Conventions of TV Documentaries Shahna PinnockThe purpose of this assignment is to findout the conventions of documentaries inorder for me to use, challenge anddevelop them in my own documentary.
Conventions of Documentary• Voiceovers Examples of a• Real footage handheld camera and presenters.• Technicality of realism• Archival footage• Interviews with experts• Use of texts/titles• Sound• Set ups (Re-enactments)• Visual codings• Talking Heads• Jiggly Camera
• TV Documentaries These shots show how TV Documentaries use the conventions. I have used the examples of Frozen Planet and The Growing Pains of a Teenage Genius.Animations are around the boy Many TV Documentaries The use of real peopleemphasising the topic of the use montage to show creates feelings from thedocumentary. They are also images from the past or audience and follows thetext/titles. current event. conventions. Real life situations. Here the mum is in her familiar setting, this shows realism.
Frozen Planet (TV Documentary)This is a TV documentary which is about animals,although it is not based on humans they still use the sameconventions.Real animals (people) are used in this documentary.People are also shown while filming which is Real footage and locations arechallenging a convention. used. Titles are similar to the topic of the documentary e.g. the colour matches the colour of the wolf and the ‘Frozen Planet’ title.
Film Documentaries VS TV DocumentariesFilm Documentaries TV Documentaries • The conventions in film • The conventions in documentaries is similar to documentaries is to usually TV Documentaries have a presenter and however in film voiceovers, the presenter documentaries their re- does not usually get enactments may be more involved in experiments. dramatic and exaggerated for entertainment.
Film Documentaries• The Cove and I For India The Cove is a film documentary about an area in Japan called Taiji, where they kill a large amount of Dolphins and sell them as Whale Meat. Interviewees telling their opinion. At the bottom there is a description of who he is, also a convention of a documentary. I For India is a film documentary about a family who have moved to England from India and all their struggles and happiness throughout their lives.
Similarities of TV and Film Documentaries • There are many conventions which both TV and Film Documentaries use such as jiggly camera, real footage and statistics. Statistics to provide facts and evidence on the topic.Jiggly camera to These statistics are from Iemphasise realness. For India where they haveThis image is from used images and colour toThe Cove show ethnic minorities in the past in England.. Real footage to create realism and provide factual evidence. In The Cove they have used archival footage.
Differences in Film and TV Documentaries • However due to different audiences and purposes there are also differences in how film and TV documentaries use conventions.The use of a presenter to inform audience.In many TV documentaries I have watched in thepast, I’ve noticed a few have presenters howevermore recently there has been a decrease in theuse of a presenter and an increase of the ‘voiceof God’. Film documentaries have a written conclusion at the end. Re-enactments may be exaggerated for entertainment.
Why the documentaries use different conventions• TV and Film documentary use different conventions due to the platform they are being shown on e.g. Films re-enactments may be exaggerated for entertainment purposes due to a film being longer so they do not want their audience to loose interest.
How do the documentaries use, develop and challenge conventionsUSE The Cove have used voiceovers when showing images. Interviews of those close to who the documentary is based on. (The growing pains of a teenage genius)DEVELOP Titles next to a real person to show what their life is about. Archival footage with subtitles. This is from I For India
In Frozen Planet parts of thedocumentary show how thedocumentary was actually filmedtowards the end. Conclusions in the credits of what has changed after filming the documentary. This was done in The Cove.