Concept of the Poor: Who are the Poor? The Basic and Primary meaning of who the poor are:Material poverty• It usually brings along with it the other qualifications of poverty.• The Bible says that Jesus was poor. He was materially poor.• The Church documents of our days speak of the poor, it often means first of all the materially poor.
CLASS SITUATION IN THEPHILIPPINES IN 20052006 McCann Inter-Generation StudyClass AB (2% of population)The most affluent group whose homes and lifestyle exude a lack of economizing.HH Income: P100,00 or more/mo or P3,300/dayClass C (7 % of population)Upper/middle class households whose homes and lifestyle reflect comfortable living and the capacity to indulge in a few luxuries.HH Income P30,00 to P50,000/mo or P1,000 to P1600/day (C2); P50,000 to P100,000/mo
CLASS SITUATION IN THE PHILIPPINES IN 2005Class D (68% of population)Households who have some comfort and means but basically thrive on hand-to-mouth existence.HH income: P7,000/mo to P30,000/mo or P230/day to P1,000/dayClass E (23% of population)Those who face great difficulties in meeting their basic survival needs.HH income: P7,000/mo to as low as P1500/mo or P230/day to P50/day.
Education Philippine Star May 27, 2007 6 million children aged 6-15 are out of elementary and high school. 10.5 million citizens aged 16-77 are illiterate or innumerate. 6 out of 1000 grade six public school students are qualified for high school, and 2 out of 100 public high school graduates are qualified for college.
Education19% of public school teachers are not capable to teach English.10,000 teachers are needed nationwide for the public schoolsIn 2006 out of 45 nations surveyed, Filipino students rank 41st in Science and 42nd in Math.
Indications of Poverty• 19% of Filipinos (15 million) are very poor, living on $1 (50 PhP) a day, i.e., PhP 1500 a month• 43 million Filipinos live on $2 (100 PhP) a day, i.e., PhP 3000 a month (World Bank, Phil. Daily Inquirer, April 17, 2007)• 1.4 million (20.3%) of the projected 6.7 million Filipino rural household families and 1.6 million (14.8%) of the projected 10.6 million urban households experienced unwanted hunger at least once in the past 3 months (SWS Survey, Sept 24-Oct 2, 2006)
Indications of Poverty• 608,370 houses needed to answer the housing problem of the nation• Unemployment rate: 8.2 % (NSO, April 2006)• Underemployment rate: 17-22%; roughly 1 out of 5 workers want additional hours of work (DOLE, April 2006)• 977,552 – total number of OFWs deployed in 2005.
Indications of Poverty• A World Bank study shows the Philippines has the second lowest in both per-capita health expenditure and health spending as a percentage of GDP• According to Health Secretary Duque some 6,000 Filipino doctors are presently studying nursing• According to Dr. Castro, Pres. Of the Phil. Medical Association, 30% of the more or less 100,00 Filipino doctors are now abroad.
What attitudes can we have towards the poor?1. DISDAIN.2. INDIFFERENCE.3. PATRONIZING.4. USING THE POOR.5. GENUINE CONCERN AND lOVE.
Nelson Mandela Overcoming poverty is not a gesture of charity. It is an act of justice. Poverty is not natural; it is man-made and can be eradicated by the actions of human beings.
"Action in behalf of justice andparticipation in the transformationof the world fully appear to us as aconstitutive dimension of thepreaching of the Gospel, or, in otherwords, of the Church mission forthe redemption of the human raceand its liberation from anyoppressive situation.”(#6 Justitia inmundo)
We are in solidarity with the poor because:1. They are the most in need.2. They are the great majority of our people.3. It is the way of Jesus Christ.
When John the Baptist was havingdoubts about Jesus, Jesus’ answer toJohn’s question: “Are you the one who is tocome or are we to expect someone else?”was: “Go back and tell John what you haveseen and heard: the blind see again, thelame walk, those suffering from virulentskin-diseases are cleansed and the deafhear, the dead are raised to life, the goodnews is proclaimed to the poor” (Lk 7,20-21) The sign that Jesus gave that he isthe one is what he was doing to the poorand the oppressed.
CHURCH OF THE POOR (Self reliance)“The world is quite thorny for the poor.No one will voluntarily make room forthem. The scope of maneuvering forthe poor ultimately depends on theorganizational efforts of the poorthemselves. How quickly they can buildup their solidarity and hence thecountervailing power… determines theextent of benefits which will accrue thepoor.”
The CHURCH OF THE POOR….• Embraces and practices the spirit of evangelical poverty; it combines detachment from possessions with profound trust to the Lord.• Shows special love, a love of preference, for the poor.• Does not discriminate against the poor, but vindicates their rights.• Gives preferential attention to the poor.
