Myanmar Business Today - Vol 2, Issue 6


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Myanmar Business Today is Myanmar’s first bilingual (English-Myanmar) business newspaper, distributed in both Myanmar and Thailand. MBT covers a range of news encompassing local business stories, special reports and in-depth analysis focusing on Myanmar’s nascent economy, investment and finance, business opportunities, foreign trade, property and real estate, automobile, among others. MBT also provides detailed coverage of regional (ASEAN) and international business stories.

Myanmar Business Today’s target readers are foreign and local investors, businesspeople and government officials, and our advertisers are also those who try to reach this niche market in Myanmar. We provide best solutions for our advertisers with our content, outstanding print and paper quality, and superior distribution chain. We convey our advertisers’ messages to readers not only in Myanmar but also in Thailand, Southeast Asia’s second largest economy.

For more information please visit our website

Twitter: @mmbiztoday

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Myanmar Business Today - Vol 2, Issue 6

  1. 1. Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 MYANMAR’S FIRST BILINGUAL BUSINESS JOURNAL February 6-12, 2014 | Vol 2, Issue 6 for Myanmar, Htet Aung Myanmar Summary T Myanmar, and will help boost a country where less than 30 percent of the population has reliable access to electricity and large parts of the rural community have little or no access to healthcare. “We are increasing our supunder way in Myanmar because we want to help the government even more quickly,” Kim said cess to electricity in a country like Myanmar can help transform a society. Children will be able to study at night, shops will stay open and health clin- urÇmhbPfrS jrefrmEdkifiHtwGuf zGHUNzdK; wd k ; wuf a &;twG u f taxmuf t yH h aumif;rsm;ay;aeNyD; ,cktcg pGrf;tif zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrIESifh usef;rma&;u@rsm; wG i f t"d u tm½Hk p d k u f v k y f a qmif & ef twGuf tar&duefa':vm 2 bDvD,H wefzdk;&Sd zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;tpDtpOfwpf &yfudkvnf; xkwfjyefaMunmcJhonf/ ,if;aMunmcsuftm; urÇmhbPf Ouú|jzpfol Jim Yong Kim u jrefrmEdkifiHokdY a&muf&SdvmpOftwGif; xkwjf yefaMunmay;cJjh cif;jzpfum jrefrm EdkifiHtaejzifhvnf; vlOD;a& 30 &mcdkifEIef;atmufom pdwfcs,HkMunf& onfh vQyf p pf p G r f ; tif ukd &&Sd a eNyD; aus;vufa'orsm;taejzifh usef;rm a&;apmifha&SmufrIu@wGif tenf;i,f omvufvSrf;rDjcif; odkYr[kwf vHk;0 vufvSrf;rrDrIrsm;vnf; &Sdaeonf/ jrefrmEdkifiHwGif aqmif&Gufaeaom BuD;rm;vSonfh jyKjyifajymif;vJrIBudK;yrf; csufrsm;twGuf taxmuftyHhrsm;udk ydrw;kd íaxmufyunay;aeNy;D jynfol k kd hH l D rsm ;tm; tusKd ; aus;Zl ; aumif ; rsm ; vsifjrefpGm&&SdvmEdkifa&;twGuf tpdk;& Contd. P 7... Contd. P 7... Soe Zeya Tun/Reuters he World Bank has announced a $2 billion development programme in Myanmar, which will focus on improving energy and healthcare in one of Asia’s poorest countries. The announcement was made during a visit by bank presi- A man uses his mobile phone on a bridge in downtown Yangon. Last week, the government granted licenses to two international companies who are expected to begin operations within six months. Telenor and Ooredoo given 15-year licenses, services expected within 6 months Oliver Slow W hen UK-based businessman Ryan Taylor arrived in Myanmar in early 2012 looking for potential business opportunities in the recently opened country, it took him three days to track down a SIM card. cost me more than $100,” he said. “I’d been in Thailand a few days prior to that and had got one for free.” After a short visit, Ryan returned to Myanmar a few months later and found that the SIM card he had bought no longer worked. “Apparently, because I hadn’t used the SIM one, I couldn’t believe that it Contd. P 9... Myanmar Summary ,lautajcpduf pD;yGm;a&;vkyief;&Sif k f jzpfonfh Ryan Taylor onf jrefrm EdkifiHodkY 2012 tapmydkif;wGif a&muf&Sd vmcJhNyD; rMumao;rDurS zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrI vrf;aMumif;ay:odkY a&muf&Sdvmonfh jrefrmEdkifiHwGif pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;tcGifh Contd. P 9... Gateway to endless adventures! Booking Period: 3 - 9 February 2014 Travel Period: 17 February – 31 May 2014 Lowest fare only @ Fly direct from Yangon (4x Daily**) Phuket Siem Reap Macau Hong Kong Ho Chi Minh City *transit via Don Mueang And many more destinations from Bangkok 62 USD* Find more @ ask f Facebook/AirAsia AirAsia Travel & Service Centre Yangon : G Floor, Park Royal Hotel Yangon 01 251885-6 Mandalay : Room 3, 26th (B) Road, between 78th and 79th Road Mandalay 09 42 111 7111 And Our Authorized Agents: Sun Far Travel 01-243993, 02-74333, 01-255338 Seven Diamond Travels 01-203549, 02-72868, 01-500712 Than Than Travel 01-704190, 09-5007350, 01-255035 Columbus Travel & Tours 01-229245, 378535, 09-250026030 Nice Fare Travel 01-393088, 02-30833, 01-384274 UA Ticketing/Tour 09-5402525, 02-22311, 067-8420031 as well as other authorized AirAsia agents across Myanmar *Airport taxes and fees apply. All fly-thru flights are via Don Mueang International Airport, Bangkok. Promotion seats are limited and may not be available on all flights, public holidays, school breaks and weekends. A payment processing fee is applicable to all payments made via credit, debit or charge cards. Our other terms and conditions of carriage apply. **The fourth flight to Bangkok operates daily starting from 30 March 2014.
  2. 2. LOCAL BIZ 2 Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 MYANMAR’S FIRST BILINGUAL BUSINESS JOURNAL Board of Editors Editor-in-Chief - Sherpa Hossainy Reporters & Writers Sherpa Hossainy,Kyaw Min, Shein Thu Aung, Phyu Thit Lwin, Htet Aung, Su Su, Aye Myat, Daisuke Lon, Yasumasa Hisada Bangladesh Aiming to Court Neighbouring Myanmar ter Maung Maung Thein as saying, “The exchange will be established with a starting capital of K32 billion with tance on their country’s relationship with Myanmar as its eastern neighbour emerges from decades of economic stagnation. Speaking at the seventh meeting of the BangladeshMyanmar Joint Trade Commission (JTC), which was percent stake,” before adding that the government is May Su Hlaing Hoque, vice president of Bangladesh-Myanmar Chamber of Commerce and Industry said that Bangladesh needs to take its neighbour seriously in strengthening economic ties in order to boost trade. “Businesspeople should be involved very seriously in designing any future plan,” he told Bangladeshi press. Translators Shwe Mann ‘would cooperate with Suu Kyi’ Art & Design Zarni Min Naing (Circle) DTP Shein Thu Aung, Phyu Maung Advertising Tay Zar Zaw Win, Seint Seint Aye, Moe Hsann Pann Advertising Hotline - 09 7323 6758 Subscription & Circulation Aung Khin Sint - 092043559 Nilar Myint - 09421085511 Managing Director Prasert Lekavanichkajorn Email Editor - Advertising - Designer - Phone Editor - 09 42110 8150 Designer - 09 7310 5793 Parliamentary Speaker Thura Shwe Mann said last week that he would cooperate with opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi if she becomes the country’s President following the 2015 elections. However, Shwe Mann, who is also chairman of the ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP), made it clear that amending the constitution to ensure that Suu Kyi can legally become President, should she win the election, is not at the top of his party’s priorities. “If she was elected president, I would work together with her for the sake of the country’s development,” he said. “I have no objection to her becoming president.” Aircraft Fuel Consumption Increases for Fifth Consecutive Year in 12-13 Fiscal Myanmar sold 28.58 million gallons of aircraft fuel Across the country, there are 11 airports distributing lay as well as smaller destinations such as Dawei, Myeik and Mawlamyine. Publisher U Myo Oo (04622) year previously. Printing Shwe Naing Ngan Printing (04193) No. 1A-3, Myintha 11th Street, South Okkalapa Township, Yangon. Tel: 951-850 0763, Fax: 951-8603288 ext: 007 Yangon Stock Exchange ‘needs K32 billion in start-up capital change, which is being tipped to be implemented in 2015, will need K32 billion ($32.5 million) in starting capital. - Chief Lawyer for the go ahead, and that Japan’s Daiwa venture. “There are standards for companies to be listed on the exchange. Not every company will be listed, only companies that meet the standards required,” Maung Maung Thein said, according to the report. Myanmar Summary jrefrmEdkifiHtaejzifhq,fpkESpfaygif;rsm;pGmpD;yGm;a&;wdk;wufrI&yf wefYcJh&NyD;aemufzGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrIvrf;aMumif;ay:odkY jyefvnfa&muf&d S vmonfhtwGuf jrefrmEdkifiHESifh qufqHa&;cdkifrmrIonfta&;ygonfh tcsufwpfckjzpfaMumif; b*Fvm;a'h&EiirS tpd;k &trIaqmifrsm; u fS kd f H ajymMum;cJhonf/ Zefe0g&Dv 14 &ufaeYESifh 15 &ufaeYrsm;wGif aejynfawmfü jyKvkyfusif;ycJhaomb*Fvm;a'h&Sf - jrefrmyl;aygif;ukefo,a&;aumfr G f &SitzGUJ 7 BurajrmufawGUqHkaqG;aEG;yGJwGif b*Fvm;a'h&Sf-jrefrm f d f ukefonfBuD;rsm;ESifh pufrIvufrItoif; 'kwd,Ouú|jzpfol SM Nurul Hoque ub*Fvm;a'h&SftaejzifhjrefrmEdkifiHESifhukefoG,fa&; zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufvmap&ef? pD;yGm;a&;qufE,ruyrcirmvmap&eft G f I kd kd kd kd f wGutav;xm;aqmif&GufoGm;&efvdktyfaMumif;ajymMum;cJhonf/ f vTwfawmfajyma&;qdkcGifh&Sdol ol&OD;a&Tref;u2015 a&G;aumufyGJ wGiftwdutcHygwDacgif;aqmifa':atmifqef;pkMunfom or®wjzpf k f Mum;cJonf/ OD;a&Tref;onfvuf&tmPm&ygwDjzpfaomjynfaxmifpkBuHU h dS cdkifa&;ESif h zGHUNzdK;a&;ygwD Ouú|vnf;jzpfonf/ a':atmifqef;pk Munfomor®wjzpfvmcJhrnfqdkv QifjrefrmEdkifiH zGUH NzdK;wdk;wufrI twGufy;l aygif;aqmif&uom;zG,&aMumif;ESihf a':atmifqef;pkMunf G f G f dS cJhonf/ 2012-2013b@ma&;ESpftwGif; jrefrmEdiirSav,mOfavmifpmqD k f H *gvefaygif;28.58rDvD,Hudk a&mif;cscJh& aMumif; pGrf;tif0efBuD;XmerS xkwfj yefc suft& od&onf/ jrefrmEdkifiHwpf0ef;wGif NrKd UBuD;rsm;jzpf ao&efukefESifh rEÅav;tjyif xm;0,f? NrdwfESifh armfv NrdKifwdkYtxd tygt0if avmifpmjzefYjzL; ay;onfh avqdyfaygif; 11 ck&SdaMumif; od&onf/ 2011-2012 b@ma&;ESpfwGif av,mOfavmifpmqD a&mif;cs&rI yrmPrSm*gvef 26. 52 rDvD,HjzpfaMumif;vnf; od&onf/ jynfwi;f rD',mrsm; owif; azmfjycsuft& &efukefpawmhtdyfcsdef; G D tm; 2015 wGif taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&GufoGm;&eftwGuf BuKd;yrf; aqmif&uaeMuNy;D pawmhtycse;f wnf axmif&eftwGuf G f d f d usyfaiG 32 bDvD,H (tar&duefa':vm 32.5 rDvD,H)txd aiGvkH;aiG&if;rwnfrtjzpf vdtyfrnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/ I k
