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Continuing Education.pdf

  1. 1. Continuing Education in Nursing Mr.Vinayak Gunjal MVP’S INE NASHIK
  2. 2. History of Continuing Education in Nursing “Let us never consider ourselves as finished nurses….. We must be learning all our lives” -Florence Nightingale The idea of continuing education in nursing is as old as organized nursing, but the concept of lifelong learning for the practitioner has developed slowly. The history of continuing education in nursing has shown that educational institutions generally have been slow to accept responsibility for assisting the practitioner who wishes to add to her nursing knowledge and skill
  3. 3. Need Rapid technological advances related to knowledge explosion have greatly altered the practice of nursing The gap between scientific knowledge and its application grows wider each year as a result of multiple influences Elimination of certain illnesses, particularly the communicable diseases New drugs to cure some illnesses and alter the course of many
  4. 4. Need Surgeries are being performed successfully in areas that would not have been attempted 10-20 years ago Organ transplants are no more a novelty Complex and intricate machinery can extend lives All these advances require more highly skilled nursing care in a great variety of settings Continuing education is an accepted way of life
  5. 5. Need for Continuing Education in Nursing Phenomena of change Altered Professional Roles Effective and wise leadership and competent practitioners. To fulfill needs of nurse practitioners.
  6. 6. Nurses and Continuing Education Are Nurses exception? In fact we lagged behind. Certain exceptional nurses have always been self- directed learners.
  7. 7. Once a Nurse, always a Nurse? “some continuation training in service for nurses would promote the well-being of the nation”. Major reason for continuing education in nursing: the improvement in professional practice. Life-long learning in nursing relates not only to professional practice but also to the development of the person as an individual and as a responsible citizen. Charles Judd AJN (1928)
  8. 8. Definitions “Continuing education is any extension of opportunities for reading, study and training to young persons and adults following their completion of or withdrawal from full-time school and college programs”
  9. 9. Purposes of Continuing Education in Nursing To meets the needs of population. Development of nurses will occur by updating their knowledge and prepare them for specialization. For Carrere development. Professional roles are altered as society changes and new knowledge and technologies emerge. Nurses with research aptitude and p[reparation are needed. To Acquire specialize skills of personnel and meet technological adjuncts.
  10. 10. Purposes of Continuing Education in Nursing Increased in demand of specialized nursing care. Need for additional preparation for the position are already holding or to prepare themselves for other positions. Nursing functions requires high degree of skills, knowledge, competence and educational preparation. It provides opportunity for educational growth compatible with the realities of the work situation.
  11. 11. Elements of Continuing Education A Learner is a person as a nurse and a citizen. CE covers a three aspects of life long learning: 1. Diversity is a part of learning process and contributes to development of individual. 2. Learner in the life plays many different role e.g. friends, adults and from every aspect of life there are some CE. 3. It aims at self directed learning.
  12. 12. Elements of Continuing Education A Teacher/ Nurse Educator: 1. To help the students to how to learn, how to approach situation with an open, inquiring attitude. 2. Educator must be aware of source of knowledge
  13. 13. Elements of Continuing Education A Teacher/ Nurse Educator: 1. Creative teaching is essential. 2. Teacher should act as a role model. 3. To show interest and concern for every member of class. 4. To play many roles such as guide, motivator and evaluator.
  14. 14. Principles of Continuing Education Provision for school and nursing faculty environment. Adequate staffing is essential. Well qualified staff with sufficient talents and numbers to implement planned programmers. Responsibilities of the Director of CNE are: 1. Determination of learning needs of the nurse population. 2. Development and implementation of the programme to meet these needs 3. Evaluation of results.
  15. 15. Adult Education The terms Continuing Education and Adult Education are often used interchangeably.
  16. 16. Continuing Nursing Education “Educational activities primarily designed to keep registered nurses abreast of their particular field of interest and do not lead to any formal advanced standing in the profession” Nursing Thesaurus of the International Nursing Index
  17. 17. In-service Education “Planned instructional or training program provided by an employing agency in the employment setting and is designed to increase competence in a specific area” In-service Education is one aspect of continuing education, but the terms are not interchangeable
  18. 18. Continuing Professional Development Conduct research Write article / book / journal paper Take on new responsibilities Paper presentation at conference Team teaching Act as mentor Study for higher degree International exchange Attend workshops
  19. 19. Types Orientation to introduce new recruits to the basic aspects of the job so that they can perform their job effectively Continuing education for the improvement of knowledge, skills and attitudes Management skills and leadership training Staff development program is directed toward expanding to the fullest all the potentials of an individual Individual Interest Promotion Programs Future Oriented Programs to prepare learners for the future activities
  20. 20. The Planning Formula What is to be done? Why is it necessary How is it to be done? Where is it to be done? When is it to be done? Who should do the job?
  21. 21. Stages Analysis Design Development Implementation Evaluation
  22. 22. Analysis Analyze needs Goals Priorities Resources Constraints and Alternate delivery systems Determine scope and sequence of training program (by task and job analysis)
  23. 23. Design Emphasizes what will be taught Determine training approach Develop learning objectives Performance measures Training program specifications
  24. 24. Development Emphasizes on how the content will be taught Develop curriculum guide Lesson plan Supportive teaching aids Revise material
  25. 25. Implementation Implement training plan Conduct training Formative evaluation Document training results
  26. 26. Evaluation Conduct summative evaluation Analyze collected information Initiate corrective action
  27. 27. Benefits of Continuing Nursing Education New / Improved • Knowledge and Skills • Attitudinal Change Institution • Better Performance • Quality Patient Care Personal • Increased Job Satisfaction • High Motivation
  28. 28. Content Areas • Nursing Process • Intravenous Therapy • Communication • Ethics General Programs • Maternity • Pediatrics • Surgical • Orthopedics Hospital Specific Programs • CVP Care • Neonatal CPR • Ventilator • Dialysis Area Specific Programs
  29. 29. Learning Learning continues through out life and is called “lifelong learning” From “womb” to “tomb” Learning makes life easier, fuller longer and more enjoyable Learning has practical purpose
  30. 30. In-service Educator Public Relations Educational Preparation with emphasis on Adult Education The Continuing Educator as a Continuing Learner Clinical Knowledge and Skill Working withAdults Broad Knowledge Base Concern for People Determination Self-confidence Zest for life Innate curiosity Love for adventure Desire to search the unknown Flexibility Creativity Resourcefulness