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CASE STUDY - KOHINOOR SQUARE
Location Shivajipark,Mumbai,India
Type Mixed use
Status Under construction
Architectural style Skyscrapper
Cost ₹21 billion(US$330 million)
Owner Kohinoor group
Height 203m main building
142m residential building
Floor count 52+ground floors(5 mech.)
main building,
35floors(4 mech.) residential
Floor area 2,750,000sq.ft(255,000sq.m)
Lifts/elevators 40 main building+ 8 residence
Architect SSA architects,Gkkworks
Parking 3500 cars
Project area 4.6 acres
FAR 13
Fig 3.80 Kohinoor square
https://www.google.co.in/search?q=kohinoor+square+mumbai&dcr=0&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjiuevrwaDZAhWJQ48KHc8lAvQ
Q_AUICigB&biw=1536&bih=684#imgrc=1tSiIBFgZfsBbM:
2
Introduction
• Kohinoor square is a 52-story 203-metre (666 ft) semi-twin, mixed-use
skyscraper located on the land previously owned by Kohinoor Mills in Shivaji
Park, Mumbai, India. It is situated at the junction of LJ Road and Gokhale
Road.
• The Kohinoor Square complex comprises a main skyscraper and a
residential skyscraper which are for mixed use.
• Houses, hotels, residences and a high-end shopping malls are being
constructed by the Kohinoor Group under Kohinoor CTNL Infrastructure
Corporation.
• The building is one of the tallest mixed-use buildings in India, as well as
one of the tallest in South Asia as of 2013.
• The building design makes it environmentally friendly, using technologies
such as floor-to-ceiling insulated glazing to contain heat and maximize natural
light, and an automatic daylight dimming system.
Fig 3.81 Kohinoor square view from road
https://www.google.co.in/search?q=padmabai+thakkar+road+shivaji+park&tbm=isch&tbs=rimg:CWmW4BxNcMkLIjiFJ_
Criteria of selection
Kohinoor square is the first high rise criteria in Mumbai. It contains the latest
technologies for construction and is one of the first skyscraper building in India
top achieve a leadership in energy and environmental design platinum for
3
environment sustainability a gold(leed) certification from green building
council, so this case study can be a great lesson to learn and take inspiration.
Location Map
Fig 3.82 Location Map
https://www.google.co.in/maps/place/Kohinoor+Square/@19.024923,72.839316,17z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x3be7ced0658e5
d81:0xd23476a1dd7841fe!8m2!3d19.024923!4d72.8415047?dcr=0
• The site is located at Dadar , a suburb of Mumbai.
• The site is in commercial hub Surrounded by
various high end national and international
offices and luxurious apartmenrts. it Is tallest
structure in vicinity.
• The famous shivaji park is at 5mins walk from
the site.
• Easy access to business hubs-Prabhadevi
,lowerparel,parel,BKC and south Mumbai.
• Excellent connectivity with western line,
Central line and harbour line.
Fig 3.83 From
Padmabaithakkar road
Source-self
4
Fig 3.84 Location advantage
http://online.fliphtml5.com/qpzr/yyak/#p=6
Fig 3.85kohinoor square from lady
jamshedi road
source - author
Fig 3.86lady jamshedi road
source - author
5
Site Plan
• Site area = 4.6 acres.
Design Inspiration
It draws its inspiration from the diamond as the name suggests.
Area Distribution
Fig 3.87 Site plan
http://online.fliphtml5.com/qpzr/yyak/#p=6
Fig 3.88 Area distribution
wheel
https://www.google.co.in/search?q=kohinoor+squ
are+case+study+pdf&sa=X&dcr=0&tbm=isch&tbo
=u&source=univ&ved=0ahUKEwj88ueZwaDZAhUJ
uI8KHWxoAPoQsAQITg#imgrc=V4GhZcTNe5dIvM:
Fig 3.89 Area distribution in
section
https://www.google.co.in/search?q=kohinoor+squ
are+case+study+pdf&sa=X&dcr=0&tbm=isch&tbo
6
• The first five floors of the main building is used for a high-end shopping mall
and the remaining 47 floors of the main building is utilized for a commercial
offices and five star hotel.The main building is crowned by five starhotel on
top 5 floor.
