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You must be the change you wish to see in the world.
-Mahatma Gandhi
By:
SIDDHANT BHATIA
siddhant.bhatia@hotmail.com
Main Proposal
Aim: to ensure that XLRI can become self
sustainable when it comes to waste
management.
1. Bio Gas from the ...
Bio Gas
Proposition
• Ad hoc collection by two agencies. Overlapping areas of collection.
• Food waste from 4 messes goes to nearby piggery.
•...
ARTI is a registered scientific society,
established in April 1996 by a group
of scientists, technologists and social
work...
Waste Type MDP GMP FE ST Total Mess Garden + Road Grand Total
Bio (kg) 55 55 77 77 264 165 429
Other (kg) 77 82.5 110 110 ...
• High Organic Content – Greater Methane Production Potential
• High Moisture Content (55-95%) – facilitates higher rate o...
A by-product of the decomposition of organic
matter by anaerobic bacteria.
Clean and renewable energy easily replacing
nat...
Environmental - Reduced carbon
footprint, promoting renewable fuel,
curtailing landfills
Financial - Reduced cost in cooki...
Working Models
7 m3 ARTI biogas plant – customized solutionA PVC Container – prerequisite for
a bio gas plant
FinancialsOne Kg of Bio-Waste produces 100 Gm of LPG,
i.e. 10 Kg of Bio-Waste produces 1 Kg of LPG or
800 Kg of Bio-Waste ...
Plastic Diesel
• Extensive use everywhere and cant be discarded completely.
• Recycling is not a 100% solution due to irregular retrieval...
Environmental - Reduced carbon
footprint, less health hazards for
wildlife, promoting renewable fuel
Financial – Cheap alt...
Green Earth is a joint venture between
Scientist Mr. Nilachal Bhattacharya &
Business Partner Mr. Manoj Sharma. The
founda...
1000 KVA Transformer power
distribution:
• Administration Building
• Father Enright Hostel
• Library Building
• MDP Reside...
• Assumptions:-
• 50gms of plastic per person/day
• 1 hour power cut everyday
• 500 kvA generator installed
• As per Green...
Biogas
1. Preferred manual labor in
preparation of slurry. A mechanical
mixer can be used.
2. Generated biogas should be u...
By:
Siddhant Bhatia
siddhant.bhatia@hotmail.com
For more presentations, follow me on Slideshare.
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Creating Sustainable Avenues in Biogas and Plastic Diesel at XLRI

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This presentation talks about how Sustainable Opportunities can be created in the Waste Management domain using bio degradable waste and plastic waste as raw material. This is, then, converted into Biogas and Plastic Diesel respectively, for which plant projections have been made at the XLRI campus, Jamshedpur. The inputs were given to us as a part of a BPlan competition - Genesis at Ensemble 2013.

Published in: Environment, Business, Technology
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Creating Sustainable Avenues in Biogas and Plastic Diesel at XLRI

