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Ramadhan 3 (ov)

Source of the presentation “RAMADHAAN As observed by the Prophet Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam” A Summarized version of the book Sifah Saum an-Nabee By, Shaikh Saleem al-Hilaalee & Shaikh ‘Alee Hasan al-Halabee

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Ramadhan 3 (ov)

  1. 1. Sighting the MoonSighting the Moon The beginning and ending of Ramadhaan depends on sighting the crescent (new moon) or by completing 30 days of that month. “Fast when it is seen, and cease fasting when it is seen and perform the rites of Hajj based upon that and if it is hidden by clouds then complete thirty (days), and if two witnesses testify, then fast and cease fasting.” Nasaaee # 2118 Even the witness of a single person who has seen the moon is acceptable. Ibn ‘Umar radhiallaahu ‘anhu said, “The people looked out for the new moon, so I informed the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam that I had seen it, so he fasted and ordered the people to fast ”. Abu Daawood # 2342
  2. 2. Sighting the Moon Cont.Sighting the Moon Cont. The person who gives the witness should be a Muslim who is pious, just and has a good vision. Note: One of the benefits that can be derived from the above-mentioned Ahaadeeth is that in the Shariah, a month does not have 31 days.
  3. 3. THE INTENTIONTHE INTENTION For the obligatory fast, it is obligatory upon every Muslim to intend to fast in the night itself before the Fajr prayer. The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “He who does not resolve to fast before it is Fajr, there is no fast for him.” Abu Daawood # 2454 The necessity of having the intention before the Fajr itself is particular to obligatory fasts (and not supererogatory fasts). This is since the Messenger sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam used to come to Aa’ishah radhiallaahu ‘anhaa at times other than Ramadhaan and say, “Do you have any food? If not, then I am fasting.” Muslim # 1154 From this we know that it is not obligatory to intend in the night for supererogatory fasts. Note: The place for the intention is the heart, and to pronounce this upon the tongue or reading the Du’aa ‘Allaahumma asoomu ghadan-laka faghfirlee maa qaddamtu wa maa akhhartu’ is not established from the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and therefore is an innovation and a misguidance.
  4. 4. THE TIME FOR BEGINNING ANDTHE TIME FOR BEGINNING AND ENDING THE FASTENDING THE FAST The Most Wise Legislator has made the timing of the fast from true dawn to sunset. At other times, it is permissible to eat, drink and have sexual relations with one’s spouse. Allaah the Most High said, “It is lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives on the night of the fasts.” Al-Qur’aan 2:187 And He also said, “…And eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night ) , then complete your fast till the nightfall.” Al-Qur’aan 2:187 The fixed timing of the fast, till the day of resurrection, is from true dawn until sunset. Since every Muslim is not able to discern these timings, the Adhaan is used as a indication to inform the people about the beginning and the end of the timings of the fast. It should be noted however that the Adhaan, in and of itself, does not represent the prescribed time limits. Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr rahimahullaah complaining about his time i.e. the 8th century A.H said,
  5. 5. THE TIME FOR BEGINNING ANDTHE TIME FOR BEGINNING AND ENDING THE FAST - Cont.,ENDING THE FAST - Cont., “One of the new things that the people nowadays have invented is that they give the Adhaan about 20 minutes before the actual time of the true dawn begins giving it the name of precaution which in fact is an open misguidance and a clear innovation. And it is this same precautionary attitude that has caused them to wait and give the Adhaan a few minutes after the sunset. In this way they delay breaking the fast an take Suhoor early which is in clear contradiction to the Sunnah and it is for this reason that there is little good and much evil found in the people.” This was the condition of the people centuries ago. As for our times, then Allaah’s refuge is sought. Note: The rulings of fasting are connected to the seeing with the naked eye. One should not burden himself with seeking out the moon by means of newly invented astronomical devices or by timetables provided by the people of astronomy. This has caused the people to go farther away from the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. It is found that the administrators of many Masjids depend on calendars based on astronomical calculations which are decades old and due to which they end up making the Suhoor early and delay the breaking of the fast which is in contradiction to the Prophet’s Sunnah. The correct way always is to deduce these timings based upon the beginning of Fajr and sunset
  6. 6. SUHOOR – THE PRE-DAWN MEALSUHOOR – THE PRE-DAWN MEAL It’s WisdomIt’s Wisdom “The distinction between our fasting and the fasting of the People of the Book is the taking of the Suhoor.” Muslim # 1099 It’s Excellence It is blessed. Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “Blessing is in three: the Jamaa’ah, Thareed (a broth of crumbled bread and meat) and the Suhoor.” Tabraanee # 9147 A companion of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “I entered upon the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and he was taking the Suhoor and he said: ‘It is a blessing which Allaah has given to you, so do not leave it.” Nasaaee # 2164
  7. 7. SUHOOR – THE PRE-DAWN MEALSUHOOR – THE PRE-DAWN MEAL It’s Wisdom – Cont.,It’s Wisdom – Cont., And it is clear that the Suhoor is a blessing since it is an act that is in compliance with the Sunnah. Perhaps the greatest blessing for those who take the Suhoor is that Allaah, the Most High, covers them with His forgiveness and sends His mercy upon them. Abu Sa’eed al-Khudree radhiallaahu ‘anhu said that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “The Suhoor is a meal of blessings, so do not leave it, even if one of you just takes a (gulp) of water, since Allaah sends mercy and His angels seek forgiveness for those who take the Suhoor.” Ahmed # 3/12
  8. 8. Delaying theDelaying the SuhoorSuhoor Inshah’Allah to be continued May Allah make us one of those who understood the Deen of Allah and Followed as per the guidance of prophet Muhammad, peace and the blessings be upon him His family members and the righty guided companions