Road to Rutas Europe to India INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE EDUCATION AND RESEARCH(IISER), PUNE
1. StructurePREPARED FOR A LONG-RANGE JOURNEY: THE DOUBLE HULLED REDPOOL AND THE SWIFT SHIPS, MAMAERS.THESE ARE THE TWO MAIN SHIPS INVOLVED IN THE TRANSPORT OF THE JANEONS. THESE SHIPS ARE,IN COMMON, BUILT FOR SPEED AS WELL AS ROBUSTNESS AND, YET, LUXURY IS NOT COMPROMISED FOR.THE REDPOOL WITH ITS 4 MULTI-PLAN SAILS AND A COMPARTMENTALIZED DOUBLE HULL ; USES REVOLUTIONARY TECHNOLOGY IN ENSURING THE SAFETY OF ITS PASSENGERS ON THE LONG JOURNEYTHE MAMAERS, THOUGH VERY SIMILIAR TO THE REDPOOL, BUT MUCH SMALLER IN SIZE; ARE BUILT FOR SPEEDY TRAVEL.ITS SWIFT ESCAPE ABILITY MAKES IT IDEAL FOR ITS ROLE IN THE ENTIRE MISSION.
2. Operations and InfrastructureThe basic outlay of the route is for ten Mamaers to travelfrom the seas outside Catania, Italy to the harbour ofAlexandria, Egypt which constitutes the first phase of theroute. The second phase is a short distance covered onland from Alexandria to the docks of Suez, Egypt where theRedpool would be built and ready to sail. The final phase ofthe travel takes the voyagers from Suez to Salsette Islandsnear India.Various operation regarding the ships are discussed indetail ahead.
2.1 The Route PHASE I PHASE IIA PHASE III the starting point in Italy is Catania where the JN’s will be brought under the pretence of teaching at the university about a week before they leave. they will be taken in small individual boats to mamaers in the seas. Once the mamaers leave, we release a ship on the false trail of that of Vasco da Gama ‘s original route. From Catania, mamaers go to Alexandria in Egypt. Then they walk to Cairo where the Redpool is being built. So from Cairo to Salsette islands
2.1.1 Phase 1The JN’s will be shifted to Italyunder the pretense of teaching atthe university of Catania, so theycan carry all their luggageThe luggage will be placed in hingedrooms of Mamaers as per each tasteThe route of transportationof Mamaers is from Italy toAfrica, a little down the Nile.This journey will beundertaken by 10 Mamaers.Distance covered will be1530 km and will take 30 days tocomplete journey.
2.1.2 Phase 2When the passengers get downin the port, the hinged roomsare removed from the Mamaersand folded into boxes.The route of transportation ofthe travelling party on landWhich will cover ≈ 160 kmThis journey will be undertakenby 200 full-time residents andthe crew accompanying them.Time taken to cover this routeis 7 days.
2.1. 3 Phase IIIThe route of transportation of Redpool from Africa to Salsette Islands.This journey will be undertaken by 1 Redpool.
2.2.1 Storage containers(Barrels) 25 Gsm•Volume of 1 barrel is 196000 GSm3.•Made of wood , crafted to be leakproof like wine barrels.•Used to store fresh water (drinking ,cooking etc. ) , sea water(for cleaning),oil(for trebuchets). 100 Gsm•Empty barrels are carried into whichsea water is treated during the journeyand stored.•Under extreme situations the emptybarrels are used as fire wood.
2.2.2 Food storage• The fruits are preserved by Nuts are candied using sugar syrups Fruits are dried or preserved in honey Fruit syrup in mixed with caramel to make jam• Meat preservation includes Smoking for pork Pickling for poultry, lamb, veal and rabbit.Typical pickling agents included brine (high in salt) and vinegar. Pepper was also used as a preservative occasionally. Drying for fish. Cooked food is preserved using gelatin.• Vegetables are taken in crates with Epsom salt (dried Epsom salt) in sachets to keep the crate dry from moisture.• Mouse traps and rat poisons used excessively in storage area.• Storage area to be treated with pine oil, neemessence, acid treatment (vinegar) and alkali treatment (lime) to prevent microbial attack.
2.2.3 TransportRedpool: Ship will be wind driven. There will be simple lifts(2 in no.) operated Lift manually using pulleys to carry the stored items to each section of the ship.Mamaers: Required parts of Mamaers along with its contents will be transported through Isthmus of Suez by labor from Mamluks in camel carts. All the transport will be guarded by soldiers. All travelers will be transported Caravan in guarded caravan. The JN’s will be disguised as merchants. All required labor work will be provided by Mamluks.
