Annual Education for Medical Staff & ResidentsPresented by: Medical Executive Committee
OUR VALUES• Personal and Compassionate Service• Professionalism• Teamwork• Trust and Respect• Continuous Quality Improvement• Confidentiality and Privacy• Honesty, Integrity, Flexibility and Selflessness OUR VALUES ARE AT THE CENTER OF EVERYTHING WE DO
CIRCLE OF EXCELLENCE• Basic Expectation: Courtesy and Respect We value and respect one another’s unique areas of expertise.• Remember to always: – Wear your Sibley ID Badge – Promote a Safe and Clean Environment – Maintain Privacy and Confidentiality – Protect Dignity – Keep Patient and Family Informed – Be Responsive
2011-12Performance Improvement Plan1. Safe Care Measures a. Sibley Red Rules (100% Compliance Expected) - Patient Identification - Final Time Out before surgery or bedside procedure b. Surgical site infection monitoring c. Hospital acquired infection monitoring - Eliminate Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infections - Decrease Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infections - Decrease Clostridium Dificile Infections d. Improving hand hygiene - GEL IN / GEL OUT
2. Effective Care Measures a. Core measures (Medicine/Cardiology/Critical Care) -Acute MI, Heart Failure, Pneumonia b. IP Psychiatric core measures (Psychiatry) c. Perinatal bundle measures (Obstetrics) d. Surgical Care Improvement Program (Surgery) e. Hospital Acquired Conditions (HACs) - Capture and Document patient conditions that are present on admission. f. Decrease unplanned readmissions.
3. Patient-centered Measures a. Patient satisfaction scores b. HCAHPS patient satisfaction scores4. Timely Care Measures a. Emergency Department patient flow measures5. Efficient Care Measures a. On-time starts in OR6. Equitable Care Measures a. Pneumonia care
General Safety & Security• ID Badge – Wearing of your Sibley issued ID badge is required and it must be displayed while on hospital premises• Fire or Smoke: – Code Red: get a fellow team member to help, pull the fire alarm AND dial 4600 – “RACE”: Rescue persons; pull Alarm; Contain fire; Extinguish if possible. • To extinguish: “PASS” - Pull, Aim, Squeeze, Sweep
• Hazardous Materials/Spill Isolate the affected area as much as possible Notify a hospital employee who will arrange for appropriate care and treatment of the accident.• Waste Containment – Place all waste in proper containers: • RED- medical waste • YELLOW – chemo • PURPLE/BLUE/BLACK – pharmaceutical • GREEN – recycling • Locked – HIPAA/Confidential papers• Security – Violence Free Work Place – Report All Violent Actions or threats immediately – Observe and report (x4674) suspicious activity
Codes: • Code Blue: Cardiac Arrest • Code Purple: Neonatal Resuscitation • Code Pink: Infant/Child Abduction • Code Yellow: Incident on the grounds • Code Orange: Hostage situation • Code Strong: Disruptive or Combative person • Code Silver: Active shooter incident • Code Stork: Precipitous Delivery • Code Red: Fire • Code 100: Internal /External Disaster • Status E: Pre-Diversion Alert • Security: Report bomb threat • Rapid Response: Rapid Response Team • Stroke: Stroke Response Team • Command Ctr: Command Center/EOC
Information Technology• All practitioners are encouraged to use the electronic patient information system .• Practitioners are responsible for maintaining compliance with the security and integrity of patient information (HIIPA).• Secured passwords are updated every six months.• Improper and unlawful use of Sibley‟s information systems may be cause for immediate dismissal from the Medical Staff.
Health Information Management• Information documented in any manner (dictated, created on- line, via email, written on paper, etc.) about the treatment of a patient constitutes the medical record, must be accessible to all care providers no matter where the care is provided or by what specialty.• All entries into the Electronic Medical Record (EMR) must be signed electronically. – History & Physical (work type 70) – Operative Reports (work type 71) – Discharge Summaries (work type 72) – Progress Notes (work type 73) – Consultations (work type 74)• Transcriptions are available to edit and sign electronically within 24 hours of dictation.
