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Task 2 photography terminology work sheet (1)


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Task 2 photography terminology work sheet (1)

  1. 1. PHOTOGRAPHIC TERMINOLOGY ___Shannon Orr____ Unit 57: Photography and Photographic Practice Terminology P1, P2, M1, M2
  2. 2. SHUTTER SPEED  shutter speed is the amount of time that the shutter on the camera lens is open, this is measured in seconds most often than not it is measured in fractions of seconds, the bigger the denominator is the faster the shutter speed will be for example 1/1000 is much faster than 1/30  Mainly you will be using shutters speeds around 1/60th of a second, you will be doing this because anything smaller than 1/60th would make it difficult to get a clear picture without the camera shaking if you aren't using a camera. Shutter Speed 1/160 sec Shutter speed 1/6 sec
  3. 3. SHUTTER SPEED Fast Shutter Speed Slow Shutter Speed Shutter speed 1/250 sec Shutter speed 1/13 sec
  4. 4. ISO  ISO short for International Organisation for Standardization.  ISO is a setting on the camera which controls how bright a photo is for example the first two images are very bright as the ISO is to bright where as in the other two photos the ISO is correct so the photos look better.  The higher the ISO number the more sensitive the camera is to light therefore leaving you with I very bright funny looking photo, where as the lower the number the better the photo will be. ISO - 200ISO - 450 ISO - 400 ISO - 200
  5. 5. ISO High ISO Low ISO F-stop - F/4 Exposure time – 1/60 SEC ISO speed – ISO/400 F-stop - f/5.6 Exposure time – 1/25 sec ISO sped – ISO/320
  6. 6. APERTURE & DEPTH OF FIELD  Aperture and depth field is what is in focus in the shot and what isn't.  For example the first two images the f-stop is lower therefore there is only a small amount of the image in focus where as on the other two images the f-stop is higher meaning more is in focus, so over all the higher the f-stop the more widely focused the camera will be as to a lower f-stop where there will only be s small amount in focus. Aperture – f/5.6 Aperture – f/9Aperture – f/5.6 Aperture – f/8
  7. 7. APERTURE & DEPTH OF FIELD Narrow Depth of Field Wide Depth of Field Aperture – f/6.3 Aperture – f/10
  8. 8. MANUAL EXPOSURE  Manual exposure is where the camera is set to manual and the user can set there own ISO, white balance etc, instead of using auto where the camera chooses its self.
  9. 9. WHITE BALANCE  White balance is a setting on the camera where you are able to chose the kind of lighting for the photo you are shooting.  As you can see in the top photo the light was set to Tungsten and it was a bright day thing led to the photo being a blue-ish colour where as in the bottom photo I set the camera to auto the photo looks much better. Tungsten Auto
  10. 10. RULE OF THIRDS  Rule of thirds is made up it is not actually there you imagine a grid made up of 3x3 squares when looking through the viewfinder so that you can frame your shot correctly.  With the imaginary grid in mind the ‘rule of thirds’, gives you 4 lines which are useful in positioning the elements of your photo. F-stop – f/5 exposure time- 1/1600 sec F-stop – f/5 exposure time- 1/1600 sec
  11. 11. EXAMPLES OF RULE OF THIRDS F-stop – f/5 exposure time- 1/1600 sec F-stop – f/8 exposure time- 1/250 sec ISO speed – ISO- 100F-stop – f/5.6 exposure time- 1/125 sec ISO speed – ISO- 250 F-stop – f/8 exposure time- 1/100 sec ISO speed – ISO- 400