• There are segregated office space from 6th to 14 floor with toilets to each
office and common toilets also provided on all these floor.
• The Central Core is surrounded by the office spaces and refuge areas at 24
meter of height.
• The first 13 floors of the residential building is used as a parking garage for
both the buildings and the remaining 19 floors is residences. Parking provided
for about 2000 cars with super efficient driveways and personalized access
controls.
Central core(Office tower)
Central core(Office tower) consist of :
• 3 Lobbies of 6 Lifts serving levels 25th to 39th
.
• Spaces between the lifts where a lift lobby is not provided are used as
toilets with dust at either side.
Fig 3.90 Central core plan
https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor-square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study?qid=cfc82a0d-
f91d-417f-9a36-570a33917e13&v=&b=&from_search=2
7
• 2 lifts from this pack of 6 are assessable to lower floors as well.
• 1 lobby of 4 lifts serving levels 1st to 24th
.
• There is a lift bank at 24th floor .
• 2 services lifts travelling Throughout the building.
• 2 Stair cases are also placed in the core .
• The section shows that particular lifts
are assigned to reach particular floor for
time reduction.
Fig 3.91 Central core (shafts)
https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor-square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study?qid=cfc82a0d-
f91d-417f-9a36-570a33917e13&v=&b=&from_search=2
Fig 3.92 Central core colored (shafts)
https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor-square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-
case-study?qid=cfc82a0d-f91d-417f-9a36-570a33917e13&v=&b=&from_search=2
Fig 3.93Section
https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohino
or-square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-
study?qid=cfc82a0d-f91d-417f-9a36-
570a33917e13&v=&b=&from_search=2
8
Floor Plans
Fig 3.94 Ground floor site plan
https://www.google.co.in/search?q=kohinoor+square+case+study+pdf&sa=X&dcr=0&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&ved=0ahUK
Ewj88ueZwaDZAhUJuI8KHWxoAPoQsAQITg#imgrc=fOosGArumLvDpM:
Fig 3.95 Ground floorplan
https://www.slideshare.net/popprat/mumbai-high-rise-case-studies-of-kohinoor-square-aquaria-grande-kanchanjunga-linked-
hybrid-taipei-101-with-comparitive?qid=cfc82a0d-f91d-417f-9a36-570a33917e13&v=&b=&from_search=1
9
Fig 3.96 Ground floor plan
https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor-
square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study
Fig 3.97Typical 1st
& 2nd floor plan
https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor-square-high-rise-
mixed-use-building-case-study
Fig 3.983rd floor plan
https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor-
square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study
10
Retail store = 1150sq.m Terrace = 715.9sq.m
Food court = 1150sq.m Parking = 3627.6sq.m
Energy = 236sq.m Male washroom = 21sq.m
Offices = 715.9sq.m Female washroom = 21sq.m
Fig 3.996th floor plan
https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor-
square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study
Fig 3.1007th floor plan
https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor-
square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study
11
Fig 3.101 Typical Floor Plan(office)
http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/offices/floor-plan.html
Fig 3.1025th Floor Plan(office)
http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/offices/floor-plan.html
401 – 805.58ft2
402 – 885.12ft2
403 – 805.58ft2
404 – 891.15ft2
405 – 1110.20ft2
406 – 1012.78ft2
407 – 1008.48ft2
408 – 1349.81ft2
409 – 909.13ft2
410 – 912.25ft2
411 – 912.25ft2
412 – 854.66ft2
Gents Toilet
322.91ft2
Ladies Toilet
322.91ft2
Pantry – 51.66ft2
501 – 805.58ft2
502 – 885.12ft2
503 – 901.70ft2
504 – 912.25ft2
505 – 1154.22ft2
506 – 1036.79ft2
507 – 1208.37ft2
Gents Toilet
322.91ft2
Ladies Toilet
322.91ft2
Pantry – 51.66ft2
Electrical room –
13.5ft2
Refuge area –
4938.1ft2
12
Fig 3.10311th Floor Plan(office)
http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/offices/floor-plan.html
