Seca seminar 2013 stena - per stefenson


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Seca seminar 2013 stena - per stefenson

  1. 1. Methanol as the future fuel for shippingMaritimt Forum Oslofjorden20 June 2013Per Stefenson, Stena Rederi AB
  2. 2. Short Sea Shipping routes
  3. 3. Sulphur regulations in SECAWe have studied 4 different ways of meeting the new sulphur regulation1. Run on Marine Gas oil with 0,1% sulphur2. New types of fuel, LNG or Methanol3. Install exhaust gas cleaning equipment, Scrubbers4. Reduce operations and adjust to the new situationThe solution will probably be a combination of the alternativesabove3
  4. 4. With adding one oxygen atom a new substance, easier to handlethan LNG, is createdNatural Gas (LNG) MetanolHHHHCMethane CH4 CH3OHHHHHOC4
  5. 5. Methanol is used as a fuel already today – but in limited areas5
  6. 6. Methanol as marine fuel• Availability, distribution and storage• Engine technology and adjustment to the ship• Environment and cost benefit• Safety and regulations
  7. 7. Crude oil well head price115 $/bbl843 $/tonCrude landed (WTI/Brentapprox)119 $/bbl872 $/tonMGO port price0.062 €/kWh1070 $/tonNatural gas well head price0.010 €/kWh183 $/ton Crudeeqv.LNG cost ex works0.02 €/kWh345 $/ton MGO eqv.LNG along side Göteborg0.046 €/kWh845 $/ton MGO eqv.LNG FOB Zeebrugge0.03 €/kWh518 $/ton MGO eqv.Natural gas well head price0.010 €/kWh183 $/ton Crudeeqv.Methanol cost ex works0.025 €/kWh432 $/ton MGO eqv.Methanol along sideGöteborg0.044 €/kWh805 $/ton MGO eqv.Methanol produced fromforest products0.072 €/kWh1244 $/ton MGO eqv.HFO port price0.042 €/kWh716 $/ton
  8. 8. Methanol as a marine fuel Conversion factor energyequivalence Methanol andMarine diesel oil▪ Exhaust emissions – Methanolequivalent to LNG (SOx, NOx,PM)▪ GHG– Methanol leads towardsZero vision. (Bio- and electrogenerated)▪ Energy security – diversifiesEurope’s energy imports▪ Economy per ship – ~4 millionUSD of added yearly fuel costavoidedAdvantages for EuropePrice comparison$ per tonne of fuel oil energy content,Europe, average spot price, 2012 YTD6459253690,1%MarineDieselOil721352+12%Methanolequivalentmarinediesel oil-22%1%Fuel OilConversion add on Price on the marketXx2.05
  9. 9. Methanol is a solution for green shipping Similar positive reductions as LNG in terms of GHG but no methane slip Similar positive reductions as LNG in terms of Nox & Sox and particles Can be produced from various feedstock Green energy source for the future including CCU (Carbon Capture and Use)! Infrastructure and safety similar to ethanol and oil Liquid – no high pressure or cryogenic storage required Big commodity (55 million ton/year) Conversion to dual fuel engines of existing vessels possible at low cost Bio degradableBut Low flashpoint fuel Toxic Double volume vs Diesel
  10. 10. Methanol leads towards the zero visionFrom Swedish Ship-owners´ research strategy
  11. 11. Renewable energy + CO2 + H2O= Methanol
  12. 12. Conversion from HFO to LNG.BIT VIKING.Conversion cost; 1000 EURO/kW
  13. 13. MethanolConversion cost; 300 Euro/kWComparable with Scrubber
  14. 14. Tests on Stena ScanrailSPIRETH
  15. 15. Stena ScanrailSPIRETH – 2012-01-26SPIRETH - Stena ScanrailLooking aft at new aux engine roomWTdoor toERFuel treatment roomMethanol to OBATE upgradeAuxillary Engine Room2 x Volvo Penta D13 MG – DME versionSPIRETH
  16. 16. Stena ScanrailSPIRETH – 2012-01-26SPIRETH - Stena ScanrailLooking aft at new aux engine roomWTdoor toERFuel treatment roomMethanol to OBATE upgradeAuxillary Engine Room2 x Volvo Penta D13 MG – DME versionMethanol supply double walled pipeOBATEDouble walled pipingVentilationSPIRETH
  17. 17. Next step;Full conversion, Gothenburg - Kiel90.000 Cars90.000 LorriesLifted from the roadevery year2 X
  18. 18. Methanol Conversion scopeInterface ShipAutomation SystemEngine Automation SystemEngine related updates:Cylinder headsFuel injection injectorsFuel pump plungersFuel injection high pressure pipingUpdate of VesselAutomation SystemVentilation SystemInerting SystemHFO to MeOH fueltank adaptationHigh Pressuremethanol pump
  19. 19. Stena’s global methanol projectInitial timeframe for converting Stena’s SECA fleetNumber ofshipsconverted(estimate) 2520181201432015102016202017800400125251,000Methanol required for fuelThousand tonnes of methanol
  20. 20. THANK YOUPer Stefenson, Stena Rederi ABTel +46 704 855