Co- is for?• Co-Teaching - to teach jointly.• Co-llaborative Teaching - to work together with others to create more than one could individually.According to Cook (2004), co-teaching can be collaborative, althoughdoes not need to be. Collaboration usually refers to how individualsinteract with each other, not what they are doing. Any activityincluding co-teaching, may or may not be collaborative.
Co-teaching Rational• Meets need of individual students• Provides more individualised instruction• Opportunity for ﬂexible scheduling• Can create positive model for social interactions• Sense of collegial support
Co-teaching Characteristics • Two or more teachers shared guardianship and responsibility • Heterogeneous group of students • Shared delivery of instruction in some curriculum areas • Shared physical space - ownership • Participation based on student need
Co-teaching Approaches Every class is different and is community made of Co-teaching approaches listed below are more effective many different people with different needs, some if selected and used intentionally. factors to consider when selecting a co-teaching approach are: Co-teaching Approaches1. Student characteristics and needs • One Teach, One Observe - consider students personality and learning needs2. Teacher characteristics and needs • One Teach, One Drift - consider human nature and personality types • Parallel Teaching3. Curriculum, including content and instructionalstrategies • Station Teaching - consider the type of content and instructionalstrategies • Alternative Teaching4. Pragmatic considerations - consider the setting and spaces • Team Teaching
One Teach, one observe• One teacher leads while another purposefully observes for speciﬁc types of information and together they analyze it.
One Teach, One Drift• One teacher leads the instruction while the others drift, or focus on small groups based on student need. Which can allow for differentiated teaching. It also lends itself to when one teacher has a particular expertise.
Parallel Teaching• Teaching planning is created collaboratively between teachers. The same planning is then taught to half or groups at a time.• In mixed Year classes it allows for group differentiation by stage not age.
Station Teaching• The lesson content is usually split into various activity stations which students rotate through. Teachers often at one station each to provide scaffolding / teaching, other stations may be independent. We often use during inquiry - content is complex but not hierarchical.
Alternative Teaching• One teacher teaches the main group while the others work with smaller groups to pre-teach, re-teach, supplement, or enrich instruction.• Often used when student mastery of concepts vary largely.
Team Teaching• Teachers plan and teach students, together in a coordinated way. Teacher need good comfortable professional relationships. (used to model / discussions / shared experience)• Instruction becomes conversation or to demonstrate some type of interaction to students.
Co-Teaching to Collaborative Research indicate that co-teaching, has traditionally been used to provide support for students with mild to moderate disabilities (Sileo, 2003). It also reduces the teacher to student ratio (Friend, 2001). Collaborative Teaching blends the same ratio of teacher to student as a traditional classroom but blended together.Co-teaching provides a foundation for collaborative teaching: co-teaching = activity (verb)and collaboration = how (adverb). There is no one way for successful collaborative teaching, yetthe rational, characteristics and approaches of co-teaching provide a sound foundation to buildyour team. I would say collaborative teaching requires even more:• Supportive caring relationships and open communication between teachers.• Honest modeling of collaboration in learning, social and professional lives.• Passionate agile teachers who are lifelong learners.• Sharing, using, and owning spaces.• Shared guardianship, structured responsibilities.• Using digital tools to enhance collaboration.
Rule of ThreeStephen HeppellI have a simple rule of three for third millennium learning spaces.1. No more than three walls so that space is multifaceted rather thanjust open.2. No fewer than three points of focus so that the "stand-and-deliver" model gives way to increasingly varied learning groups.3. Ability to accommodate three teachers/adults with their children.Larger spaces allow for better alternatives for effective teaching.
References Cook, L. (2004). Co-Teaching: Principles, Practices, and Pragmatics. Retrieved from http://www.ped.state.nm.us/ seo/library/qrtrly.0404.coteaching.lcook.pdfFriend, M. (2001, February). Co-teaching for general and special educators. Paper presented for Clark County SchoolDistrict, Las Vegas, NV.Heppell, S. (2004). Stephen Heppell’s rule of three. Retrieved from http://rubble.heppell.net/three/Sileo, J. M. (2003). Co-teaching: Rationale for best practices. Journal of Asia-Paciﬁc Special Education, 3(1), 17-26.