Fig 3.10413th Floor Plan(office)
http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/offices/floor-plan.html
1101 – 854.66ft2
1102 – 912.25ft2
1103 – 901.70ft2
1104 – 912.25ft2
1105 – 1347.01ft2
1106 – 1036.68ft2
1107 – 2121.26ft2
Gents Toilet
322.91ft2
Ladies Toilet
322.91ft2
Pantry – 51.66ft2
Electrical room –
13.5ft2
Refuge area –
3588.29ft2
1301 – 812.90ft2
1302 – 870.59ft2
1303 – 912.25ft2
1304 – 912.25ft2
1305 – 1383.82ft2
1306 – 1036.68ft2
1307 – 1032.05ft2
1308 – 1414.07ft2
1309 – 909.13ft2
1310 – 912.25ft2
1311 – 870.59ft2
1312 – 812.90ft2
Gents Toilet
322.91ft2
Ladies Toilet
322.91ft2
Pantry – 51.66ft2
AHU – 26.90ft2
13
Fig 3.10514th Floor Plan(office)
http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/offices/floor-plan.html
Fig 3.10615th Floor Plan(office)
http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/offices/floor-plan.html
Electric room –
77.5ft2
Server room –
199.13ft2
AHU room –
199.13ft2
Electric room –
77.5ft2
Server room –
199.13ft2
AHU room –
199.13ft2
Machine room -
763.16ft2
14
Fig 3.10716th Floor Plan(office)
http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/offices/floor-plan.html
Electric room –
77.5ft2
Server room –
199.13ft2
AHU room –
199.13ft2
Refuge area –
1291.66ft2
Fig 3.10815th Floor Plan(residence)
http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/residential/customization/home.html
15
Fig 3.10916th Floor Plan(residence)
http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/residential/customization/home.html
Fig 3.11017th Floor Plan(residence)
http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/residential/customization/home.html
16
Fig 3.11132th Floor Plan(residence)
http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/residential/customization/home.html
Fig 11233rd Floor Plan(residence)
http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/residential/customization/home.html
17
Structural System
• The structure comprises a
concrete core and post-
tensioned concrete slab
and spandrel beams.
• The average centre to
centre distance between
columns is9.5 m.
• The column is of 1.8 x 1.8
m .
• The tube system concept
is based on the idea that
a building can be designed
to resist lateral loads.
• This assembly of columns and beams forms a rigid frame that amounts to a
dense and strong structural wall along the exterior of the building.
Foundation
• The combined pile raft foundation system
is used .
• It is a geotechnical composite construction
that combines the bearing effect of both
foundation elements raft and piles .
• The pile raft foundation system has recently
been widely used for many structures ,
specially in high-rise buildings.
Sustainable features
• 15 double height landscaped sky gardens and more than a dozen height
terraces, to act as tranquil and refreshing breakout zones.
Fig 3.113 Structural plan
https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor-
square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study
Fig 3.114Foundation
https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor-
square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study
18
• Low flow faucets, dual flush toilets, grey water systems and storm water &
rain water management systems – all the parts of our commitment to the
environment
Façade
• The façade consists of faceted unitized aluminium
curtain walls with provisions for high performance
double glass façades on the tower.
• Diamond edges of the building having aluminum
flashing with LED lighting are the unique feature
and make it complicated façade design.
• All the Glasses are articulated glasses & can
sustain design wind pressure of 4.5 to 5.0 kPa.
• The building design makes it environmentally
friendly, using technologies such as floor-to-ceiling
insulated glazing to contain heat and maximize
natural light, and an automatic daylight dimming
1. Rain water collection.
2. Sky gardens
3. High performance façade.
4. High efficiency ventilation
system.
5. Daylight harvesting
&dumming controls.
6. Black & grey water reuse.
7. Environmentally preferable
material.
8. Green roof.
9. Energy centre.
10. Native adapted landscape
11. Onsite waste water
treatment.
12. Recyclable sorting &
collection.
