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FUTURE
OF
ELECTRIC
V EHICLES
An Electric Vehicle is a vehicle that operates on an electric motor, instead of an internal combustion engine that
generates power by burning a mix of fuel and gases. Electric vehicle is seen as a possible replacement for the
current-generation automobile in near future to address environmental challenges.
Inspired by road goingautomobilespowered by
electricity.
Propelled by one electricmotor or more
usingbatteries.
Electricmotorsgive instant torque, and
smooth acceleration.
Plug-in electric vehicles (EVs) are fast, fun
and efficient. Maintenance issimpler and
cheaper.
What are Electric Vehicles
Ecosystem of EVs
Money
Information
Electricity
Consumers
Data Flow
Finance
Insurance
Tech R & D
Policy
Climate
Vehicle
Li-ion Battery
Smart
V2G
Grid Storage
Smart Grid
Renewable
Renewable
Building/Vehicle
Interaction (V2B)
Key System Players Major Trends
History of
Electric
Vehicles
Historyof Electric Vehicles
1
837
Electric car begin their long history in Aberdeen, Scotland
through inventor Robert Davidson. Later in 1841, he built a
bigger electric train car.
After more than 40 years, inventor Thomas
Parker creates the first manufacturing electric
automobile in London.
The first electric car was produced in Lowa,
U.S.A by William Morrison. The car is little
more than an electrified wagon. This six-
seater has a top speed of 14 mph.
1890
1884
N on-Chargeable
Batteries
1830s
Chargeable
Batteries
1859s
Deployment of
Electric Powered
Trams
1890s
Lithium Ion
Batteries Since
early
1990s
Number Of DeathsDue To Pollution
much higher in India than
than neighbouring country Pakistan
and more than times than USA.
Due to India’s large population density,
deaths occur more often than
other country.
Number of deaths due to pollutioP
n
hilipp
ii
s
nes
othe
Bra
rzil
developing/developed countries.
As per studies conducted, deaths du
Co
e
ngo
to pollution is 8 times higher in India
0 1 2 3
USA
Russia
Indonesia
any
Nigeria
Pakistan
China
India
Top 10 Countries
Source:
Statista
Major Factor That Attracts EVs
YOU SHOULD GO ELECTRIC DUE TO THESE MAJOR FACTORS
Comparison between Electric and Petrol Vehicle
Difference between Battery Powered Vehicle and Petrol powered vehicle can be understood with the given
table. A single battery 2-wheeler can reduce CO2 emission by 2.00 MT in every 5 years. Apart from CO2
emission, owning a battery vehicle is cheaper compared to petrol vehicle and other costs such as running cost,
maintenance cost also lower than petrol powered vehicle.
1
2
HSS – Home Storage Systems
LSS – Large Scale Storage Systems
GOVERNMENT
INITIATIVE AND
POLICIES
1
3
201
5
201
3
201
2
201
0
The incentive
program was
scrapped,
resulting in a
70% reduction
in electric
vehicle sales.
FAME-I scheme
launched on 01-
Apr-15 till 31-Mar-
19 by the Dept. of
Heavy Industries.
Allocated total
financial outlay of
INR 5.29 billion.
The Indian
government
announced
strategy
a
to
reward OEMs
with a budget of
INR 950 billion.
The Indian
government has
established the
National
Mobility
Electric
Mission
(NEMMP)
Plan
2020.
FAME-II
commenced from
01-Apr-19. The
union
approved
cabinet
an
outlay of INR 100
billion. Taxes
reduced to 5% on
EVs and Electric
Chargers.
201
9
Electric VehiclesPolicyRoadmap In India
DELHI ELECTRIC VEHICLES POLICY 2020
By 2024, the goal is for 25% of new car registrations to be electric.
A monetary buying incentive Rs. 5000/- per kWh of battery capacity
provided for 2W and based on a maximum reward of Rs. 30000/-
per vehicle.
Inceptive of scrapping or deregistering old highly polluting 2W.
Purchase inceptive of Rs. 30000/- per vehicle to owners of E-
Rickshaw and E-Carts and E-Autos.
01
02MAHARASTRA ELECTRIC INFRASTRUCTURE
VEHICLES POLICY 2018
Target to increase number of EV registration in Maharashtra to
5,00,000 throughout the course of the five-year policy period.
Make a financial investment of USD 3.4 million for the
manufacturing of EVs.
EVs are exempt from road tax and registration expenses for the
duration of the policy.
Enabling fuel stations to set-up charging stations.
03
UTTAR PRADESH
MANUFACTURING
POLICY
ELECTRIC
AND
VEHICLE
MOBILITY
20R1o9lling out 1 million EVs combined across all
segment by 2024.
