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Research paper & Thesis.pptx

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TECHNICAL
WRITING
&
PRESENTATION
(HUM-3211)
Presented By
NABILAH ANZOOM NISHU
Roll : 1714051
1. Research Paper Writing
2. Thesis Writing &
Presentations
TOPICS
What is Research?
Research is defined as the creation
of new knowledge or the use of
existing knowledge in a new and
creative way so as to generate new
concepts, methodologies and
understandings.
What is Research Paper?
A research paper is a piece of academic
writing that provides analysis,
interpretation, and argument based on
in-depth independent research.
Research papers are similar
to academic essays, but they are
usually longer and more detailed
assignments, designed to assess not
only your writing skills but also your
skills in scholarly research.
1. KNOW the
focus of your
paper.
What? Why?
When?
2. READ related
works
&
COLLECT data.
How to find and get
paper?
https://scholar.google.com/
https://www.researchgate.net/
https://www.academia.edu/
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Research paper & Thesis.pptx

  • 2. 1. Research Paper Writing 2. Thesis Writing & Presentations TOPICS
  • 3. What is Research? Research is defined as the creation of new knowledge or the use of existing knowledge in a new and creative way so as to generate new concepts, methodologies and understandings.
  • 4. What is Research Paper? A research paper is a piece of academic writing that provides analysis, interpretation, and argument based on in-depth independent research. Research papers are similar to academic essays, but they are usually longer and more detailed assignments, designed to assess not only your writing skills but also your skills in scholarly research.
  • 5. 1. KNOW the focus of your paper. What? Why? When?
  • 6. 2. READ related works & COLLECT data. How to find and get paper? https://scholar.google.com/ https://www.researchgate.net/ https://www.academia.edu/
  • 9. 3. 1st Draft ….2nd Draft ….3rd Draft …………... …………… …. Nth Draft
  • 10. 4. STRUCTURE of a Research Paper Main Parts of a Research Paper  Introduction  Body  Conclusion
  • 11. Structure of a Research Paper Title Abstract Introduction Literature Review Methodology Experimental Setup Data Collection Data Analysis Result Discussion Conclusion Acknowledgments Reference Appendix
  • 12. Structure of a Research Paper  Title :  To summarize the main idea or ideas of your study. A good title contains the fewest possible words needed to adequately describe the content and purpose of your research paper.
  • 13. Structure of a Research Paper  Abstract : To briefly introduce the reader to the aims of the study, methodology and findings. It contains about 150- to 250-word paragraph.
  • 14. Structure of a Research Paper  Introduction :  To state a clear overall purpose for the study, often framed in a discussion of the need of the research is satisfying.  To define the research question(s) of the study.  To give a very brief background of relevant theory and practice for your topic.
  • 15. Structure of a Research Paper  Literature Review:  To summarize what conclusions have been reached in the research literature and whether different writers agree or not.  To highlight main issue and controversies around the problem.
  • 16. Structure of a Research Paper  Methodology :  To demonstrate that you are aware of the research methods used to study this topic.  To explain and justify the method of data collection and analysis.
  • 17. Structure of a Research Paper  Experimental setup:  In this section, you describe how the experiment was done and summarize the data taken.  One typically describes the instruments and detectors used in this section.  Describe the procedure followed to collect the data.
  • 18. Structure of a Research Paper Data Collection :  This is where you include the date you took the data.  Put the data in tabular form if appropriate.  This section and the Experimental Setup sections can be combined for short papers
  • 19. Structure of a Research Paper Data Analysis :  In this section, you use the theory developed in the introduction to analyze the data.
  • 20. Structure of a Research Paper  Result :  To present the findings of your research in an orderly manner , using heading planned in your methodology or heading arising from patterns found in research.
  • 21. Structure of a Research Paper  Discussion : To comment on the trends/findings and show your understanding of what your data suggests. To highlight anything unexpected that came up.
  • 22. Structure of a Research Paper  Conclusion : To sum up your findings and highlight the significance of the outcomes of your study. To discuss the limitations of your study and indicate where further research is needed.
  • 23. Structure of a Research Paper  Acknowledgments : To consist of a piece of writing in which you thank to all the people who have helped you throughout your research in any way.
  • 24. Structure of a Research Paper  Reference : To list alphabetically all the reference materials that have been cited in the text of the report.
  • 26. Copy
  • 27. Structure of a Research Paper  Appendix :  To consist of supporting information for the research that is not necessary to include in the text.  This section provides further insight into the topic of research but happens to be too complex or too broad to add to the body of the paper (Additional Diagram, Additional Tables summarizing data , Long list, Raw data, details of equipment etc.)
  • 28. 5.Be ORIGINAL and Don’t PLAGIARIZE
  • 29. PLAGIARISM Plagiarism is the representation of another's language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions as one's own original work.
  • 30. How to Avoid PLAGIARISM?  Quoting: If you don’t want to alter a source, use quotation marks to enclose all verbatim phrases.  Summarizing: If you find multiple relevant points in a lengthy text, simplify them into your own condensed synopsis.  Paraphrasing: If you want to use a source’s information, restate it in your own words through “new wording and phrasing in just as many words or slightly more words than the original.”