  1. 1. You must be the change you wish to see in the world. -Mahatma Gandhi By: SIDDHANT BHATIA siddhant.bhatia@hotmail.com
  2. 2. Main Proposal Aim: to ensure that XLRI can become self sustainable when it comes to waste management. 1. Bio Gas from the bio degradable waste such as food left-overs with organic fertilizers as the by-product targeted towards Bio diversity. 2. Plastic Diesel from the segregated plastic waste within the campus. Generating:-
  3. 3. Bio Gas Proposition
  4. 4. • Ad hoc collection by two agencies. Overlapping areas of collection. • Food waste from 4 messes goes to nearby piggery. • All other waste is dumped into bin which is dumped into JUSCO dumping area. • No value recovered from the different fractions. • 808.5 kg bio-degradable waste generated everyday Problem Statement: Waste Source: Genesis 2013, XLRI
  5. 5. ARTI is a registered scientific society, established in April 1996 by a group of scientists, technologists and social workers, led by Dr.A. D. Karve to develop and transfer innovative, sustainable technologies to rural people for income generation and to improve their standard of living. To date, ARTI has completed over 50 projects sponsored by various funding agencies - both national and international. It has emerged as one of the internationally acclaimed R & D institutions working in the field of rural development through innovative appropriate technologies. Tech Partner Profile
  6. 6. Waste Type MDP GMP FE ST Total Mess Garden + Road Grand Total Bio (kg) 55 55 77 77 264 165 429 Other (kg) 77 82.5 110 110 379.5 0 379.5 Total (kg) 132 137.5 187 187 643.5 165 808.5 per day Biodegradable Waste Source: Genesis 2013, XLRI
  7. 7. • High Organic Content – Greater Methane Production Potential • High Moisture Content (55-95%) – facilitates higher rate of digestion • Readily Degradable Source: Report by University of Florida LPG consumption per day Food Waste – an ideal feedstock LPG Total St. Thomas Enright MDP Mess GMP Mess Total (No. of Cylinders/day) 9 2.5 3.5 1 2 Source: Genesis 2013, XLRI
  8. 8. A by-product of the decomposition of organic matter by anaerobic bacteria. Clean and renewable energy easily replacing natural gas. Replaces fossil fuels like LPG/wood fuel & reduces the emission of greenhouse gases contributing in carbon footprint reduction. Setting-up of ARTI Biogas Plant (Dr. Anand Karve) which requires starchy food-stock like kitchen waste, left-over food, waste flour etc. More efficient than cow dung based biogas plants – no foul smell & watery residue. The residue can also be utilised for biodiversity. Why Biogas?
  9. 9. Environmental - Reduced carbon footprint, promoting renewable fuel, curtailing landfills Financial - Reduced cost in cooking meals, savings on waste disposal Societal - Healthier lives Triple Bottom Line Analysis
  10. 10. Working Models 7 m3 ARTI biogas plant – customized solutionA PVC Container – prerequisite for a bio gas plant
  11. 11. FinancialsOne Kg of Bio-Waste produces 100 Gm of LPG, i.e. 10 Kg of Bio-Waste produces 1 Kg of LPG or 800 Kg of Bio-Waste will produce 80 Kg of LPG One Plant producing 2.5 Kg of LPG will cost about 2 lakh, so to produce 80 Kg of LPG we need 32 such plants, hence the costing is 64 Lakhs LPG required per day – 9 * 19 KG = 171 Kg Bio Waste to Water required ratio = 1:2, i.e. for 800 Kg of Bio-Waste we need 1600 litre per day. Annual gas consumption = 171 Kg*365 = 62415 KG Area Required = 200 sq/metre 1 Kg of LPG = RS 116 The conversion cycle is of Bio- Waste to Bio gas 2 days, i.e. we will install 2 plants which will cost another 64 lakhs. Total amount spent on gas consumption = 62415 * 116 = 7240140 Percentage of Bio Gas consumption per day with respect to LPG consumed = 80/171*100 = 46% Therefore, 46% of 7240140 = 3330464 saved per year So, considering that there will be no increase in LPG price in next few years we will recover the total cost of plant in approx. 4 years Financials
  12. 12. Plastic Diesel
  13. 13. • Extensive use everywhere and cant be discarded completely. • Recycling is not a 100% solution due to irregular retrieval of bags from consumers. • The need to tackle the inflated price of diesel by generating diesel through plastic. • As efficient as petro diesel; used in machinery, heavy vehicles, generators. • Technology is called Reverse Catalysation invented by Nilanchal Bhattacharya; patented in 2011 by IIP(Dehradun) Promoted by Green Earth Solutions (Manoj Sharma) • No water required, no residual waste generated. Why Plastic Diesel?
  14. 14. Environmental - Reduced carbon footprint, less health hazards for wildlife, promoting renewable fuel Financial – Cheap alternative source of fuel, savings on waste disposal Societal – scalable in terms of being implemented by using Self Help Groups (SHG) Triple Bottom Line Analysis
  15. 15. Green Earth is a joint venture between Scientist Mr. Nilachal Bhattacharya & Business Partner Mr. Manoj Sharma. The foundation has come up with a unique technology that helps reclaim oil from waste plastic. Truly, a breakthrough invention that will reduce plastic waste to such an extent that it will make mother earth green again! Green Earth is ready to deliver the consumable oil to the human being by using their patent innovative idea and they have got success by producing 4 lit. oil from 4 kg waste plastic material. Tech Partner Profile
  16. 16. 1000 KVA Transformer power distribution: • Administration Building • Father Enright Hostel • Library Building • MDP Residence • MDP classrooms • Nilima Acharya Hostel • Academic Block (Ground and First Floor) • Bank Building • Auditorium air conditioning • Auditorium Lighting • Pumps, Street Light, Maintenance Office • 2013 intake: 500 students • Faculty: 65 • Non-teaching staff: 105 Inputs for Estimation Source: Genesis 2013, XLRI
  17. 17. • Assumptions:- • 50gms of plastic per person/day • 1 hour power cut everyday • 500 kvA generator installed • As per Green Earth Innovations:- • Plant capacity proposed = 100 kg • Plant cost = Rs 10 Lakhs • Plastic to Diesel Conversion = 80% • Total Diesel generated = 80% of 50 kg = 40 liters of Diesel/day • Time Duration of Conversion = 6 hours • Consumption of Diesel = 100 liters • Contribution to the Diesel cost = 40% TOTAL SAVINGS per year = 40 lt x Rs 55 x 300 days = Rs 6,60,000/- Proposal for Plastic Diesel
  18. 18. Biogas 1. Preferred manual labor in preparation of slurry. A mechanical mixer can be used. 2. Generated biogas should be used daily. Provision to install a compressed bottling plant. 3. Consistency in raw material supply. Abundant supply available. 4. Disposal of waste. Watery in nature and acts as very good manure in biodiversity. Plastic Diesel 1. Consistent plastic raw material. Overcome by storage facilities. 2. Picking & sorting of waste involved. Segregation at the point of generation. 3. PET & PVC plastic not preferred as it generates high fumes. Will be bailed & sold. 4. Inflammable in nature. Proper storage conditions and obtaining Explosives license. “A challenge only becomes an obstacle when you bow to it.” ― Ray Davis Feasibility – Overcoming Challenges
  19. 19. By: Siddhant Bhatia siddhant.bhatia@hotmail.com For more presentations, follow me on Slideshare.

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