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Introduction to general psychology

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Introduction to general psychology

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY The world of psychologyShaikh Abdul Mosin Bsc-Viscom, Msc-Psychology PERCEPTION C O G N I T I O N EMOTION BEHAVIOUR SOCIAL SCIENTIST B E H A V I O U R A L SC IEN TIST COGNITIVE SCIENTIST EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGICAL PERSONALITY SOCIAL CLINICAL PSYCHOLO GY MIND COUNSELING HAPPYINESS SARROW CRY ANGER SEX
  2. 2. Introduction  Psychology derives from two Greek words, “Psyche and Logos”  Literally psychology mean the study of souls but now it is study of mind.  Psychology primarily studies WHO and WHAT we are, WHY we act and think in a particular manner and what is our potential as an individual.  Study of psychology is concerned with specific study of behavior and mental process.
  3. 3. What is Specific Studies?  Psychology search for answer to the questions WHAT, WHERE and WHY. They develop theories of human functioning, often developing new approaches to current knowledge.  As a science, psychology uses systematic method to observe, describe, predict and explain human behavior and mental process.
  4. 4. Defining Psychology:  Psychology can be defined as the scientific study of behavior and mental process. From the word behavior one can extract two meaning, because there are two kind of behavior Overt and Covert behavior.  Overt behavior are those which is visible to other in other word seen behaviors, Example: The way we Talk, Walk, Dress, Eat and so on… in short these are the action we see and observe in individual and group around us..  Covert behavior are those which is not obvious to the people around us. Simply they are unseen behavior. For example, Feeling such as anger, jealousy, kindness, pity, happiness and sad. In fact, covert can be deduced from the overt.
  5. 5. Psychology Evolution  Psychology grew out from philosophical tradition of thinking about the mind and the body.  Psychology did not only emerge from philosophy, but has roots in natural science of biology and physiology as well (Benjamin, 1999).  Charles Darwin, proposed psychology as science in his book On the origin of spices.  In 19th century , Physiologist also gave a boot to the new field of psychology. Johannes Muller, a German psychologist, proposed that an important role is to associate incoming sensory information with appropriate motor response.  However, modern psychology was born in December 1879 at the University Leipzig, Germany, with the work of Wilhelm Wundt.
  6. 6. Fields of Psychology  Structuralism.  Functionalism.  Behaviourism.  Gestalt.  Psychoanalysis.
  7. 7. Sub-Fields of Psychology  Abnormal Psychology.  Adult Psychology.  Animal (or) Comparative Psychology.  Biological Psychology.  Child Psychology.  Clinical Psychology.  Educational Psychology.  Experimental Psychology.  General Psychology.  Genetic Psychology.  Industrial Psychology.  Military Psychology.  Quantitative Psychology.  Social (or) Group Psychology.
  8. 8. Counselling  Counselling is a cooperative exercise where counsellors do not solve people’s problem but rather serve the person by discussing new approaches to solve a problem, by giving needed information, by helping to clarify thoughts and feeling, or just through listening
  9. 9. Psychotherapy  Psychotherapy is a treatment contracted between a trained professional and a client, patient, family, couple, or group. The problems addressed are psychological in nature and can vary in terms of their causes, influences, triggers, and potential resolutions.  Once if his/her problem is found out then the therapist will help client to come out of their problem by different way of therapies.
  10. 10. Conclusion Psychology has been part of every humans life. Understanding our psychology(behaviour) will help us to understand other. Counselling and Psychotherapy are not same, anyone who is good listener can do counselling but only trained professional is capable of psychotherapy.
  11. 11. Introduction to General psychology PERCEPTION C O G N I T I O N EMOTION BEHAVIOUR SOCIAL SCIENTIST B E H A V I O U R A L SC IEN TIST COGNITIVE SCIENTIST EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGICAL PERSONALITY SOCIAL CLINICAL PSYCHOLO GY MIND COUNSELING HAPPYINESS SARROW CRY ANGER SEX Shaikh Abdul Mosin Bsc-Viscom, Msc-Psychology Email: Next Project: Methods Of Psychology

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