Towards Civil War
Reading Review
What events caused the Civil War?
Warm Up
• Review the Primary Source on top of page 460.
• Was the raid on Harpers Ferry a success for abolitionists? Why
o...
Compromise of 1850
• The Fugitive Slave Act
• Devised by Henry Clay
• Required all citizens to aid in capture of runaway s...
Slavery brings Sectionalism
• The Kansas Nebraska Act
• Devised by Stephen A. Douglas
• territories settlers vote to decid...
Dred Scott I Presume
• Dred Scott
• Enslaved African
American
• Owned by Army doctor
from Missouri
• Lived in Illinois and...
The Decision Mr. Taney
• The Dred Scott Case
• Chief Justice Roger B. Taney presided (Maryland Native)
• Dred Scott was no...
John Brown: Martyr or Murder
• Raid on Harpers Ferry
• John Brown (abolitionists) led the event
• Plan was to raid an arse...
The Confederacy
• Abraham Lincoln was elected
president in 1860
• Southern states seceded or
left the United States
• Many...
Fort Sumter
• Confederate forces
attacked the Union fort
on 4-12-61
• Located in Charleston
Harbor S.C.
• Lincoln had sent...
Causes of the civil war american journey review
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Causes of the civil war american journey review

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Causes of the civil war american journey review

  1. 1. Towards Civil War Reading Review What events caused the Civil War?
  2. 2. Warm Up • Review the Primary Source on top of page 460. • Was the raid on Harpers Ferry a success for abolitionists? Why or Why not? • Abolitionists would have considered it a failure because it did not start a slave uprisings in Virginia. • Additionally, the revolt was crushed by local citizens and federal troops commanded by R.E. Lee
  3. 3. Compromise of 1850 • The Fugitive Slave Act • Devised by Henry Clay • Required all citizens to aid in capture of runaway slaves • Those who aided runaways could be fined or imprisoned • The act further divided the nation
  4. 4. Slavery brings Sectionalism • The Kansas Nebraska Act • Devised by Stephen A. Douglas • territories settlers vote to decide to have slavery or not • Act repealed the Missouri Compromise
  5. 5. Dred Scott I Presume • Dred Scott • Enslaved African American • Owned by Army doctor from Missouri • Lived in Illinois and Wisconsin for a time, both were free • Sued for his freedom and went to the supreme court • Allowed Supreme Court rule on issue of slavery in territories
  6. 6. The Decision Mr. Taney • The Dred Scott Case • Chief Justice Roger B. Taney presided (Maryland Native) • Dred Scott was not a CITIZEN thus he had no rights • Dred Scott was STILL a slave • A slave who is not a citizen can not bring LAWSUIT • The Fifth AMENDMENT prohibits the government from taking peoples personal PROPERTY including slaves. • Banning slavery anywhere in the U.S. was UNCONSTITUTIONAL • In other words the constitution PROTECTED slavery! • The Nation was on path to WAR
  7. 7. John Brown: Martyr or Murder • Raid on Harpers Ferry • John Brown (abolitionists) led the event • Plan was to raid an arsenal or weapons storage • Arm slaves in the south to begin a revolt against slave holders • Raid funded by northern abolitionists • Brown’s attempt was defeated by local citizens • Brown was convicted of treason and murder • Sentenced to hang
  8. 8. The Confederacy • Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860 • Southern states seceded or left the United States • Many rejected the North's ability to outvote the South • Southerners justified succession with states rights • They had willing joined so they could leave when they wanted • The Congress was making laws that favored the North
  9. 9. Fort Sumter • Confederate forces attacked the Union fort on 4-12-61 • Located in Charleston Harbor S.C. • Lincoln had sent supplies • Abner Doubleday commanding the fort. • The event signaled the beginning of the Civil War

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