocking Motion lmm the Nb John The upper body lmsor rocks and tonh The neck and torso do not bend‘ They remain stravg . oving in a unit from the hip joints. Q@@@@®d Q@&@Q@6 180 18! Dynamics
  95. 95. Dynamics Symbols 1. Movement Dynamicsare small symbolsplaced near movement arrows They indicate movement that lS last slow, smooth, tense relaxed simultaneous, alternating, and uneven-alternating , ., / £' + A V 5 2} / 2. Ha ndsiiape Dynamics mark classifiers They mark a hand that rs held in one place fora longtime. r ‘- (L D H av M R, 3. Facial Dynamics show tense or relaxed lacial muscles The Terse Symbol is usedioi lipslhal presstogelher lor raised cheeks and lo! squeezed eyes 630 4. Punctuation Dynamics show the speed, timing and quality of enhre phrases and sentences / K S i: - 1 T 5. Unit Dynamics marks the inlluv ® ence Dione symbol on a whole group ofsigns The Unit-Con necting Line is used to showone tacialexpressian O influencing several signs if 121;‘ Movement Dynamics )) R W V ( ) 8% Simultaneous Line Both hands move at the same time Alternating Lines The right hand moves in one oiiecmn whru the left moves simultanously in the opposite U reclion Un~Even Alternating One Moves While The Other One Is Still The right hand moves while the left rernams still Then the left moves while the right remains stiil Slaw Movement Smooth Movement Fast Movement Fast Movement with Emphasis Tense Movement Tense Movement with Emphasis Relaxed Movement Relaxed Movement with Emphasis W3
  96. 96. Handshape Dynamics 9 Writing Classifiers Classifiers are 'il'l'i¥0fl with the handshaoe, plus a Classifier % Marker. The Classifier Marker .5 a Tension Symbol ll lS place 9 under the handshape N I “J & lnthissentence. Golciilockssees “' "' a bowl cl porridge The bowl is established in space by a feeling oftension, a little like the feeling otplacing something on a table w it anchors the visual picture of a bowlinspace. The Tension Syrn~ (X bolmarkszhatleeling. ltisali-rays if plaozd under the hanoshapizs Oncelhe CIBSSITEIISESISDHSHEU‘ one hand continues to mark the classher‘ held in the same posi- lion_ while the other hand does 6 other signs The Tension Symbol remains under the hand that marks the classifier. an Qtjj J Goldilocks is discussing the “' porridge She issayingthat she T, seesthe bowl, and than eats the porridge from it But the porridge is too hot" tit-l Facial Dynamics Related To Handshape Dynamics Facial expressions are essential to writing Sign Language stories and lllelalule They mark grammar and emphasis The Tense Lips symbol shows the dynamics ol the lips lensing as the hand is es- tablished in space by a C| aSS4llel Tension on the lips and near the hands are ottentrrnes written together Below: The Classiler for "bed’ -in American Sign Language. IS wntten with a Tension Symbol under the handshape to mark the classifier. At the same time me lips also tense, giving the feeling of "anchoring the classifier" in space 1713"; zi“lt-<—€)< ZTTPC ThlS bed is placed This bed is placed This bed is 913095 to the lell side in the center It IS to the right Side It It lS established established in the is established in in the left space, center space ci- the right space. to the lell ol the rectly under the to the right of the racial EXPTESSIDFT lacial expression lacial express-on The lips tense The lips tense The lips tense as the classifier is as the C3a$Slllel is as the classifier is placed in space. placed in space placed in space l-Ct"
