Sexual abuse against women


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Sexual abuse against women

  2. 2. SEXUAL ABUSE AGAINST WOMEN What is it? An unwanted sexual act done by one person to another. There does not have to be any physical injury. Force, threats, intimidation or coercion to engage in sexual activity that is undesired may be sexual assault. The Supreme court of India defined sexual Harrassment as any unwelcome sexually determined behaviour.
  3. 3. Signs of Sexual assault • Forcing someone to have sex after being hurt either physically or emotionally • Forcing into prostitution • Forcing someone to have sexual relations with other people • Forcing someone to participate in any sexual act in which you are not comfortable • Forcing someone to look,act or pose for pornography. • Obscence gestures • Pressure for dates/sexual favors • Gender based insults or taunting • Sexually explicit telephone calls or emails • Sexual and unfriendly remarks
  4. 4. Types of Sexual abuse 1.Rape 2.Sexual assault witnin marriage 3.Prostitution and trafficking 4.Pornography 5.Sexual harrassment at workplace
  5. 5. 1.Rape Rape can occur anywhere, even in the family, where it can take the form of marital rape or incest. It occurs in the community, where a woman can fall prey to any abuser. It also occurs in situations of armed conflict and in refugee camps.
  6. 6. 2.Sexual assault within marriage Sexual assault within marriage is included under this category because it is the act which include forced intercourse with the female partner.
  7. 7. 3.Prostitution and trafficking Many women are forced into prostitution either by their parents, husbands or boyfriends—or as a result of the difficult economic and social conditions in which they find themselves.
  8. 8. 4.Pornography Another concern highlighted is pornography, which represents a form of violence against women that "glamorizes the degradation and maltreatment of women’’.
  9. 9. 5.Sexual harassment at workplace Sexual harassment in the workplace is a growing concern for women. Employers abuse their authority to seek sexual favours from their female co-workers or subordinates, sometimes promising promotions or other forms of career advancement.
  10. 10. It can occur in many forms- two main categories are: 1.Quid pro quo harassment means that an employer or another person in authorithy suggests to an employee that he will give her this job or promotion or salary in return for that sexual favor.(This for that) 2.Hostile environment harassment is more subtle , ambiguous & pervasive & includes all other forms of welcome and offensive conduct.
  11. 11. Effect of sexual assault Substance abuse Self harm / self injury Depression Post traumatic stress Sexually transmitted infections Sucidial attempts Sleep disorder
  12. 12. Some Myths 1.Myth Women cannot be raped by men they know. Reality The majority of sexual assaults are committed by men against women they know. It does not matter how well you know someone, if you do not want to have sexual contact with him and he makes you, he has sexually assaulted you.
  13. 13. 2.Myth Sexual assaults only happen in “bad” areas and at night. Reality Sexual assaults can happen anywhere and at anytime. More than half of sexual assaults take place in someone’s home. Men who sexually assault women do not discriminate about where they assault them.
  14. 14. 3.Myth Elderly women and women with disabilities do not get Raped. Reality Sexual assault is a gender-based attack and does not discriminate based on age, race, religion, sexual orientation, profession and/or ability. Sexual assault is rooted in power and control, not sex.
  15. 15. LEGAL RIGHTS FOR WOMEN AGAINST SEXUAL HARASSMENT  According to the Indian constitution, sexual harassment infringes the fundamental right of a woman to gender equality under Article 14, 15 and her right to life and live with dignity under Article 21.  In 1997, the Supreme Court of India in a Public Interest Litigation, defined sexual harassment at workplace, preventive measures and redress mechanism.  The judgement is popularly known as Vishaka Judgement.  In April 2013, India enacted its own law on sexual harassment in the workplace - The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013.
  16. 16. NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN  Generation of legal awareness among women thus equipping them with the knowledge of their legal rights and with a capacity to use these rights.  Complaints and Investigation cell  Women Helpline Number : 1091  National Women Helpline Number : 181
  17. 17. Creating Awareness in society Violent protest Silent protest Music demonstration Street plays Dramas Flash mobs
  18. 18. CHALLENGES AHEAD • Providing free education for girl child in rural and remote areas. • Mass awareness towards rights and entitlements. • The state and government should make gender sensitive laws and policies. • One of the most urgent needs is to change the mindset of people and the society.