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  1. 1. According to Peter Drucker , “ Leadership is shifting of own vision to higher sights , the raising of man’s performance to higher standards , the building of man’s personality beyond its normal limitations.” According to Jim and Barry, “Leadership is the art of mobilizing others to want to struggle for shared aspirations .”
  2. 2.  Influence others toward goal and achievement of those goals  Process where an individual influences others to do what s/he wants them to “A leader is a person who has the ability to get other people to do what they don’t want to do and like it” - Harry Truman
  3. 3.  Trust your subordinates – you can’t expect them to go all out for you if they think you don’t believe in them  Develop a vision – people want to follow someone who knows where he or she is going  Keep your cool – the best leaders show their mettle under fire  Encourage risk – nothing demoralizes the troops like knowing the slightest failure could jeopardize their entire career  Be an expert – from boardroom to mailroom, everyone had better understand that you know what you’re talking about  Invite dissent – your people aren’t giving you their best … if they are afraid to speak up  Simplify – you need to see the big picture in order to set a course, communicate it, and maintain it
  4. 4. positive self image Key leader qualities Clear vision Innovative ideas to problems Quickly sense and respond to changes
  5. 5. Autocratic leadership style Democratic leadership style: persuasive or consultative Laissez-faire leadership style
  6. 6. Autocratic A leadership style where the leader makes all decisions independently or without consulting with others Advantages: good in certain circumstances, such as urgent tasks or military actions Disadvantages: poor decisions, poor level of employee motivation
  7. 7. Autocratic A leadership style where a leader encourages employee participation in decision-making persuasive or consultative Advantages: better decisions, employee motivation Disadvantages: delayed decision, long consultation Democratic
  8. 8. Autocratic A leadership style where employees are encouraged to make their own decisions within limits. Advantages: more freedom for employees Disadvantages: few guidelines, little incentive, poor motivation, maybe a mess Democratic Laissez-faire
  9. 9. The task The tradition of an organization The type of labor force The leader’s personality The time Gender?