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In the communication process, the sender is the
individual who initiates a message and is often called
the communicator or source of communication.
The sender may be a speaker, a writer, or someone
who merely gestures.
A sender makes use of symbols (words or graphics
or visual aids) to convey the message and produce the
required response.
The sender has some kind of information—a
command, request, or idea —that he or she wants to
share with others. In order for that message to be
received, the sender must first encode the message
in a form that can be understood and then transmit it.
Message is a key idea that the sender wants to
communicate. It must be ensure that the main
objective of the message is clear.
The message is the information conveyed by (a)
words (in speech or writing), and/or (b) other
signs and symbols. A message (verbal or
nonverbal—or both) is the content of the
communication process.
Messages go both ways. In other words, the
sender sends a message to the receiver, who then
sends a message back to the sender. The
messages that are sent back from the receiver to
the sender are called feedback.
A channel is a medium through which a message is
sent or received between two or more people.
Message encoded into symbols are transmitted by
the sender through a channel.
Most channels are either oral or written, but
currently visual channels are becoming more common
as technology expands. Common channels include the
telephone and a variety of written forms such as e-
mail, letters, and reports.
The process of conversion of subject matter into
symbols is called Encoding.
‘Encoding’ can be defined as transforming an
abstract idea into a communicable message. This is
done using words, symbols, pictures, symbols and
sounds.
This is the process of transferring the
information you want to communicate into a form
that can be sent and correctly decoded at the other
end.
Your success in encoding depends partly on your
ability to convey information clearly and simply, but
also on your ability to anticipate and eliminate
sources of confusion (for example, cultural issues,
mistaken assumptions, and missing information.)
It is the process of translation of an encoded
message into ordinary understandable language.
Decoding is conducted by the receiver.
The receiver begins to interpret the symbols sent by
the sender, translating the message to their own set of
experiences in order to make the symbols meaningful.
Successful communication takes place when the
receiver correctly interprets the sender's message.
Just as successful encoding is a skill, so is successful
decoding. Just as confusion can arise from errors in
encoding, it can also arise from decoding errors. This is
particularly the case if the decoder doesn't have
enough knowledge to understand the message.
Receiver is the person who receives the
message or for whom the message is meant for.
It is the receiver who tries to understand the
message in the best possible manner in achieving
the desired objectives.
In the communication process, the receiver is
the listener, reader, or observer
Another name for receiver is audience or
decoder.
The degree to which the decoder understands
the message is dependent upon various factors
such as knowledge of recipient, their
responsiveness to the message, and the reliance
of encoder on decoder.
It is most essential element of the
communication process as it shows that the
receiver has understood the primary message sent
by the sender & the communication process is now
consider complete.
It helps the sender in confirming the correct
interpretation of message by the decoder.
Feedback may be verbal (through words) or non-
verbal (in form of smiles, sighs, etc.). It may take
written form also in form of memos, reports, etc.
It is the way of judging the effectiveness of the
message.
Noise is the term given to anything that disrupts
the communication. That is, anything that prevents
the audience from receiving the message the way
they source intended to.
Noise may be internal or external.
A student worrying about an incomplete
assignment may not be attentive in class (internal
noise) or the sounds of heavy rain on a galvanized
roof may inhibit the reading of a storybook to
second graders (external noise).
Process of Communication

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Process of Communication

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. In the communication process, the sender is the individual who initiates a message and is often called the communicator or source of communication. The sender may be a speaker, a writer, or someone who merely gestures. A sender makes use of symbols (words or graphics or visual aids) to convey the message and produce the required response. The sender has some kind of information—a command, request, or idea —that he or she wants to share with others. In order for that message to be received, the sender must first encode the message in a form that can be understood and then transmit it.
  • 5. Message is a key idea that the sender wants to communicate. It must be ensure that the main objective of the message is clear. The message is the information conveyed by (a) words (in speech or writing), and/or (b) other signs and symbols. A message (verbal or nonverbal—or both) is the content of the communication process. Messages go both ways. In other words, the sender sends a message to the receiver, who then sends a message back to the sender. The messages that are sent back from the receiver to the sender are called feedback.
  • 6. A channel is a medium through which a message is sent or received between two or more people. Message encoded into symbols are transmitted by the sender through a channel. Most channels are either oral or written, but currently visual channels are becoming more common as technology expands. Common channels include the telephone and a variety of written forms such as e- mail, letters, and reports.
  • 7. The process of conversion of subject matter into symbols is called Encoding. ‘Encoding’ can be defined as transforming an abstract idea into a communicable message. This is done using words, symbols, pictures, symbols and sounds. This is the process of transferring the information you want to communicate into a form that can be sent and correctly decoded at the other end. Your success in encoding depends partly on your ability to convey information clearly and simply, but also on your ability to anticipate and eliminate sources of confusion (for example, cultural issues, mistaken assumptions, and missing information.)
  • 8. It is the process of translation of an encoded message into ordinary understandable language. Decoding is conducted by the receiver. The receiver begins to interpret the symbols sent by the sender, translating the message to their own set of experiences in order to make the symbols meaningful. Successful communication takes place when the receiver correctly interprets the sender's message. Just as successful encoding is a skill, so is successful decoding. Just as confusion can arise from errors in encoding, it can also arise from decoding errors. This is particularly the case if the decoder doesn't have enough knowledge to understand the message.
  • 9. Receiver is the person who receives the message or for whom the message is meant for. It is the receiver who tries to understand the message in the best possible manner in achieving the desired objectives. In the communication process, the receiver is the listener, reader, or observer Another name for receiver is audience or decoder. The degree to which the decoder understands the message is dependent upon various factors such as knowledge of recipient, their responsiveness to the message, and the reliance of encoder on decoder.
  • 10. It is most essential element of the communication process as it shows that the receiver has understood the primary message sent by the sender & the communication process is now consider complete. It helps the sender in confirming the correct interpretation of message by the decoder. Feedback may be verbal (through words) or non- verbal (in form of smiles, sighs, etc.). It may take written form also in form of memos, reports, etc. It is the way of judging the effectiveness of the message.
  • 11. Noise is the term given to anything that disrupts the communication. That is, anything that prevents the audience from receiving the message the way they source intended to. Noise may be internal or external. A student worrying about an incomplete assignment may not be attentive in class (internal noise) or the sounds of heavy rain on a galvanized roof may inhibit the reading of a storybook to second graders (external noise).