20130704 Printing Standardization by ColorFlow


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20130704 Printing Standardization by ColorFlow

  1. 1. Printing  standardization  trial   for  high-‐‑‒definition  printing  method   utilizing  Staccato-‐‑‒10  micron  dots 1 Dr.  SHIMIZU,  Hirokazu Vice-‐‑‒President,  WILL-‐‑‒POWER  CONSULTING  INC. President,  SHIMIZU  PRINTING  INC. Visiting  Senior  Researcher,  Waseda  University  Environmental  Research  Institute Expert,  ISO  TC130  (Graphic  technology)  WG11(Environmental  impact  of  graphic  technology)  
  2. 2. Agenda 1.Purpose  of  printing  analysis 2.High-‐‑‒definition  printing  method 3.Kodakʼ’s  printing  analyzer  “ColorFlow” 4.Analysis  of  printing  condition  in  practice 5.Summary 2
  3. 3. 1.  Purpose  of  printing  analysis 3 ✦Installation  of  “ColorFlow”  (Kodak)  for  analysis 1.  Color-‐‑‒matching  for  Japan  Color  Standard   •Ultimate  goal  is  adaption  for  Japan  Color  which  is   compatible  with  ISO12647 2.Color-‐‑‒matching  for  Direct  Digital  Color  Proof •Create  color  profile  for  DDCP  to  be  checked  as  first   proof  to  avoid  printing  proof  by  press   3.Color-‐‑‒matching  for  different  presses •Secondary  goal  is  perfect  alignment  of  presses  in  our   factory  and  other  partner  factories
  4. 4. 2.High-‐‑‒definition  printing  method 4 ✦Advanced  screening  tech.  for  high-‐‑‒end  printing Staccato  20-‐‑‒micron  screen Kodak  Staccato  is  advanced,  second-‐‑‒order  FM  screening  technology.   Staccato  screening  produces  high-‐‑‒fidelity,  continuous  tone  images  that   exhibit  fine  detail  and  an  extended  color  gamut,  creating  a   photographic  experience  free  of  visible  printing  artifacts,  such  as   subject  moire  and  rosettes. (Reference:  http://graphics.kodak.co.jp/KodakGCG/uploadedFiles/ Products/Color_̲and_̲Screening/Staccato_̲Screening/Staccato %20Brochure%20ENG.pdf) The  angle  and  frequency  of  half  tone  dots  in  conventional  AM  screens   can  cause  subject  moire,  screening  moire  and  unstable  rosette   structures.  Additionally,  fewer  and  larger  minimum  dot  sizes  in   highlights  and  shadows  in  AM  screens  can  result  in  loss  of  detail  and   increase  in  graininess. (Reference:  http://graphics.kodak.co.jp/KodakGCG/uploadedFiles/ Products/Color_̲and_̲Screening/Staccato_̲Screening/Staccato %20Brochure%20ENG.pdf) Normal  AM  screen
  5. 5. 2.High-‐‑‒definition  printing  method 5 ✦Advanced  screening  tech.  for  high-‐‑‒end  printing Staccato  20-‐‑‒micron  screen   printed  by  other  printer Staccato  10-‐‑‒micron  screen   printed  by  Shimizu  Printing
  6. 6. 6 ✦Color-‐‑‒chart  analysis  by  “ColorFlow”   3.Kodakʼ’s  printing  analyzer  “ColorFlow”
  7. 7. 7 ✦Color-‐‑‒chart  analysis  by  “ColorFlow”   3.Kodakʼ’s  printing  analyzer  “ColorFlow”
  8. 8. 8 ✦Configurations  of  presses  at  Shimizu  Printing R710-‐‑‒F_̲SP R710-‐‑‒R_̲SP R707_̲SP R705_̲SP DDCP_̲SP Primary  Color   Output Secondary  Color   Output 3.Kodakʼ’s  printing  analyzer  “ColorFlow” Color-‐‑‒match  among  presses Color-‐‑‒match  between  presses   and  DDCP
  9. 9. 9 ✦Configurations  of  printers  in  THA  and  JPN Company Shimizu  Printing  (SP) Press manroland  R710  TLVP  (40-‐‑‒inch,  10-‐‑‒color,  +coating  unit,   +perfector) Screening FM  screening  (10-‐‑‒micron) Substrate I-‐‑‒best  W  (coated  cardboard) Plate Kodak  Sword  XD+  (Made  in  Japan) Ink Toyo  UV  ink   Dampening Nikken  Astro  Mark-‐‑‒3  (No  IPA) 4.Analysis  of  printing  condition  (contʼ’d)