13. Natural ventilation.Fig 3.115 Sustainable features
https://image.slidesharecdn.com/presentation1170205205612/95/kohinoor
-square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-mumbai-case-study-14-
638.jpg?cb=1486328493
Fig 3.116Facade
https://image.slidesharecdn.com/presentation11
70205205612/95/kohinoor-square-high-rise-
mixed-use-building-mumbai-case-study-14-
638.jpg?cb=1486328493
19
system.
Mechanical
• Kohinoor square has a well designed HVAC system for its ventilation
purposes. As it is a glass enveloped structure the load of mechanical
ventilation is also high.
• The cooling towers are situated near water tanks at some level in the
buildings.
Fig 3.117Mechanical system
https://image.slidesharecdn.com/presentation1170205205612/95/kohinoor
-square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-mumbai-case-study-14-
638.jpg?cb=1486328493
20
Kohinoor Square, Mumbai
Positive Points:
• Different entries for all the verticals.
• Environmental friendly technologies used such as low flow faucets, dual
flush toilets, grey water systems and storm water & rain water management
systems, rain water harvesting.
• Central core provides easy access to the spaces inside the building.
• spaces between the lifts where a lift lobby is not provided area used as toilets
with ducts.
• Sky lobby concept for reducing the time to travel to different floors.
• Double skin façade system leading to energy saving and incorporating
natural light inside the building and providing great views from inside the
building.
• Multi-level parking, parking above the ground.
• Refuge areas provided as per the norms.
Negative Points:
• Compact site.
• Less green area on site
• 1 entry/exit to car park.
Spaces Areas(sq.m)
Residences
3bhk 222.96
3.5bhk 260.12
4bhk 306.58
Offices
Working spaces 50-256
Male washroom 30
Female washroom 30
Pantry 4.8
21
Refuge area 458.76
Electrical room 1.25
AHU 2.49
Server room 18.50
Machine room 70.89
Retail
Retail store 1150
Food court 1150
Male washroom 21
Female washroom 21
Shops 50-256
Energy 236
Terrace on 3rd
floor 715.9
Parking 3627.6

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Kohinoor square

  • 1. 1 CASE STUDY - KOHINOOR SQUARE Location Shivajipark,Mumbai,India Type Mixed use Status Under construction Architectural style Skyscrapper Cost ₹21 billion(US$330 million) Owner Kohinoor group Height 203m main building 142m residential building Floor count 52+ground floors(5 mech.) main building, 35floors(4 mech.) residential Floor area 2,750,000sq.ft(255,000sq.m) Lifts/elevators 40 main building+ 8 residence Architect SSA architects,Gkkworks Parking 3500 cars Project area 4.6 acres FAR 13 Fig 3.80 Kohinoor square https://www.google.co.in/search?q=kohinoor+square+mumbai&dcr=0&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjiuevrwaDZAhWJQ48KHc8lAvQ Q_AUICigB&biw=1536&bih=684#imgrc=1tSiIBFgZfsBbM:
  • 2. 2 Introduction • Kohinoor square is a 52-story 203-metre (666 ft) semi-twin, mixed-use skyscraper located on the land previously owned by Kohinoor Mills in Shivaji Park, Mumbai, India. It is situated at the junction of LJ Road and Gokhale Road. • The Kohinoor Square complex comprises a main skyscraper and a residential skyscraper which are for mixed use. • Houses, hotels, residences and a high-end shopping malls are being constructed by the Kohinoor Group under Kohinoor CTNL Infrastructure Corporation. • The building is one of the tallest mixed-use buildings in India, as well as one of the tallest in South Asia as of 2013. • The building design makes it environmentally friendly, using technologies such as floor-to-ceiling insulated glazing to contain heat and maximize natural light, and an automatic daylight dimming system. Fig 3.81 Kohinoor square view from road https://www.google.co.in/search?q=padmabai+thakkar+road+shivaji+park&tbm=isch&tbs=rimg:CWmW4BxNcMkLIjiFJ_ Criteria of selection Kohinoor square is the first high rise criteria in Mumbai. It contains the latest technologies for construction and is one of the first skyscraper building in India top achieve a leadership in energy and environmental design platinum for
