Utilize carbon calculator (PGG-CLOUD) to be PCR

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Utilize carbon calculator (PGG-CLOUD) to be PCR

  1. 1. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate SchoolUtilize carbon calculator (PGG-CLOUD) to be PCR for carbon footprinting in printing industry SHIMIZU, Hirokazu Nagata Lab., Waseda University Graduate School of Environment and Energy Engineering (WEEE) 1
  2. 2. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Agenda1. Self-introduction2. Carbon Footprint for printing service worldwide3. Development of carbon calculator “PGG-CLOUD”4. Sample of carbon calculation5. Utilize “PGG-CLOUD” to learn LCA basics6. Utilize “PGG-CLOUD” instead of PCR7. Special schematization in Thai printing industry 2
  3. 3. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Self-introductionSHIMIZU, Hirokazu (May 19th 1967)President, Shimizu Printing Inc. (March 1996~) Qualification Specialization in UV curing technology for graphic arts Specialization in Material Flow Cost Accounting (MFCA) for printing Specialization in Life-cycle approach (LCA, LCC) for printing Pioneering achievement Development of “UV Waterless High-definition Printing method” for paper and plastic Schematization of “Printing service LCA” in the viewpoint of LCCO2 and Integrated LCA Education Doctoral program, Waseda University Graduate School of Environment and Energy Engineering (anticipated to graduate March 2012) MBA program, University of Dallas (graduated in 1992) Educational department, Waseda University 3
  4. 4. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Self-introduction (cont’d) Research Achievement Title Journal/Conference Year Author Integrated LCA for Printing Service in an Eco Design 2011 Dec. 2011 SHIIMIZU Hirokazu, emerging country NAGATA Katsuya, HANSUEBSAI Aran Integrated LCA approach for Printing Service by Japanese Society of Printing June 2010 SHIIMIZU Hirokazu, Environmental Load Point Science and Technology NAGATA KatsuyaPaper The comparison of paper-based book and Japanese Society of Printing May 2010 SHIIMIZU Hirokazu, electronic book from the viewpoint of LCCO2 Science and Technology NAGATA Katsuya Establishment of quantitative assessment Japanese Society of Printing Dec. 2009 SHIIMIZU Hirokazu method for Printing Service Science and Technology Introduction to Eco-design and Eco-design case Malaysia National LCA Dec. 2010 SHIIMIZU Hirokazu study Seminar (Malaysia) Life-cycle analysis of printed products Carbon Footprint in Printing July 2010 SHIIMIZU Hirokazu Industry (Thailand) Carbon offsetting from LCCO2 analysis by UV 123rd Spring Workshop by June 2010 SHIIMIZU HirokazuOral waterless hi-definition printing method Japanese Society of Printing Science and Technology Establishment of Printing Service LCA to 6th LCA Japan Forum Dec 2009 SHIIMIZU Hirokazu, propose environmental-conscious solution Seminar AKAGI Shuichi LCA analysis of Paper-based package 4th LCA Japan Forum Mar 2009 SHIIMIZU Hirokazu Seminar 4
  5. 5. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Self-introduction (cont’d) Award Encouraging prize from Japanese Society of Printing Science and Technology in 2011 “UV Waterless High-definition Printing method” Best paper from Japanese Society of Printing Science and Technology in 2010 “Establishment of quantitative assessment for Printing Service” Chairman’s award (2nd best) from 6th LCA Japan Forum in 2010 “Establishment of Printing Service LCA to propose environmental- conscious solution” Extra activities Energy and Nuclear committee, Japan Chamber of Commerce FIT for Renewable Energy committee, Ministry of Economy/Trade /Industry (METI) Policy adviser, Japan Chamber of Commerce Environment committee, Tokyo Chamber of Commerce Expert, ISO 130 (Graphic technology) WG11 (Environmental impact of printed products) Carbon Footprint committee, Japan Federation of Printing Industry 5
  6. 6. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate SchoolCarbon Footprint for printing service worldwideInternational Standardization of Carbon Footprint (CF) ISO TC130 (Graphic technology) WG11 (Environmental impact on print media products) 27 countries participate to draw up a set of rule for CF Current draft will be ISO16759 sometime next year France, Germany, Japan, Sweden, UK, USA play major roles Dr. Aran is an expert from Thailand (Head of ISO committee in THA) Leadership competition of “top carbon calculator” worldwide France tries to take a position at central axis and form consortium Germany scrambles to catch up France Japan has no strategic plan Thailand can form “Asian Consortium” as one of the printing centers in the world 6
