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New dimensions in human rights movement


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New dimensions in human rights movement

  1. 1. Presented By:
  2. 2.  The initial universal declaration adopted by the United Nations The subsequent modifications The current stand of the UN on the issue Further emphasis on New issues recently recognized The conflict between personal economic interests and the human rights Agriculture and human rights
  3. 3.  Adopted by the UN on December 1948 The preamble states  “….Whereas disregard and contempt of human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human rights shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear as want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people”
  4. 4.  Adopted by the UN in January 1976 Its preamble states that  “….recognizing that in accordance with the Universal declaration, the ideal of free human being enjoying freedom from fear and want can only be achieved if conditions are created whereby everyone may enjoy economic, social and cultural rights. As well as civil and political rights…”
  5. 5.  Adopted on September 2007 It concerns the following  Rights of indigenous people who have suffered because of colonization, dispossession of their lands  Respect and promote, inherent rights of people which they derive from cultures, spiritual traditions, histories and philosophies
  6. 6.  Indigenous people and right to have control over the factors affecting their lands, territories and resources will be able to better maintain and strengthen their culture and traditions The right of all people to be different, to consider themselves different and be respected as such
  7. 7.  Some other interesting changes in definition of human rights  Indigenous people shall not be forcibly removed from their land  No relocation to take place without the prior consent of the indigenous people and without proper compensation  States shall consult indigenous people through their own institutions
  8. 8.  The right to natural resources also brings up another dimension to the question of human rights  Worth Mentioning is the case of the dongria konds and the Nyamgiri hills Mega trans nationals backed by their own governments and international treaeties are practicing a new form of slavery  Those whose rights are either not aware of it or  Are unable to fight this subversion since a false legitimacy is crafted
  9. 9.  In human development index  India ranks 119th amongst 169 countries In human hunger index India is ranked BELOW THE FOLLOWING  PAKISTAN  NEPAL  SRI LANKA
  10. 10.  The emergence of genetic Engineering and genetically modified (GM) food The case of Bt cotton India, which claimed the following  Increasing yield  Decrease in expenditure on pesticides The truth about bt cotton  It cost more then traditional cotton seeds  It was tactically forwarded by big companies  There was a nexus between regulators and corporate It was gross violation of human rights
  11. 11.  The definition of human rights needs to change with changing environment The need for such changes generally arise because of some gaps in the current definitions Human rights should not be in accordance with economic elites but with everybody Definition of human rights ought to be progressive