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Clouds SS


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10 main types of clouds.

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Clouds SS

  2. 2. WHAT ARE CLOUDS?  Clouds are tiny drops of condensing clear water vapor and/or ice crystals that settle on dust particles in the atmosphere. Clouds can be of many different shapes and sizes. Some clouds are big and puffy on warm days, and other clouds bring precipitation, such as rain, hail, snow, sleet, and freezing rain.  Clouds are visible mass of condensed watery vapor floating in the atmosphere, typically high above the general level of the ground.
  3. 3. CLOUDS
  4. 4. TYPES OF CLOUDS  The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has extended Luke Howard's classifications to make 10 main groups of clouds, called genera, according to the part of the atmosphere in which they are usually found. These are divided into three levels: 1. LOW CLOUDS 2. MEDIUM CLOUDS 3. HIGH CLOUDS
  6. 6.  LOW CLOUDS Low clouds  Base usually below 6,500 feet. 1. Stratocumulus 2. Stratus 3. Cumulus 4. Cumulonimbus
  7. 7. 1. STRATOCUMULUS  Stratocumulus clouds  Height of base: 1,200 - 6,500 feet  Latin: stratus - flattened; cumulus - heap  Low-level clumps or patches of cloud varying in color from bright white to dark grey. They normally have well defined bases and some parts are much darker than others. They can be joined together or have gaps between them. Stratocumulus clouds can be present in all types of weather conditions, from dry settled weather to light rain and snow.
  9. 9. 2. STRATUS  Stratus clouds  Height of base: below 6,500 feet  Latin: stratus - flattened or spread out  Stratus clouds are very low-level grey layers or patches of clouds with fuzzy edges. They are the lowest clouds and sometimes appear at ground level in the form of mist or fog. Stratus clouds are a fairly uniform grey or white color and may be accompanied by drizzle, snow or snow grains. If there are no other clouds above the layer of stratus cloud, the sun or moon may shine through.
  10. 10. 2. STRATUS
  11. 11. 3. CUMULUS  Cumulus clouds  Height of base: 1,200 - 6,500 feet  Latin: cumulus - heap  Cumulus clouds are detached cauliflower shaped clouds usually spotted in fair weather. If they get bigger they can sometimes produce showers. The top of these clouds are mostly brilliant white when lit by the sun, although their base is usually relatively dark.
  12. 12. 3. CUMULUS
  13. 13. 4. CUMULONIMBUS  Cumulonimbus clouds  Height of base: 1,100 - 6,500 feet  Latin: cumulus - heap; nimbus - rainy cloud  Cumulonimbus are heavy and dense low-level clouds, extending high into the sky in towers, plumes or mountain shaped peaks. Commonly known as thunderclouds, the base is often flat and very dark, and may only be a few hundred feet above the Earth's surface. Cumulonimbus clouds are associated with extreme weather such as heavy torrential downpours, hail storms, lightning and tornados.
  14. 14. 4. CUMULONIMBUS
  15. 15.  MEDIUM CLOUDS Medium clouds  Base usually between 6,500 and 20,000 feet. 1. Altocumulus 2. Altostratus 3. Nimbostratus
  16. 16. 1. ALTOCUMULUS  Altocumulus clouds  Height of base: 2,000 - 18,000 feet  Latin: altum - height; cumulus - heap  Altocumulus are small mid-level layers or patches of clouds - called cloudlets - in the shape of rounded clumps. These are white or grey, and the sides away from the Sun are shaded. Mostly found in settled weather, altocumulus are usually composed of droplets, but may also contain ice crystals.
  17. 17. 1. ALTOCUMULUS
  18. 18. 2. ALTOSTRATUS  Altostratus clouds  Height of base: 7,000 - 18,000 feet  Latin: altum - height; stratus - flattened or spread out  Altostratus are large mid-level thin grey or blue coloured clouds. Usually composed of a mixture of water droplets and ice crystals, they are thin enough in parts to allow you to see the sun weakly through the cloud. The sun cannot cast shadows when shining through altostratus clouds, which is how you can differentiate between altostratus and nimbostratus.
  19. 19. 2. ALTOSTRATUS
  20. 20. 3. NIMBOSTRATUS  Nimbostratus clouds  Height of base: 2,000 - 10,000 feet  Latin: nimbus - rainy cloud; stratus - flattened or spread out  Nimbostratus clouds are dark grey or bluish grey featureless layers of clouds, thick enough to block out the sun. These mid-level clouds are often accompanied by continuous heavy rain or snow and cover most of the sky. If there is hail, thunder or lightning it is a cumulonimbus cloud rather than nimbostratus.
  21. 21. 3. NIMBOSTRATUS
  22. 22.  HIGH CLOUDS High clouds  Base usually 20,000 feet or above. 1. Cirrus 2. Cirrocumulus 3. Cirrostratus
  23. 23. 1. CIRRUS  Cirrus  Height of base: 18,000 - 40,000 feet  Latin: cirrus - lock or tuft of hair  Cirrus are short, detached, hair-like clouds found at high altitudes. These delicate clouds are wispy with a silky sheen or look like tufts of hair. In the day time, they are whiter than any other cloud in the sky. While the sun is setting or rising, they may take on the colors of the sunset.
  24. 24. 1. CIRRUS
  25. 25. 2. CIRROCUMULUS  Cirrocumulus  Height of base: 20,000 - 40,000 feet  Latin: cirrus - lock or tuft of hair; cumulus - heap  Cirrocumulus clouds are lots of small white clouds - called cloudlets grouped together at high levels. Composed almost entirely from ice crystals, the little cloudlets are regularly spaced, often arranged as ripples in the sky. They are relatively rare, and unlike altocumulus clouds, never have any shading.
  26. 26. 2. CIRROCUMULUS
  27. 27. 3. CIRROSTRATUS  Cirrostratus  Height of base: 18,000 - 40,000 feet  Latin: cirrus - lock or tuft of hair; stratus - flattened or spread out  Cirrostratus are transparent high clouds covering large areas of the sky. They sometimes produce white or coloured rings, spots or arcs of light around the sun or moon that are known as halo phenomena. Cirrostratus can span thousands of miles, and may be smooth or fibrous and are often fringed with cirrus clouds.
  28. 28. 3. CIRROSTRATUS
  29. 29. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS  oud-names-classifications (accessed on 07/01/2014)