  7. 7. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Carbon Footprint for printing service worldwide Comparison of system boundary (General/ISO/Nations) Material/ Stage General ISO FRA GER JPN Process Paper ○ ○ ○ ○Raw materialacquisition Ink ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ Plate ○ ○ ○ ○ Prepress ○ ○ ○ ○ Press ○ ○ ○ ○ ○Production Cleaning agent ○ ○ ○ △ Dampening water ○ ○ ○ ○ Postpress ○ ○ ○ ○Delivery Delivery ○ ○ ○ ○ ○Use Usage at home ○ × × × × Incineration × × × ○Waste/Recycle ○ Recycling × × △ △ EmployeeCorporate commuting & salesactivities × × ○ × △ travel 7
  8. 8. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Carbon Footprint for printing service worldwide Sample of carbon calculation (Books, 152*228*15mm, 5000copies) Material/Process FRA GER JPN kg-CO2ePaper 3738 4053 3890 6000 Commuting&travelInk 104 61 48 5000 RecyclyingPlate 211 121 214 IncinerationPrepress 221 351 4000 DeliveryPress 248 459 PostpressCleaning agent 998 32 - 3000 DampeningDampening water 25 5 Cleaning agent 2000Postpress 137 285 PressDelivery 334 65 44 1000 PrepressIncineration - - 26 PlateRecycling - -119 72 0 InkEmployee FRA GER JPN Papercommuting & 283 - 87 -1000sales travel Total(kg-CO2e): 5668 4844 5481 8
  9. 9. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Development of PGG-CLOUD“Printing Goes Green based on Clouding” is developedto calculate CO2e for printing service modified through joint research with Chulalongkorn Univ. Quantification procedure can fit together with ISO code Quantification logic is ahead of other calculators Calculation samples is provided for appendix of ISO code Technical back up from Standardization is expected 9
  10. 10. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Development of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)Advantages of “PGG-CLOUD” utilization based on life-cycle approach (LCA and LCC) Utilize to improve procurement management Carbon calculation to detect and replace material from the viewpoint of environmental load and cost performance Utilize to improve production process management Carbon calculation to detect defective process from the viewpoint of environmental load and cost performance Utilize to edge sales competition Carbon calculation for Carbon offsetting or Carbon Footprinting as marketing tool 10
  11. 11. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Development of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Sensitivity analysis: Case study at Chulalongkorn Univ. (Textbooks, 190*260*6mm, 500copies) Normal practice Best practice kg-CO2e Material/ (Offset printing) (Print on Demand) 2500 process kg-CO2e % kg-CO2e %Paper 587.591 26.63 390.926 31.91Ink 51.199 2.32 4.153 0.34 2000Plate 427.810 19.39 0.000 0.00 45.5%Additives 3.340 0.15 0.000 0.00 reductionDesign/editing 293.981 13.32 293.381 24.00 1500 Disp./Rec.CtP 104.680 4.74 0.000 0.00 DeliveryPress 418.180 18.95 324.038 26.45 ProductionPostpress 164.862 7.47 164.862 13.46 1000 MaterialWater 0.007 0.00 0.000 0.00Delivery 9.890 0.45 9.769 0.80Disposal 133.026 6.03 34.876 2.85 500Recycle from 1.174 0.05 1.174 0.10householdRecycle from 10.726 0.49 1.187 0.10 0factory Normal BestTotal: 2206.466 100.00 1224.966 100.00 11
  12. 12. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Sample of carbon calculation - Substrate 12
  13. 13. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate SchoolSample of carbon calculation – Material flow 13
  14. 14. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Sample of carbon calculation – Material flow (cont’d)<Sustrate-1> → 40% incineration from household 37.821 × 25 gsm ÷ 190 gsm → 4.976 kg (coated layer to be burned) 109.816 g/sheet → 68.880% → 94.551 kg (Product) → 60% recycle from household → 56.731 kg Actual: 1,250 sheet 137.270 kg → 31.120% → 42.718 kg (Non-Product: trimmed off at factory) gsm for Substrate-1Make-ready: 150 sheet 16.472 kg Total: 1,400 sheet 153.742 kg gsm for coated layer<Sustrate-2> → 40% incineration from household 870.832 × 0 gsm ÷ 80 gsm → 0.000 kg (coated layer to be burned) 44.222 g/sheet → 65.641% → 2,177.079 kg (Product) → 60% recycle from household → 1,306.247 kg Actual: 75,000 sheet 3,316.645 kg → 34.359% → 1,139.566 kg (Non-Product: trimmed off at factory) gsm for Substrate-2Make-ready: 3,000 sheet 132.666 kg Total: 78,000 sheet 3,449.311 kg gsm for coated layerProduct weight: 94.551 + 2,177.079 + 17.411 + 9.120 + 8.071 = 2,306.232 kg → → 40% incineration from household 922.493 kg (Sub-1) (Sub-2) (ink) (hot-melt) (PP film) → → 60% recycle from household 1,383.739 kgProduct weight to be delivered: 2,306.232 + 9.36 → 2,315.592 kg (P-weight) (wrapping paper)Recycle from factory: 16.472 + 42.718 + 132.666 + 1,139.566 → 1,331.422 kg (Sub-1) (Sub-2)Recycle from household: 56.731 + 1,306.247 + <( 17.411 + 9.120 + 8.071 )> × 60% = 1,383.739 kg (ink) (hot-melt) (PP film)Incineration from household: 4.976 + 0.000 + <( 17.411 + 9.120 + 8.071 )> × 40% = 18.817 kg (ink) (hot-melt) (PP film) Ink for cover: 0.553 × ( 137.270 / 153.742 ) = 0.494 Ink for text: 17.594 × ( 3,316.645 / 3,449.311 ) = 16.917 18.147 17.411 kg Total paper weight Actual paper weight Total ink weight 14