Goal of 1,000 electric buses deployed in the state by
2030.
Target of achieving 70% electrification of public
transportation by 2030 on identified green routes in
10 identified EV cities (Noida, Ghaziabad, Meerut,
Lucknow, Kanpur, Mathura, Prayagraj, Agra,
Gorakhpur and Varanasi).
Set up around 0.2 million slow and fast charging and
swapping stations by 2024.
For all permissions necessary for EV and battery
production facilities, a single-window system has
been established.
Recent State Policies
Tamil Nadu,
Electric Vehicle
Policy, 2019
Make Tamil Nadu a manufacturing hub for EV
and ancillary equipment.
Encourage investment in electric mobility.
Aim of having 1,00,000 EVs on the road by
2022 which include 80,000 two-wheelers or
scooters, 14,000 three-wheelers, 4,500 cars
and 1,500 buses.
100% from registration fees and 50%
exemption from motor vehicle tax.
100% exemption from electricity duty for E-
charging stations.
Gujarat, Draft EV
Policy, 2019
By 2030, electrify 5% of buses annually, and
convert shared mobility fleets, institutional
vehicles, and E-commerce delivery and
logistic trucks to electric vehicles.
Convert al Autorickshaw in 06 major cities to
EVs within a span of 10 year.
an business
venture capital
service hubs to encourage EV
Establish
incubation
start-up.
EV-related and charging infrastructure
production will be excluded from electricity
taxes entirely until 2025.
Karnataka, Electric
Vehicles and
Energy Storage
Policy, 2017
100% of three and four-wheelers moving
goods will be encourages to transition to
electric by 2030.
1,000 electric buses will be introduced to
local public transportation bus fleets.
Aim to set up 112 EV charging stations in
Bengaluru.
The construction of secondary markets for
batteries and the establishment of a venture
capital fund for E-mobility start-ups are both
priorities. Incentives such as interest free
loans on net SGST for EV manufacturing
enterprises.
EVsPolicyIn Major Indian States
Electric Vehicle
Market In India
7
EVsSale in India (FY 1
6 to FY 20)
Kerala plans to have one million
electric vehicles on the road by
2022 and 6,000 electric buses in
service by 2025.
Telangana aims to gain EV sales
targets for 2025 to achieve 80%
two and three wheelers, 70%
commercial cars,
30% private
40%
cars,
buses,
15%
electrification of all vehicles.
Source: Autocar India
Following the launch of the FAME India program, which aims to transition towards e-mobility in the light of
expanding international policy commitments and environmental difficulties, the EV market in India has gained
substantial traction.
Segment FY 2020 FY 2021 Change
2,814 5,905 109.84%
1,52,000 1,43,837 -5.37%
1,40,683 88,378 -37.18%
The COVID-19 epidemic has had an influence on the Indian electric vehicle market, causing supply chain
delays and the closure of production plants as a result of ongoing lockdowns and travel restrictions across the
country.
Source: Autocar India
EVsSale in India (FY 21
)
Electric cars as a proportion of the number of cars in a country (in
%)
Norway 13.0
4.4
2.7
2.0
1.6
0.07
Iceland
Netherlands
Sweden
China
India
Source: Global EV Outlook 2020, International Energy
Agency
As of 2019, the world had 7.2 million electric cars, a 40% jump over 2018. While 1.6% of cars in China
are EVs, electric cars comprise just 0.07% of the cars in India. Moreover, Norway, Iceland, Netherland
and Sweden have even higher percentage.
India’sStanding in World Position
EV Market KeyPlayers in India
Conclusion
Although the EV industry expected the budget to be as groundbreaking as promised, it didn’t
quite deliver on all fronts. This has resulted in a mix of reactions in the industry. The government
has announced an increase in customs duties on some vehicle parts, which might affect the e-
mobility industry. The government, on the other hand, has suggested launching a voluntary
automobile scrappage program this year in the hopes of encouraging people to buy more
ecologically friendly automobiles. Its goal is to phase out any business vehicle that is more than 15-
20 years old by 2025.
As per the GAA opinion, the government should focus more on lowering of GST and import duty,
creating financial solutions & awareness for EVs and reforms in FAME II. Policies and incentives
from the government will be recognized as major drivers in the growth of the EV market. The low
cost of EVs coupled with full automation can bring the EV market to a new level. This can be
achieved with the help of wireless charging or by reducing the size of batteries and hence the cost
of the vehicles, making it more affordable for the masses But as of now, the prices of electric
vehicle are too high with a lesser range, people do not see it as a viable option. However, it is not all
doom and gloom for electric vehicles. The industry continues to grow at a rapid pace. In the long
run, consumer demand triumphs, as evidenced by recent industry developments. All in all, given
the growing awareness, cost-effective solutions, and convenience that the EV industry is gaining,
it’s safe to say that the future of EVs in India is positively electric.
