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Back Safety


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Back Safety

  1. 1. IIPP Quarterly Training: Back Safety & Safe Lifting WATCH YOUR BACK !!!Whether you provide patient care, work in an office or perform janitorial or maintenancework, you must lift and carry materials or equipment. Your job may require you to liftfrequently or infrequently, heavy or light loads. Regardless of the lifting demands of yourjob, it is important that you lift properly to avoid injury. 10 TIPS FOR SAFELY LIFTING and MOVING LOADS • Warm up • Think before you lift • Position your feet • Position your body • Get a firm grip • Lift smoothly • Move your feet – Don’t twist your back! • Carrying the load • Setting the load down • Pushing and pulling the load • Warm Up Athletes warm up before a workout to reduce the risk of injury. You should warm up by stretching at the start of your shift or after periods of sedentary work.
  2. 2. Back Safety and Safe Lifting Training • Think Before You Lift Test the load Use a dolly or other assistive deviceOrganize your work area to reduce unnecessary lifting. Use carts, hand trucks or otherassistive devices whenever possible. Plan the lift by maintaining a clear path and testingthe weight of what you are preparing to lift. For heavy loads consider breaking the load intolighter, smaller ones or get help. • Position Your Feet Unsafe: Get closer to the load Safe: Close to load with feet apartGet close to the load you plan to lift. Stand with a wide stance and one foot slightly in frontof the other for balance. Turn your feet in the direction you intend to move.
  3. 3. Back Safety and Safe Lifting Training • Position Your Body Unsafe: Do not bend at waist Safe: Bend knees and hipsKeep your back straight, bend your knees and push your buttocks out. Do not bend over atthe waist. • Get a Firm Grip Grip the load Rest the load midway Use a step ladderGrasp the object firmly with both hands. For a long lift, such as floor to shoulder height,consider resting the load mid-way on a table or bench to change your grip.
  4. 4. Back Safety and Safe Lifting Training • Lift Smoothly Unsafe: Do not bend at waist Safer: Lift with your legsLook forward and lift with your legs. Lift by keeping your back straight, tightening yourstomach muscles, extending your legs and breathing out as you lift. Your lifting motionshould be smooth rather than a sudden jerking action.If you must lift a load above your shoulders, keep your feet shoulder width apart with onefoot slightly ahead of the other, get close to the object, bend your knees, keep you backstraight, tighten your stomach muscles, extend your legs and breathing out as you lift.When the load reaches the edge of the shelf, push the object onto the shelf.
  5. 5. Back Safety and Safe Lifting TrainingNOTE: Above shoulder lifts dramatically increase your risk of muscle strain as it is difficult to maintain balance during the lift. Try eliminating this risk by: (1) locating frequently used items at or below shoulder level, (2) using a step stool or (3) reducing the weight of boxes stored above shoulder height. • Move Your Feet Safe: Turn your feet in the direction of Unsafe: Dont twist while lifting movementDon’t twist when lifting. The back is not designed to twist. Twisting increases the strain onyour back. Instead, hold the object close to your body and turn your feet in the directionyou are moving.
  6. 6. Back Safety and Safe Lifting Training • Carrying the Load Safe: Keep the load close to your body Safe: Balance the loadKeep the load as close to your body as possible. If you are carrying two objects of thesame weight (e.g. cans of paint) carrying one in each hand will help balance the load, aslong as the weight is reasonable. Use a hand truck or other assistive device if transportingthe load for a distance. • Setting the Load Down Unsafe: Dont bend at waist Safe: Bend your knees Safe: Slide the load down from one kneeSet the load down using your leg muscles. Bend your knees and keep your back straightand look forward. Slide the load into position, if necessary.
  7. 7. Back Safety and Safe Lifting Training • Pushing and Pulling the Load Unsafe: Push instead of pull Safer: Pushing is easier than pullingIt is easier to push a load than pull it because you can use your body weight. Wheneverpossible push loads rather than pull them. When pushing a load, get close to the object,have your hands and shoulders in a comfortable position, avoid locking your elbows andmaintain a straight back.Practice safe lifting techniques at work and at home.
  8. 8. IIPP 2nd Quarter 2010 Training Back Safety & Safe Lifting Course RosterLocation:Supervisor/Trainer (please print):Signature: Date/Time:Training Description: 10 tips for safely lifting and moving loads. Emphasis ontechniques and strategies to minimize risk and potential injuries on the job. Full Name (Please Print) Job Code Signature INSTRUCTIONS FOR SUBMISSION: 1. Make a copy and send it to Shawn Holle, DPH/OSH, 101 Grove St., Rm. 217. 2. Keep a copy for your records.