  3. 3. LOCAL BIZ 3 Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 Joint Secretary of Myanmar’s Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry (UMFCCI), U Aye Lwin. The majority of Chinese investments have been in the areas of electricity, mining, hydropower and oil and gas. Oil and gas is the area with the highest Chinese investment, followed by electricity. ures, in 11 sectors, Chinese companies are operating 381 enterprises, Files of income from foreignbacked projects. The majority of Chinese investments in Myanmar are in the latter's growing oil and gas industry. “China not only stands at the top of investment Phyu Thit Lwin and Htet Aung C hina’s foreign investment in Myanmar has reached mar Investment Commission, as it continues to be the largest investor in the formerly isolated nation. Htet Aung M yanmar hopes to boost Gross Domestic cal year to K66.2 trillion ($67 billion), according to Dr Kan Zaw, minister for national planning and economic development. Speaking at the First Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Ninth Regular Meeting, Dr Kan Zaw said that trillion. number of national targets. Among them, we are than last year,” he said, revealing that the target percent to 6.5 percent. Myanmar Summary 2014-2015b@mESpfwGifjrefrmEdkifiH jynfwGif;tom; wifxkwfvkyfrIGDPtm;usyf66'or235706x&Dv,zkd; D H txdjrifwufvm&efcefre;f xm;aMumif; trsK;d om;pDrue;f ESifh p;D h Y S H d yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrI0efBuD;Xmejynfaxmifpk0efBuD;a'guf wmuHaZmfu ajymonf/ a'guf w muH a Zmf u yxrtBud r f j ynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf e0ryHretpnf;ta0;wGif ,ckuokYd ajymMum;oGm;cJjh cif; jzpfNyD; k S f hJ 2013-2014 b@mESpfwGif jrefrmEkii GDP rSm usyf 59 d f H 'or 248953 x&DvD,H&SdNyD; vlOD;a&rSm 62 'or 177 oef;txd wdk;wufvmrnf jzpfum ESpfpOfwdk;wufEIef;rsm;udk okn'or 98 &mcdkifEIef;txdv smxm;aMumif;a'gufwmuH aZmfujynfaxmifpkvTwfawmftpnf;ta0;wGifajymMum;cJh onf/ also seen an increase in border trade and regular trade annually,” said operations totaling $6.3 billion, or 18.65 percent of the total, followed by South Korea, with 71 opof $2.9 billion, or 8.69 percent. cials revealed last month that they are targeting Myanmar-India border trade to reach $3 billion by 2015. Myanmar’s relatively new quasi-civilian government has eased tax at border stations, say border entrepreneurs, which ish between the neighbouring countries. “Due to the current situation, border trade has increased. Also, road conditions have improved which has helped the situation,” said one border trader, revealing that the majority of goods traded were beans and forestry products. Myanmar Summary jrefrmEdkifiHodkY 0ifa&muf&if;ESD; jr§KyErI jyKvyonfh Ediiaygif; 25 f HS k f k f H EdkifiH&Sdonfhteuf w½kwfEdkifiH &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrSm vuf&Sdtcsdef txd a':vm 14.12 bDvD,H txd &SaeNyD; ? &if;ES;D jrK§ yErtrsm; d f HS I qH;k Ediitjzpf &yfwnfaeaMumif; k f H jrefrmEdii&if;ES;D jrK§ yEraumfr&Sif k f H f HS I rS od&onf/ ]]w½kwfEdkifiHu jrefrmEdkifiHudk vma&muf&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHwJh EdkifiH awGxJrm &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrItrsm;qHk; S tqifhrm &yfwnfae½Hkwifru S bl; ukeo,ryi;f rSmvnf; e,fpyf f G f I kd ukefoG,frI ? yHkrSefukefoG,frIawG rSmESppOfwk;d wufvmwmudk awGU& f w,f}}[k jrefrmEdiiueonfr sm; k f H k f ESifh pufrIvkyfief;&Sifr sm;toif; csKyf wGJzuftaxGaxGtwGif;a&; rSL; OD;at;vGifu qdkonf/ jynfyEdiirsm;rS pD;yGm;a&;u@ k f H 11 ckwif &if;ES;D jrK§ yEaomvkyief; G f HS f aygif; 381 ck&SdaeNyD;? pkpkaygif; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIyrmPrSm a':vm 34. bDvD,H&SdaMumif; od& 2 onf/
  4. 4. 4 Myanmar Business Today LOCAL BIZ February 6-12, 2014 Aye Myat M yanmar has attracted $1.92 billion dollars in foreign investment to boost its hotel and tourism sec- revealed. hotel rooms in 923 hotels, motels and guest houses across the country, according to the Directorate of Hotels and Tourism. The Ministry of Hotels and Tourism has granted operation licenses to a total of 1,350 tourism companies including one foreign company, 25 joint panies. It has also issued 196 tourismrelated transport licenses and 3, 667 tour guide licenses. According to the Myanmar Investment Commission, it has allowed more investment in the hotel building and manufacturing sectors this month, creating new job opportunities. To meet the growing demand for hotels, the ministry has approved the establishment of 11 more hotel zones in three regions of the country, namely Aurelia Rusek leased by the Ministry of Hotels, the bulk of investment comes from Singaporean companies, which make up $880 million, followed by Thailand ($235 million), Japan ($183 million) and China ($150 million). The investment is spread over 39 projects in the sector, some of which have been completed, while others are still under construction. tharyi. long been popular tourist destinations, but Tanintharyi is growing in popularity due to its pristine beaches and close proximity to Thailand, which is becoming more accessible as Myanmar’s government opens border stations as tourism interest in the country increases. Meanwhile, the number of tourist arrivals is expected to rise this year as many foreign visitors are destined to visit Mymits to be hosted by Myanmar Last year, Myanmar attracted over 2 million tourists, of whom through airports. Visa-on-arrival for visitors their travel to the country. Myanmar Summary w&m;0ifxwjf yefaMunmcJonftcsuf k h h tvufrsm;t& jrefrmEdiionf 2013k f H 2014 b@ma&;ESpfwGif [dkw,fESifh c&D; oGm;u@zGHU NzdK ;wdk ; wuf r I twG uf EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfEHSrIyrmP tar&d uefa':vm 1.92 bDvD,Htxd &&Sd atmif pGrf;aqmifEdkifcJhaMumif; od& onf/ [dkw,fESifhc&D;oGm;vma&;0efBuD;Xme rS xkwjf yefaMunmcJonfh tcsutvuf h f rsm;t& pifumylukrÜPDrsm;rSm &if;ESD; jr§KyErtrsm;qH;k jyKvycNhJ y;D tar&duef f HS I k f a':vm 880 rDvD,Htxd &if;ESD;jr§KyfEHS cJhum xdkif;EdkifiHrS 'kwd,ae&mwGif&Sdae NyD; tar&duefa':vm 235 rDvD,H? *syefEdkifiHrS tar&duefa':vm 183 rDvD,HESifh w½kwfEdkifiHrS tar&duef a':vm 150 rDv,H &if;ESD;jrK§ yEcJonf/ D f SH h [dkw,fESifhc&D;oGm;u@wGif pDrHudef; aygif; 39 ckü &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHcJhMuNyD; tcsKdU pDrHudef;rsm;onf tNyD;owfvkyfqmif EdkifcJhNyD;jzpfovdk tjcm;pDrHudef;rsm;rSm vuf&SdwGif taumiftxnfazmfaqmif &Gufv suf&Sdonf/ [dkw,fESif h c&D;oGm; vkyfief;ñTefMum;rIOD;pD;XmerS tcsuf tvufr sm;t& jrefrmEdkifiHwGif [dkw,f aygif; 923 vHk;rS [dkw,ftcef;aygif; 35834 udk axmufyHhay;EdkifNyD; rdkw,f ESifh {nfha*[mrsm;vnf;&SdaMumif; od& onf/ [dkw,fESifhc&D;oGm;vma&;0efBuD;Xme rS c&D;oGm;vkyfief;aygif; 1350 udk vkyf ief;aqmif&GufcGifhvdkifpifrsm;udk cGifhjyK ay;cJhNyD; jynfyukrÜPD 1 ck ? zufpyf vkyfief;aygif; 25 ckESifh jynfwGif; ukrÜPDaygif; 1324 ck tygt0ifjzpf aMumif; od&onf/
  5. 5. LOCAL BIZ 5 Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 Reuters key priority areas, those being electricity, water supply, agricultural development, employment, opment and trade and investment. The two-day forum, organised by the Ministry of National Planning ment, was also attended by World Bank President nomic and Social Commission for Asia and President Thein Sein has called on development partners in the country to cooperate with the government. Aye Myat opment reform. P said, has created favourable conditions for national reconciliation with mutual understanding built with ethnic minority groups, although his comments come at a time when his government is coming under heavy criticism from the international community for another alleged massacre of Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State - something the government is denying took place - as tensions continue between Rohingya and Rakhine Buddhists. With regards to economic reform, Thein Sein said that the country saw a 7.3 percent GDP growth in 2012-2013, up from a predicted 6.7 percent growth and the country continues to attract foreign investment despite some concerns regarding creaking infrastructure and high land prices. He added that the reform of public administration would involve reducing central control and improving the capacity of local governments, while the fourth referred to improving conditions for trade, as well as logistical and institutional infrastructure. In the remaining months of his term, Thein Sein said that his government will focus on seven resident Thein Sein has urged development partners working in the country to cooperate with the government as Myanmar continues its transition towards genuine democracy. Speaking at the Myanmar Development Cooperation Forum, which was hosted in Nay Pyi Taw under the theme of “Accelerating Actions for Progress sive Coordination”, Thein Sein spoke of the need for systematic management in order to continue the economy’s growth. The government, he said, is predicting a 9.1 percent GDP growth for which will be aided by velopment plan that will streamline Myanmar’s aid, support and assistance needs in line with development priorities, making the country’s deAlmost three years into his presidency, which may be extended beyond national elections cited for 2015, Thein Sein said that the government is implementing four phases of its reform process, notably political reform, economic reform, public administration reform and private sector devel- Secretary Noeleen Heyzer as well as other ministers and businesspeople. This year’s event is the second of its kind, folment Cooperation Forum which was hosted in Nay Pyi Taw in January 2013. Myanmar Summary jrefrmEdkifiHtaejzifh ydkrdkppfrSef aumif;rGefaom 'Drdkua&pDEdkifiH awmftjzpfodkY vSrf;wufoGm;Edkif &ef t wG uf zGHUNzdK ;wdk; wuf a&; twG uf yl ; aygif; aqmif & G u f ol rsm;taejzifh tpdk;&ESif h yl;aygif; aqmif&GufoGm;Mu&ef EdkifiHawmf or®wBuD; OD;odef;pdefu wdkuf wGef;ajymMum;vdkufonf/ aejynfawmfü jyKvkyfusif;ycJh aom zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;qdkif&m yl ; aygif ; aqmif & G u f r I z d k & rf w G i f or®w OD;odef;pdefu EdkifiH pD ; yG m ;a&;wd k ; wuf r I q uf v uf jzpfxGef;ap&eftwGuf pepfus cdkifrmaom pDrHcefYcGJrIvdktyfc suf ESifh ywf ouf í ajymMum;cJ h j cif; jzpfonf/ tpdk;&taejzifh 2014-2015 b@ma&;ESpftwGuf pkpkaygif; jynfwGif;xkwfukefwdk;wufrIEIef; rSm 9.1 txd&Svm&ef arQmref; d f S xm;aMumif;ESifh ig;ESpfwm trsKd; om;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrItpDtpOfudk vnf; axmufyHhjyKvkyfoGm;rnf jzpfum zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrIOD;pm;ay; u@rsm;wGif vdktyfcsufr sm;udk vnf; axmufyHhvkyfaqmifoGm; rnfjzpfNy;D Edii zGUH NzdK;wd;k wufrI k f H tm; ydkrdktusKd;&Sd jzpfxGef;vmap EdkifrnfjzpfaMumif; or®wBuD;u ajymMum;cJhonf/ tpd;k &taejzifh jyKjyifajymif;vJ a&;vkyfief;pOfr sm;ESifh ywfouf í u@ 4 ckcGJum taumif txnf a zmf a qmif & G u f a eNyD ; tqdkygu@rsm;rSm EdkifiHa&; jyKjyifajymif;vJrI? pD;yGm;a&;jyKjyif ajymif;vJr?I trsm;jynfoprcefcJG l D H Y a&;qdkif&m jyKjyifajymif;vJrIESifh yk*vu@zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufrqi&m ¾ d I kd f jyKjyifajymif;vJrIwdkYyifjzpfonf/
