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Brief intro of Panchakarma (Bio-Purification)

  1. 1. Brief Introduction of Ayurveda And Panchakarma Therapy Presented by:- Dr. Kamini SoniDr. Kamini Soni M.D., PhD. Reader, Dept. Of Panchakarma Pt.Khushilal Sharma Govt .(Auto.) Ayurveda College And Institute , Bhopal (M.P.) Prepared by :- Dr. Shalu Jain PG Scholor , Department Of Panchakarma Pt.Khushilal Sharma Govt .(Auto.) Ayurveda College And Institute , Bhopal (M.P.)
  2. 2. Introduction Of Ayurveda  Ayurveda is most ancient system of medicine.  India’s traditional system of medicine.  It is more than 5000 years old system.  The word “Ayu” means– Life and “Veda” means – knowledge or science.  Thus AYURVEDA means “science of life”.
  3. 3. Objectives Of Ayurveda There are two objectives of ayurveda:- I. To maintain the health of healthy. II. To pacify the disease of diseased.
  4. 4. Fundamental Principles Of Ayurveda  Panchmahabhut theory (akash, vayu, agni, jala, prithavi)  Tridosha theory (vata, pitta, kapha)  Saptdhatu theory (ras, rakta, mamsa, meda, asthi, majja, shukra)shukra)  Mala (sweda, purish, mutra)  Prakruti (body’s constitution)
  5. 5. Tridosha Theory Vata • Vata is energy of movement. It governs breathing,blinking,muscle and tissue movement, pulsation of the heart and all movements of cytoplasm. Pitta • Pitta is energy f digestion and metobolism. It governs digestion, absorption, assimilation, nutrition, body temperature. Kapha • Kapha the energy that forms the body structure. Kapha provides the water for all bodily parts and system. It lubricates joints,moisturizes the skin and maintain immunity.
  6. 6. Ayurvedic Management Ayurvedic treatment can be broadly classified into two:- Shodhan Chikitsa (Purification Therapy) Shaman Chikitsa(Alleviating Therapy)
  7. 7. Introduction of Panchkarma Panchkarma present a unique approach of ayurveda with specially designed five procedures of internal purification of body through the nearest route. It is not only for detoxifying the body, but also for rejuvenationIt is not only for detoxifying the body, but also for rejuvenation strengthening the immune system and restoring balance and well being. It is one of the most effective healing modalities in ayurvedic medicine. Panchakarma has a full therapy role as promotive, preventive and curative procedure.
  8. 8. Definition Of Panchakarma  Panch means five and Karma means action or therapy,So panchakarma means five action or therapies.  The lakshan of karma is bahu-ati Kartavyta (multiple and broad spectrum action) and having the capacity of eliminating the Dosha.Dosha.  Five major purificatory therapies :- 1) Vaman Karma 2) Virechan Karma 3) Basti Karma 4) Nasya Karma 5) Raktamokshan karma
  9. 9. Importance of Panchakarma  The dosha that are pacified by Shodhana never recurs but those pacified by Langhan Pachan etc. May recur.  The unique feature of the Panchakarma therapy is to destroy the disease from the root level.destroy the disease from the root level.  It is used in all the 8 branches of Ayurveda as major, supportive or preparatory therapy.
  10. 10. Objective of Panchakarma There are three major objectives:- Health maintenance (preventive) Elimination of the disease (promotive) Prepare for rejuvenation (curative)
  11. 11. Preventive Panchakarma  It aims to prevent diseases before it starts attacking our body or even parts of organs.  It is suggested for healthy individuals, as part of regular seasonal regimens.seasonal regimens.  It also reduce the impact of a disease which had already attacked the human body.
  12. 12. Seasonal Panchkarma Karma Season (Ritu) Dosha Vaman (induced emesis) Basant Kapha Virechana (induced Purgation) Sharad PittaVirechana (induced Purgation) Sharad Pitta Basti (medicated enema) Pravrut Vata
  13. 13. Promotive Panchakarma Rejuvenation therapy (rasayan ) Revitalization therapy (vajikaran) Relaxation therapy Immune enhance therapy
  14. 14. Curative Panchakarma To treat and remove the ailments of a diseased person. In acute diseases if the impaired doshas are moved out timely, disease progression can be immediately stopped. In chronic diseases, ama adhere to koshtha and srotas;In chronic diseases, ama adhere to koshtha and srotas; impaired doshas are first moved out by pachan therapies.
  15. 15. Benefits of panchakarma  Purifies the body  Removal of toxins  Speeding up the metabolism  Weight reduction Weight reduction  Improving the functionality of the digestive system  Opening up of blocked channels  Body and mind relaxation  Rejuvenation of tissues  Immunity Booster  Stress Reliever
  16. 16. Panchkarma It is always perfomed in three phases:- Purva karma (Preparatory Procedures) Pradhan karma (Main Procedures) Paschat karma (Post Operative Procedures)
  17. 17. Preparatory Procedures Before the actual operation of purification begins, there is a need to prepare the body with prescribed methods to organize the body for expelling the dosha. It includes:-It includes:- A. Dipana (enhance the agni) B. Pachana (Digestion of ama) C. Snehan(internal and external oleation) D. Svedan (sudation)
  18. 18. Main Procedure (Bio- Purification) 1. Vaman (emesis Therapy) 2. Virechan(Purgation Therapy) 3. Basti Karma (enema Therapy ) 4. Nasya Karma (errhine Therapy) 5. Raktmokshan (Bloodletting Therapy)
  19. 19. Vaman (emesis therapy)  Internal medicine are administerd to induce vomiting.
