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The ancient city Dhaka which is located on the left bank of the river ‘Buriganga’ has some significant history of 400 years. It has passed through many vicissitudes. It got priority as trade centre as well as military post in Mughal period and as capital city after the war of Independence. The pre-Mughal Dhaka had 52 bazars and 53 lanes. It was known for its industrial and commercial activity. During Mughal period among these bazars, Chawk Bazar became the centre of commercial sector and social interaction. The name of the bazar was ‘Badshahi bazar’ at that time which was mainly a place for retail business. But gradually the bazar was occupied by the wholesale business. This transformation has completed by the year 1930. At present, it is one of the major wholesale business areas. Maximum development of Chawk Bazar took place during the Mughal period. But now-a-days it has started to lose its charm and traditional glory for increasing density and congestion.
Chawk Bazar area though signifies a lot, but the existing situation can never support the future growth unless the old city is immediately brought under a redevelopment scheme.