  6. 6. LOCAL BIZ 6 Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 at a time that the two international companies, Telenor and Ooredoo, roll out their services, is likely to lead to further job prospects. “Ooredoo Myanmar requires jynfwGif;tvkyftudkifaps;uGufwGif ta&mif;pifwmrsm;? 0efaqmifrvyief; I k f rsm; rsm;jym;vmonfESifhtrQ ta&mif; 0ef x rf ; ac:,l rIrmvnf ; trsm ;qHk ; S tqihfodkY a&muf&SdaeaMumif; tvkyf tudkiftcGifhtvrf;*sme,frS wm0efcH t,f'Dwm OD;oef;pdk;u ajymonf/ ]] ta&mif;0efxrf;uac:,lrIr sm;o vd k a vQmuf xm;rI v nf ; r sm ;ygw,f / City Mart awGrSm aemufNyD; ta&mif;ydkif;vdkaewmrsKd;twGuf twef; ynm 8 wef; ? 9 wef;avmufq&w,f/ kd ½ky&nfoihwifh NyD; oefY&Sif;oyf&yfzdkYawmh f f vdkwmaygh/Customer awGudk0efaqmif rI a y;&wmqd k a wmh o yf o yf & yf & yf 0wfwwf?pm;wwfzkeJY pum;tajymcsKd Yd omzdY k ta&;BuD;ygw,f}}[kokcpkpHjynf wGif;tvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;at*sifpDrS wm0ef &SdolwpfOD;u ajymonf/ xdkYjyif bGJU&vli,ftrsm;pkonfvnf; tvkyfpwif0ifa&mufvkyfudkif&mwGif k ta&mif;pifwmrsm;ü Admin ydi;f ESifh ta&mif;pma&;ydkif;wdkYwGif vma&muf avQmufxm;Muonf/ kd f ]] Ooredoo Myanmar u wpfEiiH vHk; twdkif;twmeJY ta&mif;qdkifawG zG i f h v S p f r S m qd k a wmh ta&mif ;0efxrf; trsm;Bu;D vdtyfygw,f/ 'D&mxl;twGuf k taxGtxl;oifay;p&mrvdkbl;/ NyD;cJhwJh tacgufu Ooredoo Myanmar u tvkyac:wJyJGrmvnf; ta&mif;0efxrf; f h S ydkif;avQmufwJholu ododomomydkrsm; w,f}}[k Ooredoo Myanmar rS o wif ; xk w f jyef a & ; wm 0ef &Sd ol roD&dMumndKu ajymonf/ vuf &S d t a &mif ; 0ef x rf ; wpf OD ; tajccHvkyfcvpmcHpm;cGifhrSm aiGu syf 5 aomif;&&SdNyD; ? a&mif;&onfh ypönf; ta&twGufay:rlwnfí tusKd;cHpm; cGifh&SdEkdifaMumif; od&onf/ aeaom tat;cef;puf½Hkaygif; 130 wGif wefzk;d jrifyuetjzpf puf½tenf; h kYd k f kH i,fom&SdNyD; trsm;pkrm ukeMf urf;tqifh S jzifh wifydkYaeMu&onf/ xdkYjyif ig;uefr sm;wGif ig;a&m*grsm; jzpfvQif wpfuefvHk;eD;yg; aoqHk;wwf ojzifh arG;jrLa&;enf;pepfrsm; ajymif;vJ &ef vdktyfum? EdkifiHawmfydkif;rSvnf; tqifjh rifenf;ynm&yfrsm; axmufyay; h hH ajymonf/ arG;jrLolr sm;rSm ud,yiarG;jrLa&;uef k f kd f ES i hf tat;cef ; puf½H k r sm ;&S d aomf vnf ; arG;jrLp&dwjf rifrm;aejcif;? vQyppf"mwf h f tm; vHkavmufpGm&&SdrIr&Sdjcif;ESifh arG;jrL onfh enf;ynmydkif;rsm; tm;enf;ae aomaMumifh xkwfvkyfrIpGrf;tm;rsm; avsmusaponf[k jrefrmEdiiig;vkyief; h k f H f tzGUJ csKyfrS wm0ef&SowpfOD;u ajymonf/ d l pany will open sales centres throughout the country,” said Thiri Kyar Nyo, Ooredoo’s Public Relations Manager. “During the most recent Ooredoo Myanmar job fayre, we had a great Ooredoo she said. The government has also announced that it plans to host job fayres in order to help create job prospects as the country’s economy opens up. Myanmar's employment market is expected to see a growth in the coming years, particularly as international companies, such as telecoms giant Ooredoo, move into the country. Phyu Thit Lwin and Htet Aung Myanmar Business Today that a mushroom in sales and ser- ouths in Myanmar look set to take advantage of the increasing number of businesses arriving in the country, as job opportunities will be created, according to sources within the employment industry. U Than Soe, editor-in-charge of Job Opportunity Journal told local employment market. Others in the employment industry urged young people looking for work to maintain professionalism if they want to gain good jobs with international as well as local companies. Phyu Thit Lwin tend to use much more traditional techniques to breed their livestock and we need to change that culture if we want our exports to grow,” she added. There are currently 130 freezer factories exporting marine products abroad, but the majority of those only export the raw materials as they do not have the necessary or technology to produce the value-added products, Daw Toe Nandar Tin added that another problem is that D ue to weak technology and knowledge in the breeding of livestock, most of the marine products exported by Myanmar abroad are done so as raw materials, according to sources in the industry. Sources believe that entrepreneurs are losing a huge amount of potential income as their products lack value and if Myanmar can implement systems to improve the quality of their exported products, then the eases due to the conditions in many of the breeding grounds and urged the government to help the entrepreneurs and contribute to advanced technology within the industry. Many businesses operate their own aqua-culture ponds and cool storage facilities but many have said that costs are high, electricity power supply is inadequate and technology and knowledge are not good enough to produce international quality products. Myanmar Summary jrefrmEdkifiHrS a&xGufydkYukefrsm; jynfy odkY wifydkYa&mif;cs&mwGif arG;jrLa&; enf;ynmydif;qdi&mü tm;enf;aeojzifh k k f trsm;pkukd ukeMf urf;tqifjh zifom wifyYdk h a&mif;csae&í wefzdk;jrifhukefypönf;rsm; xkwfvkyfwifydkYEdkifrI tvGefenf;yg;ae ao;aMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHom;ig;xkwf vkya&mif;0,fa&;vkyief;&Sirsm;toif; f f f rS od&onf/ ]]Techonology awGeJY olr sm; 1 [uf wmudk wef 500 xkwfaewJhtcsdefrSm uRefrwdkYqDrSm 10 wefyJ xkwfEdkifao; w,f/ tqifhjrifhenf;ynmvJ 'DrSm r&Sd bl;/aemufNyD; ig;ueftus,fBuD;awG rSm zGJyufauR;w,fqdkwm a&S;½dk;pGJ rd½dk; zvmarG;jrLa&;yHpwpfcjk zpfaewJtwGuf k H h arG;jrLrIypajymif;&r,f}}[k jrefrmha&xGuf kH H ukefypönf;wifydkYa&mif;csolr sm;toif; Ouú| a':wdk;eE´mwifu ajymonf/ a&xGuueypönf;rsm; jynfyodkY wifyYkd f k f Myanmar Summary Reuers “Through using technology other countries produce 500 tonnes for every one hectare of land, but in Myanmar that number is more like 10 tonnes,” said Daw Toe Nandar Tin, chairman of the Myanmar Marine Products Dealers Association. “We don’t have the necessary technology here. Many farmers here high demand. For example. CityMart is always looking for or high school to apply. It is important that applicants present themselves well, dress nicely and speak in a good way, as the jobs are in the customer service industry,” said a responsible person from ThuKaSuSan employment agency. Meanwhile, the much-publicised reforms in the telecommunications sector, particularly Zin, who operates an overseas employment agency, respective ministries will help to organise job fayre where employers and employees can communicate directly. “Myanmar will host job fayres in the future. These fayres should be in the remote areas where there are few job opportunities available,” U Thaung
  7. 7. LOCAL BIZ 7 Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 Phyu Thit Lwin M yanmar’s intellectual property law is ex- by June, sources within the industry revealed recently. Work began on implementing IP law in 2003 and in 2010 the Ministry of Science and Technology pushed further forward the plans to have it up and running. WM continues to process the copyright law. In 2010, the Ministry took accountability and urged parties to progress with the law. We are waiting for approval from the President’s Of- open the market to other operators. Shein Thu Aung T he Myanmar and Japan governments have agreed to revise a bilateral aviation accord allowing more Japanese and Myanmar airlines countries, it was announced last week. The original accord, signed in 1972, stipulated that only one airline from each nation agreement was signed following a meeting between Japan’s Ambassador to Myanmar Mikio Numata and director general of the Department of Civil Aviation under Myanmar’s Transport Ministry Tin Naing Tun. Currently All Nippon Air- ics will have lights and energy to power life-saving technology. poverty.” About a tenth of the fund, roughly $200 million, will contribute to programmes that will supply universal healthcare to the country by 2030. The funding, the bank says, will increase access to essential health services for women and children and provide much-needed healthcare to those who cannot afford it. Another $80 million in grants is already helping rural communities in schools, roads, water and other infrastructure and further promote bilateral exchanges,” a release announcing the deal said. Japan is a close ally of the current Myanmar government and is involved in a range of projects within the country, most notably in infrastructure as the formerly-isolated nation continues unprecedented reforms aimed at lifting the economy and bringing genuine democracy to the country. Japan has cleared much of Myanmar’s debt to them and is heavily involved in the Thilawa lion dollar industrial project as plans to upgrade Myanmar’s transport network. projects, while other aspects of the projects include improved access to telecommunications cial management systems and providing grants to schools and poor students. “World Bank’s support to developing electrical power is very good. Many places in the supply, so this is needed,” said economist U Thar Lwin. However, during his address Kim warned Myanmar against corruption as increased international aid comes into the country amid the unprecedented reforms currently taking place. Myanmar Summary jrefrmtpdk;&ESifh *syeftpdk;&wdkYonf ESpfEdkifiHavaMumif; oabmwlnDcsuf wpfckudkjyefvnfjyifqifcJhNyD; *syef EdkifiHESifh jrefrmEdkifiHrS avaMumif;vdkif; rsm;tm; ESpfEdkifiHtwGif; avaMumif; vkyfief;rsm; ydkrdkaqmif&GufvmEdkif&ef twGujf zpfaMumif; vGeconftywfwif f hJ h G xk w f j yef a MunmcJ h o nf / rl v oabm wlncsutm; 1972 ckEpwif vufrwf D f S f G S a&;xdk;cJhNyD; ,if;oabmwlnDcsuft& jrefrmEdkifiHESifh *syefEdkifiHrS avaMumif; vdkif;wpfckom avaMumif;0efaqmifrI rsm;udkjyKvkyfEdkifaMumif;od&onf/,ck oabmwlncsutopftm; *syefEiiH D f kd f rS jrefrmEdkifiHa&;&moHtrwf Mikio Numata ESifh ydkYaqmifqufoG,fa&; 0efBuD;Xmevufatmuf&Sd jrefrmhav aMumif;ñTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xme ñTefMum; a&;rSL;csKyfjzpfol OD;wifEdkifxGef;wdkYu vufrwa&;xd;k cJMh uaMumif; od&onf/ S f Recalling an incident in Bangladesh when he was forced to shut down a programme due to corruption, Kim warned Myanfate. “I would not hesitate to do evidence of corruption in any of the projects,” he said, adding that the Bank will monitor the programmes closely to ensure that the funds go into the necessary areas. World Bank ceased operations in Myanmar, then Burma, in 1987 after the then-ruling military junta stopped payments on debts worth hundreds of millions of dollars. Through Free Trade agreement, foreign country and if copyright law is not enacted properly, then the state economy could lose around 20 percent,”” Nyunt Tin added. Myanmar Summary jrefrmEdiiwif ÓPypön;f rlyiciukd k f H G kd f G hf 2003 ckESpfrS pwifum a&;qGJcJhNyD; taMumif;trsKd;rsKd;aMumifh xGuf&SdvmEdkif jcif; r&Sdao;bJ vuf&SdwGif 2010 ckEpf S rS pwifí odyEienf;ynm0efBuD;|merS HÜ S hf vTJajymif;wm0ef,laqmif&Gufvsuf&Sd&m ,ckEptwGi;f rlyiciOya' xGu&SEif S f kd f G hf f d kd aMumif; od&onf/ ]]rlyiciOya'udk a&S UaecsKy½kH;u t&if kd f G hf f qHk;OD;pD;NyD; a&;qGJcJhwmyg/ 2010 ckEpf S rSmawmh odyEienf;ynm0efBu;D |meu HÜ S hf vTajymif;wm0ef,Nl y;D qGNJ y;D om;Oya'udk J tajccHNy;D vdtyfwmawG xyfjznfhw,f/ k 'DOya'u Ediiawmfor®w½H;k wdkY ? vTwf k f H awmf wdkY u ae twnf jyKcsuf & ,l N yD ; ajcmufvydi;f avmufrm xGuEivrr,f k S f kd f d hf xifw,f}}[k MN Associates Intellectual Property Law Firm rS Managing Partner OD;rif;awZñGeUf wifuajymonf/ Reuers nese cities. The new agreement means that other airlines will tries with Japan Airlines one of the airlines expected to capitalise on the new agreement. “The revision is expected to respond to growing needs for expecting it in June,” said U Min Tayza Nyunt Tin, managing partner for MN Associates Intellectual Property Law Firm. Copyright extends to four parts-creation copyright, trademark, literary and artist work copyright and industrial patent copyright. As Myanmar attracts an increasing number of foreign visitors and businesses, IP Law is seen as a crucial law. - products and pharmacy products very much. When Myan- aid from Japan, last year Myanmar was able to clear debts to World Bank and Asian Development Bank, seeing a return of the banks at a time of muchneeded development. During his visit, Kim also met with President Thein Sein as well as other government members, opposition leaders and businesspeople in the capital Nay Pyi Taw. tm; rdrdwdkYtaejzifh ulnDvdkaMumif; Kim u ajymMum;cJhonf/ jrefrm EdkifiHuJhodkY EdkifiHwGif vQyfppf"mwftm; &&SdrIukd wdk;csJUaqmif&Gufjcif;tm;jzifh vlUtzGJUtpnf;udk wdk;wufajymif;vJ&ef twGuf taxmuftuljzpfapEdiaMumif;? k f uav;oli,fr sm;taejzifh nydkif;wGif avhvmoif,rrsm;jyKvyvmEdirnfjzpf l I k f k f ovdk qdkifrsm;taejzifhvnf; ydkrdkzGifhvSpf vmEdkifrnfjzpfonf/ xdkYtjyif usef;rm a&;aq;ay;cef;rsm;vnf; ydkrdkwdk;wuf vmrnfjzpfaMumif;ESifh vQyfppf"mwftm; &&Sronf qif;&JEr;f yg;rIukd avQmc s&ef d I G h twGuf rsm;pGmtaxmuftuljzpfaMumif; vnf; ajymMum;cJonf/ tqdyg axmufyhH h k rIr sm;aMumifh usef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrI udk vdktyfNyD; vufvSrf;rrDaom trsKd; orD ; rsm;ES i f h uav;i,f r sm;twG u f usef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrIudk &&SdvmEdkif rnfjzpfonf/
