Black athletes are more then half of the American Sports world, and set examples for not only blacks, but any kid trying to overachieve in their respective sport.
Black athletes are everywhere in professionial sports
African American athletes have inspired people of all ethnicitys to work hard. Black youth who statistcially are less likely to continue secondary education,are inspired into pursuing their dreams because black athletes have been able to thrive in professional sports, and their example inspires youth such as myself to pursue our dreams regardless of the height.
Michael Jordan has not only effected the sports world, but he is a savvy businessman. He owns his own shoe line called Jordan, and is now the sole owner of the NBA franchise called the Charlotte Bobcats. Bill Russell has achieved two feats that no NBA player has ever accomplished. He won 11 championships, which is a record, and he captured 9 in a row, something that I believe no one will ever even come close to achieving. (Hayhurst) (Pomerantz) (Stout)
(Poolos) (Fainaru-Wada) They are both africanamerican, and their names eclipse the number 1 and 2 spot on the all time home run leaders list. The next contender after them is Babe Ruth who is 30 some home runs back
At the 1936 Munich Olympics, Wilma Rudolph won gold in her sprints. At a young age she was diagnosed with Polio, and had to walk with crutches for some time. Candice Parker led the Lady Tennesse Volunteers to a NCAA championship one time during her four year tenture at the university. Lisa Leslie once scored 108 points in a high school game. She is regarded as one of the best female basketball players to ever play in the WNBA (Burling)
Jackie Robinson first signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947. Before that, he along with multiple other star africanamericans shined in the Negro leagues. However, as NCCA teams had begun to integrate, it put more pressure on the professional sports to integrate. The owner of the Brooklyn Dodgers saw an opportunity to put his team in pennant contention by signing a black player who was a star and could handle the pressure of racism. He would later claim that he was extremely nervous his first game, but could not turn back, because he would have felt as if he was letting his whole race down. (http://hoopedia.nba.com )(Margolies)
Tiger woods wins more then any other golfer in history. JackNicolsen, and other golfers on the all time list never reached Tigers number of Grand slam wins until they were in their mid 40s. Tiger is still in his early 30’s. Michael Jordan won 6 NBA championships with the Chicago Bulls. He is so heavily influential in basketball today that the term “Air Jordan” is coined in his name. As of 2010, he also became the first africanamerican majority owner of an NBA team. Serena Williams has revolutionized tennis for africanamerican women. In 1999 she became the first africanamerican women to win a grand slam title since 1958.( KNIGHT-RIDDER/TRIBUNE) (Stout) (Burling)
I will use football equipment, and possibly a Bears jersey for Walter Peyton. He was apart of the 1985 Chicago Bears football team that won the SuperBowl, and is rumored to have the best defense ever assembled. I will use a first of freedom for Jesse Owens, because he is responsible for one of the most controversial pictures of his time, in which he and two other black athletes held up the fist of black power after winning medals at the olympics.
(www.nfl.com)(www.mlb.com)(www.nba.com)The list is countless, Michael Jordan, Karl Malone, Scottie Pippen, Wilt Chamberlain, Bill Russell, Hank Aaron, Gary Peyton, Jim Brown… ectect
The league was denounced before anyone involved ever even played a single game. The tension between races was brought to the spotlight when members of a select team boycotted team photos with black teammates. Later the next month, the International League of Officials banned black contracts from being signed in Major League baseball. (Warren)
As blacks continued to be segregated from the National Leagues, many players formed their own leagues and gained popularity. Along with the help of the American Communist party, which preached integration and unity, africanamerican acceptance into major league baseball gained heavy momentum. WW!! Also pllayed a major part in the pull for black integration because the draft forced a vast majority of the major leaguers to fight overseas, and the argument that blacks could fill those rosters stained the executive meetings.
(Warren)Quinn-Ives Act- made discrimination among job candidates illegal, they hired private investigators to research the issue, and baseball was pointed out as one of the leading culprits. By 1945 the country began to have a more broader view of integration, and it wasn’t out of the norm for people to question segregated Baseball leagues. Due to the Negro Leagues growing popularity, Branch Rickey knew that signing a negro player would propel interest on all levels and he would more then likely profit off of whatever type of publicity his actions received. He also knew that signing black players could also be good for his teams success.
Rickey also believed that segregation was immoral. In 1945 Branch Rickey signed Jackie Robinson to the Brooklyn Dodgers. He chose Robinson because he wanted a very classy player who would be a professional on and off the diamond. (Warren)
IT really made the public see what was really going on, and got the ball rolling on a lot of other issues. Blacks became not only more motivated towards sports, but motivated in the sense that not only could sports barriers’s be broken, but that barriers of all racial inequality could be broken down. (Warren)
WWII left the world in ruins, and made America reevaluate their feelings towards issues of race and family. Blacks and whites who had faught over seas felt a unique bond, and the knowledge that they brought back from the war only helped to clear the way for equality. Along with WWII, the baby boom parents were possibly more sympathetic because of the catastrophe they had just witnessed.
Jackie Robinson, as well as many of the other baseball pioneers faced severe adversity. They were spit on, called maliscious names, they were constantly threatedned by hate mail and unruly fans. Many owners were simply racist and objected to the idea of integration. (Warren)
Ray Allen, Carmelo Anthony, and countless other black athletes give some of their money back to the community as apart of NBA tradition. The program consists of NBA players donating money to various foundations and communitees.(NBA.com)
In 2005, with Katrina having devistated the region of New Orleans, Kenny “The Jet” Smith, former NBA player, organized an immediate relief basketball game in which every player attending had to donate at least 10,000 dollars. StephonMarbury topped all charts as he donated a whopping 1,000,000 dollars to the Hurricane Katrina Relief Fund. (www.nba.com)
All three of these men are said to be the pioneers of black basketball. They all joined the professional basketball scene in 1950 and allowed the pavement for many other blacks to not only set milestones, but accomplish feats that no other players in NBA history had ever done.