2.2.4 Communication systemsExternal: There will be watchtowers on the deck at a distance of 1500Gsm between each tower. Each tower will have a bell and a lantern. The bell on one tower will be linked to the one on the other by steel wires. At night, communication can be done using the lanterns. In case of a foggy weather when the visibilty is very low, the towers will communicate using the bells.Internal: A huge bell will be present on the deck for giving common signal in case of emergency. The workers will carry important messages across the floors of the ship.
2.2.5 Weather contingencies:Rain: The deck is slanted so that the rainwater drains into the sea. If needed, this water can also be collected in barrels hanging out along the sides of the ship.Lightening: The iron masts supporting the sails will provide protection against lightning.Storm: The sails shall be removed.2.2.6 Civil Infrastructure• Wooden pipes coated with bitumen on the inside will be used to drain the waste from toilets and kitchen directly into the sea.• Due to the fragility of wooden structures, iron and steel pipes are not used for drainage.• For providing water and raw material to the kitchen, barrels will be transported from the storage area using the pulley lifts.
2.2.7aWater management Drinking Water: A fixed amount ofSpecifics Mamaer Redpool drinking water will beNo of travellers 50 300 provided per person, toWater consumption per their respective rooms,person per day in everyday by servants. AGsm^3 10000 10000 barrel with tap will beLength of journey 1 month 2 months provided.Total quantity of water Water for Personalin Gsm^3 15x106 18x107 Hygiene: Will beNo of barrels required* 100 1000 available in theTotal weight of barrels common bathroomin Gskg 196x105 196x106 upstairs. Water for cooking: Will be provided to cook directly2.2.7b Waste ManagementWooden pipelines coated with bitumen on the inside will be usedto drain the waste from the bathroom directly into the sea.A dustbin will be provided to each room and all the garbage willbe collected daily by the cleaners and dumped into the sea.
2.3 Speedy interior finishingThe individual rooms which are designed for each family in Mamaerswill be made such that it is possible to dismantle the individual roomdesigns (as per the requirements of each family) and this exact design willbe replicated onto the respective rooms in Redpool. This saves resourcesand also saves time.The soldiers, who will not have guard duty over the land route, will beresponsible for the transport of the goods and dismantled rooms fromMamaers. Further, slaves from Egypt (the Mamluks) will be employed forthis purpose.
2.4. 1 Transportation of High- priority cargoThe high priority cargo will be put into cushioned crates made up ofwood filled with fine sand and hay.They will be carried into the ship carefully by the slaves and onceinside the boxes will be properly fastened in the storage area.Crates will be provided to each family.Crates will be manufactured according to the needs of individuals.2.4.2 Techniques for ship construction(For further details refer section 1.3)Steam heating of wood for carvel : This technique is used to bend woodusing a specialized equipment built for same.(Refer section 1.101 and 1.102)Molding of iron/steel: This is used for constructing the basic hull of theship. This is used for both sail pole construction (Refer section 1.104) as wellas secondary hull steel backbone unit construction. (Refer section 1.102)
3. Human factorsThe safety of the JN’s is our primary concern, sokeeping this in mind, we will have a week training inswimming and first aid.The luxury comes second to us but is no less important,so we plan to keep the environment of their choice.The room’s interior design will be theirs which will becarried for the whole journey.
3.1.1 Community layoutThe JN’s are mainly localized in two floors, the one below thedeck(the first image, with index) and the other two floorsbelow the deck(image and index given). The former is therecreational floor and the latter the residential floor.
3.1.2 Consumables and supplies Details of Quantities(in 10^5 GSkg) Meat Qty Spices Qty Vegetables Qty Oil Qty Pork 1.6 Pepper 0.07 Cabbage 0.54 Olive 0.25 Lamb 1.5 Cardamom 0.02 Carrot 1.35 Poppy 0.125 Poultry nd Game 1.5 Turmeric 0.02 Beetroot 0.9 Walnut 0.125 Hare nd Rabbit 1 Mustard 0.02 Garlic 0.9 Almond 0.5 Veal 4 Ginger 0.05 Cucumber 1.8 Total 1 Fish 3 Saffron 0.003 Onions 1.8 Total 12.6 Coriander 0.05 Potatoes 3.6 Cumin 0.03 Total 10.89 Cloves 0.01 Total 0.273The food will be stocked andwill mainly consist of driedmeat. The list is given here.The food will be transportedthrough the lifts(manual) Possible design of the furniture of the ship.