  • 3. 3 environment sustainability a gold(leed) certification from green building council, so this case study can be a great lesson to learn and take inspiration. Location Map Fig 3.82 Location Map https://www.google.co.in/maps/place/Kohinoor+Square/@19.024923,72.839316,17z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x3be7ced0658e5 d81:0xd23476a1dd7841fe!8m2!3d19.024923!4d72.8415047?dcr=0 • The site is located at Dadar , a suburb of Mumbai. • The site is in commercial hub Surrounded by various high end national and international offices and luxurious apartmenrts. it Is tallest structure in vicinity. • The famous shivaji park is at 5mins walk from the site. • Easy access to business hubs-Prabhadevi ,lowerparel,parel,BKC and south Mumbai. • Excellent connectivity with western line, Central line and harbour line. Fig 3.83 From Padmabaithakkar road Source-self
  • 4. 4 Fig 3.84 Location advantage http://online.fliphtml5.com/qpzr/yyak/#p=6 Fig 3.85kohinoor square from lady jamshedi road source - author Fig 3.86lady jamshedi road source - author
  • 5. 5 Site Plan • Site area = 4.6 acres. Design Inspiration It draws its inspiration from the diamond as the name suggests. Area Distribution Fig 3.87 Site plan http://online.fliphtml5.com/qpzr/yyak/#p=6 Fig 3.88 Area distribution wheel https://www.google.co.in/search?q=kohinoor+squ are+case+study+pdf&sa=X&dcr=0&tbm=isch&tbo =u&source=univ&ved=0ahUKEwj88ueZwaDZAhUJ uI8KHWxoAPoQsAQITg#imgrc=V4GhZcTNe5dIvM: Fig 3.89 Area distribution in section https://www.google.co.in/search?q=kohinoor+squ are+case+study+pdf&sa=X&dcr=0&tbm=isch&tbo
  • 6. 6 • The first five floors of the main building is used for a high-end shopping mall and the remaining 47 floors of the main building is utilized for a commercial offices and five star hotel.The main building is crowned by five starhotel on top 5 floor. • There are segregated office space from 6th to 14 floor with toilets to each office and common toilets also provided on all these floor. • The Central Core is surrounded by the office spaces and refuge areas at 24 meter of height. • The first 13 floors of the residential building is used as a parking garage for both the buildings and the remaining 19 floors is residences. Parking provided for about 2000 cars with super efficient driveways and personalized access controls. Central core(Office tower) Central core(Office tower) consist of : • 3 Lobbies of 6 Lifts serving levels 25th to 39th . • Spaces between the lifts where a lift lobby is not provided are used as toilets with dust at either side. Fig 3.90 Central core plan https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor-square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study?qid=cfc82a0d- f91d-417f-9a36-570a33917e13&v=&b=&from_search=2
  • 7. 7 • 2 lifts from this pack of 6 are assessable to lower floors as well. • 1 lobby of 4 lifts serving levels 1st to 24th . • There is a lift bank at 24th floor . • 2 services lifts travelling Throughout the building. • 2 Stair cases are also placed in the core . • The section shows that particular lifts are assigned to reach particular floor for time reduction. Fig 3.91 Central core (shafts) https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor-square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study?qid=cfc82a0d- f91d-417f-9a36-570a33917e13&v=&b=&from_search=2 Fig 3.92 Central core colored (shafts) https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor-square-high-rise-mixed-use-building- case-study?qid=cfc82a0d-f91d-417f-9a36-570a33917e13&v=&b=&from_search=2 Fig 3.93Section https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohino or-square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case- study?qid=cfc82a0d-f91d-417f-9a36- 570a33917e13&v=&b=&from_search=2
  • 8. 8 Floor Plans Fig 3.94 Ground floor site plan https://www.google.co.in/search?q=kohinoor+square+case+study+pdf&sa=X&dcr=0&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&ved=0ahUK Ewj88ueZwaDZAhUJuI8KHWxoAPoQsAQITg#imgrc=fOosGArumLvDpM: Fig 3.95 Ground floorplan https://www.slideshare.net/popprat/mumbai-high-rise-case-studies-of-kohinoor-square-aquaria-grande-kanchanjunga-linked- hybrid-taipei-101-with-comparitive?qid=cfc82a0d-f91d-417f-9a36-570a33917e13&v=&b=&from_search=1
