Clowning Around

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A history of clowning styles and form. Created as an introduction to a clowning unit for grade 7 - 12 students.

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  • Clowning Around

    1. 1. Clowning Around (a serious history)
    2. 2. Did you know… <ul><li>Clowns are also known as: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jesters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tricksters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fools </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>buffoons </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Ancient Times <ul><li>The comic spirit of clowning appears to exist in every culture. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Ancient Times <ul><li>The Fool was greatly treasured as one able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Entertain </li></ul><ul><li>tell the truth </li></ul>
    5. 5. Trickster <ul><li>In the Native American oral tradition, the sacred Trickster assumes many forms: </li></ul><ul><li>Coyote </li></ul><ul><li>Raven </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Tricky One&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Manabozho </li></ul>
    6. 6. Trickster <ul><li>Amusing </li></ul><ul><li>Sly </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Instincts </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Force </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual Force </li></ul>
    7. 7. More Tricksters <ul><li>Tortoise </li></ul><ul><li>Anansi the spider </li></ul><ul><li>Monkey </li></ul><ul><li>Loki </li></ul><ul><li>Nanabush </li></ul><ul><li>B’rer Rabbit </li></ul><ul><li>Fox </li></ul><ul><li>Kokopelli </li></ul>
    8. 8. Wesakechak <ul><li>From the Cree stories we learn of Wesakechak and his many adventures. </li></ul>Painting by Norval Morrisseau
    9. 9. Medieval Times <ul><li>Court Jesters were given great freedom of speech; often the only one allowed to speak out against the ruler's ideas. </li></ul>
    10. 10. China Yu Sze, a Chinese royal jester, is still considered a national hero today for his quick thinking.
    11. 11. Elizabethan Times <ul><li>theatrical art form </li></ul><ul><li>part of Shakespeare's plays </li></ul>Image from Stratford’s “King Lear” production.
    12. 12. Elizabethan Times <ul><li>William Kemp and Richard Armin were clowns in Shakespeare's troupe </li></ul><ul><li>Auguste </li></ul><ul><li>Court Jester </li></ul>
    13. 13. Auguste Slapstick Broad comedy Zany, crazy Wild pranks
    14. 20. An actor's view on the Fool: <ul><li>How does an actor get into role? </li></ul><ul><li>How can a serious actor understand the clown? </li></ul>
    15. 21. Commedia del Arte <ul><li>Street theatre - comedy </li></ul><ul><li>developed in the 16th century in Italy. </li></ul>
    16. 22. <ul><li>timing, </li></ul><ul><li>physical comedy </li></ul><ul><li>mask </li></ul><ul><li>improvisation </li></ul><ul><li>broad characteriza-tions </li></ul>
    17. 23. The Master & Servant are classic examples.
    18. 24. Zanni
    19. 25. <ul><li>Villain </li></ul><ul><li>Capitano </li></ul>
    20. 26. <ul><li>Amorosi - </li></ul><ul><li>The Lovers </li></ul>
    21. 27. Many Styles and Skills
    22. 28. Cirque du Soleil
    23. 31. <ul><li>What ideas do you have for a character? </li></ul>

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