  8. 8. LOCAL BIZ 8 Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 Su Su B ritain’s Business Ambassador for Agriculture, James Townshend, has clarity on the issue of land titles if the country is to attract further investment in the agricultural sector. visit to the country last month, which also saw him attend the Townshend said that visibility is needed when it comes to the ownership of land and to avoid problems such as land grabbing, something that has been an issue for land owners in Myanmar since the country’s military-ruled days. “It would be an impediment to the development of the [agriculture] industry, not least because the people who lease the land wouldn’t have any security. If investors don’t have security, they can’t suitably make that investment needed to deliver a competitive agricultural sector,” he said, echoing a number of points made by potential investors who have called on the government to ensure a more stable business environment if they want to continue attracting investors from abroad. Townshend also spoke of the importance the agricultural sector has in terms of lifting the economy as well as providing jobs for the country’s citizens, in a country where it is estimated that 70 percent of the working population are employed in agricultural areas. Also during his trip, Townshend made a visit to the town of Pathein in Ayeyrwaddy region to inspect the site of a joint-venture between local which will produce export-qualMyanmar Summary NAwe pduy sK;d a&;u@qdi&m pD;yGm; d d f k f k f a&;&moHtrwfwpfOD;jzpfonfh James Townshend onf jrefrmEdiitaejzif h k f H pduy sKd;a&;u@wGif EdiijH cm;&if;ES;D jrK§ yEHS k f k f f rI rsm;udk yd krd k q G J a qmif E d k i f & ef t wG u f tpdk;&taejzifh ajrydiqiruprsm;wGif k f dk f I d ö ydkrdk&Sif;vif;jywfom;atmif aqmif&Guf oifhaMumif; wdkufwGef;ajymMum;vdkuf onf/ NAdwdefoHtrwfonf vGefcJhonfhvu jrefrmEdkifiHokdY ig;&ufwmc&D;pOfjzifh a&muf&SvmcJNh yD; Livestock Myanmar d 2014 Expo udvnf; wufa&mufconf/ k Jh Townshend u ajrydiqirEifhajr,m k f kd f I S tjiif;yGm;rIupr sm;tm; tusytwnf; d ö f rawGUap&eftwGuf ydr&i;f vif;jywfom; k kd S pGmvkyfaqmif&efvdktyfaMumif;? jrefrm EdkifiHtaejzifhajr,mydkifqdkifrI jyóem rsm;tm;ppftpdk;&tkyfcsKyfonfhumv uwnf;rSpí awGUBuHKcJh&onf/ ajr,mtjiif ; yG m ;rI r sm;onf p d k u f ysKd ; a&;u@zG H U Nzd K ;wd k ; wuf r I t wG u f t[efYtwm;wpfckozG,f&SdaeNyD;&if;ESD; jr§KyfESHolrsm;taejzifhvnf;ajr,miSm; &rf;rIr sm;udcirmpdwc s&onfh vHNk cHKrr&Sd k kd f f I ojzifhajr,miSm;&rf;rIr sm;udkjyKvkyfoGm; vdrfhrnfr[kwfaMumif;ESifh&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHol rsm;twGufvHkNcHKpdwfcs&rIudkray;Edkif vQifpdkufy sKd;a&;u@wGifydkrdk,SOfNydKifEdkif pG r f ; aumif; vm&ef twGuf vdtyf a om k &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;udk jyKvkyfom;Edkifrnf G Sand and Stone Htet Aung T he sand and stone markets have performed well ment and private constructions as well as apartments and housing complexes continue to thrive in Myanmar, sources in the industry say. According to construction accessory businessmen U Kyaw Kyaw and Ko Than Htay, while sand and stone have seen a rise in popularity for the construction of buildings and properties, demand for brick has seen a slight fall. “The prices for bricks at construction accessory shops Files because there is so much of it available. However, sand and stone orders are high, particu- An estimated 70 percent of Myanmar's work in the agricultural industry. Ko Than Htat, who added that a high amount of demand for sand and stone comes from Thanintharyi Region in Myanmar’s south and close to the border with Thailand. He added that, due to the brick market being seasonal, many brick traders manufacture the product in bulk, which leads to a fall in the price of the product. The price for units of pricks has fallen from K125 each to K115 given the current climate. Myanmar Summary ,ckvuf&Sd 2014 ckESpf ESpfqef;ydkif; rS pwifum EdkifiHtwGif;&Sd tpdk;&wnf aqmufa&;vkyfief;rsm;? yk*¾vduwnf aqmufa&;vkyief;rsm;? uefx½dkuwuf f f kd cef;rsm;ESifh aetdrjf yKjyifwnfaqmufa&; vkyfief;twGuf t"dutoHk;jyKaeaom oJ? ausmufrsm; e,frSt0,frsm;vmNyD;? tkwaps;EIe;f usqif;vmaMumif; aqmuf f vkyfa&;vkyfief;&Sif OD;ausmfausmfESifh tdraqmufypön;f a&mif;0,fa&;vkyief; f f rS udkoef;aX;wdkY ajymMum;csuft& od&onf/ ,ck&ufydkif;twGif;ü weoFm&Dwkdif; tygt0if e,fNrdKUrsm;rS oJ? ausmuf 0,f,rrsm;jym;vmjcif;aMumifh &efueNf rKd U l I k wGif;ü ypönf;&Sm;yg;rIrsm;jzpfay:aeNyD; tkwfta&mif;t0,faps;uGufwGifvnf; &moDcsejf zpfaomaMumifh tkwxwvyf d f k f k rIrsm;jym;um tkwftvHk;a&aps;EIef;rsm; avsmhusoGm;onf[k txufygyk*¾dKvf rsm;u ajymonf/ ]]'D & uf y d k i f ; rSm NrdKUwG i f ; td r f a qmuf ypönf;a&mif;0,fwJhae&mrSm tkwfuvJ t0ifrsm;vmawmh a&mif;aps;usoGm;yg w,f/ aemufNyD; oJeJY ausmufudk e,f awGu awmfawmfav;rSm,lwmudk awGU& ygw,f}}[k udkoef;aX;u ajymonf/ tkwfaps;EIef;t& t0ifr sm;vmaom aMumifh ,cifu wpfwHk; 125 usyf&SdcJh aomfvnf; ,cktcgusyf 115usyf0ef; usifjzifha&mif;csaeaMumif; od&onf/
  9. 9. LOCAL BIZ 9 Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 for so long, it had just expired. With all the challenges already presented from operating within Myanmar, the last thing you need is trouble using a phone.” Thankfully, woes like Ryan’s will soon be a thing of the past as last week the government Daisuke Lon I (FMI) last week announced that it has successfully com- shares at a price of K10,000. The shares were issues on Jan- demand after the successful completion of issuing 2.5 million shares to existing shareholders and the company announced that it expects total gross proceeds from the sale to reach K27.5 billion ($27.9 million), of which the proceeds two international companies looking to roll out their services across the country. Qatar’s Ooredoo and Telenor of Norway were announced as the bid winners on June 27 2012, but had to wait seven months, while the Ministry of Communications and InformaTelecommunications Law, to be granted the 15-year licenses. According to a press release from the ministry, the licenses will “authorise each operator to build, own and operate a telecommunications network and to provide the full range team up with other international companies in order to make themselves more competitive in the market. Telenor, which is part owned by the Norwegian government, plans to launch its services within eight months and is looking to achieve 90 percent years. The group also said in a release last week that it plans to breakeven on its investment within three years. “A major milestone has been passed with the acceptance of the nationwide telecommunications license agreement with the Myanmar government. Telecommunications is a strategic sector in enabling the advancement of key industries, and this license agreement marks the beginning of an exciting journey in Myanmar’s development,” said Jon Fredrik Bak- tenders for services including to private companies. tvrf;aumif;rsm;udk &SmazG&eftwGuf a&muf&Sdvmjcif;jzpfonf/ xdktcsefu qif;uwfwpfckudk &&Sd&ef d qdi;f cJh&aMumif; od&onf/ qif;uwfudk k &&SdcJhonfhtcsdefwGif; qif;uwfaps; EIef;rSm tar&duefa':vm 100 ausmf ukeusonftwGuf r,HMk unfEicaMumif; f h k d f Jh xdkif;EdkifiHwGifqdkvQif qif;uwfukd aiGay;aqmifp&mrvdkbJ &&ScJhaMumif; d Ryan taejzifh jrefrmEdiiokYd cPwm tvnf k f H tywfa&muf&SdcJhtNyD; vtenf;i,f tMumwGif jrefrmEdkifiHodkY jyefvmonfh Meeyahta International Hotel Ltd, a 10-acre property devel- Myanmar Summary First Myanmar Investment (FMI) rSvecJonftywfwixwjf yefaMu G f h h G f k nm 250000 tm;&S,,mwpfccsi;f aps;EIe;f usyfaiG 10000 usyfjzifh a&mif;cs&ef f k twGuf aqmif&GufrIudk tNyD;owfvkyf aqmifEdkifcJhaMumif; od&onf/ Zefe0g&Dv 22 &ufaeYwGif a&mif;cs &ef urf;vSrf;cJhaom &S,f,mrsm;tae jzifh OD;&mvlOD;pm;ay;pepfjzifh a&mif;cscJh aMumif; ukrÜPDrS ajymMum;cJhonf/ tqdky g aemufxyf &S,f ,mrsm;tm;a&mif;csay;rIonf vuf&dS&,f,m&Sif S rsm;tm;&S,f,maygif; 2. rDvD,Htm; a&mif;csurf;vSrf;rINyD;aemuf xyfrH 5 awmif;qdkrIr sm;aMumifh ,ckuJhodkYa&mif;csay;cJhjcif;jzpfNyD; ukrÜPDrS xkwfjyef aMunmrIt& &S,f,mrsm; pkpkaygif; a&mif;cs&rIyrmPonf usyfaiG 27.5 bDvD,H (tar&duefa':vm 27.9 rDvD,H) txd a&muf&SdcJhaMumif; od& onf/ tqdkyg&S,f,mrsm; a&mif;cs&rIrS&&Sd onfh aiGvHk;aiG&if;tm; oDv0gtxl; pD;yGm;a&;ZkefwGif toHk;jyKoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; ,if;pDrHudef;wGif FMI rS &S,f,m 5 &mcdkifEIef;rS 9&mcdkifEIef;txdydkifqdkifxm;aMumif;vnf; od&onf/ Su Su cantly since then, but even today on the black market they are rarely available for less than $100. It is thought that when Ooredoo and Telenor role out their services within the next few months, SIM cards will be available for K1,500 ($1.70). In a country where an estimated 10 percent of the 60 million population has access to a mobile phone, clearly there is huge potential for growth for the two companies, who will also compete alongside local operators Myanmar Posts and Telecom- attended the ceremony to sign the license in Nay Pyi Taw. “The government of Myanmar can be proud of a well-run license process. We look forward to continuing to work alongside the Union Government as Myanmar develops socially, economically and technologically.” The licenses were granted prior to approval of the telecommunications rules and regulations, which will be released in February, U Than Thun Aung, director at Telecommunications Department of the ministry told local research group Thura Swiss. The drafted rules and regulations include licensing, spectrum, access and competi- arpon, both who are planning to the Myanmar arm of the project. Other projects from the country including development of its FMI Air operations following the granting of a temporary the ministry said it will invite rSm tvkyrvkyawmhaMumif; od&onf/ f f qif;uwftm; tcseftawmfMumMum d toHk;rjyKcJhonfhtwGuf oufwrf;vGef