  10. 10. 10 ✦Basic  knowledge  about  “color” Magenta Cyan Yellow Green Red Blue a+(0〜~100) a-‐‑‒(0〜~-‐‑‒100) b+(0〜~100) b-‐‑‒(0〜~-‐‑‒100) 4.Analysis  of  printing  condition  (contʼ’d)
  11. 11. 4.Analysis  of  printing  condition  (contʼ’d) 11 ✦Absolute  density  of  solid  inks SP Avg. Min. Max. Dif. Dif./Avg. K 1.76 1.71 1.78 0.07 4.0% C 1.56 1.55 1.58 0.03 1.9% M 1.46 1.41 1.49 0.08 5.5% Y 1.01 0.98 1.03 0.05 5.0%
  12. 12. ✦Absolute  density  of  solid  inks 4.Analysis  of  printing  condition  (contʼ’d) 12 0.90 1.05 1.20 1.35 1.50 1.65 1.80 SP-‐‑‒K Min. Max. 0.90 1.05 1.20 1.35 1.50 1.65 1.80 SP-‐‑‒C Min. Max. 0.90 1.05 1.20 1.35 1.50 1.65 1.80 SP-‐‑‒M Min. Max. 0.90 1.05 1.20 1.35 1.50 1.65 1.80 SP-‐‑‒Y Min. Max. Range  of  difference  should  be  as  minimum  as  possible
  13. 13. ✦Variations  of  solid  density 4.Analysis  of  printing  condition  (contʼ’d) 13 Variations  of  solid  patches  across  the  press  sheet_̲SP Color  density  of  all  are  within  allowable  range  
  14. 14. ✦Apparent  Trap  Density  (%) 4.Analysis  of  printing  condition  (contʼ’d) 14 SP Target  color C M Y Apparent  Trap  density 65.1% 74.8% 66.8% A  bit  lower  than  expected  values  
  15. 15. ✦Tonal  value  increase  for  all  inks   4.Analysis  of  printing  condition  (contʼ’d) 15 Tonal  value  increase  (TVI)_̲SP Dot  gains  of  all  colors  are  fairly  consistent
  16. 16. ✦Spider  plot  of  primary  and  overprint  patches 4.Analysis  of  printing  condition  (contʼ’d) 16 Spider  plots  for  key  colors_̲SP Difference  of  MY  and  C  should  be   adjusted  by  color  density  and  trap  %  
  17. 17. ✦Measured  solid  and  overprints  colors 4.Analysis  of  printing  condition  (contʼ’d) 17 Measured  items SP Average  color  difference  (dE)  of  all  patches  in  the  chart 3.3 Max.  Single  color  difference  among  all  patches 9.1 Color  difference  between  substrates 1.0 Average  color  difference  between  the  primary  solids 3.7
  18. 18. ✦Color  dif.  distribution  &  cumulative  frequency   4.Analysis  of  printing  condition  (contʼ’d) 18Color  difference  distributions/cumulative  frequencies_̲SP dE<5=80.2%
  19. 19. ✦CIELAB  measured  values 4.Analysis  of  printing  condition  (contʼ’d) 19 Target SPSP L a b C h L a b C h dE Paper 94.1 0.5 -‐‑‒1.3 1.4 289.9 94.1 0.5 -‐‑‒1.3 1.4 289.9 1.0 3-‐‑‒C  25%  Gray 75.6 0.2 -‐‑‒1.6 1.6 275.9 75.6 0.2 -‐‑‒1.6 1.6 275.9 1.2 3-‐‑‒C  50%  Gray 57.7 -‐‑‒1.0 -‐‑‒2.4 2.7 247.0 57.7 -‐‑‒1.0 -‐‑‒2.4 2.7 247.0 0.5 3-‐‑‒C  75%  Gray 39.5 -‐‑‒1.4 -‐‑‒1.1 1.8 218.7 39.5 -‐‑‒1.4 -‐‑‒1.1 1.8 218.7 5.6 3-‐‑‒C  100%  Bk 20.9 -‐‑‒3.0 -‐‑‒3.5 4.6 229.5 20.9 -‐‑‒3.0 -‐‑‒3.5 4.6 229.5 4.1 100%  Bk 16.6 1.6 2.7 3.1 58.2 16.6 1.6 2.7 3.1 58.2 3.3 dE  should  be  lower  than  5.0  
  20. 20. ✦Gray  balance,  complete  tonal  range 4.Analysis  of  printing  condition  (contʼ’d) 20 Gray  balance_̲SP Negative  impact  from   Low  trapping  value
  21. 21. ✦Gamut  chart  plots 4.Analysis  of  printing  condition  (contʼ’d) 21 Gamut  chart  plots_̲SP In  fact,  wider  gamut  is  expected  than  actual  value
  22. 22. 22 5.Summary ✦Importance  of  printing  quality  analysis 1.  Continuous  printing  quality  analysis •Periodical  check  for  DDCP  and  printed  sheet  will  be   continued  for  all  devices  and  presses 2.Continuous  educational  program   •Empower  experts  in  quality  assurance  team  by   continuous  evaluation  of  printing  condition 3.Continuous  assistance  by  Japanese  suppliers •Supported  by  Japanese  printing  materials  (UV  ink/ varnish,  Plates,  Dampening  solution,  blankets)  
