Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Ramadhan 8

Source of the presentation “RAMADHAAN As observed by the Prophet Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam” A Summarized version of the book Sifah Saum an-Nabee By, Shaikh Saleem al-Hilaalee & Shaikh ‘Alee Hasan al-Halabee

Presentation made by www.sarandibmuslims.com
For question or comment pls. contact info@sarandibmuslims.com

  • Login to see the comments

  • Be the first to like this

Ramadhan 8

  1. 1. ACTIONS WHICH NULLIFY THE FASTACTIONS WHICH NULLIFY THE FAST Eating and drinking deliberatelyEating and drinking deliberately This applies only to the oneThis applies only to the one who does so consciously, and not one who does it forgetfullywho does so consciously, and not one who does it forgetfully or accidentally, or is forced toor accidentally, or is forced to do it.do it. The ProphetThe Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said,sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, ““If one of you eats and drinks out of forgetfulness, the let himIf one of you eats and drinks out of forgetfulness, the let him complete his fast, for it was indeed Allaah who gave himcomplete his fast, for it was indeed Allaah who gave him food and drink.”food and drink.” Bukhaaree # 1933Bukhaaree # 1933 And heAnd he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam also said,sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam also said, ““Allaah has excused for my Ummah mistakes, forgetfulnessAllaah has excused for my Ummah mistakes, forgetfulness and what they areand what they are forced to do.”forced to do.” Al-Haakim # 2/198Al-Haakim # 2/198
  2. 2. Making oneself vomitMaking oneself vomit One who has an attack of vomiting there is nothing upon him,One who has an attack of vomiting there is nothing upon him, for the Prophetfor the Prophet sallallaahusallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said,‘alaihi wa sallam said, ““Whoever has an attack of vomiting, then no atonement isWhoever has an attack of vomiting, then no atonement is required of him, but whoever vomits intentionally then let himrequired of him, but whoever vomits intentionally then let him make atonement for it.”make atonement for it.” Abu Daawood # 2380Abu Daawood # 2380 Menstruation and after-birth bleedingMenstruation and after-birth bleeding If menstruation or after-birth bleeding take place during the dayIf menstruation or after-birth bleeding take place during the day time of fasting, then the fast breaks and the atonement of thattime of fasting, then the fast breaks and the atonement of that fast becomes obligatory.fast becomes obligatory. Muslim # 79, 80Muslim # 79, 80 ACTIONS WHICH NULLIFY THE FAST Cont.,ACTIONS WHICH NULLIFY THE FAST Cont.,
  3. 3. Injections containing nourishmentInjections containing nourishment Giving nourishment intravenously in the form of glucose orGiving nourishment intravenously in the form of glucose or saline solution so that it reaches the intestines breaks the fastsaline solution so that it reaches the intestines breaks the fast.. (See Haqeeqatus-Siyaam of Ibn Taimiyyah)(See Haqeeqatus-Siyaam of Ibn Taimiyyah) Also if the injection does notAlso if the injection does not reach the intestines but reaches the blood-stream then itreach the intestines but reaches the blood-stream then it likewise breaks the fast.likewise breaks the fast. This is since it is being used in place of food and drink.This is since it is being used in place of food and drink. ACTIONS WHICH NULLIFY THE FAST Cont.,ACTIONS WHICH NULLIFY THE FAST Cont.,
  4. 4. Sexual intercourse in the daySexual intercourse in the day Allaah the Almighty said about the night ofAllaah the Almighty said about the night of fasting,fasting, ““So now have sexual relations with them and seek thatSo now have sexual relations with them and seek that which Allaah has ordained for you (i.e. offspring).”which Allaah has ordained for you (i.e. offspring).” Al-Qur’aanAl-Qur’aan 2:1872:187 Imam Ibn al-Qayyim said in Zaadul Ma’aad (2/60)Imam Ibn al-Qayyim said in Zaadul Ma’aad (2/60) ““The Qur’aan shows that sexual intercourse breaks the fast, justThe Qur’aan shows that sexual intercourse breaks the fast, just like eating and drinking – no disagreement is knownlike eating and drinking – no disagreement is known concerning this.”concerning this.” ACTIONS WHICH NULLIFY THE FAST Cont.,ACTIONS WHICH NULLIFY THE FAST Cont.,
  5. 5. ATONEMENT (AL-QADAA) -MAKINGATONEMENT (AL-QADAA) -MAKING UP FOR THE MISSED FASTUP FOR THE MISSED FAST When the atonement should be doneWhen the atonement should be done It is not obligatory to make up the missedIt is not obligatory to make up the missed days fromdays from RamadhaanRamadhaan immediatelyimmediately afterwards, rather it is an obligation which may be delayed,afterwards, rather it is an obligation which may be delayed, due to what is reporteddue to what is reported from Aa’ishahfrom Aa’ishah radhiallaahu ‘anhaa,radhiallaahu ‘anhaa, ““It used to be that I had days to make up for Ramadhaan and I wouldIt used to be that I had days to make up for Ramadhaan and I would not be able to do so except in Sha’baan.”not be able to do so except in Sha’baan.” Bukhaaree # 1950 Nevertheless it is better to hasten in making up the fasts, since this fallsNevertheless it is better to hasten in making up the fasts, since this falls under the general proofs of hastening to do good deeds and notunder the general proofs of hastening to do good deeds and not delaying them. Allaah said,delaying them. Allaah said, ““And be quick in the race for forgivenessAnd be quick in the race for forgiveness from your Lord.”from your Lord.” Al-Qur’aan 3:133
