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Presentation on written communication


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A Short presentation on Written Communication, Do's and Don'ts, how it should be...

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Presentation on written communication

  1. 1. Presentation on Written Communication
  2. 2. What is Written Communication ??? • Written communication has great significance in today’s business world. • It is an innovative activity of the mind. Effective written communication is essential for preparing worthy promotional materials for business development. • Speech came before writing. • But writing is more unique and formal than speech.
  3. 3. • Effective writing involves careful choice of words, their organization in correct order in sentences formation as well as cohesive composition of sentences. • Also, writing is more valid and reliable than speech. But while speech is spontaneous, writing causes delay and takes time as feedback is not immediate.
  4. 4. Types of Written Communication
  5. 5. • Electronic Mail • Internet Websites • Letters • Proposals • Telegrams • Faxes • Postcards • Contracts • Advertisements • Brochures
  6. 6. • Memos • Reports • Bulletins • Job descriptions • Employee manuals • Electronic mail
  7. 7. Importance of Written Communication… • Written communication usually requires more thought and effort than any other modes of communication. • Writing must be concise, informative and easy to read as both an informative and instructional tool. • The importance of written communication in business is evident by the plethora of forms, manuals and materials that companies publish each day.
  8. 8. • Written communication can take the form of legal documents or manuals. • For example :- OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) outlines health and safety policies and procedures for industrial and commercial businesses. These documents ensure clarity among employees and minimize the chance for any misunderstanding.
  9. 9. • Written communication is also important for instructing employees on certain tasks and projects. • For example :- A boss may meet with an employee about a special project. She may hand the employee a list of tasks she wants completed for the day. The written instructions may inform the employee whom to contact for certain information. The boss may also indicate which items are most important so the employee can prioritize his tasks.
  10. 10. • Company managers must use written communication in the form of reports or presentations. • For example :- A marketing research manager will often analyze results from a survey in a report. She may also recommend certain strategies for upper management, based on consumer needs and preferences. Written presentations are an effective means of providing key information to other departments.
  11. 11. • Written communication is also important for business advertising. Small companies need to promote their businesses to potential consumers and business customers. Written advertisements include direct mail pieces such as sales letters and brochures, magazine display ads, fliers, Internet ads and catalogs.
  12. 12. • Email is an extremely important written communication tool used in business. Employees write multiple emails each day, setting up meetings or apprising bosses about the status of projects. The email is often used as an information tool after a meeting. Managers can sum up the key points of a meeting, then confirm follow-up assignments or tasks with email recipients.
  13. 13. You may think complex sentences make you sound impressive, but they can prevent your ideas from getting across. Use “during” instead of “during the course of.” Don’t say, “Is it possible to meet with you and your husband at your earliest possible convenience in order to discuss the matter of listing your home for sale with me and my company?” Instead, say “When may I talk with you and your husband about listing your home?”
  14. 14. Sometimes you need a complex word or phrase to express your ideas clearly. But if a shorter word can do the job, use it instead. I. Use “speed up” instead of “expedite.” II. Use “plan” instead of “strategize.” III. Use “assume” instead of “postulate.” IV. Use “use” instead of “utilization.” V. Use “try” instead of “endeavor.” VI. Use “sent” instead of “transmitted.”
  15. 15. • For example, say, “I have sold three houses in your neighborhood in the last year,” instead of “I’ve worked with several people in your neighborhood.”
  16. 16. • Ask yourself, how would I say it if the reader were sitting across the desk from me? Use contractions where appropriate; use the words “you,” “me,” “us,” and “I” to make your writing more people- oriented.TIP: Keep a file of the best- written letters, memos and reports that you have received and model your writing after them.
  17. 17. • In talking we almost always use active verbs: “Jackson hit a line drive to center field.” But in business, we too often say: “A line drive to center field was hit by Jackson.”
  18. 18. • Try for an average sentence length of 17 words. Introduce no more than one or two ideas per sentence.
  19. 19. • The average paragraph in a business letter is two sentences long. Long paragraphs often contain more than one idea and can be split so that each idea has its own paragraph.
  20. 20. • Although it’s grammatically correct to use the male pronoun, “his,” when referring to both sexes, this may offend some people. Make sentences plural to eliminate this problem. “Associates should turn in their call reports weekly.”
  21. 21. • Remember “Spell Check” doesn’t catch everything. And don’t forget to check all property name spellings; the computerized spell checker will miss them. Misspellings and incorrect grammar reflect poorly on you and your company.
  22. 22. • Establishing the right tone in written communications can make the difference between a positive response and a hostile one. To help create a positive tone : Avoid “I.” Instead use “you” as the subject of sentences to get the reader involved. • Words with negative connotations include: delay, doubt, difficult, fail, problem. • Words with positive connotations include: glad, improvement, service, happy,
  23. 23. How to Improve Writing Skills…
  24. 24. • More accurate that is errors can be corrected or content approved before message is sent. • A physical record of the communication is made. • Documentation exists to refer back to when necessary. • Written communication is more precise and explicit.
  25. 25. • It provides ready records and references. • Legal defences can depend upon written communication as it provides valid records. • Effective written communication develops and enhances an organization’s image.
  26. 26. • Written communication takes time. • More expensive to prepare. It costs huge in terms of stationery and the manpower employed in writing/typing and delivering letters. • No immediate feedback. • Less personal.
  27. 27. • Also, if the receivers of the written message are separated by distance and if they need to clear their doubts, the response is not spontaneous. • Effective written communication requires great skills and competencies in language and vocabulary use. • Too much paper work and e-mails burden is involved.