Redpool Food Requirement Mamaers Food Requirement Consumption per Quantity for 2 Consumption per Quantity for 2 person per day(in months(in 10^5 person per day (in months(in 10^5 Items 100 GSkg) GSkg) Items 100 GSkg) GSkg) Fruits preservedFruits preserved in honey 0.3 0.27 in honey 0.3 5.4 Meat 0.7 0.63 Meat 0.7 12.6 Spices 0.01 0.01365 Spices 0.01 0.273 Vegetables 0.61 10.98 Vegetables 0.61 0.549 Rice 0.3 5.4 Rice 0.3 0.27 Flour 0.7 12.6 Flour 0.7 0.63 Oil 0.055 0.99 Oil 0.055 0.0495 Wine 1 18 Wine 1 0.9 Beer 1 6 Beer 1 0.3 Rum 1 9 Rum 1 0.45 Cheese 0.1 1.8 Cheese 0.1 0.09 Total 83.043 Total 4.15215
3.1.2 Consumables(cont.) Furniture Crockery Items Qty Weight Item Weight Table for 6 50 0.75x10^5GSkg Timber for ship repairing .75x10^5GSkg chairs 400 .32x10^5GSkg Iron nails .05x10^5GSkg Arm-chairs 100 .32x10^5GSkg Tools .1x10^5GSkg Small round tables 50 .25x10^5GSkg Iron bars .1x10^5GSkg Table clothes 500 .15x10^5GSkg Flower vases 100 .005x10^5GSkg Potraits 100 .2x10^5GSkg • 250 each of silver Mats 75 .075x10^5GSkg cups,forks,spoons,plates, Carpets .5x10^5GSkg glasses, knives, soup bowls. Candle Stands(big)Candle Holders(Table top and wall 500 4x10^5GSkg 50 tea pots attachments) 500 10^5GSkg •High capacity utensils 25 Curtains 0.1x10^5GSkg in number, 5x10^4 Gsm^3 Wood(for fuel) 10^6GSkg Ropes .5x10^5GSkg •125 each of wooden cups, Clothes for sail .2x10^5GSkg plates, spoons, mugs and Mops 150 .15x10^5GSkg soup bowls. Buckets 100 .1x10^5GSkg Hand Carts 30 .3x10^5GSkg Clothes for cleaning .1x10^5GSkg Cleaning Soaps .1x10^5GSkg
3.1.3 Open space and psychologicalfactorsThe open space includes the decks which can be used toenjoy splendid view of the ocean. Else there is amultipurpose hall, dining area, reading hall(library)and indoor games hall.To enchant those present by the mystic culture ofIndia, we teach everyone yoga, which will also helpward off depression and sea sickness. The classeswould be held in the multipurpose hall.
3.2 Floor plan and layoutThe room design ofMamaers andRedpool remains thesame. The design is asfollows.Although the roominteriors can becustomized to thetravelers taste.
3.3.1 Crew Posts Deputy Captain Redpool Mamaerseach) 1 1Soldiers Navigators 2 224 archers to keep watch at Sail arrangers 3 3outposts(8) keeping watch on Carpenters 4 1shift basis. Cooks 10 2 Doctor and Nurse 1 each 1 each10 to operate trebuchet. Officers (for40 to operate cannons. 2 (one managing workers 2(one each) each) and stores)At time of attack the workers Soldiers 74 4will be called for defendingthe ship.Unless there is an attack thesoldiers, other than archers,will be helping with thehousekeeping, serving food,cleaning, rigging sails etc. Tools required through the journey.
3.3.2 Contingency and safetyWe carry life jackets Dangers and Suggestable solutionwhich coconut coir problemsfrom Egypt . We have Human attack(piratessmall rescue boats which Ammunition et al)otherwise will be used Ammunition, arrows andfor fishing. Animal attack sharp metal rods. lightenting Iron rod of the sails Double hull with metal salsette rock bed skeleton Suffocation ventilation system Injuries Doctors and medicines scurvy Cirtus fruit jellies Open space and mandatory Sea sickness yoga Length : 840 Gsm Making the medium either Breadth: 360 Gsm Pests and Rats acidic or basic. Mutiny Law body of the heirarchy small rescue ships and life Sinks jackets
3.4 RecreationThe multipurpose hall can be used for ball room dances and display of exhibitions.For children, the esteemed JN’s can take one day of classes of a topic of their interest.The ladies can help about in cooking, or can have knitting clubs. They can teach each other something of their expertise.There is a reading room providing those present a calm environment for thinking and reading. The indoor games room harbor games like chess and cards. everyone would be taught star gazing and identification of sea creatures.
4. Transportation plansThe safety of the voyagers is assured to a great extentby many a misdirection, starting with the ‘convention’of the Janeons in Catania, Italy in the University atCatania.While the military attempts to trace the movementsof the members of the Janeons, the society membersalong with their families will be transported inrented boats to their respective Mamaers. As theydepart from Catania , the false news of the Janeonsescaping to India by the route taken by Vasco da Gamain 1498 is spread . This ensures them a headstart,which is essential to the success of this plan.