  23. 23. 23 Personal  profile Dr.  Hirokazu  Shimizu  holds  Doctorate  in  environmental  impact  assessment  from  Waseda  University  Graduate  School  of  Environment  and  Energy   Engineering  (Japan),  MBA  in  marketing  research  from  University  of  Dallas  (USA)  and  Bachelor  of  education  from  Waseda  University  (Japan).  In  2012,  Dr.   Shimizu  was  assigned  to  be  visiting  senior  researcher  at  his  old  school  and  play  active  role  not  only  in  business  scene,  but  also  in  academic  world. • Qualification: • Specialization  in  UV  curing  technology  for  graphics • Specialization  in  Life-‐‑‒cycle  approach  (LCA,  LCC)  for  printing • Pioneering  achievement: • Development  of  “UV  Waterless  High-‐‑‒definition  Printing  method”  for  paper  and  plastic • Schematization  of  “Printing  service  LCA”  in  the  viewpoint  of  LCCO2  and  Integrated  LCA • Award: • “UV  Waterless  High-‐‑‒definition  Printing  method”,  Encouraging  prize  from  Japanese  Society  of  Printing  Science  and  Technology  in  2011 • “Establishment  of  quantitative  assessment  for  Printing  Service”,  Best  paper  from  Japanese  Society  of  Printing  Science  and  Technology  in  2010 • “Establishment  of  Printing  Service  LCA  to  propose  environmental-‐‑‒conscious  solution”,  Chairmanʼ’s  award  (2nd  best)  from  6th  LCA  Japan  Forum  in   2010 • Extra  activities: • Visiting  Senior  Researcher,  Waseda  University  Environmental  Research  Institute • Expert,  ISO  130  (Graphic  technology)  WG11  (Environmental  impact  of  graphics  technology) • Committee,  Energy  Supply  and  Demand  Verification  Committee  at  Ministry  of  Economy,  Trade  and  Industry • Policy  adviser  for  SMEs,  Japan  Chamber  of  Commerce • Committee,  Energy  and  Nuclear  Committee  at  Japan  Chamber  of  Commerce • Committee,  Environment  Committee  at  Tokyo  Chamber  of  Commerce • Academic  paper: • Hirokazu  Shimizu,  Katsuya  Nagata,  and  Aran  Hansuebsai.  2012.  Comparisons  of  Paper-‐‑‒book  and  E-‐‑‒book  by  the  scale  of  carbon  footprint.   Proceedings  of  The  Asian  Symposium  on  Printing  Technology:  39-‐‑‒44 • Hirokazu  Shimizu,  Katsuya  Nagata,  and  Aran  Hansuebsai.  2011.  Integrated  Life  cycle  Assessment  (LCA)  for  Printing  Service  in  an  emerging   country.  Proceedings  of  EcoDesign  2011  International  Symposium:  283-‐‑‒288 • Hirokazu  Shimizu,  and  Katsuya  Nagata.  2010.  Integrated  Life  cycle  Assessment  (LCA)  Approach  for  Printing  Service  by  Using  Environmental  Load   Point  (ELP)  Method.  Journal  of  Printing  Science  and  Technology  47  (3):  39-‐‑‒47 • Hirokazu  Shimizu,  and  Katsuya  Nagata.  2010.  Comparison  of  Life-‐‑‒cycle  CO2  emissions  for  Paper-‐‑‒Based  Books  and  Electronic  Books.  Journal  of   Printing  Science  and  Technology  47  (2):  19-‐‑‒29 • Hirokazu  Shimizu.  2009.  Establishment  of  quantitative  assessment  for  Printing  Service.  Journal  of  Printing  Science  and  Technology  46  (6):  26-‐‑‒35
  24. 24. 24 Thank  you  very  much  for  your  attention You  can  have  a  look  at  part  of  presentation  file: http://www.slideshare.net/ShimizuHiro/edit_̲my_̲uploads Corporate  web  site: http://www.shzpp.co.jp http://www.will-‐‑‒power.jp/en/