  • 9. 9 Fig 3.96 Ground floor plan https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor- square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study Fig 3.97Typical 1st & 2nd floor plan https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor-square-high-rise- mixed-use-building-case-study Fig 3.983rd floor plan https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor- square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study
  • 10. 10 Retail store = 1150sq.m Terrace = 715.9sq.m Food court = 1150sq.m Parking = 3627.6sq.m Energy = 236sq.m Male washroom = 21sq.m Offices = 715.9sq.m Female washroom = 21sq.m Fig 3.996th floor plan https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor- square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study Fig 3.1007th floor plan https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor- square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study
  • 11. 11 Fig 3.101 Typical Floor Plan(office) http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/offices/floor-plan.html Fig 3.1025th Floor Plan(office) http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/offices/floor-plan.html 401 – 805.58ft2 402 – 885.12ft2 403 – 805.58ft2 404 – 891.15ft2 405 – 1110.20ft2 406 – 1012.78ft2 407 – 1008.48ft2 408 – 1349.81ft2 409 – 909.13ft2 410 – 912.25ft2 411 – 912.25ft2 412 – 854.66ft2 Gents Toilet 322.91ft2 Ladies Toilet 322.91ft2 Pantry – 51.66ft2 501 – 805.58ft2 502 – 885.12ft2 503 – 901.70ft2 504 – 912.25ft2 505 – 1154.22ft2 506 – 1036.79ft2 507 – 1208.37ft2 Gents Toilet 322.91ft2 Ladies Toilet 322.91ft2 Pantry – 51.66ft2 Electrical room – 13.5ft2 Refuge area – 4938.1ft2
  • 12. 12 Fig 3.10311th Floor Plan(office) http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/offices/floor-plan.html Fig 3.10413th Floor Plan(office) http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/offices/floor-plan.html 1101 – 854.66ft2 1102 – 912.25ft2 1103 – 901.70ft2 1104 – 912.25ft2 1105 – 1347.01ft2 1106 – 1036.68ft2 1107 – 2121.26ft2 Gents Toilet 322.91ft2 Ladies Toilet 322.91ft2 Pantry – 51.66ft2 Electrical room – 13.5ft2 Refuge area – 3588.29ft2 1301 – 812.90ft2 1302 – 870.59ft2 1303 – 912.25ft2 1304 – 912.25ft2 1305 – 1383.82ft2 1306 – 1036.68ft2 1307 – 1032.05ft2 1308 – 1414.07ft2 1309 – 909.13ft2 1310 – 912.25ft2 1311 – 870.59ft2 1312 – 812.90ft2 Gents Toilet 322.91ft2 Ladies Toilet 322.91ft2 Pantry – 51.66ft2 AHU – 26.90ft2
  • 13. 13 Fig 3.10514th Floor Plan(office) http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/offices/floor-plan.html Fig 3.10615th Floor Plan(office) http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/offices/floor-plan.html Electric room – 77.5ft2 Server room – 199.13ft2 AHU room – 199.13ft2 Electric room – 77.5ft2 Server room – 199.13ft2 AHU room – 199.13ft2 Machine room - 763.16ft2
  • 14. 14 Fig 3.10716th Floor Plan(office) http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/offices/floor-plan.html Electric room – 77.5ft2 Server room – 199.13ft2 AHU room – 199.13ft2 Refuge area – 1291.66ft2 Fig 3.10815th Floor Plan(residence) http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/residential/customization/home.html
  • 15. 15 Fig 3.10916th Floor Plan(residence) http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/residential/customization/home.html Fig 3.11017th Floor Plan(residence) http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/residential/customization/home.html
  • 16. 16 Fig 3.11132th Floor Plan(residence) http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/residential/customization/home.html Fig 11233rd Floor Plan(residence) http://www.kohinoorsquare.in/residential/customization/home.html