oGm;jcif;jzpfaMumif;? jrefrmEdkifiHwGif tcuf t cJ E S i f h pd e f a c:rI r sm ;&Sd a eonfh txJwGif zkef;toHk;jyKrIwGif tcuftcJ rsm;&Sdaejcif;vnf; tygt0ifjzpfonf/ odkYaomfvnf; tpdk;&taejzifh quf oG,fa&;u@tm; ydkrdkwdk;wufvmap &eftwGuf EdkifiHwumatmfya&wmBuD; rsm;tm; wif'gac:,lcJhum jrefrmEdkifiH wpf0ef;wGif qufoG,fa&;0efaqmifrI rsm; tm; jyKvk y f a y ; Edkif& ef t wGuf tjynf j ynf q d k i f & mquf o G , f a &;vk y f ief;BuD;ESpfckudk vdkifpifr sm;csay;cJhonf/ umwm Ooredoo ESifh aemfa0; Telenor wdkYrSm 2012 ckESpf ZGefvwGif wif'gtEdkif&&Sdonfh vkyfief;rsm;jzpfvm cJhNyD; qufoG,fa&;ESifh owif;tcsuf tvufenf;ynm0efBuD;XmerS quf oG,a&;Oya'tm; jy|mef;Edi&eftwGuf f k f 7 vwmapmifhqdkif;cJh&NyD; ,if;vdkifpif onf oufwrf; 15 ESpftxd&SdaMumif; od&onf/ ydkif? uarÇm'D;,m;EdkifiHwdkYjzifh ADZmuif; vGwfcGifh&&Sdxm;jyD;jzpfum ADZmuif; vGwfcGifht& 14 &ufMum vnfywf oGm;vmEdkifaMumif; od&onf/ ]]ADZmuif;vGwfcGifh&&Sdatmif aqmif &Gufwmu tmqD,HEdkifiHtcsif;csif; oGm;a&mufvnfywfEdkif½Hkwifr[kwfyg bl;/oGif;ukef? ydkYukefvkyfief;awG tqif ajyacsmarGUNyD;? ukefoG,frIu@ zGHUNzdK; wdk;wufapzdkUeJU ESpfEdkifiHMum; ,Ofaus; rI"avhp½dkufawG zvS,fNyD; avhvm EdkifzdkYjzpfygw,f/ aemufNyD; jrefrmEdkifiH u tmqD,HOuú|tjzpf wm0ef,l aqmif&ucserm tmqD,qi&mtpnf; G f d f S H kd f ta0;rsm;twGuf a'owGif;EdkifiHawGu vma&mufr,fholawGtwGuf tqifajy apEdkifw,f/ 'gu c&D;oGm;vkyfief;udkyg wdk;wufzdkY taxmuftyHhaumif;vJjzpf ygw,f}}[k vl0ifrBI u;D Muyfa&;ESifhjynfoUl tiftm;0efBuD;|me? ñTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;armifarmifoef;u ajymonf/ jrefrmhc&D;oGm; vkyfief;rSm 2012-13 ckESpfrsm;wGif odompGmwdk;wufvmcJhNyD;? ,ck 2014 ckESpftwGuf jynfwGif;odkU vma&mufrnfh c&D;onfOD;a& oHk;oef; ceftxd arQmre;f xm;aMumif; od&onf/ Y f S ecommunications services on a nationwide basis.” During the country’s militaryrun era, the telecommunications industry was tightly controlled and SIM cards would often cost upwards of $1,000. eastern neighbour. The current boost tourism development,” he added. aim for visa exemption agreements not just for tourists but also to help grow the export and import sectors between the countries in order for trade to Myanmar Summary Myanmar is planning to reach AN countries on visa exemptions by 2015, sources from the Ministry of Immigration and Population revealed last week. Currently, Myanmar has visa exemption agreements with Laos, Vietnam, the Philippines and Cambodia, while an agreement with Thailand was agreed in late 2012 but has been put on hold due to the current unrest taking place in Myanmar’s Than, director of the ministry. of people from within the region will come for the meetings. An agreement would also help jrefrmEdkifiHtaejzifh tmqD,HEdkifiH tcsif;csif; ADZmrvdkbJ vGwfvyfpGm vnfywfoGm;vmEdkif&eftwGuf a'o wGif;EdkifiHrsm;tMum; ADZmuif;vGwfcGifh oabmwlnDcsufrsm;udk vmrnfh 2015 ckESpftrD&&Sdatmif aqmif&Gufvsuf&Sd aMumif; vl0ifrIMuD;Muyfa&;ESifh jynfolU tiftm;0efMuD;|merS od&onf/ vuf&SdwGif vmtdk? AD,uferf? zdvpf enor Group. Ooredoo have revealed that they plan to roll out their services within six months. “We are delighted to be here today to accept our license,”
  10. 10. LOCAL BIZ 10 Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 Waltraut Ritter Myanmar Summary T he Worldbank Knowledge move up fast. The growth of internet access in Myanmar will predominantly be mobile internet access. Seven percent of the population use mobile phones; the lowest cost for an Android smartphone (with Myanmar font) is $60-70 and a SIM card with data services cost between $5 and $130, depending on the channel through which one gets access to a SIM. Huawei’s smartphones are the market leader at the moment, followed by Samsung. With the opening of the country in the past two to three years, what are the prospects for building the foundations for a knowledge society, a society where knowledge and expertise become the most critical resource and asset for national development? Recent reports and studies about Myanmar (ADB 2012, Cheesman 2012, McKinsey 2013) describe the backward- Reuters Myanmar as second lowest among 157 countries across all key variables relating to ICT, innovation, education as well as economic incentive and institutional regime; Transparency International’s 2013 Corruption Perception Index lists Myanmar in the bottom group of countries, and the most recent Internet World Statistics report (2012) shows that internet penetration is around one percent, although with the entry of two international telecom operators, Telenor and Ooredoo, rolling out voice and data services nationwide starting this month, ness of everything related to information, from information laws, information access, ICT infrastructure to internet governance. Building the soft infrastructure, capacity, skills and mindset is another challenge. Nwe Nwe Aye says that the government in Myanmar is still heavily circumscribed by secrecy and lack of transparency, and that there is “no sense of political rule as a participative process” (Nick Cheesman et. al. (ed.) Myanmar’s Transition: Openings, Obstacles and OpportuThe culture of an authoritarian technology may act as a catalyst, but there are quite a few countries with excellent ICT infrastructure and non-existing or low civic rights and public transparency as well. Reporters without Borders and the Burma Media Association claim that “the structure of the new Burmese Internet as thorities more surveillance options, while reserving the fastest and best-quality access for the government and military”. They say that Myanmar’s use of Blue Coat technologies (the Silicon Valley tech company providing internet censorships equipment and services such as Deep Packet inspection) in government agencies raises quespolicy and surveillance. The Asian Development Bank (ADB), which resumed operations in Myanmar in 2013, is advising the government on ICT strategy and public administration reform. Following their tender for the development of an e-Governance Master Plan, it was just announced a few days ago that IT services provider Infosys will be appointed as advisor for the $1.5 million project, which also includes six months training for 100 engineering students. Building ICT capacity is the basis for information and data management across the public sector, and also the basis for any Open Data initiative. All major global tech companies urÇmbPf Knowledge Economy h k f H k f H Index wGif jrefrmEdiionf Ediiaygif; 157 Ediiwif 'kw,tm;tenf;qH;k EdiiH k f H G d k f wpfcjk zpfaMumif; od&Ny;D tqdygñTe;f ude;f k wGif owif;tcsutvufenf;ynmESihf f ywfoufaom t"duajymif;vJrIrsm;? qef;opfwxirrsm;? ynma&;ESihf pD;yGm; D G f I a&;wGitm;ay;rIrsm;? tzGUJ tpnf;qdi&m f k f rl0g'rsm;wdkYvnf; yg0ifaMumif; od& onf/ Transparency International 2013 ckEptusiysujf cpm;rIqi&mñTe;f S f hf kd f ude;f wGif jrefrmEdiionf Z,m;atmuf k f H ajcwGi&aeNy;D Internet World Statistics f dS 2012 ckEpppfwrf;wGivnf; jrefrm S f f EdiitifwmeuftoH;k jyKrrm 1 &mcdif k f H I S k EIe;f eD;yg;om&Sonf/jrefrmEdiiwif quf d k f H G oG,a&;u@tm; zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufvmap f &eftwGuf tjynfjynfqi&m atmfya& kd f wmrsm;tm; wif'gac:,lcNhJ yD; Telenor ESihf Ooredoo wdtm; qufo,a&; Yk G f vdkifpifrsm;tm; csay;cJhNyD; ,ckv twG i f ; wpf E d k i f i H v H k ; twd k i f ; twm voice ESifh data 0efaqmifrIrsm;udk pwifvkyfaqmifoGm;awmhrnf[k od& onf/ jrefrmEdkifiHwGif tifwmeuftoH;k jyKrI wd;k wufvm&eftwGuf rdbi;f rSwpfqifh k kd tif w meuf t oH k ; jyKEd k i f r I u t"d u axmuf y H h a y;oG m ;Ed k i f r nf j zpf o nf / vlO;D a& 7 &mcdiEe;f om rdbi;f zke;f rsm; k f I k kd tm; toHk;jyKEdkifonfhtaetxm;wGif vnf;&Saeonf/ prwfze;f wpfv;kH twGuf d k tenf;qHk; tar&duefa':vm 60rS 70 txd ukeus&Ny;D data services ESihf f twl qif;uwfrmvnf; tar&duef S a':vm 5 a':vmrS 130 a':vmtxd&dS aeonf/ ,cktcsewif Huawei d f G prwfze;f rsm;rSm jrefrmEdii aps;uGuf k k f H
  11. 11. FEATURE 11 Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 Tan Ren Rong M yanmar has undergone huge changes in recent years in an attempt to open the country’s doors to foreign investment and catch up with the increasingly modernised world. Looking at Myanmar, women are traditionally taught to be gentle and obedient, and were discouraged from being career-minded as it is thought to be the business of the men. According to information from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) website, while two-thirds of women work, which is often at roadside stores and sometimes building roads in rural areas, they are engaged mainly in unskilled work at a low, unstable salary. With a meagre 18 percent of women in the country having secondary education or higher, the vast majority of women, usually in rural parts of the vant skills for white- collar jobs that earn better pay. This contributes to a widening income gap between the rich and poor, especially with the opening up of Myanmar’s markets to foreign investment, which usually provides better paying jobs for skilled workers. usually requiring military experience or connections that women may lack in comparison to men, as well as the capabilities of women not being given as much recognition by senior executives as it is in the private sector. Improvements in these sectors are slowly making their way through the changing of laws to allow women ministers in previously all-male ministerial roles. At universities in central Myanmar, while the amount of fe- “In terms of hiring staff, according to several business women, they revealed that while the basics of education are important, most employers will hire based on the candidate’s willingness to work and be trained” male attendees and applicants are higher than that of males, entrance marks for certain courses, such as Medicine, are males than for males. However, with the education sector slowly changing and being improved, as well as previously male-only courses being opened up to include females, gender equality in terms of education is on its terviewees, noted that an engineer in charge of renovations for her recently opened fastfood restaurant, Harleys, was a young woman. Hence, evident Soe Zeya Tun/Reuters obvious that modernisation is creeping into the country, with multinationals including Mercedes, Chevrolet and Hilton entering the market, with many new hotels opening to accomeigners each year. While these new foreign companies undoubtedly create new jobs for the local people, it usually favours those who have had the privilege to pursue a higher education, particularly those who have studied or worked In order to gain an insight into the challenges faced by women in the workforce, I interviewed a number of career women within the country who have climbed their way to the top of come successful entrepreneurs, professionals, managers and directors. With gender discrimination prevalent across much of Asia, one may expect it to be rife in Myanmar. However, the general consensus of the interviews was that it is not seen as a huge issue by the women I interviewed and, on the whole, women are well-respected by men and are considered, on most parts, equal to that of men. A prominent example would be