Health Information Management• SIGN / DATE / TIME / PHYSICIAN ID#• REQUIRED FOR ALL ENTERIES IN THE MEDICAL RECORD (ORDERS, PROGRESS NOTES, etc.)• COUNTERSIGN Telephone Orders ASAP, or within 48 hours.• Use Legible Handwriting or Dictate your notes
BASIC MEDICAL RECORDS REQUIREMENTS• Every patient requiring admission or having an outpatient procedure MUST have a written or dictated History and Physical Exam. – Within 24 hours of an admission, a complete H&P examination and admission note MUST be recorded. – Outpatient procedures may use a focused H&P on the chart prior to the procedure (see Short Stay Record)• The attending physician MUST countersign the H&P when recorded by non-credentialed qualified licensed practitioners.• TO CORRECT AN WRITTEN ENTRY IN THE MEDICAL RECORD, cross thru the entry with a SINGLE LINE; Initial and Date adjacent to the correction
Infection ControlHAND HYGIENE – is Sibley‟s primary initiative for controlling hospital acquired infections. GEL IN - GEL OUT!• Before and after patient contact• After removing gloves• After touching inanimate objects (such as computers, phone, etc…,) in between caring for patients• Use soap and water (15-20 seconds) after caring for patients with C.difficile and if hands are visibly soiledPREVENT SPREAD OF MULTI-DRUG RESISTANT ORGANISMS (MDROs)• Contact Precautions for patients known or suspect for MDROs• Gown & glove when touching anything in the room• Disinfect equipment between patients (i.e. stethoscope)• Avoid taking chart into the room
INFECTION CONTROL (continued)PREVENTION OF CENTRAL-LINE ASSOCIATED BLOODSTREAM INFECTIONS (CLA-BSI)• Use the central line insertion checklist• Avoid femoral site for central lines• Perform hand hygiene, use full body drape; wear mask, cap, sterile gown and sterile gloves, use CHG skin prep• Hand hygiene & gloves before changing dressing or accessing port---Scrub the hub before all access• Remove central lines as soon as possiblePREVENTION OF SURGICAL SITE INFECTIONS (SSI)• Educate patients about SSI prevention• Perform proper surgical scrub on hands• Use proper antibiotics for prophylaxis at right time• If hair removal needed , use clippers• Ensure proper surgical site scrub• Minimize traffic in OR during surgery• Do not flash sterilize equipment• Hand hygiene before and after caring for wound
INFLUENZA STRATEGIESEvery Sibley Medical Staff Member and Resident must obtain aninfluenza vaccination annually. Dispensations are given on a case-by-case review.• Employee Health(EH) provides the following to facilitate vaccinations through the flu season: · Seasonal Influenza vaccination clinics · Schedule a vaccination appointment in EH · Vaccine information Statements(VIS) available on the Sibley intranet• Restrictions during the Influenza season: • Limitation of number of visitors during flu season • Placing masks on patients with signs & symptoms of flu • Inpatients being ruled out or diagnosed with the flu are placed on droplet precautions • Restricting visitors and Sibley employees with signs & symptoms of the flu from the hospital • Age restrictions for visitation may apply • Facility access restrictions may apply
Patient Safety• Sibley provides a safe environment for patients in the hospital based on the patient‟s assessed needs.• Red Rule is a practice that is done 100% of the time by all physicians and staff.• Red Rules for 2011-12 Conducting a team “time out” prior to any surgery or procedure. The time out is to validate right patient, right procedure and right site. Any disagreement among the team requires stopping of the activity until the red rule is in compliance. Use of 2 identifiers to ensure right patient with right medication or treatment
Quality ImprovementSibley‟s Quality Council is the hospital‟s quality improvement oversight committee. It‟s a multidisciplinary team that: – meets monthly to monitor the progress of hospital , – quality/performance improvement teams, – reviews data on the hospital‟s dashboard (scorecard) – reviews patient and staff satisfaction survey results• CORE MEASURES – AMI (Acute Myocardial Infarction) – HF (Heart Failure) – PN (Pneumonia) – OP (Outpatient AMI and Surgical Patients) – SCIP (Surgical Care Improvement Project) – IP HBIPS (Inpatient Psychiatric Core Measures ) • This data is used exclusively for internal benchmarking and not reported.