The CHURCH OF THE POOR…. • Has pastors and leaders who will learn to be with, work with, and learn with, and learn from the poor. • Not only evangelizes the poor, but recognizes that the poor will themselves become true evangelizers. • Orients and tilts the center of gravity of the entire community in favor of the needy.
Diakonia as a responsibility of the Church( Deus Caritas Est #25. a) The Church’s deepestnature is expressed in her three-foldresponsibility: of proclaiming the word of God(kerygma-martyria), celebrating thesacraments (leitourgia), and exercising theministry of charity (diakonia). These dutiespresuppose each other and are inseparable.For the Church, charity is not a kind ofwelfare activity which could equally well beleft to others, but is a part of her nature, anindispensable expression of her very being.
Role of the Church in bringing about a just social order The Church is duty-bound to offer,through the purification of reason andthrough ethical formation, her ownspecific contribution towardsunderstanding the requirements ofjustice and achieving them politically….The Church cannot and must not remainon the sidelines in the fight for justice.(DCE #28)
Role of the Church in bringing about a just social order The Church has to play her partthrough rational argument and she has toreawaken the spiritual energy withoutwhich justice, which always demandssacrifice, cannot prevail and prosper. A justsociety must be the achievement ofpolitics, not the Church. But the promotionof justice thru efforts to bring aboutopenness of mind and will to the demandsof the common good is something whichconcerns the Church deeply (DCE # 28)
LET US BEGIN THE EFFORT** That the social doctrine of the Church be part of formation in faith for every one, at all levels of laity, religious and clergy.** That the formation of faith-inspired social conscience be a priority task in catechesis, media, schools and other apostolates of formation.
Benedict VI: Sacramentum Caritatis # 91 In a particular way, the Christian laity,formed at the school of the Eucharist, arecalled to assume their specific political andsocial responsibilities. To do so, they need tobe adequately prepared through practicaleducation in charity and justice. To this end,the Synod considered it necessary forDioceses and Christian communities to teachand promote the Church’s social doctrine.
7 PARADIGM SHIFTS DUE TO THE CATHOLIC SOCIALTEACHINGS
1. An assault on political apathy. - politics is a “vocation” aimed at the transformation of society. - “prophetic stands” in situations of political and economic corruption.” Pope Paul VI
2. A commitment to justice. - action in behalf of justice and the social transformation of society is a “constitutive” dimension of the preaching of the Good News of Salvation in Jesus Christ. Synod of Bishops, 1971
3. Imaging the Church as the “People of God.” - from passive to active role of all faithful in defining and shaping their history in the contemporary world. Vatican II
4. Reading the “signs of the times.” - God speaks in and through human history. - Signs both reveal God’s presence in the world and manifest God’s designs for the world.
5. A greater reliance on Scripture. - The living word of God, personal experience and general societal history as the new basis of revelation.
6. The primacy of love. - Love is at the heart of the virtue of justice and brings the actions of justice to their fullest potential, meaning, and life. - Love is the motivation to act on behalf of justice.
7. An orientation to pastoral planning and action. - Praxis, the action that comes out of reflection and leads back to reflection. - Correct action (“orthopraxis”) completes correct doctrine (“orthodoxy”).
WAY # 1:We regularly join in social action activities.
WAY # 2: Exposure to advocates, victims,situations, is crucial.
WAY # 3: We join in socialconcerns that are within our capabilities.
WAY # 4: We integrate our faith with ourexperience and with our analysis of our social situations.
WAY # 5: Social actioninvolvement means“doing with” rather than “doing for.”
WAY # 6:Social action involves works of mercy, works of development and works of justice
Strategies for Overcoming Poverty◦ WORKS OF MERCY - Poverty Alleviation◦ WORKS OF DEVELOPMENT - Poverty Reduction◦ WORKS OF JUSTICE - Poverty Eradication
The salvation offered in itsfullness to men in Jesus Christ by theGod the Father’s initiative, andbrought about and transmitted by thework of the Holy Spirit, is salvationto all people and of the whole person:it is universal and integral salvation.It concerns the human person in allhis dimensions: personal and social,spiritual and corporeal, historical andtranscendent. (cst #38)
With her social doctrine not only does theChurch not stray from her mission but she isrigorously faithful to it. The redemption wrought byChrist and entrusted to the saving mission of theChurch is certainly of the supernatural order. Thedimension is not a delimitation of salvation but ratheran integral expression of it. The supernatural is not tobe understood as an entity or place that begins wherethe natural ends, but as the raising of the natural to ahigher plane. In this way nothing of the created or thehuman order is foreign to or excluded from thesupernatural or theological order of the faith andgrace, rather it is found within it, taken on andelevated by it. (cst #64)
“The joy and hope,the grief and anguishof the men of ourtime, especially ofthose who are poor orafflicted in any way,are the joy and hope,the grief and anguishof the followers ofChrist as well.” Gaudium et Spes, 1965
“Whatever you do to the least of your brothers, you do unto me.” Matthew 25,45