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Indian Literature


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If all of the world´s cultural heritage (sports, music, fashion, architecture, literature, painting, etc..) was contained in a time capsule, what would you include to demonstrate the legacy of your country?

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Indian Literature

  1. 1. India the Land of Literature• It will be the most accurate judgment inconsidering Literature as legacy of India .Indian literature includes everything which isincluded in the word ‘literature’ in its broadest,sense: religious and mundane, epic and lyric,dramatic and didactic poetry, narrative andscientific prose, as well as oral poetry and song.
  2. 2. Indian literature represents the Past , Present andFuture of Indian Society , binding the multi culturaldiverse and vast society acting as a soul to preservethe glorious history which man kind has everyrecorded.• Its represents the era• It represents the mundane life• It represents the social economic condition• Its represents the progress of the society andthought• It represents the custom & culture• It represents the philosophy and psychology
  3. 3. The Indian literature is Primarily classified by ERA• Ancient Indian Literature (1500BC)• Medieval Literature (1000AD)• The Literature of Nationalism, Reformism and Revivalism(1947)• Contemporary Literature
  4. 4. Vedas , the Oldest Indian literature can considered to be theassimilation of the early thoughts of human interaction withnature , comprised about 1500 BC.Classification of old Indian Literature
  5. 5. Medieval Literature• The most powerful trend of medieval Indian literature between 1000 and1800 A.D. is devotional (bhakti) poetry which dominates almost all the majorlanguages of the country. Unlike the dark middle ages of Europe, India’smiddle ages brought about a very rich tradition of devotional literature ofremarkable merit which dispels the superstitious assumption of a dark periodof India’s history. Bhakti literature is the most important development of themedieval period. It is love poetry. Love for one’s Lord, Krishna or Rama, thetwo main incarnations of the great God Vishnu. This love is depicted as lovebetween husband and wife, or between lovers, or between servant andmaster, or between parents and child.
  6. 6. The Literature of Nationalism, Reformism andRevivalism (1947)• Patriotic writings proliferated almost spontaneously in different languages,as the resistance of a community against foreign rule. This voice was, on theone hand, against colonial rule, and on the other, for the glorification ofIndia.• Rabindra Nath Tagore (Bengali, 1861-1942), the greatest name in modernIndian literature, made federalism an important part of his concept ofnational ideology. He said that the unity of India has been and shall alwaysbe a unity in diversity.• India’s nationalism is mingled with its spiritual tradition, with truth andtolerance preached by Mahatma Gandhi, and non-alignment advocated byPandit Jawaharlal Nehru, showing India’s concern for its pluralism. ModernIndian pluralism is multi-lingual, multi-cultural, secular, national-stateconcept so as the literature.
  7. 7. Contemporary Literature• After independence in order to bridge the gap between urban andrural consciousness, between the past and the present, anothertrend which is very much visible in the post-modernist poetry sceneis the use of mythology to present the modern predicament.Mythic thoughts, in fact, are attempts to mediate the gaps betweencontinuity and change, thereby authenticating the idea of ‘totalpoetry’. By using similar mythological situations, a broaderdimension is given to the present-day chaotic condition in whichhumanity is living today.
  8. 8. Indian Literature is the soul of Indiawhich has been binding the past andpresent of country by an unbreakablebound persisting since 1500BC.Mankind have been referring theIndian literatures for knowledge , so ifwe can preserve these preciousliterature which is divine in itself , wewill save the mankind.