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Human Trafficking Policy-2


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Human Trafficking Policy-2

  1. 1. Cunningham Children’s Home
  2. 2. Purpose for Policy:  Understand how Human Trafficking affects those in the United States, and Illinois specifically  Learn to identify signs of Human Trafficking  Learn prevention tactics  Identify how we will implement a Human Trafficking Policy at Cunningham  Provided with knowledge about the Human Trafficking industry  Decrease risk of Cunningham youth getting involved in Human Trafficking
  3. 3. What is Human Trafficking?  Human trafficking is classified as labor or sex trafficking  Labor Trafficking: recruiting, harboring, transporting, or obtaining persons through force, fraud, or coercion for involuntary labor/work/services of economic or financial value  Sex Trafficking: – when a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion unless the victim is under 18 years in which evidence of force, fraud, or coercion are not needed. This can include commercial sex acts such as sexually explicit performances or pornography.  Trafficking does not require physical movement of a victim, it can include commercial sex acts such as sexually explicit performance or the production of pornography.  In cases involving minors, force, fraud, or coercion is not needed for the acts to be considered human trafficking
  4. 4. Human Trafficking Close to Home Throughout the U.S. Throughout Illinois  The U.S. is the second highest destination in the world for trafficked women  Between 14,500 and 17,500 people are trafficked into the United States each year. However, more than 50% of victims in the U.S. are U.S. citizens, and most are women and children  325,000 children are commercially sexually exploited in the USA annually  $250,000 is the amount of profit that can be made from one trafficked woman in the U.S.  Online sex ads and forums constitute the number one platform for buying and selling sex with minors and young women. Those advertised “are often made to appear that they are working independently, when in fact they are victims of sex trafficking”  Chicago is a national hub for human trafficking. Among the Midwest ports of entry, Chicago experiences the highest volume of arriving immigrants and trafficking victims.  O’Hare airport is a strategic location for trafficking  In metropolitan Chicago, 16,000 to 25,000 women and girls are involved in the commercial sex trade annually. 1/3 trafficked are under 15  Average age for entry is between 15 and 18  Popular locations in Illinois for sex trafficking are massage parlors and strip clubs  Rantoul is known for high risk of labor trafficking  Champaign had 2 cases of human trafficking in the last year
  5. 5. Sex Trafficking Story 
  6. 6. Recruitment Process Obtaining Victims Keeping Victims  Human Traffickers act as different links in the trafficking chain. Their job is either:  Recruitment  Transportation  Transfer  Harbor  Receipt of Persons  Human traffickers lure their victims by using charms, lies, and deception. With promises of making money and living better lives.  Traffickers can also become the “lovers” or legal spouse of a victim. This is based on false reality and only to grow in finances for the trafficker  Abduction – once the trafficker has obtained the victim they utilize physical and psychological threats, humiliation, sleep deprivation, and malnutrition to maintain control  Target victims that are vulnerable, that have the need to feel “included”, like family or a lover  Debt Bondage - victim is told that they now owe their trafficker for the money spent on transportation, food, clothes, accommodation, etc.  Forced drug use  Threatening to harm the victims family  Locking up the victim  Telling the victim that running to the police will lead to arrest and imprisonment  Lives are completely dependent on the trafficker for when they eat, sleep, receiving basic necessities, and are subjected to repeated physical and sexual violence  Typically, the victim is completely controlled, which leads to fear of leaving  Anyone can be trafficked, but traffickers specifically search for young women due to their vulnerability and financial benefits
  7. 7. Why do youth “agree” to become involved? Foster Care/Residential Pimp/Trafficker 1. Feel they have no control; can’t go where and when they want to 2. Can’t have alcohol and/or drugs 3. Can’t buy clothes or get hair and nails done 4. Dislike living in a group home; want to be with family 1. Have control; get to go to parties and stay out late 2. Trafficker will give me drugs and alcohol 3. Lets me wear “grown up” clothes and pays to get my hair and nails done 4. Get to live in traffickers house with other girls who are like family
  8. 8. Indicators of Human Trafficking A youth is considered “high risk” if they meet one or more of the following criteria:  Youth is pregnant/parenting  Youth has severe emotional problems that if not treated will place the children at severe risk  Youth has a developmental disability that impairs the youth’s ability to case for his/herself Here are indicators that may help us identify when a youth may be involved in Human Trafficking:  History of running away, or currently a runaway  Youth makes references to travelling to other cities while on run  Youth makes references to being coerced into performing illegal activities  Youth makes references to having a pimp or “daddy”  Youth has current signs of physical abuse and/or sexually transmitted diseases  Youth seems submissive or fearful  Unexplainable appearance of expensive gifts, clothing, manicures/pedicures, or other costly items  Presence of an older significant other  Withdrawal or lack of interest in previous activities of interest  Tattoos or branding  Possession of a cell phone  Posts on social networking sites  Youth was located in a hotel/motel or reports spending time in one  Youth has been isolated from sources of support and protection  Youth makes references to sexual situations that are beyond age- specific norms  Youth engages in sexually provocative behaviors, is promiscuous and/or has unprotected sex with multiple partners  Youth makes references to terminology of the commercial sex industry
  9. 9. Human Trafficking Awareness 
  10. 10. How to Protect Our Youth Youth Returns from Run Reason to Suspect  Meet with youth to complete runaway protocol and Life Span Interview, and complete necessary phone calls  Make a copy of the “Child Runaway from Placement Protocol” and place in the case manager’s box for further follow up and documentation from case worker  Place original copy of the “Child Runaway from Placement” in the designated area for the Milieu Coordinator and filing If there are reasons to suspect that the client may be at risk for human trafficking, staff should:  Bring concerns to the treatment team  The treatment team would review the concerns and make an action plan on how to move forward  Case manager would report these concerns to DCFS (Department of Children’s and Family Services) case worker in order to review the DCFS Human Trafficking Protocol and further steps that may need to be taken
  11. 11. Engaging with Victims  Keep individual talking so victim feels comfortable  Slow down if victim seems overwhelmed or provides a disconnected story  Don’t be embarrassed or anxious regarding sexual content or street language  Don’t expect them to see human trafficking as exploitive  Apply sensitivity and attention to cultural backgrounds  Instill a sense of hope, allowing them to feel that things can get better  Use language of the victim  Understand and accept that victims are anxious and will be resistant
  12. 12. Staying, Leaving, Relapse  Stages of Change Model
  13. 13. Staying, Leaving, Relapse cont… Staying vs. Leaving Relapse  Stay:  Trafficker shows they care  Provides gifts, kind words, affection, ideas of love  Victim feels cared for and a part of family  Leave:  Violence  In debt  No other options  Fear of being detained  Drugs  Social exclusion and discrimination  Rejection by family  Miss their pimp  Believe their pimps will change  Pimp starts cycle of kindness
  14. 14. Healing/Preventing Relapse Our Duty Prevention  Prepare for crisis intervention  Provide sense of physical and emotional safety  Ask open ended questions  Normalize feelings  Connect to resources  Create sense of hope and empowerment  Give client a voice  Educate youth and families  Spread awareness  Teach youth vocational skills  Be aware of additional victims involved. Traffickers involve multiple victims  Be Patient – Victims may need multiple discussions over weeks and months to obtain truthful statements  Provide constant, consistent communication about the information obtained from the victim
  15. 15. Resources  traffickers/  centre/IOM_SACTAP_South_Africa_10_Questions_ab out_Human_Trafficking.pdf  trafficking/overview/the-traffickers