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Participative leadership theory

Participative leadership theory

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Participative leadership theory

  1. 1. Participative Leadership Theory Shamir Kumar HTM 491
  2. 2. What Do We Have Here? What is Participative Leadership How Participative Leadership Works 4 Types of Participative Decision Making Pros and Cons Application in the real world Personal thoughts
  3. 3. What Is Participative Leadership  Participative Leadership – Followers and staff are asked to give input and thoughts to execute a decision.  Used today by many companies and organizations as a management style in which decisions are made with the most likely amount of participation from those who are affected by the decisions.  Two forms of Participatory leadership:  Representative Participation – Group of employees is involved in organizational decision making.  Participatory Management – Subordinates share a degree of joint decision making with their immediate supervisors.
  4. 4. How Participative Leadership Works  Participative leadership can be different depending on organization, purpose and situation but there are common patterns in all types: 1. Leader always facilitates the conversation. 2. Leaders share any information and necessary knowledge for decision-making. 3. Leaders encourage others to share their ideas. 4. Leader must take all information and solutions by the team and synthesize. 5. The leader comes up with best solution based on group information and communicates the solution to the group.
  5. 5. 4 Types of Participative Decision Making  Participative leadership consist of one of the four types of participative decision making. 1. Democratic (Participative) – Encourages participation of all members but final decision is made by leader. 2. Collective – All decisions are taken by the group and responsibility for the decisions also rest on entire group. 3. Autocratic – Possible solutions are brainstormed collectively but leaders are responsible for final decision. Different from democratic as autocratic is goal oriented while democratic is people oriented. 4. Consensus – Leader gives up responsibility and control of decision making to the group.
  6. 6. Pros and Cons Pros  People Feel Valued  People Perform well even when leaders are absent  People are more committed to achieving the goals and objectives of the organization.  Increased group morale  Decreased competitiveness Cons  Social pressure to conform to group domination  Decision-making may take a lot of time  High Costs  Inefficiency  Incompetence  Indecisiveness
  7. 7. Application In The Real World Used in many organizations More free flowing structured companies use this type of leadership. Can empower employees and get the most out of them. Not good for quick responses, but great for creative environments. Seen in professions such as: Social Workers, Arbitrators, Group Therapists, and Facilitators Some famous participative leaders are Bill Gates, Jim Lentz, and John Stahl.
  8. 8. Personal Thoughts Today’s society is all about equality and this type of leadership can appeal to the millennial as they do not want to be told what to do all the time. If used right, can be very effective. I believe a mix of the four decision making types depending on the task at hand can be most effective because participative leadership is not always the most efficient.

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