Presented By
GAURAV KUMAR
2118928
BBA (SIM)
3rd SEMESTER
M.Pd
Submitted to:- Pooja Ma'am

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  • 2. An Electric Vehicle is a vehicle that operates on an electric motor, instead of an internal combustion engine that generates power by burning a mix of fuel and gases. Electric vehicle is seen as a possible replacement for the current-generation automobile in near future to address environmental challenges. Inspired by road goingautomobilespowered by electricity. Propelled by one electricmotor or more usingbatteries. Electricmotorsgive instant torque, and smooth acceleration. Plug-in electric vehicles (EVs) are fast, fun and efficient. Maintenance issimpler and cheaper. What are Electric Vehicles
  • 3. Ecosystem of EVs Money Information Electricity Consumers Data Flow Finance Insurance Tech R & D Policy Climate Vehicle Li-ion Battery Smart V2G Grid Storage Smart Grid Renewable Renewable Building/Vehicle Interaction (V2B) Key System Players Major Trends
  • 5. Historyof Electric Vehicles 1 837 Electric car begin their long history in Aberdeen, Scotland through inventor Robert Davidson. Later in 1841, he built a bigger electric train car. After more than 40 years, inventor Thomas Parker creates the first manufacturing electric automobile in London. The first electric car was produced in Lowa, U.S.A by William Morrison. The car is little more than an electrified wagon. This six- seater has a top speed of 14 mph. 1890 1884
  • 6. N on-Chargeable Batteries 1830s Chargeable Batteries 1859s Deployment of Electric Powered Trams 1890s Lithium Ion Batteries Since early 1990s
  • 7. Number Of DeathsDue To Pollution much higher in India than than neighbouring country Pakistan and more than times than USA. Due to India’s large population density, deaths occur more often than other country. Number of deaths due to pollutioP n hilipp ii s nes othe Bra rzil developing/developed countries. As per studies conducted, deaths du Co e ngo to pollution is 8 times higher in India 0 1 2 3 USA Russia Indonesia any Nigeria Pakistan China India Top 10 Countries Source: Statista
  • 8. Major Factor That Attracts EVs YOU SHOULD GO ELECTRIC DUE TO THESE MAJOR FACTORS
  • 9. Comparison between Electric and Petrol Vehicle Difference between Battery Powered Vehicle and Petrol powered vehicle can be understood with the given table. A single battery 2-wheeler can reduce CO2 emission by 2.00 MT in every 5 years. Apart from CO2 emission, owning a battery vehicle is cheaper compared to petrol vehicle and other costs such as running cost, maintenance cost also lower than petrol powered vehicle. 1 2 HSS – Home Storage Systems LSS – Large Scale Storage Systems
  • 11. 201 5 201 3 201 2 201 0 The incentive program was scrapped, resulting in a 70% reduction in electric vehicle sales. FAME-I scheme launched on 01- Apr-15 till 31-Mar- 19 by the Dept. of Heavy Industries. Allocated total financial outlay of INR 5.29 billion. The Indian government announced strategy a to reward OEMs with a budget of INR 950 billion. The Indian government has established the National Mobility Electric Mission (NEMMP) Plan 2020. FAME-II commenced from 01-Apr-19. The union approved cabinet an outlay of INR 100 billion. Taxes reduced to 5% on EVs and Electric Chargers. 201 9 Electric VehiclesPolicyRoadmap In India
  • 12. DELHI ELECTRIC VEHICLES POLICY 2020 By 2024, the goal is for 25% of new car registrations to be electric. A monetary buying incentive Rs. 5000/- per kWh of battery capacity provided for 2W and based on a maximum reward of Rs. 30000/- per vehicle. Inceptive of scrapping or deregistering old highly polluting 2W. Purchase inceptive of Rs. 30000/- per vehicle to owners of E- Rickshaw and E-Carts and E-Autos. 01 02MAHARASTRA ELECTRIC INFRASTRUCTURE VEHICLES POLICY 2018 Target to increase number of EV registration in Maharashtra to 5,00,000 throughout the course of the five-year policy period. Make a financial investment of USD 3.4 million for the manufacturing of EVs. EVs are exempt from road tax and registration expenses for the duration of the policy. Enabling fuel stations to set-up charging stations. 03 UTTAR PRADESH MANUFACTURING POLICY ELECTRIC AND VEHICLE MOBILITY 20R1o9lling out 1 million EVs combined across all segment by 2024. Goal of 1,000 electric buses deployed in the state by 2030. Target of achieving 70% electrification of public transportation by 2030 on identified green routes in 10 identified EV cities (Noida, Ghaziabad, Meerut, Lucknow, Kanpur, Mathura, Prayagraj, Agra, Gorakhpur and Varanasi). Set up around 0.2 million slow and fast charging and swapping stations by 2024. For all permissions necessary for EV and battery production facilities, a single-window system has been established. Recent State Policies