that of the popular leader of the opposition, Aung San Suu Kyi. In the workforce, such as the private sector, there appears to be virtually no gender discrimination, especially in the upper management, as individuals tend to be more liberal and open-minded. Performance, it seems, is the most important criteria for promotion in this sector and an equal amount of respect can generally be expected from the other party. However, there are some limitations in the government and public sector where gender may play more of a role in deciding promotions. This is partly A shopworker serves customers at a phone shop in downtown Yangon. changes in the education sector are showing, where more women are working and leaving their marks in male-dominated industries, such as engineering and construction. cording to several business women, they revealed that while the basics of education are important, most employers will hire based on the candidate’s willingness to work and be trained. Though, of course, like accounting, experience deciding factor. For hotels like Chatrium Hotel, as the Marketing Communications Manager Myat Mon shared, ascending to a senior executive level usually requires good experience plus higher education beyond a university degree, such as a Master’s Degree in respective areas such as Business Administration. While there may be occasional gender preference when hiring for stereotypically male jobs, chitecture or construction, it is tions and experience is slowly starting to have more emphasis. Hence, many businesswomen continues to grow and progress, especially with more international businesses establishing bring along their own work culture and norms that will lead to increased foreign interaction. With the introduction of more international norms and work culture, gender discrimination will be lessened and as individual capability and contribution will be given more focus. When asked about how most career women juggle family and work responsibilities in Myanmar, it was shared that most of them either work with their husbands in their own business or have husbands who do not mind them working as long as they are able to perform family duties, such as looking after the children, though some do hire domestic help to assist them. In some cases, it is the women who become breadwinners of the family, and many of them between family and work. “Successful women entrepreneurs are masters of this balancing act. I’m still trying to become a master,” said Veronica Aw of Nervin Café, a mother of three children. The women I have interviewed all feel that they are become career women, and feel that they have accomplished a lot. Being successful in their careers and family life, they feel that greater recognition is also given to them as others acknowledge that they are capable of handling both their work and family life well. While it cannot be expected in Myanmar for there to be full equality in marriage, Veronica Aw, among other businesswomen and entrepreneurs, believes that men and women should aim to share family responsibil- Myanmar Summary jrefrmEdkifiHtaejzifh rMumao;rDESpf rsm;twG i f ; jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ r I r sm;ud k vkyfaqmifNyD; EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm; udk &&Sd&eftwGuf wHcg;zGifhaqmif&Guf cJhumydkrdkacwfrDwdk;wufvmaom urÇm BuD;ajymif;vJrrsm;ESiftnD o[Zmw I h jzpf&eftwGuf BudK;yrf;cJhonf/ jref r mEd k i f i H tBuD ; qH k ; Nrd K Ujzpf a om &ef u k e f t aejzif h v nf ; yd k r d k a cwf r D wdk;wufvmonfudk ododomom awGU jrifvmEdiNf y;D Mercedes ? Chevrolet k ESifh Hilton wdkYuJhodkY EdkifiHwumwGif vkyfief;rsm;aqmif&Gufaeom vkyfief; BuD;rsm;vnf; jrefrmhaps;uGufodkY 0if a&mufvmcJhonf/ jrefrmEdkifiHodkY EdkifiH jcm;c&D;onfrsm; ESpfpOfa&muf&SdvmrI wd;k wufvmonftwGuf [dw,ftopf h k rsm;udkvnf; zGifhvSpfcJhonf/ ,ckuJhodkY Ek d i f i H j cm;uk r Ü P D t opf r sm;taejzif h jrefrmEdkifiHodkYa&muf&SdvmrIaMumifh jynf wGi;f aexdiorsm;twGuf tvkytudif k f l f k tcG i f h t vrf ; rsm;udk zef w D ; Ed k i f a eNyD ; ynma&;wGif xGef;aygufatmifjrifol rsm;ESifh jynfywGif ynmoifMum;xm;ol rsm; odkYr[kwf tvkyfvkyfudkifzl;olrsm;? jrefrmbmompum;ESifh t*Fvdyfbmom pum;wdkYtm; uRrf;usifydkifEdkifpGm ajym Edkifolrsm;twGuf ydkrdktcGifhtvrf;rsm; &&SdEdkifonfhtaetxm;wGif&Sdaeonf/ jrefrmEdkifiHwGif trsKd;orD;rsm;taejzifh "avhxHk;pHtwdkif; ,Ofaus;odrfarGUNyD; ½dkusKd;aomoabm&SdNyD; pD;yGm;a&;vkyf aqmifjcif;qdkonfrSm trsKd;om;rsm;ESifh omoufqdkifNyD; trsKd;orD;rsm;ESifhrouf qdkif[lonfht[efYtwm;rsm;&SdcJhonf/ tjynfjynfqdkif&maiGaMu;&efyHkaiGtzGJU 0ufbfqkdufwGif azmfjycsuft&
  12. 12. FEATURE 12 Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 ities in a marriage, rather than the woman being the only or sole family caregiver. A working mother would be unlikely to be able to devote 100 percent of dren, so she believes responsibilities between both parents should become more equalized especially in a rapidly growing economy that brings about rising costs of living. As for the issue of unskilled and lowly educated women in more rural areas of Myanmar, associations like the Myanmar - in the future, as she believes Burmese women are hardworking, and would hence climb their way to upper management more easily. “Women, or anyone for that matter, who are determined and hardworking in their goals Daw Cho Cho Toe said, and her ideals were also reinforced by many successful women I had the pleasure of talking to. It is only when one dares to chase their passion that one is determined to pour their heart into it, and have their passion drive their careers and life, not their way to the top,” the foundand challenges head-strong, like the women I interviewed have demonstrated, and from it, success will come inevitably. “Men are not prisoners of fate, but only prisoners of their own mind -Roosevelt”: this way of with the assistance from associcouraged by families to ensure upward social and economic mobility of women in Myanmar. Tan Ren Rong has interned at Consult-Myamar Co Ltd, a business consultancy based in Yangon. She is planning to pursue a Diploma in International Business in April 2014. Views are author’s own, and do not necessarily represent those of Myanmar Business Today. into the mindsets of current and future generations of girls by the government’s future policies and actions, as well as tvkyfvkyfudkifae&aom trsKd;orD;rsm; oHk;yHkESpfyHkonf vrf;ab;qdkifrsm;ESifh wpfcgwpf&HwGif aus;vufa'orsm;wGif vrf ; rsm;azmuf v k y f r I w G i f 0if a &muf formed in 1995, help organise workshops and courses that teach important and relevant email correspondence for these women, as well as try to ensure more girls are able to continue studying these skills. When asked about their thoughts on women’s role in the are preparing their investment plans for the country, many of them coupled with educational programmes or civil society collaborations. Myanmar has an active civil society working on various aspects of information society, from press freedom to civicdriven public libraries, such as Beyond Access, an organization that aims to transform the country’s vast network of 5000 public libraries into connected information and service hubs, MIDO (Myanmar ICT development organization, which or- The majority of interviewees said that gender discrimination is not a major problem in Myanmar. formed. Currently there exist a number of outdated but still valid laws, such as the “Burma instated by the British Colonial regime, which is part of the ongoing discussions on constitutional reform ahead of the 2015 elections. This year, however, there is a great opportunity to introduce open data initiatives in Myanmar: the country is conducting years. Supported by UN organisations, the data collection will take place in March and April, and provide a sound basis for all further socio-economic development. Reliable information has been a scarce resource in the past decades, and the country data compiled by various international organisations such as UNDP, ITU, and Worldbank has many gaps or only shows estimates, Building an inclusive knowlof data, information and knowledge are available for all. Building intalligible resources is a strategic task for any country, regardless of its state of socioeconomic development. lished on Open Knowledge Foundation Blog and has been republished here with the author’s permission. The author can be contacted at waltraut@ wGiO;D aqmifxm;EdiNf y;D Samsung u f k aemufwif&aeonf/jrefrmEdiitae G dS k f H jzifh vGecaom 2 ESpausmf 3 ESpcefrpí f hJ f f Y S wd k ; wuf r I v rf ; aMumif ; ay:odkY pwif a&muf&Sd&eftwGuf BudK;yrf;cJhNyD; tod ynmESifh uRrf;usifrIrsm;u ta&;tBuD; qH k ; t&if ; tjrpf r sm;jzpf v map&ef E S i f h EdiizGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufrtwGuf taxmuf k f H I tyHhjzpfap&eftwGuf todynmjrifhrm; aom vlUtzGJUtpnf;udkwnfaxmifjcif; jzifh &&SdvmEdkifrnfjzpfonf/ rMumao;rD ydrom,mvSyvmap&eftwGuf BuKd ;yrf; k kd aqmif&GufoGm;&rnfjzpfonf/ u ppfwrf;rsm;ESifh avhvmrIrsm;wGif jref r mEd k i f i H owif ; tcsuf t vuf u@? owif;tcsuftvufjyefMum; a&;Oya'rsm;? owif;tcsuftvuf &&SdEdkifrIESifh owif;tcsuftvufquf oG , f a &;enf ; ynmtajccH t aqmuf ttHku@tjyif tifwmeufxdef;odrf; aqmif & G u f r I wkYdvnf ; yg0if c J h o nf / ÓPydkif;qdkif&mtajccHvdktyfcsufrsm;? pG r f ; &nf r sm;ES i f h ? awG ; ac:Ed k i f r I w d k Y u d k wnfaqmuf&efrSm aemufxyfpdefac: csufwpf&yfyifjzpfonf/ country’s population range beabout livelihood, economy, and exact size of the many ethnic groups in the country is vague. The latter is widely discussed in the media in the preparation of the census. Some ethnic groups are worried that the census surReuers and the Myanmar Blogger Society, which now collaborates with telecom provider Ooredoo. These networks and organisations could play an important role in building the soft infrastructure of the future information society. Another initiative with potentially wide reach is the introduction of Wikipedia Zero, whereby the Wikimedia Foundation, through a partnership with Telenor, gives free access to the encyclopedia’s vast information. The legal side of Myanmar’s information and internet governance also needs to be re- Soe Zeya Tun/Reuters time, all interviewees were positive that women would play a larger role in the workforce as policies and mindsets are starting to become more equalised and liberal, as well as increasing living costs putting pressure on both women and men to achieve better-paying jobs. It was also predicted by Daw Lynn Lynn that there would be more women managers and directors um,vkyfief;rsm;wGif vkyfcEIef;xm; enf ; enf ; om&&S d N yD ; vk y f a qmif a e& aMumif; od&onf/ jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd trsKd;orD; 18 &mcdkif k h EIe;f om education odkYr[kwf ydrjkd rifrm; aomynma&;udk vufvSrf;rDaMumif; od & onf / trsKd ; orD ; trsm;pk o nf vkyfcEIef;xm;ydkrdkaumif;rGefonfhtvkyf rsm;tm;&&Sd&eftwGuf tcGifhtvrf; vGepmenf;yg;aeao;aMumif; od&onf/ f G xdktcsufrsm;aMumifh qif;&Jcsrf;om uGm[rIudk ydkrdkus,fjyefUvmapNyD; txl; ojzif h jrefrmEdii EdiijH cm;&if;ES;D jrK§ yEHS k f H k f f rIr sm;&&Sdvmaomaps;uGufwGif trsKd;