Medication Safety• Use proper format when writing medication orders: – Medication/Dose/Route/Frequency/Indication(For PRN Meds)• No Ranges for dose or frequency• Unique indication for Each PRN medication• Use 10-point Pain Scale for PRN Pain Medication Orders – PRN Mild Pain (1-3) – PRN Moderate Pain (4-6) – PRN Severe Pain (7-10)• Review your patients Medication Administration Record (MAR) daily for accuracy
Medication Safety• Medication Reconciliation: Perform on Admission, Changes in level of care, and Discharge • Verify patients home medications are accurate. • Resume home medications when appropriate during hospitalization. • Provide patients with a complete and legible list of medications on discharge that includes clear indications for medications. • Highlight any change in doses of home medications as well as new prescriptions on discharge.
Diversity AwarenessSibley Memorial Hospital is made up of patients and staff who come from every corner of the world, creating a very diverse environment. Patients and staff have different beliefs, customs, communication styles and dress that we must acknowledge and respect.GOLDEN RULE:• Treat others as you would want to be treated.• Demonstrate respect and honor for their differences.
Communication - SBAR• SBAR is a communication tool that provides a quick, concise explanation of the purpose of the conversation, a background and assessment of the patients condition and a recommendation for the next step of care.• SBAR stands for "Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendation/Request• Responsibility for professional communication with our internal and external customers is a two-way street. We must be sure that we our doing our part as far as communicating effectively by having our information organized in an accurate and concise format. Using the SBAR format consistently will ensure the completion of this step in the communication process.
Compliance• Sibley Memorial Hospital is committed to the prevention, detection and resolution of fraud, or any instances of conduct that do not conform to federal, state and private health care program requirements. Sibley and its Medical Staff values honesty, integrity and high ethical standards in the conduct of its business by: – Ordering only those services or tests that are believed to be medically necessary; – Only performing services or tests on a patient with evidence of a written order. – Prohibiting any activity that violates the anti-kickback statute;
Citizenship• Good citizenship is an important facet of professional conduct. Citizenship on our staff includes participating in medical staff activities and committees, and being a mentor, teacher, and lifelong learner.• It means upholding one‟s mutually agreed-upon responsibilities to the Medical Staff, the Hospital, one‟s Department and Division, our patients, our colleagues, and our community.• It means making prudent use of the resources available to us, and accepting our stewardship for those resources. It means conducting ourselves with dignity, integrity, and honesty, and accepting responsibility for our actions.
ConfidentialityPhysicians agree to maintain complete confidentiality of patient care information at all times, in a manner consistent with generally accepted principles of medical confidentiality.We recognize that, physicians have the right to have certain personal and professional issues dealt with in a confidential manner, including such things as performance problems and concerns about competency.Physicians agree to maintain this confidentiality and to seek the proper, professional, objective arenas in which to deal with these issues.
Professional Behavior and ConductIt is the policy of Sibley, that all individuals within it be treated with courtesy, respect and dignity. To that end, all members of the Medical Staff & Residents staff shall conduct themselves with dignity and professionalism at all times.Offensive, insulting language, or inappropriate physical behavior toward colleagues, nurses, employees, patients, their families or visitors will not be tolerated.It is recognized that stressful situations may arise constituting a challenge for the Medical Staff member or Resident. Nonetheless, the response must always be expressed with dignity, patience, insight, and professionalism.Performance critiques should be discussed in an appropriate setting and directed toward a positive learning experience. MS Policy & Procedure: Professional Behavior