  • 13. Tamil Nadu, Electric Vehicle Policy, 2019 Make Tamil Nadu a manufacturing hub for EV and ancillary equipment. Encourage investment in electric mobility. Aim of having 1,00,000 EVs on the road by 2022 which include 80,000 two-wheelers or scooters, 14,000 three-wheelers, 4,500 cars and 1,500 buses. 100% from registration fees and 50% exemption from motor vehicle tax. 100% exemption from electricity duty for E- charging stations. Gujarat, Draft EV Policy, 2019 By 2030, electrify 5% of buses annually, and convert shared mobility fleets, institutional vehicles, and E-commerce delivery and logistic trucks to electric vehicles. Convert al Autorickshaw in 06 major cities to EVs within a span of 10 year. an business venture capital service hubs to encourage EV Establish incubation start-up. EV-related and charging infrastructure production will be excluded from electricity taxes entirely until 2025. Karnataka, Electric Vehicles and Energy Storage Policy, 2017 100% of three and four-wheelers moving goods will be encourages to transition to electric by 2030. 1,000 electric buses will be introduced to local public transportation bus fleets. Aim to set up 112 EV charging stations in Bengaluru. The construction of secondary markets for batteries and the establishment of a venture capital fund for E-mobility start-ups are both priorities. Incentives such as interest free loans on net SGST for EV manufacturing enterprises. EVsPolicyIn Major Indian States
  • 15. EVsSale in India (FY 1 6 to FY 20) Kerala plans to have one million electric vehicles on the road by 2022 and 6,000 electric buses in service by 2025. Telangana aims to gain EV sales targets for 2025 to achieve 80% two and three wheelers, 70% commercial cars, 30% private 40% cars, buses, 15% electrification of all vehicles. Source: Autocar India Following the launch of the FAME India program, which aims to transition towards e-mobility in the light of expanding international policy commitments and environmental difficulties, the EV market in India has gained substantial traction.
  • 16. Segment FY 2020 FY 2021 Change 2,814 5,905 109.84% 1,52,000 1,43,837 -5.37% 1,40,683 88,378 -37.18% The COVID-19 epidemic has had an influence on the Indian electric vehicle market, causing supply chain delays and the closure of production plants as a result of ongoing lockdowns and travel restrictions across the country. Source: Autocar India EVsSale in India (FY 21 )
  • 17. Electric cars as a proportion of the number of cars in a country (in %) Norway 13.0 4.4 2.7 2.0 1.6 0.07 Iceland Netherlands Sweden China India Source: Global EV Outlook 2020, International Energy Agency As of 2019, the world had 7.2 million electric cars, a 40% jump over 2018. While 1.6% of cars in China are EVs, electric cars comprise just 0.07% of the cars in India. Moreover, Norway, Iceland, Netherland and Sweden have even higher percentage. India’sStanding in World Position
  • 19. Conclusion Although the EV industry expected the budget to be as groundbreaking as promised, it didn’t quite deliver on all fronts. This has resulted in a mix of reactions in the industry. The government has announced an increase in customs duties on some vehicle parts, which might affect the e- mobility industry. The government, on the other hand, has suggested launching a voluntary automobile scrappage program this year in the hopes of encouraging people to buy more ecologically friendly automobiles. Its goal is to phase out any business vehicle that is more than 15- 20 years old by 2025. As per the GAA opinion, the government should focus more on lowering of GST and import duty, creating financial solutions & awareness for EVs and reforms in FAME II. Policies and incentives from the government will be recognized as major drivers in the growth of the EV market. The low cost of EVs coupled with full automation can bring the EV market to a new level. This can be achieved with the help of wireless charging or by reducing the size of batteries and hence the cost of the vehicles, making it more affordable for the masses But as of now, the prices of electric vehicle are too high with a lesser range, people do not see it as a viable option. However, it is not all doom and gloom for electric vehicles. The industry continues to grow at a rapid pace. In the long run, consumer demand triumphs, as evidenced by recent industry developments. All in all, given the growing awareness, cost-effective solutions, and convenience that the EV industry is gaining, it’s safe to say that the future of EVs in India is positively electric.
  • 20. Presented By GAURAV KUMAR 2118928 BBA (SIM) 3rd SEMESTER M.Pd Submitted to:- Pooja Ma'am