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SIERRA NEVADA

Amy Hutto
Carlos Guzman

Linh La
Tracey Mach
Nam Nguyen
Approximately
400 miles long
and 50 miles
wide

One of the most popular regions
in the state of California
THE SIERRA NEVADA
REGION INCLUDES:
• 3 National Parks

• 20 Wilderness areas
• 2 National Monuments
BUSINESSES & ORGANIZATIONS
• Sierra Entertainment

• Sierra Nevada Brewing Company
• Sierra Bullets

• Sierra Club

Even t...
EARLY INHIBITERS – NATIVE AMERICANS
• Inhabited as early as 500 CE
• Northern Paiutes – East Side
• Mono and Sierra Miwoks...
EXPLORERS OF THE SIERRA NEVADA
• Began by the Europeans and
Americans in 1827
• Pedro Fages - First
European to sight rang...
MORE EXPLORERS OF THE SIERRA NEVADA
• John C. Fremont and Kit Carson – Lake Tahoe in the mid 1899s
• Josiah Whitney & othe...
CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH (1848 – 1855)
EARLY ADVOCATES FOR THE SIERRA NEVADA

“None of Nature's landscape are ugly so
long as they are wild” (John Muir from Our
...
EARLY ADVOCATES FOR THE SIERRA NEVADA

Ansley Adams (1902 – 1984)
Photographer, Environmentalist
• Climate in this region is influenced
by a rain shadow effect.
• Air Flow from the ocean hits the
western slope which inf...
PRECIPITATION EFFECT

Western Slope

Eastern Slope
• Adiabatic cooling is a major cause for climate in the Sierra Nevada.

• Less oxygen at higher levels.
• Cool and dry air...
GEOLOGY
• Largest Mountain range in the United States
• Granite rocks

• Young mountain range.
BIRTH OF THE SIERRA NEVADA
• Formed when the North American plate pushed westward over
the Pacific Ocean plate

• Erosion ...
GOLD IN SEDIMENT DEPOSITS
• Composites of gold and quartz in water
• Engraved in veins of metamorphic rocks
• Erosion
• Go...
•Blue Oak (Quercus
douglasii)
•California Buckeye
(Aesculus californica)
CHAPARRAL
Flannel Bush
(Fremontodendron californica)
•Greenleaf Manzanita
(Arctostaphylos patula)

•Kit-Kit-dizze (Chamaebatia
foliolosa)
•Sierra Gooseberry (Ribes
roezlii)
•W...
LODGEPOLE- RED FIR
FOREST
• Snow Plant (Sarcodes sanguinea)
• Bush Chinquapin (Chrysolepis sempervirens)
RIPARIAN
• Black Cottonwood
(Populus trichocarpa)
• White Alder

(Alnus rhombifolia)
FLORA

Giant Sequoia,
also known as
Giant Sierra
Redwoods
Sequoiadendron giganteum

The largest living
things in the
world...
FAUNA – FOOTHILL WOODLAND
• California Ground Squirrel
(Otospermophilus beecheyi)

• Great Horned Owls
(Bubo virginianus)
...
FAUNA – YELLOW PINE FOREST
• Gilbert’s Skink
(Eumeces gilbert)

• Steller’s Jay
(Cyanocitta stelleri)

• American Robin
(T...
FAUNA – LODGEPOLE- RED FIR FOREST
• Cassin’s Finch
(Carpodacus cassinii)

• Hermit Thrush
(Catharus guttatus)

• Marten
(M...
FAUNA – RIPARIAN HABITAT
• Lorquin’s Admiral
(Basilarchia lorquini)

• Western Tiger Swallowtail
(Papilio rutulus)

• Belt...
CONSERVATION ISSUES
- Yosemite Valley government protection (1864).
- Endangered spp.
- Invasive spp.
ENDANGERED SPECIES
Giant Sequia
(Sequoiadendron giganteum)

California Tiger Salamander
(Ambystoma californiense)

Sierra ...
INVASIVE SPECIES
Cheatgrass
(Bromus tectorum)

Yellow
star- thistle
(Centaurea
solstitialis)

Northern
Snakehead
(Channa a...
THE END
Thank you for listening to our
presentation on the Sierra
Nevada region of California!
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Sierra nevada presentation

