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Reach Capital 2016 Edtech Outlook

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It’s hard to believe it’s been three years since we published our first ReimaginED report. When we first drafted ReimaginED, we set out to expose systemic challenges in our nation’s K-12 education system and to highlight some of the innovative solutions edtech entrepreneurs were developing to address these challenges. In last year’s report, we showcased ways technology could help our school system become an escalator to opportunity for all.

A lot has changed in three years, including our spinout from NewSchools to Reach Capital. Edtech investment has hit an all time high with a variety of new funders entering the space. As the market begins to mature, global edtech brands are emerging with solutions that are improving educational outcomes and serving millions of students, teachers, and families.

Even with these changes, however, a lot remains the same. The escalator to social mobility remains broken with unequal access to quality education. Meeting individual student needs is still a challenge and grows more pressing as children in US public schools are more diverse than ever. Moreover, our education system is not designed to prepare children for the demands of today's knowledge economy. We're still stuck in a system that is largely manufacturing-based, which falls short on important skills such as coding, creativity, and synthesis. All these challenges and more have led to increasing demands on teachers as both their role and their responsibilities evolve, with little to no support in the transition.

This year’s publication, rebranded as “Reach Capital’s 2016 Edtech Outlook”, touches on these persisting challenges, while also highlighting key drivers that make us optimistic about the potential of technology to improve access and opportunity for kids. This year, our publication is not a roundup of everything in K-12 edtech, but rather our perspective on the challenges,opportunities and promising solutions in the space that we find most compelling. If you're looking for a full report on the state of K-12 edtech, our friends at Edsurge in partnership with AT&T Aspire have recently published a state of edtech report and we encourage you to check it out.

Given our unique vantage point, we also provide a peek “around the corner” into emerging solutions that align with our mission. We continue to see a need for more innovations in critical areas like English Language Learner instruction and Social Emotional Learning. We look forward to finding and supporting talented, mission-driven entrepreneurs innovating in these and other areas that will improve access and opportunity for kids.

Thank you to co-authors Chian Gong, Aditya Kaddu, and Jennifer Wu as well as the entire Reach team for their guidance and feedback.

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Reach Capital 2016 Edtech Outlook