  6. 6. Should the days be made up together in aShould the days be made up together in a sequence?sequence? It is not obligatory to make up the daysIt is not obligatory to make up the days together (i.e. intogether (i.e. in succession). Ibn ‘Abbaassuccession). Ibn ‘Abbaas radhiallaahu ‘anhumaa said,radhiallaahu ‘anhumaa said, ““There is no harm if he fasts themThere is no harm if he fasts them separately.”separately.” Bukhaaree # 1950Bukhaaree # 1950 Atonement on behalf of the dead personAtonement on behalf of the dead person One who dies and had to make up for missed fasts, then forOne who dies and had to make up for missed fasts, then for every day that he had missed, a poor person will be fed.every day that he had missed, a poor person will be fed. However, if he had not kept a fast which he vowed (However, if he had not kept a fast which he vowed (nadhr) tonadhr) to keep, then in this case his heirkeep, then in this case his heir should fast it on his behalf due to theshould fast it on his behalf due to the Hadeeth,Hadeeth, ““Whoever dies and there is a fast remaining obligatory upon himWhoever dies and there is a fast remaining obligatory upon him – then his heir should fast for him.”– then his heir should fast for him.” Bukhaaree # 1952Bukhaaree # 1952
  7. 7. This atonement is due only on those fasts which had beenThis atonement is due only on those fasts which had been vowed by the deceased and who did not keep them. Ibnvowed by the deceased and who did not keep them. Ibn ‘Abbaas‘Abbaas radhiallaahu ‘anhu said,radhiallaahu ‘anhu said, Atonement on behalf of the dead person Cont.,Atonement on behalf of the dead person Cont., ““If a man becomes ill in Ramadhaan and dies havingIf a man becomes ill in Ramadhaan and dies having refrained from fasting, then food should be given on hisrefrained from fasting, then food should be given on his behalf and no making up of the days is due, and if a fast duebehalf and no making up of the days is due, and if a fast due to a vow was obligatory upon him, then his heir should fastto a vow was obligatory upon him, then his heir should fast on his behalf.”on his behalf.” Muhallaa of Ibn Hazm # 7/7Muhallaa of Ibn Hazm # 7/7 And this is the view of Aa’ishahAnd this is the view of Aa’ishah radhiallaahuradhiallaahu ‘anhaa also.‘anhaa also. At-At- Tahaawee in Mushkilul-Aathaar # 3/142Tahaawee in Mushkilul-Aathaar # 3/142
  8. 8. Whoever nullifies his fast with sexual intercourse is required toWhoever nullifies his fast with sexual intercourse is required to make up the fast with another day (make up the fast with another day (qadaa) and also toqadaa) and also to expiate asexpiate as follows:follows: 1. Freeing a slave if he is able, if not,1. Freeing a slave if he is able, if not, 2. Fast for two months continuously, if he is not able to do this,2. Fast for two months continuously, if he is not able to do this, 3. Feed 60 poor people.3. Feed 60 poor people. If he is not capable of doing any of the above three things, thenIf he is not capable of doing any of the above three things, then the obligation of expiation is removed from him.the obligation of expiation is removed from him. Muslim # 1111Muslim # 1111 EXPIATION (AL-KAFFAARAH)EXPIATION (AL-KAFFAARAH)
  9. 9. RECOMPENSE (AL-FIDYAH)RECOMPENSE (AL-FIDYAH) Fidyah is obligatory on the followingFidyah is obligatory on the following people:people: 1.1.The old man or woman who does notThe old man or woman who does not have the ability to fast.have the ability to fast. 2.2.An ill person who has no hope ofAn ill person who has no hope of regaining health orregaining health or recovering from hisrecovering from his illness.illness. 3.3.A pregnant or breast-feeding womanA pregnant or breast-feeding womanwho fears for herself orwho fears for herself or her child.her child. These three kinds of people can leave the fast and shall beThese three kinds of people can leave the fast and shall be required to giverequired to give FidyahFidyah which is that one poor person iswhich is that one poor person is givengiven half a Saa’ of grains (one Saa’ is equivalent to 2half a Saa’ of grains (one Saa’ is equivalent to 2 kg and 40kg and 40 gm)gm) Daaraqutnee # 1/17Daaraqutnee # 1/17
  10. 10. Insha'Allah to be continued…….!Insha'Allah to be continued…….! O Allah make us one of those who understood and practiced Your Religion as of those whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not of those who earned Your Anger Presentation made by www.sarandibmuslims.com For question or comment pls. contact info@sarandibmuslims.com LAILATUL-QADRLAILATUL-QADR (THE NIGHT OF(THE NIGHT OF DECREE)DECREE)

×