  13. 13. REGIONAL BIZ 13 Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 wong, an economist at Kasikorn Research Center in Bangkok. Investment also dropped in and gas, roads and so on. How can we possibly ask car companies that want to invest in Indonesia to build power plants disrupted the activities of global diversify their investments to Dylan Martinez/Reuters to reduce risks (either from politics or disasters)," Pimonwan said, adding FDI could return to a more normal $8-9 billion per annum in the next 3-5 years. downtown Bangkok. Khettiya Jittapong L ong-term foreign investors say they are sticking with Thailand despite its political woes but the threat of worsening chaos may scare away new money as companies scope out other options in neighboring countries such as Indonesia. Protesters trying to topple the government have rallied in the capital, Bangkok, since November. This month they have forced ministries to close and blocked major roads. They say they will stop a general election being held on February 2. "Assuming the political woes go on, foreign investors may decide to shift to other countries like Indonesia, Vietnam and Myanmar," Kyoichi Tanada, president of Toyota Motor Corp's Thai unit, said this week. "Many investors want to invest in Thailand. If the situation has not been resolved, the ones which are already invested may not go away, but whether they will invest more, it's questionable," said Tanada, also vice-president of the Japanese Chamber of Commerce, which in the Southeast Asian country. Thailand gets more than half of its foreign director investment from Japan. That foreign capital brings much-needed money into a country that rein 2013 and may again this year. It is the biggest car market in Southeast Asia and a regional production and export base for top manufacturers such as Toy- ota, Nissan and Ford. It is also a major global production center for hard disk drives with big players such as Seagate Technology and Western Digital having operations in the country. Thai partners are putting a brave face on things. Hemaraj Land and Development runs seven big industrial estates, home to factories for the likes of Ford Motor, General Motors and Caterpillar. David Nardone, its chief executive, said 10-20 percent of new customers had postponed signing contracts to take up facilities since December. "It's short-term disruption," Nardone said, hopeful there would be a recovery in the next few months. "There may be some people who don't know Thailand so well and they may take longer, have more questions and wait for clarity." The optimists point to 2010, when more than 90 people died in another protracted bout of political unrest. Foreign direct investment jumped 88 percent that year, the stock market - omy bounded ahead by 7.8 percent. This time, however, the protests have gone on for three months and government work is being disrupted. Some $60 billion of infrastructure spending may not get started this year, for example. the ninth month in December to a two-year low and investors worry about a possible escalation of violence, which will hold back Southeast Asia's secondlargest economy after Indonesia. "Political instability is always Long term investments projects may be reconsidered and other locations may be reassessed," said Rolf-Dieter Dan- of commerce in Thailand. Foreign direct investment probably totaled almost $13 billion in 2013 but could drop even if tension eased and investors returned in the second half, said Pimonwan Mahujchariya- “Political instability is always preventing investment flows. Long term investments projects may be reconsidered and other locations may be reassessed” fundamentals - a relatively large market of around 67 million people, a growing middle class, pro-business environment, good infrastructure and geographical advantages including access to emerging markets such as Myanmar - helped it stand out in Southeast Asia and attract investment. Jongkie D. Sugiarto, chairman of the Association of Indonesia Automotive Industries (Gaikindo), said Indonesia with placed to catch up. But the regulatory environment had to be improved and the domestic market developed, he said. "We also have to build our infrastructure, from ports to the provision of electricity Myanmar Summary xdkif;EdkifiHtaejzifh EdkifiHa&;tusyf twnf;'kursm;ESifh &ifqiae&aomfvnf; © kd f taejzifh xkdif;EdkifiHESifhtwl yl;aygif; aqmif&GufaeqJjzpfaMumif; ajymMum; cJhonf/ odkYaomfvnf; EdkifiHa&;rwnfrNidrf jzpfrI ydkrdkqdk;&Gm;vmrIu ukrÜPDrsm; aemufxyf&if;ES;D jrK§ yE&eftwGuf t[efY f HS twm;jzpfapNy;D &if;ES;D jrK§ yEorsm;tae f HS l jzifh tif'dkeD;&Sm;EdkifiHuJhodkY tdrfeD;csif; EdkifiH r sm;tm; a&G ; cs,f ajymif; vJ um &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHoGm;zG,f&vmonf/ qE´jyol Sd rsm;taejzifhvnf; Edk0ifbmvuwnf; rSpí befaumufwif tpdk;&tm; &mxl; G rS z,f&may;&eftwGuf qE´jyawmif;qdk S rIr sm; jyKvkyfcJhonf/ ,ckvwGif qE´jy rIr sm;aMumifh t"duvrf;rBuD;rsm;udk ydwfypfcJh&NyD; azazmf0g&Dv 2 &uf aeYwGif jyKvkyfu sif;yrnfh taxGaxG a&G;aumufyuvnf; t[eftwm;jzpf JG kd Y aprnf[k od&onf/ Ed k i f i H a &;tcuf t cJ r sm; quf vuf BuHKawGU&cJhygu EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHol rsm;taejzifh xkdif;EdkifiHudk pGefYcGmí tif'dkeD;&Sm;? AD,uferfESifh jrefrmEdkifiH uJokYd tjcm;Ediirsm;odkY ajymif;a&TU&if;ES;D h k f H jr§KyfESHrIr sm; jzpfvmEdkifaMumif; Toyota Motor Corp xdkif;,lepfrS Ouú| This year was always going to be tough for Thailand. "Lackluster exports and weak consumer spending from 2013 have resulted in low average capacity utilization at around of inventory accumulation," said Sutapa Amornvivat, chief economist at Siam Commercial Bank SCB.BK, expecting private investment growth of about 3 than the average 10-year rate of 6 percent. we think Thailand still makes a very good long-term bet," she said. That sentiment was echoed by Honda Automobile (Thailand), part of Honda Motor. "New potential investors may be spooked by the political woes," said Pitak Pruittisarikorn, its executive vicepresident. "For Honda, we have been in Thailand for more than dent in Thailand's long-term outlook." Reuters jzpfol Kyoichi Tanada u ,ck tywfwGif ajymMum;cJhonf/ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHoltrsm;tjym; xdkif;EdkifiH wGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHvdkMuNyD; ,ckvuf&Sd tajctaetm; wnfNiratmif rajz&Si;f d f Edkifygu vuf&S d &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHxm;NyD;aom &if;ES;D jrK§ yExm;olrsm;taejzifh xGucm f HS f G oGm;rnfr[kwfaomfvnf; aemufxyf &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm; jyKvkyfrnf rjyKvkyf rnfqdkonfhtcsufrSm raocsmaMumif; *syefukefonfBuD;rsm;toif; 'kwd, Ouú|vnf;jzpfol Tanada u ajym Mum;cJhonf/ xdki;f Edkif iH onf Ed k i f i H jcm;wdkuf ½dkuf &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI xuf0ufausmfcefYuk d *syefEdkifiHrS &&Sdjcif;jzpfonf/ xdkif;EdkifiH taejzifh 2013 ckESpfwGif bwf*suf vd k aiG jyrI rm rS wf wrf ; wpf ck tjzpf S a&muf&SdcJhNyD; ,ckESpfwGifvnf; vdkaiGjy rIrm xyfrHjrifhrm;vmEdkifonf/ xdkif; S EdkifiHonf ta&S Uawmiftm&S tBuD; qHk;um;aps;uGufwpfckjzpfNyD; Toyota, Nissan ESifh Ford wdkYuokY d armfawmf hJ um;vk y f ief; BuD; rsm ; a'oqdkif&m xkwfvkyfrIESifh ydkYukeftajcpdkuf aqmif &Gufaeaom ae&mwpfckvnf;jzpfonf/ xdkYtjyif xdkif;EdkifiHonf Seagate Technology ESifh Western Digital wdkYuJhodkY vkyfief;BuD;rsm;twGuf t"du xkwfvkyfrItcsuftcsmae&mwpfckjzpf aejyefonf/
  14. 14. REGIONAL BIZ 14 Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 Robin Emmott B eijing's top diplomat has called on China and the sider a multi-billion-dollar freetrade deal, a once unthinkable step that shows a big improvement in relations between two of the world's largest markets. "There are bright prospects tion," Chinese State Councillor Catherine Ashton ahead of a visit to Brussels by President Xi Jinping in March. "work jointly to create conditions for launching a feasibility agreement." British Prime Minister David an "investment agreement" to countries to do business in China. Talks on that formally began in Beijing last week, a big step that many see as a potential forerunner to a free-trade deal. plain of poor treatment in China, such as being forced to Clare Baldwin U S retailer Wal-Mart Stores Inc has said it will upgrade its vendor compliance process in China, requiring more documentation and making use of a computerbased system to help suppliers manage associated paperwork. The announcement came after state-owned China Central Television (CCTV) criticised the world's No. 1 retailer for circumventing its quality control process and fast-tracking some margins. Wal-Mart will "ensure the correct documents and other required items are in place before the products are sold in our stores," the retailer said in share sensitive know-how to win access to Chinese funding and local contracts. China has doubled since 2003 to more than 1 billion euros ($1.3 billion) a day, but China receives just 2 percent of the Talk of a free-trade deal, which would create a market of almost 2 billion people, seemed unthinkable just a year ago, when Brussels prepared to levy punitive import duties on billions of dollars of Chinese solar ever trade dispute between the two partners. A deal to set a minimum price for the solar panels defused the tensions. Myanmar Summary w½kwEii xdywef;oHtrwfwpfO;D f kd f H f u w½kwEiiEifh tD;,lwonf tar f kd f H S kYd &duefa':vm bDv,aygif;rsm;pGm wefzk;d D H &Sonfh vGwvyfpm ukeo,rvyaqmif d f G f G f I k f Edia&;oabmwlncsutm; jyKvyom; k f D f k f G &ef wdkufwGef;vdkufNyD; xdkodkYvGwfvyf aom ukefoG,frIoabmwlnDcsuf &&SdcJh rnfqdkvQif urÇmhtBuD;qHk;aps;uGufBuD; rsm;xJwif tygt0ifjzpf`aom ,if;aps; G uGuf 2 cktMum; qufEG,frIrmvnf; S ydkrdkwdk;wufvmrnfjzpfonf/ w½kwEiiESifh tD;,lwdkY pD;yGm;a&;wGif f kd f H yl;aygif;aqmif&urtwGuf tcGitvrf; G fI hf aumif; rsm;pGm&SaeaMumif; w½kwEiirS d f kd f H tBu;D tuJwpfOD;jzpfol Yang Jiechi a statement. Documentation includes lagredients, government test reports, China Compulsory photographs, copies of manufacturing permits, details substantiating health claims and claims such as "organic" and codes and papers on intellectual property. "This process requires the colretention of well over one million documents annually," the company said. "Wal-Mart China has now invested in a computer-based system enabling vendors to upload all required legal documents. This system was piloted in Reuters in December he was a strong advocate of such a free-trade deal. sion, which handles international trade negotiations on u tD;,l EdiijH cm;rl0g'a&;&mqdi&m k f k f tBuD;tuJjzpfol Catherine Ashton ESifh awGUqHNk y;D aemuf owif;axmufrsm; tm; ajymMum;cJhonf/ w½kwEiiEifh tD;,lwYkd ESpzufpvH;k rS f kd f H S f w½kwf-tD;,lvGwfvyfaom ukefoG,frI oabmwlnDcsuftwGuf jzpfEdkifajc&Sd onfhtcsufrsm;tm; avhvmoHk;oyf&ef twGuf tajctaeaumif;rsm;udk zefw;D &eftwGuf yl;aygif;aqmif&uoifaMumif; G f h vnf; Yang u ajymMum;cJhonf/ September of 2013 and is now ready for broad-based application across the supply chain." Wal-Mart, which operates houses in China, said immediately after