Bill Russell spearheaded the Celtics dynasty of the 50’s and early 60’s that captured an NBA record 9 championship titles in a row, and 11 overall. The success also allowed Russell to voice his strong opinion on issues such as Jim Crow Laws and civil rights. Wilt Chamberlain recorded an NBA record 100 points in a single game and forever enshrined his name in basketball stardom. Not only that but he became the most dominant center in professional basketball as he averaged over 30 points and over 15 rebounds a game for much of his career earning him hall of fame honors. (Pomerantz) (Hayhusrt)
(Stout)As the 60’s and 70’s past, athletic equality became a houshold invention as the times allowed for such measures to be taken. In the 80’s and 90’s Michael Jordan emerged as one of the all time greats. During the 90’s he led his Chicago Bulls to two separate 3-peats from 91-92-93, and then from 96-97-98. He inspires people of all colors today because he was once cut from his 10th grade basketball team, to becoming the most talked about NBA player ever.
I want the students to be able to answer some basic questions provided the information I give them. There will be four teams, with five different categories. All based on African American athletes.
Overview<br />African Americans Have had a profound impact on sports and the <br />Black integration and participation in American Sports are directly influenced by the nature of time and the growing ideologys.<br />
Where Can Black Athletes effect be seen?<br />All Major american sports<br />Impovershed blacks who were unhopeful<br />Any kid that has a dream to play sports<br />
Thesis<br />African Americans athletes have had a profound impact on professional sports, and have altered the makeup of both the sports world as well as public psychy.<br />
Personal Relevance<br />I am an africanamerican athlete<br />These individuals have inspired me to strive for excellence<br />
Relevance of Topic<br />African Americans are the majority in <br />NBA<br />NFL<br />College Basketball<br />College Football<br />Many African Americans have broken all different types of records, and changed the course of the sports<br />
Milestones like no Other (Evidence of Revolutionary Steps)<br />Wilt Chamberlain scored 100 points in one basketball game<br />Bill Russell won 11 NBA championships<br />Michael Jordan owns the Bobcats as well as team Jordan<br />
MileStones Like No other (Continued…)<br />Barry Bonds owns the MLB all time home run record<br />Hank Aaron Is number two on the all time MLB home run list<br />
Black Women Athletes<br />Wilma Rudolph- Olympic Sprinter<br />Lisa Leslie- Los Angeles Sparks WNBA<br />Candice Parker- WNBA player<br />
Pioneers<br />Earl Lloyd, Chuck Cooper, and Nat Clifton were the first black NBA players in 1950<br />Jackie Robinson was the first African American to play professional baseball<br />
Revolutionary Steps<br />Michael Jordan first africanamerican majority owner of an NBA team<br />Tiger Woods is on pace to be the most winningest golfer of all time<br />Venus and Serena Williams have captured a number of grand slam titles between the two<br />
Role Models<br />Many of Black athletes have become role models for black youth<br />Michael Oehr was abandoned as a child, raised in different foster homes, and now plays for the Baltimore Ravens at left tackle<br />
Role Models Continued<br />Lebron James holds annual summer camps to encourage and develop youth basketball skills<br />Kobe Bryant also runs summer camps to try to persuade the youth to focus their energy on positive instead of negative<br />
Hall Of Famers<br />Hank Aaron-MLB<br />Earl Campbell- NFL<br />Erik Dikerson-NFL<br />Magic Johnson-NBA<br />Isiah Thomas- NBA<br />
History of African American Athletes (Baseball)<br />The League Of Colored Baseball is formed in the 1880’s<br />In 1887 The interracial tension led to the end of the League of Colored BAseball<br />
History of African American Athletes (Baseball) Continue…<br />1930’s sportswriters and the National Communist party take a stand<br />Succeeded in bringing Jim Crow laws to existence<br />
History of African American Athletes (Baseball) Continued…<br />Quinn-Ives Act-<br />Push for integration was too strong<br />
History of African American Athletes (Baseball)<br />Jackie Robinson<br />
Effect of Color Barrier breakthrough on America<br />Opened the eyes to the country<br />Segregation began to crumble in Major league sports<br />Blacks became more motivated <br />
How the color barrier breakthrough was a product of the time (opinion)<br />WW11<br />New ideologies<br />
Adversity<br />Racial Slurs<br />Hatred fueled the lack of cooperation with integration<br />
Giving Back to the Community<br />The NBA has “We Care”<br />
Giving Back to the Community Continued….<br />StephonMarbury donates 1,000,000 $’s to Katrina<br />Kenny Smith Organizes Immediate Relief Game.<br />
History Of African American Athletes (Basketball)<br />Chuck Cooper<br />Earl Lloyd<br />Nat Clifton<br />
History of African American Athletes (Basketball)<br />Celtics Dynasty of the 50’s<br />Wilt “The Stilt” Chamberlain<br />
History of Black Athletes<br />Michael Jordan<br />First Majority Black owner of a professional NBA franchise<br />Product of years of integration and equality being allowed to thrive freely.<br />
Class Activity<br />Trivia Contest- Based on the various accomplishments and feats of the black athletes<br />
Conclusion<br />African Americans athletes have revolutionized the sports world, and have set unprecedented milestones and achievements that encourage youth of all colors to strive for their dreams.<br />