  • 32. 6. FORMATTING the research paper. Which one? MLA Format [Modern Language Association of America] ACM Format [Association of Computing Machinery] APA Format [American Psychological Association]
  • 33. 7. Using template of target CONFERENCE and JOURNAL IEEE Template : https://www.ieee.org/conferences/publishing/templates.html
  • 34. What is THESIS? A thesis is a type of research paper based on your original research. It is usually submitted as the final step of a master’s program or a capstone to a bachelor’s degree.
  • 35. Writing process of a THESIS PAPER Title Author Abstract Keywords Introduction Literature Review Methodology Experimental Setup Result Discussion Conclusion & Future Work Reference List Chapter -1 Chapter -3 Chapter -4 Chapter -5 Chapter -2 List of Figures Chapter -6
  • 36.  Title : A thesis title is a statement that frames the argument you are presenting in an academic paper. It is a short phrase that tells the audience what the content is about. Writing process of a THESIS PAPER
  • 37.  Authors : The first author should be that person who contributed most to the work, including writing of the manuscript. The sequence of authors should be determined by the relative overall contributions to the manuscript. Writing process of a THESIS PAPER
  • 38.  Abstract : An abstract is a 150- to 250-word paragraph that provides readers with a quick overview of your thesis paper and its organization. It should express your thesis (or central idea) and your key points; it should also suggest any implications or applications of the research you discuss in the paper. Writing process of a THESIS PAPER
  • 39.  Keywords : An important part of submitting your thesis is selecting keywords and subject categories. These elements become part of the information about your thesis and will help other researchers to find your work. Writing process of a THESIS PAPER
  • 40. It should include : 1. You must have at least one keyword. You can enter up to 6 keywords for your thesis. 2. Capitalize the first letter of keywords. 3. Use full phrases rather than acronyms or abbreviations. 4. Keywords may be a single word or several words. Keywords may include phrases. 5. Add a keyword if the concept or concepts covers at least 20% of your thesis. Writing process of a THESIS PAPER
  • 41.  Introduction (CHAPTER-1) When writing a thesis, you will need to write an introductory chapter. This chapter is critical as it is the first thing that the examiner will read and it is therefore important to make a good first impression. It may contains – 1. Motivation 4. Problem Statement 2. Objectives 5. Applications 3. Features 6. Report Layout Writing process of a THESIS PAPER
  • 42.  Literature Review (CHAPTER-2) The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic. There are five key steps to writing a literature review : 1. Search for relevant literature. 2. Evaluate sources. 3. Identify themes, debates, and gaps. 4. Outline the structure. 5. Write your literature review. Writing process of a THESIS PAPER
  • 43.  Methodology (CHAPTER-3) A key part of your thesis , the methodology chapter explains what you did and how you did it, allowing readers to evaluate the reliability and validity of your research. It should include: 1. All types of diagram related to your thesis paper. 2. Circuit diagram, block diagram, flow chart. 3. Algorithm. 4. Pictorial explanation of all requirements. 5. Any tools or materials that used in the research. Writing process of a THESIS PAPER
  • 44.  Experimental setup(CHAPTER-4) :  In this section, you describe how the experiment was done and summarize the data taken.  One typically describes the instruments and detectors used in this section.  Describe the procedure followed to collect the data. Writing process of a THESIS PAPER
  • 45.  Result Discussion (Chapter-5) A results section is where you report the main findings of the data collection and analysis you conducted for your thesis or dissertation. Your results should always be written in the past tense. It should include: 1. All types of analysis of your output. 2. Output pictures, graphs, tables. 3. How many times it is good or bad (“%”). 4. Feature wise results. Writing process of a THESIS PAPER
  • 46.  Conclusion & Future work (CHAPTER-6) The conclusion should concise and engaging, leaving your reader with a clear understanding of your main findings, as well as the answer to your research question.  It should include: 1. Clearly state the answer to your main research question. 2. Summarize and reflect on your research process. 3. Make recommendations for future work on your thesis . 4. Show what new knowledge you have contributed to your field. Writing process of a THESIS PAPER
  • 47.  Reference List : A reference list is a list of the publication information for the sources you’ve cited in your paper and is intended to give your readers all the information they need to find those sources. Here are a few things to keep in mind about reference lists: 1. Do not include sources you read but did not cite. 2. Organize your references alphabetically by the author's last name. 3. Do note bold the title of the list. 4. Italicize titles of longer works (e.g., books, names of newspapers). Writing process of a THESIS PAPER
  • 48. 5. Authors' first and middle names should be written as initials. Example:  The reference entry for a source written by Jane Marie Smith would begin with "Smith, J. M.“  If a middle name isn't available, just initialize the author's first name: "Smith, J." Writing process of a THESIS PAPER
  • 49.  List of Figures: A list of figures and tables compiles all of the figures and tables that you used in your thesis along with their corresponding page numbers. Writing process of a THESIS PAPER
  • 50. What is the Difference Between Research Paper and Thesis?
  • 51. Differences between Research Paper & Thesis Research Paper Thesis 1. A research paper is a piece of academic writing that provides analysis, interpretation, and argument . 1. Long academic paper that typically serves as the final project for a university degree. 2. Shorter than thesis and takes less time. 2. Longer than research paper and takes more time. 3. Usually not the final project. 3. Usually the final project. 4. Usually not written under supervision. 4. Written under the supervision of an academic supervisor. 5. Students write research papers to expand their knowledge. 5. Have to complete a thesis in order to complete degree.