Computer-related
behavioral problems in
children and adolescents:
a growing concern
Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
Objectives
1. Discuss current studies about the use of computer in the educational
setting.
2.Define “Computer addiction” ...
Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents:
a growing concern

Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
•

We all enjoy the benefits of the Internet, and for many of us it is also
an indispensable tool for work, education, and...
Benefits of computer use in children
- Computers help introduce children to an
important new technology
- Computers foster...
• 1989
• 1995
Dr. Edwin Golbert
Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents:
a growing concern

Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
A Maladaptive Pattern of Internet use
I. Tolerance
II. Withdrawal
a. psychomotor agitation
b. anxiety
c. obsessive thinkin...
Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents:
a growing concern

Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
What is Internet addiction or computer addiction?
• Internet Addiction, otherwise known as computer addiction,
online addi...
Psychopathology of Internet Addiction (ACE)
3 Underlying Rewards

accessibility

control

excitement

Presence of 3 reward...
Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents:
a growing concern

Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
Effects of Computer use

Pro Comp
gr
ut
Mo ams er-as
tiva hav sis
An te, c e imp ted in
d c hal
s
ont len ortan truct
g
io...
Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents:
a growing concern

Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
Unhealthy Computer use

Behavioral effects

Neo-biological effects
Landmark study
Mori 2002 ( Tokyo )
- 260 subjects with different ages
- check brain wave activity during computer game
- i...
Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents:
a growing concern

Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
• Bartolome 2006
– P300 response
– Specific tracing for people in shocking images
– To test if it true ,people exposed in ...
Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents:
a growing concern

Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
• Physical Effects
- computer vision syndrome (CVS)
- carpal tunnel syndrome
- risk of seizure
-obesity
- dry eyes
- migra...
Dangers of children on-line
•
•
•
•

•

Children accessing areas that are inappropriate or overwhelming
Online information...
•

Red Flags of unhealthy internet use
- feels guilty or defensive
- unsuccessful efforts to quit or limit usage
- lose tr...
Parental involvement and monitoring may be especially important
mediating factors the effect of home computers on child an...
Time Management Techniques
 external stoppers
 reminder cards
Prevent- Computer-related problems





talking to “screen names” in a “chat room”
never give out any personal informa...
Computer addiction in children a growing concern by dr.grace macapagal
Computer addiction in children a growing concern by dr.grace macapagal
Computer addiction in children a growing concern by dr.grace macapagal
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Computer addiction in children a growing concern by dr.grace macapagal