  97. 97. Unit-Connecting Line / “"5 "(St Unit Dynamics Unit-Connecting Lines 3" ‘"9 signs be- lnfluence is written with a Unit- © 1;: Connecting Line /0 the grey The Unit-Connecting Line is backs‘ useful for Sign Language re~ searchers It Is used to show the irilluenceofone facial expression on a group of signs When one symbol Influences a no or group of symbols or signs. the B M v symbol that is Influencing the group is written first Then a line isivritten_ like a bracket, conr-iei: t~ ing the symbol with the group it W influences. ‘I: 1: when Signwriting is written vertiwilyi the Unit Connecting Line is written to the side of the verticat column. as shown here. The Unit Line is grey or lighter than the signs In Spain‘ the Unit Connecting Line is used for horizontal Sign- Writing literature when writing horizontally. the Unit Connecting Line is wntten under or over the writing T In Sutton Darioewriting, the Unit« Connecting Line is used often to show the inlluence of one movement symbol on a group of ' othersyrnbols In Signwiling it .1 @ is rarely used for everyday use ‘V 3 Girl -. . / V Punctuation
  98. 98. Punctuation PAUSE (similar to a Comma in English) END OF SENTENCE (similar to a Penod in Engflsn) PAUSE BEFORE END OF PHRASE (similar to a Semi-Colon in English) QLIESTIONING PAUSE BEFORE END OF PHRASE (similar to a Question Mark in English). lNhen a sentence 01 phrase ends in a question, there is a slight pause at the end The semi-colon symbol is used to write that pause at the end. but It must be combined with 5l§l’lS that write the grammatically necessary Facsal Expressons and Head Movements that occur in sign languages when asking ques~ tions. including Head Forward and Eyebrows Up or Down. PAUSE BEFORE LISTING ITEMS (similar to a colon in English ) This is used in the middle eta sentence. marking a new phrase that line items t,2, Sand so on PAUSE BEFORE 8- AFTER A SUB-PHRASE (similar to Parentheees in English ) Marks a second thought inside a sentence, starting with the curved-up symbol and ending in the curved down parentheses. IHB Punctuation Dynamics Sign Language sentences VIII‘! feeling! Signvllrtting, like other wnt- ing systems, has punctue» tion. A dark line at the end eta Slgnl/ llnting sentence is the equivalent to a penod in English. It marks the end at thesentenceorphrase Two lines represent a pause. or comma Signwriting can add more leeling to sentencesby edd- ing Dynamics Symboisto the Punctuation. The Fast Symbol represents asentence executed quiddy, with speed. This is similar to an Exclamation Point in English. slow, Smooth. Tense and Relaxed Dynamic Symbols can also be placed near Punctuation Symboisle give the feeling of slow. smooth, tense or relaxed sentences. B9 ) 2;:
  99. 99. Period. hm Pause. End of Comma Sentence Enflhsh Trar1xint9on'Wrmn3 ASL lrom the Deal pg-rsperflve. 190 Eyebrows S Down Where '1++ &% Head g 1 house Forward ’I‘ 5% ’§ Question Where Mark. Slight Pause at End of Sentence *1. lnghsh lunslaluun when I5 the house?
  100. 100. Fast Movement 42:! | :>‘3 <1) . . + '1 '1 ® -“' Tension j I- 5Ymb°' T U- + 3’: 2: 9)“ English Iunshrion: Baby Bear ash ‘Who are you? " Goldilocks saw the bears, betame hightened. ahol out of the house, and ran all the way home, 153‘ 193 Writing Signs 8: Sign Llteratuve