Behavior and Conduct (continued)Unprofessional behavior is defined as conduct that adversely affects the Hospital’s ability to accomplish the objectives stated above including, but not limited to, the following: – Verbal attacks, including the use of hostile, angry or confrontational voice – Physical attacks of any sort or behavior threatening a physical attack – Destruction of property – Denigrating or inappropriate comments or illustrations made in patient medical records or other official documents that impugn the quality of care in the hospital or attack particular physicians – Abusive language or criticism directed at the recipient in such a way as to ridicule, humiliate, intimidate, undermine confidence, or belittle – Derogatory comments that go beyond differences of opinion that are made to patients or patients‟ families about caregivers. (This does not prohibit comments that deal constructively with the care given.) – Refusal to follow required departmental, hospital, or medical staff policies in a professional and appropriate manner – Sexual harassment – Behavior demonstrating or promoting discrimination
Practitioner Health• Sibley Memorial Hospital and its Medical Staff require all practitioners who have been granted privileges to maintain continuous adequate health status to carry out those privileges.• Any Medical or Allied Health Staff Member whose health status changes in such a manner as to jeopardize his/her ability to provide quality patient care shall notify the Department Chair, the Director of Medical Affairs, the President of the Medical Staff, or CEO in a timely manner. The physician may request consultation with the Practitioner‟s Health Committee.• Any Medical Staff member should report concerns about a colleagues health, as per medical staff policy - MS Policy & Procedure: Practitioner Health
Informed Consent• Informed consent is a process of communication between a patient and physician that results in the patients authorization or agreement to undergo a specific medical intervention.• As the physician providing or performing the treatment and/or procedure, you are expected to disclose and discuss with your patient: – The patients diagnosis, if known; – The nature and purpose of a proposed treatment or procedure; – The risks and benefits of a proposed treatment or procedure; – Alternatives (regardless of their cost or the extent to which the treatment options are covered by health insurance) and the risks and benefits of the alternative treatment or procedure; and – The risks and benefits of not receiving or undergoing a treatment or procedure.• In turn, your patient should have an opportunity to ask questions to elicit a better understanding of the treatment or procedure, so that he or she can make an informed decision to proceed or to refuse a particular course of medical intervention
INFORMED CONSENT (continued)• This communications process, or a variation thereof, is both an ethical obligation and a legal requirement spelled out in statutes and case law in all 50 states.• The PROCEDURE PHYSICIAN must sign the attestation statement on the consent, noting they have had a discussion with the patient regarding risks and benefits of the proposed procedure• Incomplete Informed Consent = no procedure .
The MEDICAL RECORD• LEGIBILITY- it is the expectation that all handwritten documents are legible. Sibley Medical Staff believes that legible documents are critical to maintaining a safe and efficient environment for each patient.• AUTHENTICATION: is the use of a legible identifier to follow your signature on any order/documentation. Approved methods of authenticating your signature: – Use your Sibley ID following your signature (e.g. John Doe, MD - ID:55555) – Use of a personal stamp behind your signature. The stamper must have your full name and Sibley ID number. Note: A name stamper alone may not be use in lieu of a signed order. – Electronic signature Failure to authenticate an order or entry shall render the record as incomplete and be handled accordance with Medical Staff Rules and Regulations X. MEDICAL RECORD, PRACTITIONER RESPONSIBILITY
The Medical Record (Continued)• The attending practitioner shall be responsible for a complete and legible medical record for each patient.• Its contents shall be pertinent and current.• Symbols and abbreviations may be used only when they have been approved by the Medical Staff.• Do Not Use Abbreviations: • Always use a leading zero with decimals, (i.e. 0.5 mg.) • Never use a trailing zero with decimals, (i.e.5.0 mg.) • Spell out the word „unit‟; do not use „u‟ • Spell out „international units‟; do not use „iu‟ • Spell out „microgram‟ or „mcg‟; do not use „μg‟ • Spell out „greater than‟ and „less than‟; do not use < or > • Spell out Magnesium Sulfate; do not useMgSO4. • Spell out „Morphine‟; do not use „MSO‟ or“MS‟. • Eliminate period between drug names and sig • Spell out „Daily‟ or „ Every other day‟; do not use Q. D. or Q.O.D. • Spell out „3 times weekly‟ or „three times weekly‟; do not use T. I. W. • Spell out „Left ear, Right ear, Both ears‟; Do not use „A.S., A.D., or A.U.‟ • Spell out „Left eye, Right eye, Both eyes‟; Do not use „O.D, O.S. or O.U.
All entries must include SIGNATURE, AUTHENTICATED ID, DATE & TIME of the ordering/writing practitioner Failure to complete any element constitutes an incomplete medical record.