  1. 1. 2 0 1 6 E DT E C H O U T LO O K
  2. 2. Outline Challenges Drivers Around the Corner Engage
  3. 3. Outline Challenges • Unequal access to quality education • Varied student needs • New demands for life and career success • Demands on teachers Drivers Around the Corner Engage
  4. 4. CHALLENGES | Unequal access Students in the wealthiest districts are four grade levels ahead of those in poorest districts Academicachievement Family income level Source: Reardon, 2016
  5. 5. CHALLENGES | Unequal access High-income families invest in their kids like never before Source: Russell Sage Foundation, 2012 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 Spendingindollars 1972 to 1973 1983 to 1984 1994 to 1995 2005 to 2006 Bottom quintile Top quintile High-income families spend 7x more on enrichment than low-income families
  6. 6. CHALLENGES | Unequal access College completion gap between income levels is widening Bachelor's Attainment by Family Income 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 6% 11% 15% 40% 77% 34% 17% 9% Source : Pell Institute, 2015 Top Quartile Third Quartile Second Quartile Bottom Quartile
  7. 7. CHALLENGES | Varied student needs Children in US public schools are more diverse than ever Increasing racial diversity Growing English Learner population Projected 2023 K12 population of public school students projected to be ELL by 2025 30% Hispanic 45% White 25%25% Other races* *Black, Asian/Pacific Islander, Two or more races, Native American Differing starting lines Kinder readiness largely correlated with income level 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Poor Near-Poor Moderate or High Income Schoolreadiness Sources: Brookings, 2012; NCES, IES, U.S. Department of Education, 2016; Education Week, 2014; National Education Association, 2008
  8. 8. CHALLENGES | New demands for life and career success Workforce shifts from manufacturing toward creative and service Percentage of Workforce 1900 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% ’20 ’40 ’60 ’80 2000 ’20 Service Creative Manufacturing Agriculture Projections Source: Florida, 2012
  9. 9. CHALLENGES | New demands for life and career success Are we preparing kids for success in the new economy? Top 10 Skills Needed in 2020 Complex Problem Solving Critical Thinking Creativity People Management Coordinating with Others Emotional Intelligence Judgment & Decision Making Service Orientation Negotiation Cognitive Flexibility 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Source: World Economic Forum, 2016
  10. 10. New assessments critical-thinking, problem- solving, analytical skills New questions collaborative problem solving New format reflective of high school and college learning, “inspires productive practice” Redesign in progress discipline-specific inquiry, reasoning, communication CHALLENGES | New demands for life and career success Rethinking assessments Sources: Common Core State Standards Initiative; OECD, 2015; Advances in AP; College Board
  11. 11. 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 Architecture and Engineering Computer Science and Mathematics Life Sciences Physical Sciences Social Sciences BS, MS, and PhD degrees granted in 2009 Annual jobs 2010-2020 CHALLENGES | New demands for life and career success Demand outpaces supply for computer science degrees Sources: Bureau of Labor Statistics; National Science Foundation, 2012, LinkedIn, 2014
  12. 12. CHALLENGES | Demands on teachers Teacher shortage in high-demand areas Obama calls for 100,000 STEM teachers in 10 years STEM 50% of urban school districts project shortage of bilingual teachers Bilingual 51% of all schools have difficulty recruiting SPED teachers Special ED 100K Sources: Council of the Great City Schools, 2013; The White House, 2011; U.S. Department of Education, 2011
  13. 13. CHALLENGES | Demands on teachers Teaching is evolving quickly, while PD and support are slow to follow
  14. 14. Outline Drivers • Technology infrastructure in schools • K-12 computer science • School model innovation • VC investment in edtech Around the Corner Engage Challenges
  15. 15. DRIVERS | Technology infrastructure in schools School connectivity is improving 99%of students promised access by 2018 through Obama’s ConnectED 77%of US districts have access to high speed broadband Source: EducationSuperHighway, 2015 But… Current “high speed” target of 100kbps/student may be insufficient for effective technology use in schools
  16. 16. DRIVERS | Technology infrastructure in schools Students have greater access to devices at school 1 in 5 schools have 1:1 device to student ratio 83% of students reported using a laptop for schoolwork in 2015 Sources: Pearson, 2015; Amplify, 2014
  17. 17. DRIVERS | Technology infrastructure in schools Students are mobile natives 82% of high school students regularly use smartphones Source: Pearson, 2015;
  18. 18. DRIVERS | Technology use in schools Google-ization of schools Source: Clarity Innovations, 2014; Futuresource Consulting 2015 Google Apps for Education Users Worldwide 2007 2014 0 10 20 30 40 Usersinmillions 51% of devices sold to schools in Q4’15 were Chromebooks Google Apps for Education Classroom Gmail Drive Calendar Vault Docs Sheets Slides Sites Hangouts
  19. 19. DRIVERS | Technology use in schools Every Student Succeeds Act provides unprecedented funding Up to 15% on tech infrastructure x yrs~ $1B 4 85% R&D, PD & software Source: eSchoolNews, 2015
  20. 20. DRIVERS | K-12 computer science Computer science becomes national priority We should…[offer] every student the hands-on computer science and math classes that make them job-ready on day one… - Barack Obama, 2016 SOTU Address • Computer science recognized as a core subject in the Every Student Succeeds Act • Receives same priority as Math and English Math Science English Computer Science Source: EdTech Focus On K-12, 2015
  21. 21. DRIVERS | Innovation and investment in new school models Student agency and personalized learning are gaining momentum
  22. 22. DRIVERS | VC investment in edtech US K-12 edtech funding reached an all-time high 2010 $0 $200M $400M $600M $800M $1.0B InvestmentinK-12edtech 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Source: Edsurge, 2016
  23. 23. CONCERNS However, K-12 edtech still has many challenges Sources: Edsurge Regulatory Data privacy, state standards, and reporting requirements all shape the landscape Operational Procurement and interoperability of edtech are unsolved
  24. 24. Outline Challenges Drivers Around the Corner Engage
  25. 25. Our Vision Given the unprecedented investment in K12 technology infrastructure, school model innovation and edtech Reach believes technology can play a role in increasing access to high quality education, addressing diverse student needs, and preparing students for life and career success.
  26. 26. AROUND THE CORNER | Engaging all families in early learning Parents stay connected to preschool and support learning at home
  27. 27. AROUND THE CORNER | A live tutor for every student Low or no-cost tutoring and homework help Then High-cost, in-person, limited access Now Low-cost, remote, accessible
  28. 28. AROUND THE CORNER | Immersive experiences beyond classroom walls Virtual reality exposes students to the world outside of their own classroom and community VR brings to life a number of experiences that otherwise are really difficult to feature in the classroom. You can go places and see unknown phenomena, you can conduct experiments and see how things evolved. - Felipe Sommer, Nearpod Then Geographically constrained Now Geographically and physically unbounded
  29. 29. AROUND THE CORNER | Kids as creators not consumers Connected toys spur curiosity and build STEM skills through play Then Static, generic, hardware or software Now Dynamic, customizable, combined software and hardware
  30. 30. AROUND THE CORNER | Student collaboration anytime, anywhere Students learn from each other and co-create projects across boundaries
  31. 31. Then Isolated, teacher-only audience Now Connected, real world audience AROUND THE CORNER | Students publish to real audiences Students motivated by purposeful writing that extends beyond the classroom Senator Carol Liu
  32. 32. AROUND THE CORNER | Connecting classrooms and workplaces Professionals around the globe help students connect classroom learning with real-world applications
  33. 33. AROUND THE CORNER | Build social capital Create meaningful relationships between students & mentors, at scale Then Disconnected, isolated Now Connected, supported, integrated
  34. 34. Then Superficial, limited insight Now Insightful, actionable AROUND THE CORNER | Continuous pulse on student learning Realtime checks for understanding enable immediate intervention Do you understand?
  35. 35. Then Time-consuming, laborious Now Machine learning assisted, efficient AROUND THE CORNER | Students receive timely feedback Machine learning makes grading and giving feedback more efficient
  36. 36. AROUND THE CORNER | Integrated support for English learners Schools systematically support English language development across classrooms
  37. 37. AROUND THE CORNER | Schools support social emotional learning Technology tools help to integrate social emotional learning into teaching practices
  38. 38. Then Top-down, one-size fits all Now Differentiated, personal, virtual coaches AROUND THE CORNER | Responsive and personalized professional development Teachers have a voice and receive differentiated and personal support
  39. 39. Outline Challenges Drivers Around the Corner Engage
  40. 40. ENGAGE with Reach Join in! Submit Your CompanyFollow Us @reachfund
  41. 41. Reach Capital is on a mission to provide opportunity and access to all students by funding the most inspirational, uplifting and engaging educational tools.