  15. 15. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Sample of carbon calculation – Ink 15
  16. 16. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Sample of carbon calculation – Ink (cont’d) CO2 emission (UV ink, kg-CO2/kg) Calculation Material weight % method Black Cyan Magenta Yellow OP varnishEnergy for production 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 Cumulated 3EID & partly Pigment (5-21%) 0.55 2.96 2.08 2.08 0.01 accumulated Resin & Oligomer (66- 3EID & partly 2.24 2.17 2.17 2.36 2.69Material 82%) accumulated Photo initiator (8-10%) 0.48 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 3EID Additives (3%) - - - - - Not evaluatedWaste loss(3%) 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 - Total: 3.82 6.36 5.44 5.65 3.85 ・Secondary data is organized especially for main materials having no emission factors ・Utilization of 3EID is effective when compositional characteristics is complicated ・Hybrid estimation by 3EID and accumulated is effective to upgrade 3EID-based data 16
  17. 17. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Sample of carbon calculation – Ink trans. 17
  18. 18. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Sample of carbon calculation – Water 18
  19. 19. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate SchoolSample of carbon calculation – Water additives 19
  20. 20. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Sample of carbon calculation – Plate 20
  21. 21. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate SchoolSample of carbon calculation – Design/editing 21
  22. 22. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate SchoolSample of carbon calculation – Plate output 22
  23. 23. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Sample of carbon calculation – Press 23
  24. 24. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Sample of carbon calculation – Postpress 24
  25. 25. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Sample of carbon calculation – Delivery 25
  26. 26. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Sample of carbon calculation – Waste 26
  27. 27. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Sample of carbon calculation – Recycle 27
  28. 28. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Sample of carbon calculation – Result Case st udy Thinking in Syst ems, 4P+240P 5000 copies Category CO2e emission Ratio Subtotal Ratio Substrate 3,889.836 72.10% Ink 47.999 0.90% Printing plate 213.905 4.00% 4,157 77.10% Additives 4.860 0.10% Other Materials 0.000 0.00% Design/Editing 293.981 5.40% Ct P 57.098 1.10% Ct F 0.000 0.00% Press 459.174 8.50% 1,096 20.30% Postpress 285.250 5.30% W ater 0.009 0.00% Other Utility 0.000 0.00% Other Transportation 0.000 0.00% 44 0.80% Delivery 44.184 0.80% W aste from household and factory 25.890 0.50% Recycle from household 8.676 0.20% 98 1.80% Recycle from factory 63.644 1.20% T OT AL(kg-CO2e): 5,394.507 5,395 Procurement Production Delivery Disposal/Recycle 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 kg-CO2e 28
  29. 29. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Utilize “PGG-CLOUD” to learn LCA basicsPrimary data collection Product/Non-product ratio for substrate Ink usage forecast Water usage forecast Averaging electricity usage by facilities by actual monitoring Transportation of materials and delivery of productsSecondary data selection Emission factors from well-enhanced national database Calculation of emission factors based on input/output table Research is necessary for substrate Research is necessary for disposal Research is necessary for recycle 29
  30. 30. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate School Utilize “PGG-CLOUD” instead of PCRPCR can be a good guideline for SMEs? Reading thick rule book might be painful work No concrete image just by reading rulesLearning from software is easier than reading a book? Learning about LCA basics in stepwise manner from software Maximize E-Leaning possibility to master LCA skillsEvaluation depends on reviewer? No professionals to review printed matters in detail No confusions because calculations are based on one scheme 30
  31. 31. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate SchoolSpecial schematization in Thai printing industryPGG-CLOUD in Japanese 31
  32. 32. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate SchoolSpecial schematization in Thai printing industryPGG-CLOUD in English 32
  33. 33. NAGATA Laboratory, Environment and Energy Engineering Department, Waseda University Graduate SchoolSpecial schematization in Thai printing industryPGG-CLOUD in Thai 33

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