  • 17. 17 Structural System • The structure comprises a concrete core and post- tensioned concrete slab and spandrel beams. • The average centre to centre distance between columns is9.5 m. • The column is of 1.8 x 1.8 m . • The tube system concept is based on the idea that a building can be designed to resist lateral loads. • This assembly of columns and beams forms a rigid frame that amounts to a dense and strong structural wall along the exterior of the building. Foundation • The combined pile raft foundation system is used . • It is a geotechnical composite construction that combines the bearing effect of both foundation elements raft and piles . • The pile raft foundation system has recently been widely used for many structures , specially in high-rise buildings. Sustainable features • 15 double height landscaped sky gardens and more than a dozen height terraces, to act as tranquil and refreshing breakout zones. Fig 3.113 Structural plan https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor- square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study Fig 3.114Foundation https://www.slideshare.net/AnuragMathur13/kohinoor- square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-case-study
  • 18. 18 • Low flow faucets, dual flush toilets, grey water systems and storm water & rain water management systems – all the parts of our commitment to the environment Façade • The façade consists of faceted unitized aluminium curtain walls with provisions for high performance double glass façades on the tower. • Diamond edges of the building having aluminum flashing with LED lighting are the unique feature and make it complicated façade design. • All the Glasses are articulated glasses & can sustain design wind pressure of 4.5 to 5.0 kPa. • The building design makes it environmentally friendly, using technologies such as floor-to-ceiling insulated glazing to contain heat and maximize natural light, and an automatic daylight dimming 1. Rain water collection. 2. Sky gardens 3. High performance façade. 4. High efficiency ventilation system. 5. Daylight harvesting &dumming controls. 6. Black & grey water reuse. 7. Environmentally preferable material. 8. Green roof. 9. Energy centre. 10. Native adapted landscape 11. Onsite waste water treatment. 12. Recyclable sorting & collection. 13. Natural ventilation.Fig 3.115 Sustainable features https://image.slidesharecdn.com/presentation1170205205612/95/kohinoor -square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-mumbai-case-study-14- 638.jpg?cb=1486328493 Fig 3.116Facade https://image.slidesharecdn.com/presentation11 70205205612/95/kohinoor-square-high-rise- mixed-use-building-mumbai-case-study-14- 638.jpg?cb=1486328493
  • 19. 19 system. Mechanical • Kohinoor square has a well designed HVAC system for its ventilation purposes. As it is a glass enveloped structure the load of mechanical ventilation is also high. • The cooling towers are situated near water tanks at some level in the buildings. Fig 3.117Mechanical system https://image.slidesharecdn.com/presentation1170205205612/95/kohinoor -square-high-rise-mixed-use-building-mumbai-case-study-14- 638.jpg?cb=1486328493
  • 20. 20 Kohinoor Square, Mumbai Positive Points: • Different entries for all the verticals. • Environmental friendly technologies used such as low flow faucets, dual flush toilets, grey water systems and storm water & rain water management systems, rain water harvesting. • Central core provides easy access to the spaces inside the building. • spaces between the lifts where a lift lobby is not provided area used as toilets with ducts. • Sky lobby concept for reducing the time to travel to different floors. • Double skin façade system leading to energy saving and incorporating natural light inside the building and providing great views from inside the building. • Multi-level parking, parking above the ground. • Refuge areas provided as per the norms. Negative Points: • Compact site. • Less green area on site • 1 entry/exit to car park. Spaces Areas(sq.m) Residences 3bhk 222.96 3.5bhk 260.12 4bhk 306.58 Offices Working spaces 50-256 Male washroom 30 Female washroom 30 Pantry 4.8
  • 21. 21 Refuge area 458.76 Electrical room 1.25 AHU 2.49 Server room 18.50 Machine room 70.89 Retail Retail store 1150 Food court 1150 Male washroom 21 Female washroom 21 Shops 50-256 Energy 236 Terrace on 3rd floor 715.9 Parking 3627.6