ADMISSION ORDERS AND DOCUMENTATION• Orders shall be on the medical record within 2 hours of a patient‟s admission.• Within 24 hours of an admission, a complete history and physical examination and admission note shall be recorded. These records shall include all pertinent findings.• If a history and a physical examination has been performed within 30 days before admission, a durable, legible copy of this report may be used in the patient‟s medical record, provided any changes that may have occurred are recorded in the medical record at the time of admission. Failure to comply will be reported to the attending physician by the floor head nurse or to the chairperson of the department if there is further delay.
GENERAL ORDERS• Orders shall be written in detail on the order sheet of the patient‟s record, dated, timed, signed and authenticated by the practitioner.• A verbal/telephone order shall be considered as a written order if the physician provides his ID number and it is dictated to a registered nurse, registered pharmacist or respiratory therapist functioning within his or her sphere of competence and signed by the responsible practitioner. – ALL VERBAL ORDERS AND TELEPHONE ORDERS SHALL BE SIGNED OFF (signature, ID, date & time) BY AN AUTHORIZED PRACTITIONER WITHIN 48 HOURS OF SUCH ORDER.
PROGRESS NOTES• Pertinent progress notes shall be written legibly and recorded at the time of observation, sufficient to permit continuity of care and transferability.• Whenever possible each of the patient‟s clinical problems should be clearly identified in the progress note and correlated with specific orders as well as results of tests and treatments.• Progress notes shall be written daily on critically ill patients and those where there is difficulty in diagnosis or management of the clinical problem.• SIGNATURE, ID, DATE & TIME of the Progress Note by the writing practitioner is required.
POST OP NOTE• Immediately following any procedure, a post op note is to be written in the medical record prior to the patient leaving the procedure area.• Required elements for the post-op note : - Name of Surgeon - Name of Assistants - Description of Procedure - Findings of Procedure - Estimated Blood Loss (even if it is “zero” or “none”) - Any specimens removed - Post op Diagnosis
DISCHARGE NOTES• A written or dictated discharge clinical resume is recommended at the time of the patient’s discharge to support the continuum of care post hospitalization. All summaries shall be authenticated (signature, ID, date & time) by the responsible practitioner.• The attending practitioner is required to document the need for continued hospitalization after specified periods of stay as identified by the Clinical Resource Management Committee of the hospital. (R&R IX: Medical Record General)• The final diagnoses shall be recorded in full, without the use of symbols or abbreviations and authenticated (signature, ID, date & time) by the responsible practitioner
Restraint and SeclusionHospital Policy 01-31-12• Each patient‟s safety needs are individually evaluated and the least restrictive type of restraint is utilized.• Alternative measures are attempted and documented before resorting to restraints or seclusion.• Restraints or seclusion must be discontinued at the earliest possible time regardless of the length of time specified in the order. It is the responsibility of the physician / LIP who initiates use of restraints and seclusion to be familiar with and comply with every aspect the hospital’s policy and procedure.
Conditions for Using Restraint or Seclusion: – For the Purposes of Promoting Medical-Surgical Healing (e.g.: to prevent a patient from pulling out a tracheostomy tube). • time-limited order of no more than 24 hours, • defines the specific type of restraint, and • the reason for implementation – For Violent or Self-destructive Behavior that is an immediate threat to the patient, staff, or other‟s physical safety • A face-to-face evaluation is required within 1 hour of initiation. • Restraints or seclusion orders must be renewed every: – Four (4) hours for adults (over 18);Two (2) hours for ages 9-17;One (1) hour for under age 9. • Restrained or secluded patient is re-evaluated face-to-face by an LIP every: – Eight (8) hours for patients who are 18 or older; Four (4) hours for patients who are 17 and under.; One (1) hour for patients under 9.
Sibley – Becoming Certified as aStroke Center of Excellence• Evidence-based, best practice methodologies are used promote consistent stroke care. Stroke centers must also have excellent standards of program management, clinical information and self- management• Target date for certification is first quarter 2012.• To activate stroke team at Sibley call 4555. Medical Office Building above the first floor needs to call 911.
The Physician’s Role• All patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of TIA or stroke will be admitted to the Telemetry or ICU depending on acuity and need for TPA.• Physicians must utilize the stroke order sets for all stroke/TIA patients in order to insure best practice• Stroke order sets can be accessed on the Sibley intranet under stroke response and are titled Acute stroke/TIA order set (MR02822).
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