4.1 Safe transport Map of the false trail routeA small fleet of fast ships will bedeployed soon after (or at the sametime) the Mamaers have departed.This gives the travelling part a tacticaladvantage since time is the only keyfactor as speed of the Mamaers willbe unmatched owing to its small sizeand powerful sails. Having a member of Janeons inside the Church (Leo X) gives us the advantage of leaking a false trail leading the majority of the military forces towards the route taken by Vasco de Gama in 1498.The safety assured by this route is far greater than that assured by otherroutes for this route is common to Arab traders and mingling with thatcrowd and getting cover under the disguise gives them greater safety interms of a military face-off.
4.2 Defense and measuresAlong the length of the ship(10500 GSm) the cannons will beplaced on both sides clustered around the centre, rear andfront.20 cannons each(total 40 cannons)are placed on either sides ofthe ship on the level immediately below the deck.The cannon would be put in a sand box for cushioning therecoil.5 trebuchets are placed 2100gsm apart on the deck, whichwould hurl oil barrels with lighted trigger
4.3 Measure against sea creatures andpiratesSea creatures:Harpoons dotted with poison ofthe common adder andscorpions from Spain andPortugal manned by archers,one in the front and rear of theship and 3 along each side of theship accounts for safety from seacreatures.Pirates:Safety from piracy is assured by the size of the ship, thephysical strength of the structure.Further safety in the form of cannons and archerslined along the length of the ship ensures the safety ofRedpool from pirates.
4.4 Structural measures The carpenters present can repair any external damage to the ship. The ship has a double hull with an iron-steel backbone. If situation goes out of control, we anchor our ship and use the small boats(fishing boats, to reach to Salsette Islands. The double wooden hull The iron steel backbone
5. Cost and ScheduleThe scheduling of the entire travel plan is done in dates. Sufficient time has been accounted for in case of delays with construction and final installations in Redpool.Costs of construction of Mamaers and Redpool, resources and aid in the form of military support and workers have been accounted for and calculated in Gold Bars.Remark: 1 Gold Bar = 1030 INR(as per details given in RFT)
5.1 Schedule TASK DATE OF INITIATION DATE OF COMPLETION Construction of MAMAERS 22nd October, 1508 31st December, 1511 Construction of REDPOOL 22nd October, 1508 1st November, 1514 PHASE I of journey 1st December, 1514 1st January, 1515 PHASE II of journey 2nd January, 1515 15th January, 1515 PHASE III of journey 1st March, 1515 1st May, 1515 The time taken by this route schedules the arrival of the JN’s to Salsette island is five months. Where as the time taken by the Vasco Da Gama is eleven months. Which gives us a time advantage over the military.
5.1. CostCost of wood required Items Quantity for 2 Costs (in months INR)for ten Mamaers and Fruits preserved in honey 5.4 270000one Redpool: Meat 12.6 5530000 Spices 0.273 145100112,086,400,000 GS Kg Vegetables 10.98 217500of wood costing ≈ Rice 5.4 1890001020,000,000 gold Oils 12.6 1025000bars1,650,200,000 GS Kg Wine 0.99 1800000of iron and steel Beer 18 600000costing ≈ 160,000 Rum 9 4500000gold bars Cheese 1.8 1260000Cost of consumables: Flour 12.6 3780007000 gold bars
5.2 Cost (continued)Total cost of foods for Redpool = Rs. 1,59,14,600Total cost of foods for Mamaers = Rs. 79,57,300Total cost of water for Redpool and Mamaers = Rs. 27,00,000Total food and water costs for entire journey = Rs. 2,65,71,900Cost of consumables: 7000 gold barsConverting to gold bars at 1 gold bar = Rs. 1030Cost of food and water in gold bars = 25797(+) gold barsThis can be approximated to 25800 gold bars.Tribute given to the Mamluks in exchange for workers to buildREDPOOL = 10 gold bars per workerNo. of estimated workers = 3,700Total cost of workers = 37,000 gold barsTotal cost of maintaining a 100 member crew for a period of sevenmonths = 50,000 gold barsTotal cost in Gold Bars = 1020279800 gold bars.
6. Executive summaryThe sturdy design of the ship, the double hull reinforced withiron, gives enormous strength to the ship preventing minoraccidents turning fatal.The route plotted and the decoys planned give the voyagers atactical advantage since the time taken by this route againstthe route taken by Vasco da Gama is one-half.The overall infrastructure of the ships, both Mamaers andRedpool is sound and complete in terms of preparation andexecution. The management of the ship is well looked into withspecial focus being given to make the travel as peaceful andnon-stressful, to keep them in the best of mental health.The transportation of all the cargo is taken care of by theslaves hired form Egypt with several guards overlooking theprocess.Overall, this entire plan is the safest for the JNs as the timeduration is small, the chances of being attacked upon by themilitary is less and further the safety of the disguise as tradersduring the land journey ensures their covers.
Thanking You The team: Alisha Pathak Aravind H.V. Pallavi patil Sandesh Bhat J.R. Shreya Ray Sourajit Basu Sreejith Varma Varun karamshetty Vikas negi