  101. 101. Writing Signs Signspelling Guideline 1 First. write the Position of Contact when starting to write a sign ask yourself ‘is there a Post- hori at contact in thli eign’? Are the hands contacting each oth- er’? Are the hands curtacting the Face or Body? Wrle that Pu» srtiori of Contact first, which becomes the ‘Center 0! the Sign’ When writing the Position oi Contact, try to place the two contacting symbols as close to each other an possibte Try to make rt look IDKQ it does in real lite There should be very little space netween the two contacting symbols Sigrsspellinge revotve around the Position 01 Contact like a email universe The Position ot Contact is the Center at the Sign, and the Movement and Contact Syrrbole relate to that oenter Ti: H“ . “J-. ilfllj {him in-o-our-nlu l a-Ann-iuuuup The Position at Ooritau is important oecauie it holds the meaning in a sign The eye lucusea on the Posrtion ea‘ Con- tact when reading the Position or Contact is hire a unit Writing the Position of Contact also creates srnsller signs in width and height which makes writing in verbal colurnris more cen- tered and compact. making ttw columns themselves In: wide Writing the Position at Corded gives a visuei piiaure or the sign Since you can see the two hands are touching try their close placerriert the aingie Touch Contact Star Ii rarely neces- sary it is not wrong to wrie the single Touch Contact Star. out it is not necessary either This airrvlrfiea the writing of signs Double Touch Contact Stars are written rio Hatter what, be- cause Double Touch or Toochffouch. is a moverneril not a post» iron It is onry single Touch Contact Stars that can be eliminated ‘I94 Slgnspollhg Guideline 1 The two contacting symbols, such as the Hands and Face, are writ- ten close to each other. Then Movement Symbols are placed nearby. Sometimes the entire sign is nothing butthe Position of Contact, with no other symbols needed. Coma Idbrnet 6?‘- O**l 195
  102. 102. Writing Signs Signspelling Guideline 2 Every Sign Has A Center Every sign has a Center. like a little universe lithe Sun is the center and the pCE)ri: ‘t5 rotate around it) The Center oi the Sign gr-. -:2: the sign locus lor iric reaaer It is an Arrchor, that grabs your anent on I The Position oi Contact is usually the Center of the Sign. at q: I‘i-xnvtuv at : IUVKIK‘ . the : m.. . .1 "V . -. .,. Funlinr 71' : ;.i-_. ;- 4- In: :ll1Ijl: I m. :. ~. 2 ttthere is NO contact, then the Boginn ng Position is the Center 3 Movement Symbols relate to the Center like pianots rotating around the Sun in 8 possible directions. tnnuarrt tnmiard X t 1- K . ; ii? 1 S hill but The tirqiriiirnq iiandshiipe it in the middle or spare. the mouemeni npnhol ‘drags ll’ir- harrdxhape‘ tn flitterent direulniis. Ilrr- bi-qinnlitq hiinilstmpr It plated near the heginriirrq stern at ltui arrow. Writing Signs Signspelling Guideline 3 Step-by-Step Writing Process I The Position of Contact is written first it is me Center oi the sign as 2. There are 8 possible placements of Movement Syrrbols around the Ce nler The arrows PULL or DRAG the hands in the direction of the arrow lmagine zi Movernerit wheel with 8 spokes / i‘| |/‘i / <= i = > / “N / in;
  103. 103. Step-by-Step Wrmng Process contmu-: r1 3 Choose the arrow trom the Movement Wheel It the movement as straight UP‘ choose the UP arrow Keep the UP ar- row tn the same spatnahreiatvonshrp to the CENTER as It was when alt the other arrows were in the Wheel. The UP arrow. in other words. us always placed ABOVE the CENTER of the srgn, pulling rt UP" <E‘—> /7 = > N ' <: 1/ C5‘ ‘> L Step-by-Step Writing Process oohtrnur-d It the movement rs straight FORWARD choose the FORWARD ar- row Keep the FORWARD arrow In the same spatrat-relattonshnp to the CENTER as it was when a| | the other arrows were In the Wheel The FORWARD arrow. In other words vs atways placed ABOVE the CENTER otthe sign. pulhng rt FORWARD‘ T or T '_ <—€’ | _/ /7 —> 4 ¢ UPS;