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Sierra nevada presentation

  1. 1. SIERRA NEVADA Amy Hutto Carlos Guzman Linh La Tracey Mach Nam Nguyen
  2. 2. Approximately 400 miles long and 50 miles wide One of the most popular regions in the state of California
  3. 3. THE SIERRA NEVADA REGION INCLUDES: • 3 National Parks • 20 Wilderness areas • 2 National Monuments
  4. 4. BUSINESSES & ORGANIZATIONS • Sierra Entertainment • Sierra Nevada Brewing Company • Sierra Bullets • Sierra Club Even the state of Nevada was named for this mountainous region!
  5. 5. EARLY INHIBITERS – NATIVE AMERICANS • Inhabited as early as 500 CE • Northern Paiutes – East Side • Mono and Sierra Miwoks – Western Side • Kawaiisu – South Side Captain John of the Pauites Chief Winnemucca Pauites Mono Indians Sarah Winnemucca (daughter) Pauites writer, lecturer
  6. 6. EXPLORERS OF THE SIERRA NEVADA • Began by the Europeans and Americans in 1827 • Pedro Fages - First European to sight range in 1772 • Bolton Coit Brown – Explored Kings River in late 1800s • Joseph N. LeConte – Mapped Kings Canyon National Park in early 1900s • James S. Hutchinson – Climbed Palisades and Mt. Humphreys in early 1900s
  7. 7. MORE EXPLORERS OF THE SIERRA NEVADA • John C. Fremont and Kit Carson – Lake Tahoe in the mid 1899s • Josiah Whitney & others – Yosemite National Park in the mid 1899s • 1912 – USGS (United States Geological Survey) published first maps of the Sierra Nevada John C. Fremont Kit Carson Josiah Whitney
  8. 8. CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH (1848 – 1855)
  9. 9. EARLY ADVOCATES FOR THE SIERRA NEVADA “None of Nature's landscape are ugly so long as they are wild” (John Muir from Our National Parks) John Muir (1838 – 1914) Advocate, Conservationist, Author
  10. 10. EARLY ADVOCATES FOR THE SIERRA NEVADA Ansley Adams (1902 – 1984) Photographer, Environmentalist
  11. 11. • Climate in this region is influenced by a rain shadow effect. • Air Flow from the ocean hits the western slope which influences precipitation. • The Western slope receives about more precipitation than the Eastern slope.
  12. 12. PRECIPITATION EFFECT Western Slope Eastern Slope
  13. 13. • Adiabatic cooling is a major cause for climate in the Sierra Nevada. • Less oxygen at higher levels. • Cool and dry air influences velocity • “Venturi Effect.”
  14. 14. GEOLOGY • Largest Mountain range in the United States • Granite rocks • Young mountain range.
  15. 15. BIRTH OF THE SIERRA NEVADA • Formed when the North American plate pushed westward over the Pacific Ocean plate • Erosion carved shape. • Uplift in the eastern.
  16. 16. GOLD IN SEDIMENT DEPOSITS • Composites of gold and quartz in water • Engraved in veins of metamorphic rocks • Erosion • Gold Rush in California as discovered in the American River
  17. 17. •Blue Oak (Quercus douglasii) •California Buckeye (Aesculus californica)
  18. 18. CHAPARRAL Flannel Bush (Fremontodendron californica)
  19. 19. •Greenleaf Manzanita (Arctostaphylos patula) •Kit-Kit-dizze (Chamaebatia foliolosa) •Sierra Gooseberry (Ribes roezlii) •Western Azalea (Rhododendron occidentale)
  20. 20. LODGEPOLE- RED FIR FOREST • Snow Plant (Sarcodes sanguinea) • Bush Chinquapin (Chrysolepis sempervirens)
  21. 21. RIPARIAN • Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) • White Alder (Alnus rhombifolia)
  22. 22. FLORA Giant Sequoia, also known as Giant Sierra Redwoods Sequoiadendron giganteum The largest living things in the world!!
  23. 23. FAUNA – FOOTHILL WOODLAND • California Ground Squirrel (Otospermophilus beecheyi) • Great Horned Owls (Bubo virginianus) • Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) • Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia) • California Quail (Callipepla californica)
  24. 24. FAUNA – YELLOW PINE FOREST • Gilbert’s Skink (Eumeces gilbert) • Steller’s Jay (Cyanocitta stelleri) • American Robin (Turdus migratorius) • American Black Bear (Ursus americanus) • Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)
  25. 25. FAUNA – LODGEPOLE- RED FIR FOREST • Cassin’s Finch (Carpodacus cassinii) • Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus) • Marten (Martes americanus) • Northern Flying Squirrels (Glaucomys sabrinus) • Lodgepole Chipmunk (Tamius speciosus)
  26. 26. FAUNA – RIPARIAN HABITAT • Lorquin’s Admiral (Basilarchia lorquini) • Western Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio rutulus) • Belted Kingfisher (Ceryle alcyon) • Zephyr Anglewing (Polygonia zephyrus) • Pale Swallowtail (Papilio eurymedon)
  27. 27. CONSERVATION ISSUES - Yosemite Valley government protection (1864). - Endangered spp. - Invasive spp.
  28. 28. ENDANGERED SPECIES Giant Sequia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) California Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma californiense) Sierra Nevada Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes necator)
  29. 29. INVASIVE SPECIES Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) Yellow star- thistle (Centaurea solstitialis) Northern Snakehead (Channa argus)
  30. 30. THE END Thank you for listening to our presentation on the Sierra Nevada region of California!

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