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  1. 1. Chapter 12: Fitness- and Health-related Careers in Physical Education and Sport What are the responsibilities of a fitness or exercise specialist? What are the opportunities available for someone pursuing a therapy-related career? How does one increase their marketability for fitness-, health-, and therapy-related careers?
  2. 2. Fitness- and Exercise-related Careers  Preventive programs  Specialists work with healthy adults to increase their level of fitness.  Corporate fitness centers, commercial fitness centers, and community agencies (YMCA/YWCA)  Rehabilitative programs  Specialists work with individuals who exhibit the effects of coronary heart disease focusing on attaining a functional state of living and an enhanced quality of life.  Most often found in hospitals, medical clinics or community agencies affiliated with corporate fitness centers.
  3. 3. Comprehensive Wellness Program Components Fitness development and maintenance Educational efforts Health promotion Lifestyle modification Recreational sport opportunities
  4. 4. Program Aspects (Institute of Aerobics Research) Medical screening Fitness and lifestyle assessment Goal setting Supervised group programs Educational classes Motivation and reinforcement Why should these aspects be included? How could you implement each of these aspects?
  5. 5. Exercise Program Specialist Responsibilities  Direct program  Train and supervise staff  Budget responsibilities  Facility management  Marketing  Evaluation  Individual exercise prescriptions  Evaluate and counsel on lifestyle  Data collection and analysis
  6. 6. Worksite Health Programs 46% of all worksites offer programs  38% of small corporations  68% of large corporations Potential to reach over 110 million adults  Convenient for employees  Offers peer and social support Economic benefits to corporations  Reduced injury rates, lower workman’s compensation costs, and reduced health care costs  Enhancement of workplace morale, retaining employees
  7. 7. Top 10 Worksite Health Promotion Activities Job hazard/injury prevention Exercise/physical fitness Smoking control Stress management Alcohol/other drugs Back care Nutrition High blood pressure AIDS education Cholesterol screening
  8. 8. Program Suggestions  Voluntary participation  Continuous marketing  Sensitivity to individual differences  Frequent evaluation  Modeling of healthy behavior by staff  Recognition and reward  Record-keeping  Balance between fun and clinically significant programs  Personalize the program
  9. 9. Commercial and Community Fitness Programs IHRSCA  Club membership has increased by 51% from 1987 to 1996.  In 2000, there were nearly 33 million club members. Growth of community programs  Programs for all ages » Toddlers and preschool programs have increased.  Programs for all abilities » For example, The Fitness Clinic for Physically Disabled at San Diego State University  The addition of wellness centers have allowed hospitals to take more preventative approach!
  10. 10. Personal Trainers  Work in private and public settings:  Conducting fitness assessments.  Developing specific goals with clients.  Designing programs for goal attainment.  Coaching clients through workouts.  Monitoring progress of goals.  New use of the Internet, email, and phone to hire personal trainers and report results for convenience.
  11. 11. Strength and Conditioning Professionals  “Assess, motivate, educate, and train athletes for the primary goal of improving sport performance.” (NSCA)  Competencies necessary in the areas of:  Scientific foundations of sport/exercise and nutrition  Exercise leadership and program design  Techniques of sport psychology to maximize performance  Risks of performance-enhancing substances
  12. 12. Rehabilitation Programs  Clinical exercise physiologists work mainly in hospitals and clinics.  Work closely with physicians to meet the needs of diverse clients.  To plan rehabilitation programs, they must be familiar with:  Medical aspects of clients disease or condition  Limitations faced by clients  Drugs commonly used to treat the disease/condition and their effects  Psychological aspects of exercise on the clients
  13. 13. Career Preparation  Education  Undergraduate and graduate education in exercise science, fitness and cardiac rehabilitation, etc.  Various certifications offered by:  ACSM  YMCA  AFAA  NSCA  Practical experience  Professional involvement
  14. 14. Athletic Training Prevention of Injuries  Supervision of conditioning programs  Advising coaches and athletes  Assist with preseason physicals  Checking equipment and facilities for safety Rehabilitation  Administers therapeutic treatments and monitors progress.  Motivate and encourage throughout recovery  Record-keeping of injury status and history of injury Certification - NATA
  15. 15. Health and Weight-Control Clubs & Spas  Found at resorts, hotels, mineral springs, and cruise ships.  Are they only seeking your money?  Offer fitness activities, graded exercise tests, instruction in sport activities, exercise classes  Diet and nutritional counseling, stress management, massages  Growth of commercial diet centers focused on weight reduction.
  16. 16. Therapy-Related Careers  Dance therapy (ADTA)  Clients have freedom of movement and gains a sense of identity.  Encourages individuals to recognize and express their emotions.  Used with all segments of the population.  Recreational therapy (AAHPERD)  Concerned with problems of physically, emotionally, and socially disabled persons and with the elderly.  Using the techniques of play, it helps achieve appropriate goals for those in community and institutional settings.  Kinesiotherapy (AKA)  “…under the direction of a physician, treats the effects of disease, injury, and congenital disorders, through the use of therapeutic exercise and eduucation.”
  17. 17. Increasing Professional Marketability Additional courses in health and related areas Certification  ACSM, First Aid/CPR, NATA Build on one’s interests and strengths  Develop areas of expertise that interest you. Practical experience  Internships, fieldwork, and volunteering  Gain diverse experiences in settings and clients.