  104. 104. Step-by-Step Writing Process r: orrt| r. rr: d It the movement rs FORWARD-DIAGONAL‘ choose the FORWARD- DOAGONAL arrow Keep the FORWARD-DIAGONAL arrow In the same spatraterelatlonshrp to the CENTER as rt was when all the other arrows were rn the Wheel The FORWARDDIAGONAL arrow rs ahvays ptaced above and to the diagonal Forward Left Diagonal l_ r r e7 The Back Arrow IS placed BELOW the Center Tms means the move- ment Is coming straaght back towards your chest err | // Back "rm Step-by-Step Writing Process cohuhued If the movement rs CURVED, choose the CURVE arrow needed Keep the CURVED arrow in the same spatial-relationshtp to the CENTER as It was when all the other arrows were in the Wheel f>——: »=~n% @912? Q It: /,»—<‘) d'? I‘<? > / _J '3’ Help All Of You 201
  105. 105. Step-by—Step Writing Process continued if the rnovemem is a ROTATlON ARROW choose the ROTATION ARRON needed Keep lhe ROTATION ARROW In the same spatialvrolatlonship to the CENTER as it was when all the other arrows were 'rn the Wheel «Ha -«ls eon eae "Pr *P' N the curve at the Rotation Arrow is curved down II is usualty placed under the hands. It the curve at the Rotatxon Arrow is curved up, than it is usually placed above the hands éfi b 4» -. + : > D- I ‘3 CI. ‘#5 '1‘&= '§9)= ‘:55 R55-= .>>>= Step-by-Step Writing Process continued EXCEPTION: Occasionally arrows can collide with other symbols, such as the Facial Circle orthe Shoulder Line. When this happensthere is no choice butto placethe M ovementArrow a little to the sideto avoid the collision. This happens mostly when contacting the Face. Three ASL Signs that are exceptions: T9 9? really not good If the Facial circle had not been there, these signs would be written like this: o lit: 0 203
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  114. 114. 17 3."§’; ‘0~9®r°: . . e-: ==~»- Q*? ':; »3"¢@9 1 ou"'? '®? a.1“: ‘_4;: : i _-9°? <2.» 7‘ I‘ 0 7 (Eat, Q: rrnrgrnouk About This Article Charles-Michel de i’Eppe written in American Sign Language hyhdem Frost Based on an eariler article signed by Lucinda O‘Graay in ASL on video and transcribed by Chance Butler Neto. This article appears In the new Asl. Wikipediez AIL VMKIPEDCA mtpcIMmw. signwriiing. orgIen¢y: iepedie 212 Signwriting Instruction Shnfilline-Iii--In ° Siellvlvlue-I! !!-v 1 Ipllhfiqkuleeelhmni Item I’ IQWMIMI ‘INC! Lummo nnucsatsnyrwrenq-nu nu union 4: new nil-bunnrrlnuel usnaausuuonuangundunn-g -nyny-nungnguqnsnunmi-yarn: -4 v(rnb¢1om r-ievmenixkuuevn-uve«uems, urmn-ov: mev1u, i-aula Kl! -aim: ummaudnaxuignpinuusu mean 91'! III IWNHIKIA QM Lefiflliwtlsli ‘Mela now» Ioeamln uuo. InduvIiyS1i) ooinlne Sirwanmgsm E804 W50-DIISG-09>! ) eigwvnm. &nna&ud Imnnl 1; Iiymnlna mm epneugwmmn Yin: solwlvr um-i-no-inn v-our-nae mmuli avdes - uuguaumotmzeincuaspmhdsanneinuunr Ind sip: -wring Mmbct uswn 2010'; illld Io vmle ever an up uguguan more :1 samwoeoonino seen ueounwsunrcvovuovw-in enhaonnovana eon: -Ipelnreangs mennrrrcomilngslorliullio afimdrwllnlfl nmianuipnma Adaliml sym--g 1:-umaim iiocimlmin mum nnammuum men ta: :7: oeunuea 7‘ hhuieefiefl Ilufl 3: ll-licii ID LUIDID Mild Q-bdl This I15vI9' It-uni-bone Mow-ow mlnuli arm» I mlaenlloeecn dine nnnnas-prams macho-me ununcnu an unm-on may-wmg Eunpaoa mow: omnmunou-nu imuosmom-qsalrmnoum Inna: The cmeoomnq aunmnmg mos II nhced rum in new viwin Mala: -J Sc-wbvnmn nimnzun n mcmeanmenuvanunmeouxuvmenoui: wmne pmupuuceu by Duns. prev-nu Am-11 ha 111 as necnmvnn Veiem anon Iseu ovwmsas-an Iyflihginneneenlhfih vul-nucsnuwaiowignuuaaiaoosuluuymuou Aaonsrowsnraosumsoniunan-mtunaucnum hnngiou-dh¢. aI2Dit¢§pegu. exndw¢edhouIe amaze: and synodsolme ssmunln Iiusnownn sic Isiuenoum fimwnlnn Lnaon: om. rnuniui ism mo 891-00! Locum cum: Anhled Us by Man Fvoei nupcnuuunguwnnnguyiuaomnnu

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