the CCTV report last week that it keeps a close watch over its supply chain. It said it only uses its expedited special approvals process as when a supplier changes the size of a product or switches distribution agents. In the statement on Wednesday, the company explained additional steps it would take to address supply chain concern. Wal-Mart is the latest in a series of foreign companies CCTV has taken to task on issues ranging from pricing to poor quality NAdwdoQ0efBuD;csKyfu w½kwfEdkifiH&Sd vyfaom ukefoG,frIoabmwlnDcsuf twGuf tcdkiftrmaxmufcHrI jyKxm;cJh aMumif;vnf; 'DZifbmvwGif ajymMum; cJhonf/ odkYaomfvnf; tD;,lEdkifiHr sm; udk,fpm; tjynfjynfqdkif&m ukefoG,f a&;oabmwlnDcsuf n§dEdIif;aqmif&Guf rIrsm;tm; aqmif&Gufaom tD;,l aumfr&SifrS ajymMum;csuft& w½kwf Ediiwif tD;,lEiirsm; pD;yGm;a&;vkyief; k f H G kd f H f products and shoddy customer service. Reuters Myanmar Summary tar&duefEii vufvvyief;Bu;D kd f H D k f jzpfaom Wal-Mart Stores Inc u ypönf;a&mif;csrIvkyfief;rsm;tm; tqifh jr§ifhwifrIjyKvkyfom;rnf[k ajymMum;cJh G NyD; owif;tcsutvufrsm; ydrvtyf f k kd kd um vkyfief;udpörsm;tm; tultnD ay;&eftwGuf uGeysLwmjzifh aqmif&uf f G onf h p epf w pf ck ukd vdk tyfaeaMumif; vnf; od&onf/ w½kwfEdkifiH EdkifiHydkifvkyfief;BuD;jzpf aom China Central Television (CCTV) u urÇmheHygwf (1) vufvD vkyfief;BuD;jzpfaom Wal-Mart tm; a0zefrIjyKcJhaMumif; od&onf/ Wal-Mart rsm; ydrv,upm aqmif&uEi&eftwGuf k kd G f l G G f kd f &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIoabmwlnDcsufwpfckwGif wd;k wufatmif aqmif&uom;&rnfjzpf G f G aMumif; od&onf/ vGeconftywfrpí n§Ei;f aqG;aEG; f hJ h S d Id rIrsm;udk pwifjyKvycNJh y;D tvm;tvm k f aumif;rsm;&Sdonfh vGyfvyfaom ukef oG , f a &;oabmwlnD c suf ukd &&Sd &ef twGuf ajcvSr;f aumif;wpf&yfyifvnf; jzpfonf/ onfhtcsuftvufrsm;udk taotcsm aqmif&GufNyD; tjcm;vdktyfonfht&m rsm;udkvnf; ta&mif;qdkifpwdk;rsm;wGif xkwfukefr sm;tm; a&mif;csjcif;rjyKcif taotcsm aqmif & G uf om ;rnf jzpf G aMumif; ajymMum;cJhonf/ tcsuf tvuf r sm;wG if uk e f y pö n f ; trSwfwHqdyfrsm; yg0ifNyD; yg0ifypönf; rsm;tm; wduspm azmfjyrI ? tpdk;& G ppf a q;csuf r sm;ES i f h ouf qdkifonfh taMumif ; t&mrsm ;? tod t rS wf j yK vufrwf? erlemxkwuersm;ESifh "mwfyHk S f k f rsm;? ukefxkwfvkyfcGifhoabmwlnDc suf rdwåLrsm;ESifh usef;rma&;tm; taxmuf tultjyKonfhtcsuftvufr sm;vnf; yg0ifaMumif; od&onf/ tqk d ygtcsuf r sm;tm;xkwfukefr sm; tm;ra&mif;csciftaotcsmaqmif&uf G oGm;rnf[vnf;od&onf/ k
  15. 15. 15 REGIONAL BIZ Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 William Mallard A fter falling by almost Prime Minister Shinzo Abe came to power just over a year ago, the yen is in a sweetspot for the economy. Companies have roared back made exports more competitive and while import prices, notably for fuel, have climbed, im- Research. "Many companies have already moved production overseas and may also become hesitant to boost exports for political considerations." not clamoring for a further drop and they believe the yen's fall has largely run its course, a new Reuters poll shows. For years, a strong yen had sapped Japan's export competitiveness Corporate Survey said they both expect and hope the yen will be in its current narrow range of 100-105 to the dollar six months from now, while more than 90 percent predict and want to see the Japanese currency in a broader 90-110 range. Only 5 percent wanted the yen to weaken beyond 110 to the dollar. Japan. "For us the weaker the yen gets, the tougher it gets," was "encouraging further depreciation of the yen by winking and nodding, if not overt actions," said Truman, a senior fellow at the Peterson Institute Washington. of Japan Airlines CO, which pays for its aircraft and fuel in dollars. "But it is important for Japan's economy to rebound, so a level of around 100 yen is necessary" and weakening a bit beyond 105 yen would be better, Ueki told reporters at a new year's gathering of business leaders. "We can adjust to it as long as there is stability."Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd, Japan's leading heavy-machinery maker and Reuters But should the yen keep falling, the drawbacks of higher import prices and possible anger from Washington and other trading powers could start to er currency. "I don't think many people in Japan want a yen decline to around 120 or 130 to the dollar," said Bank of Japan (BoJ) economist Nobuyasu Atago, who is now on a stint at the aerospace company, would be "grateful" for a yen slide to 115120 to the dollar, said chairman Hideaki Omiya. And yet, he said, "I think the yen is balanced at the moment around the 100-105 yen level. From the viewpoint of both importers and exporters, a skewed rate is not good. And with the strong yen reversed, what we need now is stability." Both China and South Korea major trading rivals to Japan which compete in a number of markets such as auto and electronics - have raised concerns about the slide in the yen in recent weeks. The United States has welcomed Japan's economic rebound after Abe came to power 13 months ago promoting a policy mix of massive BOJ easing and government spending - dubbed Abenomics by the media. If the yen's fall is the result, rather than the aim, of these growth policies, Washington seems willing to tolerate a gentle yen decline - to a point. "They need to get their domestic economy growing," Treasury Secretary Jack Lew said this month. But he said, taking questions at a forum, "their longterm growth can't be rooted in a strategy that ultimately turns in any way towards reliance on an unfair advantage because of the exchange rate.” Ted Truman, a former senior ment and the Fed, said that as long as the Japanese "are not deliberately acting to push down the yen, I don't think, as a matter of economics, the United States government would be particularly unhappy." But it was possible some US If that is the case, "I'm sure the Treasury is making clear to the Japanese that if there is any hint of that going on, it will be a big problem," Truman said. "And we have enough problems with Japan as it is." Still, current and former Japabout currency diplomacy say a yen fall to 110 to the dollar might not raise the heat on Tokyo - that the threshold might be more like 120-130 yen. Treasury and Japanese Ficlined to comment on their currency conversations. IMF Deputy Managing Director Naoyuki Shinohara, who concerns that the yen's weakness could lead to tensions between Tokyo and Washington. "It is clear that what Japan is trying to do now is beat deinterview. "There may be some changes in the way (the U.S. “Many companies have already moved production overseas and may also become hesitant to boost exports for political considerations.” government) communicates due to its relations with Congress. But I don't feel Japan's weak yen is seen as a big problem. 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  16. 16. REGIONAL BIZ 16 Myanmar Business Today February 6-12, 2014 Faith Hung The group, which includes sion Industry Co Ltd and Foxconn Technology Co Ltd, could take advantage of geographical proximity to open up new deals with partners like Apple as they develop new gadgets. Best known for putting together iPhones, Foxconn honed its skills by meeting Apple’s exacting standards and supply chain rigor. It boasts a workforce of more than 1 million, and the scale to negotiate cheaper component prices than BlackBerry could obtain on its own. Gou placed emphasis on Indonesia for future development. He said the country, rather than India, will be best able to replace China as the world’s manufacturing hub in the future. cials have said Hon Hai wants to gradually invest as much as $10 billion over 5 years with - T aiwan’s Foxconn Technology Group, the major supplier of Apple Inc’s iPhone and iPad products, has said it is considering expanding manufacturing to the United States in a move that could open up new prospects for business with Apple. Chairman Terry Gou also said Indonesia will be a top priority for investment this year. That would tie in with Foxconn’s deal to design and market phones in the country with BlackBerry Ltd, as the Canadian company seeks to reverse its decline in the smartphone business. “The US is a must-go market,” said Gou, speaking at the group’s annual year-end party last week. He said many customers and partners hope Foxconn, the world’s largest contract manufacturer of electronic goods, will set up manufacturing facilities in the US. Foxconn’s ambitious growth plans could see it lift annual revenue to T$10 trillion ($333 billion) a decade from now, Myanmar Summary Apple Inc iPhone ESifh iPad xkwuersm;twGuf t"duaxmufyrIrsm; f kf Hh udk jyKvkyfay;onfh xdkif0rf Foxconn Technology Group rS ajymMum; uefwif xkwvyrvyief;rsm;udk wd;k csUJ G f k f I k f aqmif&uom;&eftwGuf pOf;pm;aeNy;D G f G Apple ESifh vkyief;rsm;twGuf tvm; f tvmopfrsm;tm; zefwD;oGm;&efjzpf aMumif; od&onf/ Ouú| Terry Gou ajymMum;csuft& ,ckESpfwGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrItwGuf tif'dkeD;&Sm;onf xdywef;OD;pm;ay;aps;uGuwpfcjk zpfvm f f rnf[k od&onf/ tar&duefaps;uGufonf rjzpfrae &if;ES;D jrK§ yEom;&rnfh aps;uGujf zpfaMumif; f HS G Foxconn Technology Group ESpfukefawGUqHkyGJwGif Gou u ajym Mum;cJonf/ h Reuters age aimed at kickstarting the plan. Hon Hai has yet to conReuters Sui-Lee Wee Su Su Myanmar Summary I ndonesia’s budget carrier Lion Air announced last week that it is planning to ing Co 787 aircraft and replace them with smaller 737 models. The carrier said it needed widebody aircraft to accommodate more than the roughly 350 passenger capacity of the 7878, and will place a new order for aircraft in 2015. C hina’s commerce ministry has called on the United States to stop anti-dumping investigations into imports of solar power products from China, expressing "serious concern" and vowing to defend its producers. certain solar power products from China and Taiwan, a move that could have a major impact on the nation's fast-growing solar market. The US Department of Commerce said it initiated anti-dumping duty and countervailing duty investigations, which will assess whether the products are being sold in the United States below their fair value, or if their manufacturers receive inappropriate levels of foreign government subsidies. "The Chinese side expresses serious concern," the commerce ministry said in a statement on its website. "China urges the United States again to carefully handle the current ... investigations, be prudent in taking measures and terminate the investigation proceedings." China will assess the impact on its solar industry and "resolutely defend" itself through various mechanisms, the ministry said. Myanmar Summary Lion Air already includes a large number of that model. The widebody aircraft it intends to order next year will be used on domestic, high-frequency routes, the company said. The private carrier, which uses Jakarta’s Soekarno-Hatta International Airport as its base, has shown impressive growth in recent years and some reports are tipping the airline to closely challenge market leaders Air Asia. 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