Assistive technology presentation


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Assistive technology presentation

  1. 1. Assistive Technology<br />By <br />Shamia Garrett<br />
  2. 2. Special Education<br /> Special Education is defined as specifically designed instruction provided by the school system that meets the unique needs of students identified disabled according to federal and state eligibility criteria.<br />
  3. 3. Least Restrictive Environment<br />Federal special education laws mandate that students are taught in the least restrictive environment<br />Least Restrictive Environment guarantees a students right to be educated in a setting mot like that of peers with out disabilities in which students can be successful with appropriate supports provided<br />
  4. 4. Inclusion<br />For the majority of students with disabilities the least restrictive environment is the general classroom.<br />The act of schools integrating students into general classrooms is called inclusion.<br />
  5. 5. Accommodations<br /> To enable students with disabilities to be educated with their peers who do not have disabilities, they must receive supports such as instructional accommodations and assistive technology.<br />
  6. 6. Assistive Technology<br />Assistive Technology is any device that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of a person with a disability<br />Different types of assistive technologies and instructional accommodations are needed for different types of disabilities<br />
  7. 7. Mild Disabilities<br /> Students with mild disabilities have difficulty meeting the academic and social demands of general education classrooms.<br />
  8. 8. AT for Mild Disabilities<br />Writing<br />Word processors and related software programs is an important assistive technology for students with writing problems. These technologies can help with the mechanics and process of writing.<br />Mechanical writing issues are assisted through programs that check spelling, provide dictionaries and thesauruses.<br />Word predicting software helps students recall words.<br />
  9. 9. AT for Mild Disabilities<br />Reading<br />E books used with AT to read the story aloud. The programs can provide verbal pronunciation of words and syllables as well as providing definitions of words.<br />Software tutorial programs the increase reading skills<br />
  10. 10. Instructional Accommodations for Mild Disabilities<br />Capitalize on the student's strengths; <br />Provide high structure and clear expectations; <br />Use short sentences and a simple vocabulary; <br />Provide opportunities for success in a supportive atmosphere to help build self-esteem; <br />Allow flexibility in classroom procedures (e.g., allowing the use of tape recorders for note-taking and test-taking when students have trouble with written language); <br />Make use of self-correcting materials, which provide immediate feedback without embarrassment; <br />
  11. 11. ADHD<br /> Attention Deficit –Hyperactivity Disorder is a medical condition in which students have significant inability to attend, excessive motor activity, and/or impulsivity.<br />
  12. 12. AT for ADHD<br />Electronic math worksheet software enables students to organize and work through problems on a computer screen.<br />Talking calculators have a built-in speech synthesizer that reads aloud each number, symbol, or operation key a student presses, as well as the answer<br />Audio books and reading software<br />Optical character recognition (OCR) programs allow a student to scan printed material into a computer or handheld unit. The scanned text is then read aloud by a speech synthesis/screen reading system. OC<br />Speech synthesizers/screen reader systems can display and read aloud text on a computer screen, including text that has been typed by a student, scanned in from printed pages (books, letters), or material from the Internet.<br />Portable word processors are lightweight devices that look like a computer keyboard with a screen. They can be helpful to ADHD children who have trouble with handwriting.<br />Speech-recognition programs allow a student to read aloud into a microphone and see his words appear on a computer screen. The software is especially helpful for students whose oral language skills are superior to their writing skills.<br />Word-prediction software “predicts” the word the user intends to type, expanding his vocabulary and improving written expression.<br />
  13. 13. Instructional Accommodations for ADHD<br />Posting daily schedules and assignments .<br />Calling attention to schedule changes .<br />Setting specific times for specific tasks. <br />Designing a quiet work space for use upon request .<br />Providing regularly scheduled and frequent breaks .<br />Using computerized learning activities. <br />Teaching organization and study skills .<br />Supplementing verbal instructions with visual instructions. <br />Modifying test delivery. <br />
  14. 14. Hearing Impairment<br /> Hearing impairment is a condition in which an individual ha the inability or limited ability to receive information auditorily such that it interferes with learning.<br />
  15. 15. AT for Hearing Impairment<br />Hearing aids are an amplification devices for persons with residual hearing.<br />Cochlear Implants are devices that electronically transmit sound to the brain bypassing the ear<br />Sound field uses speakers so the teachers voice is amplified for the whole class<br />C-print is a system in which a typist enters the teachers lecture and class comments into a laptop computer for simultaneous display on a second computer used by the student.<br />FM system is where the teacher wears a microphones and the student wears a receiver.<br />Closed Captioning is when words are printed on the bottom of television screen to enable students to watch videos.<br />
  16. 16. Instructional Accommodations for Hearing Impairment<br />Regular speech, language, and auditory training from a specialist.<br />Services of an interpreter for those students who use manual communication.<br />Favorable seating in the class to facilitate speechreading.<br />captioned films/videos.<br />Assistance of a note taker, who takes notes for the student with a hearing loss, so that the student can fully attend to instruction.<br />Instruction for the teacher and peers in alternate communication methods, such as sign language; and counseling. <br />
  17. 17. Resources<br /><br /><br /><br />Including Students with Special Needs, A Practical Guide For Classroom Teachers, 5th Edition<br />