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Psychosocial hazards


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This was a students group presentation

Published in: Health & Medicine

Psychosocial hazards

  1. 1. Group Presentation Environmental Health 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 1
  2. 2. Department Of Public Health North South University Group C Members: Dr. Sheikh Tanvir Rahman Dr. Tahsin Haque Dr. Arman Hussain Abeda Saleha Ranesa Rukhsana Kalim Dr.Nuzhat-E-Nusrat-Nureen 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 2
  3. 3. Description Of Health Hazards Due To Psychological Hazards And Its Preventive Measures Course Teacher: Professor Md. Rezaul Karim,PhD 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 3
  4. 4. Presentation Topics  Health hazards  Concept of “Ergonomics”  Psychological Hazards  Aetiology of Psychological hazards  Impact of them on workers  Suggestions to overcome them 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 4
  5. 5. Occupational Environment Three types of interaction are found in workplace.  Man and physical, chemical and biological agents  Man and machine  Man and man 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 5
  6. 6. Ergonomics Fitting the job to the worker 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 6
  7. 7. Health Hazards Health Hazards Physical Hazards Chemical Hazards Biological Hazards Mechanical Hazards Psychological Hazards There are 5 types of hazards we often encounter with during our occupational activities. 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 7
  8. 8. Psychosocial Hazard The interactions (Job content, work organization and management) that prove to have a hazardous influence over employees’ health through their perceptions and experience. 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 8
  9. 9. Psychological Hazards-background Job Content Uncertainty, short cycles Workload & Work pace Overload, time pressure Work schedule Night shifts, inflexible schedules Control Decision making Environment & Equipment Inadequate Organizational culture & function Poor communication, low support Interpersonal relationships at work Isolation, conflict Role in organization Role conflict Career development Stagnation, uncertainty, insecurity Home-work interface Conflicting demands, low support Leka, Griffith and Cox-2003 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 9
  10. 10. Epidemiology-World  Nearly one in every three workers in Europe(40 million) are affected by work stress.  30%-40% workers in European countries believe that their workplace stress is responsible for their health.  Every year, 3%-4% of gross national product is losing due to psychological stress of the workers. Source:EU-OHSA 2012 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 10
  11. 11. All Professional have Psychological Hazard 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 11
  12. 12. Psychological Hazard-The mechanism Harm to employee Physical environment Psychological environment Direct pathway Experience Of stress Indirect Pathway 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 12
  13. 13. Risk Factors Risk Demand and load Job control Co-worker support Sense of community Management feedback Leadership Stress 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 13
  14. 14. The reactions Work stress reactions • Physiological • Behavioural • Emotional • Cognitive Based on characteristics like: • Gender • Age • Education • Competitiveness • Over commitment 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 14
  15. 15. The Health Impact Short–termedimpacts • Absenteeism • Sickness • Less productivity • Lack of job satisfaction • Intention to quit Long-termcomplications • Mental health • Cognitive impairments • Social and behavioural health • Cardiovascular disorders • Musculoskeletal disorders 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 15
  16. 16. The Health Impact On Intelligence 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 16
  17. 17. The Preventive Measures-A Suggestion from us Increased Supervisor awareness Participation in “Ergonomics” training Group performance Excellent Job environment Career development & decision making 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 17
  18. 18. 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 18
  19. 19. Thank You 7/24/2017NSU/ENVH/C/str 19