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Game based neotiations over transboundary river-aquifers - Round 2 of simulations - 5 years on

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This slide show supports the 2nd webinar dedicated to learning about transboundary water negotiations. In the previous webinar (Sept 2021), the 1st round of negotiations ended with informal agreements on how to take the next steps. In the 2nd Round (to be conducted in the webinar (on the 29th Oct), the Parties will meet for the second time to continue with their negotiations. 5 years on, the demand and needs have increased and the urgency for reaching more formal agreemment is more urgent. Watch the seminar for the negotiations. This ppt illustrates the previous conditions and the new conditions, 5 years on.

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Game based neotiations over transboundary river-aquifers - Round 2 of simulations - 5 years on

  1. 1. • This ‘game’ based simulation of 2nd Round of negotiations over a transboundary river-aquifer is a ‘learning tool’ to better understand the issues that arise when such negotiations are carried out by interested Sharing Countries. • The negotiations are conducted by two-person teams, one representing “HillI’stan’ and the “Valli’stan”. • They will conduct the 2nd Round of negotiations on how to work towards an Agreement to cooperate over their shared resources This power point can be downloaded from https://www.practicalhydrogeology.co.uk/
  2. 2. Summary of the 1st Round of negotiations In 2005, the Parties voluntarily came to the negotiating table. With a neutral facilitator, they put forward their positions on their water needs from the transboundary system - an inter connected river- aquifer. They stated their preference for the way ahead - one Party proposed an MoU, the other Party preferred a more formal treaty form of agreement. Both Parties stated that basic data and information about the river- aquifer needed to be updated, before further steps could be taken. However no formal document was signed or agreed, though they agreed to meet again.
  3. 3. Transboundary issues – 2nd Round The 2nd Round of negotiations is taking place 5 years after the last one. • Hilli’stand - increasing water shortages – many private wells in the wealthier districts – the permit applications is seriously lagging behind; relevant Ministry lacks staff & resources. Suggestion that farmers reduce well pumping, met with a serious threat of community rebellion; political representatives promised to resist control pumping. As main food supply area, difficult to reduce water use. • In Valli’stan, demand for increased cotton irrigation meant more river water diverted; some well drilling has started. Private sector financing is creating political difficulties; Ministry facing with criticism. • Modelling and data analysis has been somewhat updated – through a University post graduate study, with limited new data, but by re processing the past information.
  4. 4. Paleozoic Shale – bedrock, very low hydraulic conductivity Mesozoic sandstone sequence – main aquifer Overlying Recent sequence – sands, loams, clays - aquifer Area of main rainfall / recharge Area of sporadic rainfall / recharge Regional groundwater flows Localised groundwater flows Groundwater flow directions deteremined from modelling Wells draw from the localised flows Wetlands fed from regional flows Valli’stan Hilli’stan A new post graduate study has re confirmed the overall concepts of the hydrology & the hydrogeology, they remain valid. The data from the new well (drilled in the territory of Valli’stan) has helped to better calibrate the trends in water levels. The river flows data has also been re confirmed using some remotely accessed data – at present (2010) there is no signal in these river flows records of climate change.
  5. 5. / Hilli Mountainous & forested region Upper Onyxan river Hilli river Hilli Ville Capital city Agric area with many informal wells Scale 50 100 km km International border Northern Gorge Hills Optional dam site Large irrigation area (cotton) Irrigation expansion area Lower Oxynan river Wetlands & game reserves Hilli’stan Valli’stan Data from new private drilled well
  6. 6. Hilli’stan Optional dam site Hilli Ville Capital city Agric area with many informal wells Requirements: • New well fields for municipal needs • Option dam for power generation In 2010, the 50 MCM/y demand has become more critical – private wells have been drilled in the wealthier areas; in the agriculture production region, well production continues and is subject to intense political pressure not to reduce abstractions for essential national food supply. The IFI loan financing requires transboundary issues to be suitably addressed.
  7. 7. Large irrigation area (cotton) Irrigation expansion area Wetlands & game reserves Valli’stan Requirements: Additional water for new cotton fields Optional sources – regulated flows in river or new wellfield or conjunctive use Data from new private drilled well Some of the demand of the 35 MCM/y has been taken by new river diversions, carried out via the Ministry due to political pressure. Some private wells have also been drilled – but the permit applications are lagging behind. Internal financial interests have made it increasingly important to address the reliability of water in the transboundary rivers. A regulating dam on the river would make water resources more reliable – but the best site is in the territory of Hilli’stan.

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