  20. 20. Vaman Procedures 1 2 3 4 5
  21. 21. Indication of Vaman:-  Kaphaj disorder  Skin diseases  Asthma Asthma  Goitre  Diabetes  Anorexia  PCOD  Acne  Obesity
  22. 22. contra-indication of Vaman  Small child  Elder people  Pregnancy  Chest injury  Delicate person  Heart diseases  Very weak person
  23. 23. Virechan (purgation therapy)  Internal medicine are administered to induce purgation.
  24. 24. Virechan procedure 1 2 1 3
  25. 25. Indication of virechan:-  Pittaj disorder  Chronic Fever  Diabetes  Jaundice  Asthma Asthma  Skin disorders such as Herpes  Paraplegia  Hemiplegia  Digestive disorders  Constipation  Hyperacidity  Vitiligo  Psoriasis  Gynaecological disorders
  26. 26. Contra-indication of virechan:-  Pregnant  Dehydration  Diarrhoea Depression Depression  Tuberculosis and also if the gastric fire is very weak.
  27. 27. Basti (medicated enema therapy)  Herbal medicine in the form of decoction or oil is administerd through anus.
  28. 28. Basti procedure
  29. 29. Indication of Medicated enema (Basti) 1) constipation 2) low back ache 3) Inflammatory disorders like Gout, rheumatism 4) Neurological disorders like sciatica4) Neurological disorders like sciatica 5) Nervous disorders like vata headache 6) Obesity 7) Emaciation 8) sexual weakness, infertility 9) Muscular atrophy
  30. 30. Contra -indication of Medicated enema  Diarrhoea  Bleeding of the rectum  Chronic indigestion  Breathlessness  Diabetes Diabetes  fever  Emaciation  Severe anaemia  Pulmonary tuberculosis  Old age  children below the age of seven years.
  31. 31. Nasya karma(nasal medication)  Herbal medicines in the form of oil or powder is administrated through nostril.
  32. 32. Nasya Procedure
  33. 33. Indication of nasya  Ophthalmic diseases  Neurological diseases of brain origin  Diseases of neck  Insomnia Insomnia  Headaches of various origin  loss of smell and taste  Some gynecological diseases  Psychiatric diseases etc.
  34. 34. Contra -indication of Nasya  Nasya should not be done immediately after bath  Immediately after intake.of heavy food.  After use of alcohol  During pregnancy  Under natural urges  Puerperal period  Acute rhinitis etc  Marsha nasya contra-indicated below 7 years and above 80 years
  35. 35. Raktmokshan karma (bloodletting therapy)  Impure blood is drained out of the body through needle- pricking, venesection, leaching etc.
  36. 36. Raktmokshan Procedure Blood letting leech therapy alabu (cupping method)
  37. 37. Indication of Bloodletting (Raktmokshan)  Skin diseases  Acute pain  Elephantiasis  Toxic conditions of blood  Fibroid Fibroid  Tumor  Mastitis  Conjunctivitis  Sinusitis  Liver abscess  Bleeding disorders
  38. 38. Contra-indication of Bloodletting (Raktmokshan)  Very young children  very old people  under- nourished & debilitated patients  Timid person , Highly exhausted person Timid person , Highly exhausted person  Pregnant women  Impotent  Anaemic & Haemophilic Patient  Muscular wasting,  Convulsive disorders,  Paralysis
  39. 39. Post Operative Procedure  After Bio-purification, Agni and strength of body becomes weak, so to restore the strength of agni and body, special dietetic regimen is advised.  Also some restrictions related to food and behaviours are Also some restrictions related to food and behaviours are advised to the person who underwent Panchkarma.  It includes:- A. Samsarjana karma B. Rasayanadi karma C. Samana
  40. 40. Side Effects Of Panchakarma  Pregnant women and people who are older than 75 can avoid these treatments as some of the herbal remedies might not suit them.  On the whole, Ayurveda is one of the safest forms of On the whole, Ayurveda is one of the safest forms of treatment and can be undertaken by anyone.
  41. 41. Myth Of Panchkarma 1. Panchkarma is a massage therapy. Abhyang (massage procedure) also include in panchakama but Panchkarma is not only a massage therapy. 2. All the five procedures are must.2. All the five procedures are must. Not really, Ayurveda specialist will select a therapy as per your body constitution, doshas and present illness. 3. Total rest during Panchkarma treatment. Nothing compulsary here, if individual opting for virechan, and vaman then you would need atleast a day of full rest.

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