  1. 1. Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents: a growing concern Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
  2. 2. Objectives 1. Discuss current studies about the use of computer in the educational setting. 2.Define “Computer addiction” and related as it applies to clinical practice. 3.Determine the effects of computer use on children’s development. 4.Discuss unhealthy computer use in children . 5.Identify risk factors for unhealthy / pathological computer use. 6.Determine the role of parents and teachers in children’s unhealthy computer use. 7.Discuss preventive strategies.
  3. 3. Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents: a growing concern Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
  4. 4. • We all enjoy the benefits of the Internet, and for many of us it is also an indispensable tool for work, education, and communication. While time spent on the Internet can be hugely productive, for some people compulsive Internet use can interfere with daily life, work and relationships • When you feel more comfortable with your online friends than your real ones, or you can’t stop yourself from playing games, gambling, or compulsively surfing, even when it has negative consequences in your life, then you may be using the Internet too much. • Learn about the signs and symptoms of Internet addiction and how you can get balance back in your online life.
  5. 5. Benefits of computer use in children - Computers help introduce children to an important new technology - Computers foster the development of technical skills - Computers may also facilitate learning
  6. 6. • 1989 • 1995 Dr. Edwin Golbert
  7. 7. Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents: a growing concern Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
  8. 8. A Maladaptive Pattern of Internet use I. Tolerance II. Withdrawal a. psychomotor agitation b. anxiety c. obsessive thinking d. fantasies or dreams about the internet e. voluntary or involuntary typing movements of the fingers B. Use of internet or a similar on-line service is engaged in to relieve or avoid withdrawal symptoms III. Internet is often accessed more often for longer periods of time than was intended. IV. Persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts (to cut down or control internet use) V. A great deal of time is spent in activities related to internet use. VI. Important family, social, occupational or recreational activities are given up or reduced in duration and or frequency because of internet. VII. Internet use is continued despite knowledge of having a persistent.
  9. 9. Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents: a growing concern Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
  10. 10. What is Internet addiction or computer addiction? • Internet Addiction, otherwise known as computer addiction, online addiction, or internet addiction disorder (IAD), covers a variety of impulse-control problems, including: • • • • • Cybersex Addiction Cyber-Relationship Addiction Net Compulsions Information Overload Computer Addiction • The most common of these Internet addictions are cybersex, online gambling, and cyber-relationship addiction
  11. 11. Psychopathology of Internet Addiction (ACE) 3 Underlying Rewards accessibility control excitement Presence of 3 rewards is a sign of pathological
  12. 12. Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents: a growing concern Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
  13. 13. Effects of Computer use Pro Comp gr ut Mo ams er-as tiva hav sis An te, c e imp ted in d c hal s ont len ortan truct g io r ol t and e, inc facto n (C pro reas rs th AI) mo e c at c te f urio an ant s asy ity T zen g 199 9 be can ve racti ging nte om i y challe rini 2008 ed Flo e fre lectuall or M intel
  14. 14. Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents: a growing concern Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
  15. 15. Unhealthy Computer use Behavioral effects Neo-biological effects
  16. 16. Landmark study Mori 2002 ( Tokyo ) - 260 subjects with different ages - check brain wave activity during computer game - individual – hook - focus on two brain activity – resting alpha waves
  17. 17. Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents: a growing concern Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
  18. 18. • Bartolome 2006 – P300 response – Specific tracing for people in shocking images – To test if it true ,people exposed in violent shows / images
  19. 19. Computer-related behavioral problems in children and adolescents: a growing concern Speaker: dr. grace macapagal
  20. 20. • Physical Effects - computer vision syndrome (CVS) - carpal tunnel syndrome - risk of seizure -obesity - dry eyes - migraine - backaches - eating irregularities - sleep disturbances - failure to attend to personal hygiene
  21. 21. Dangers of children on-line • • • • • Children accessing areas that are inappropriate or overwhelming Online information that promotes hate, violence and pornography Children being mislead and bombarded with intense advertising Children being invited to register for prizes or to join a club when they are providing personal or household information to an unknown source Hours spent online is time lost from developing real social skills and from physical activity and exercise
  22. 22. • Red Flags of unhealthy internet use - feels guilty or defensive - unsuccessful efforts to quit or limit usage - lose track - neglect friends , family and / or responsibilities - lying to family - feel anxious, depressed, or irritable when computer time is shortened or interrupted - use of computer repeatedly as an outlet - school problems due to computer usage - pre-occupied and anticipates using the computer
  23. 23. Parental involvement and monitoring may be especially important mediating factors the effect of home computers on child and adolescent outcomes: 1. General eye care tips 2. Encourage other interests and social activities 3. Monitor computer time usage 4. Monitor the content of the games / web sites / chat rooms they are visiting 5. Keep an open communication line with your child
  24. 24. Time Management Techniques  external stoppers  reminder cards
  25. 25. Prevent- Computer-related problems     talking to “screen names” in a “chat room” never give out any personal information online Never agree to meet someone Never give a child credit card numbers or passwords  Remind a child not everything on line is true  Make use of the parental control features  Obtain software programs that restrict access to websites  Provide individual e-mail address only if a child is mature enough  Monitor the content of a child’s personal webpage  Teach child to use courtesy in communicating online  Insist that a child follow the same guidelines at other computers

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